Sermon Notes for March 9, 2008
Priorities That Should Represent
A Follower of Jesus Christ
“A Commitment To A
Life of Worship”
II Samuel 6:1-23
A. We Continue Our Sermon Series On PRIORITIES THAT SHOULD REPRESENT
A FOLLOWER OF JESUS CHRIST.
1. A believer in Jesus Christ should have different priorities than those who do not
2. Our lives should be different because of these priorities.
B. We Look Today At The PRIORITY OF WORSHIP IN THE LIFE OF THE
1. The battle over worship.
a. traditional and contemporary
b. hymns and praise songs
c. rock, top 40 and country
“If You Can’t Live Without Me, Why Aren’t You Dead?”
“I Went Back To My Fourth Wife For The Third Time And Gave
Her A Second Chance To Make A First Class Fool Out Of Me”
“I’m Ashamed to Be Here, But Not Ashamed Enough To Leave”
“I Would Kiss You Through The Screen Door But It’d Strain Our
“I Wouldn’t Take Her To A Dogfight, Even if I thought She Could
“I’m Falling Somewhere And I Think It’s In Love”
“Drop Kick Me Jesus Through The Goal Posts Of Life”
2. Worship is what should differentiate a believer with a non-believer.
a. for if we truly believe that Jesus Christ is our Savior and Lord
b. we should be expressing that belief in worship
3. So, you would have to wonder about the commitment level of a believer who did
not put a priority of worship in his life.
a. how could a person be saved from his sins . . .
b. and not want to live a life of praise and thanksgiving?
4. Today we are going to look at the importance of worship in the life of King
a. we are not only going to look at who and why David worshipped
b. we are going to look at how King David worshipped
I. The PAST Of Worship.
A. The PATTERN Of The Ark.
1. The centrality of the Ark.
a. during the days of the Old Testament, the Ark of the Covenant was
central to the worship of God’s people
b. the Ark was the most important piece of furniture in the Tabernacle
1. here rested the presence, or shekinah glory of God
2. in a sense, the power of God was focused on the Ark of the
3. but more importantly, we need to look at the deeper meaning of
the Ark of the Covenant
2. The contents of the Ark.
a. the internal content
1. the Old Testament content
a. the two tablets of the 10 Commandments
b. the rod of Aaron that budded, showing God’s favor
upon Aaron as the chosen High Priest
c. the jar of manna – a sample of the food that God
provided during the wilderness wanderings
2. the New Testament application
a. Jesus Christ as Prophet – representing God’s
righteousness as seen in the 10 Commandments
b. Jesus Christ as Priest as seen in Aaron’s rod as High
c. Jesus Christ as King, providing manna for His people
b. the external content
1. the mercy seat of the Old Testament
a. upon this mercy seat, the High Priest would place the
blood of an animal, representing the need for blood to be
shed for the forgiveness of sins
b. this blood would be applied once a year on the Day of
2. the mercy seat of the New Testament
a. the ultimate mercy seat is in heaven
b. so that when Jesus Christ rose from the dead, He “sat
down” on that mercy seat in heaven
B. The PROBLEM With The Ark.
1. The Ark was in enemy hands.
a. in I Samuel 4, we find out that the Ark of the Covenant was captured
by the Philistines
b. but, the Ark caused problems for the Philistines
1. when the Philistines got the Ark back to Philistia, they took the
Ark into their place of worship and placed it before their god,
a. the next day, they went into their Temple, only to find
that their god Dagon had fallen over on its face – so they
placed their god back on its feet
b. on the very next day they found their god, Dagon, not
only on its face, but his head and hands had been broken
2. the next thing that happened to the Philistines was that they
were stricken with “tumors”
a. “emerods” – or hemorrhoids
b. or some kind of tumor
c. whatever it was, the Philistines realized that their
possession of the Ark of the Covenant was causing it
c. so, the Philistines sent the Ark “back” to Israel
1. they yoked two cows to the Ark and sent it back to Israel
2. the Ark arrived at a place called Beth Shemesh
3. the Ark would eventually be taken to the home of Abinadab –
there it would stay for approximately 50 years
2. Now, it was time to move the Ark back to Jerusalem.
a. King Saul was dead
b. King David was now King over all of Israel
c. as King, David fully believed that it was time to return the Ark of the
Covenant back to Israel, and back to Jerusalem
II. The PROBLEM Of Worship.
A. The PLAN For The Ark.
1. David quickly made plans to return the Ark back to Jerusalem.
2. But notice what he did in his haste:
a. he chose 30,000 men to escort the Ark
b. he built a new cart and placed the Ark on the new cart
c. the sons of Abinadab, Uzzah and Ahio, escorted the cart
d. there would be a celebration of music and worship as they traveled.
B. The POWER Of The Ark.
1. What they saw.
Vs. 6 – “When they came to the threshing floor of Nacon, Uzzah reached out
and took hold of the ark of God, because the oxen stumbled.”
a. they began the 10 mile journey to Jerusalem
b. but, while they were traveling, the oxen stumbled and the Ark was in
danger of falling. Uzzah, son of Abinadab, grabbed the Ark to keep it
from falling – where upon he was struck down and died
Vs. 7 – “The Lord's anger burned against Uzzah because of his
irreverent act; therefore God struck him down and he died there beside
the ark of God.”
1. What in the world just happened?
2. Why would Uzzah be killed just because he “touched” the Ark?
2. What we learn.
a. they were warned
1. the Ark was to be carried by Priests, not placed on a cart
Exodus 25:12-15 – “Cast four gold rings for it and fasten them
to its four feet, with two rings on one side and two rings on the
other. Then make poles of acacia wood and overlay them with
gold. Insert the poles into the rings on the sides of the chest
to carry it. The poles are to remain in the rings of this ark;
they are not to be removed.”
2. the Ark was not to be touched
Numbers 4:15 - "After Aaron and his sons have finished
covering the holy furnishings and all the holy articles, and when
the camp is ready to move, the Kohathites are to come to do the
carrying. But they must not touch the holy things or they will
die. The Kohathites are to carry those things that are in the Tent
b. we are warned
1. this episode tells us of the holiness of God
a. when God makes a promise, He MUST keep that
b. or He will “deny” Himself
2. this tells us as well about the holiness of God BEFORE the
death and resurrection of Jesus Christ
a. THE REASON that no one was able to touch the Ark of
the Covenant was that there had been no payment of sin
yet– therefore God was unapproachable and
b. LOOK WHAT JESUS DID ON THE CROSS FOR
1. BY HIS DEATH, HE PAID THE PENALTY
FOR OUR SINS, THUS ALLOWING US TO
2. LISTEN to the difference between the Old and
New Testament relationship to God BECAUSE
OF JESUS CHRIST.
a. the Old Testament relationship to God –
Hebrews 12:18-21 - You have not come
to a mountain that can be touched and
that is burning with fire; to darkness,
gloom and storm; to a trumpet blast or
to such a voice speaking words that those
who heard it begged that no further
word be spoken to them, because they
could not bear what was commanded:
"If even an animal touches the mountain,
it must be stoned." The sight was so
terrifying that Moses said, "I am
trembling with fear."
b. the New Testament relationship to God
Hebrews 12:22-24 - But you have come
to Mount Zion, to the heavenly
Jerusalem, the city of the living God.
You have come to thousands upon
thousands of angels in joyful assembly,
to the church of the firstborn, whose
names are written in heaven. You have
come to God, the judge of all men, to the
spirits of righteous men made perfect,
to Jesus the mediator of a new
covenant, and to the sprinkled blood
that speaks a better word than the
blood of Abel.”
3. DO YOU REALIZE WHAT DESUS DID
FOR US ON THE CROSS?
a. THIS was the meaning of the veil in the
Tabernacle – preventing men from
coming before God’s holy presence
b. AFTER Christ’s death – THE VEIL
WAS TORN – inviting EVERYONE to
come – for those who know Christ –
NOW WE CAN ACTUALLY STAND
ON THE ARK!
C. The PAIN Of The Ark.
1. David was confused.
Vs. 9 - David was afraid of the LORD that day and said, "How can the ark of
the LORD ever come to me?"
a. If Uzzah simply “touched” the Ark and died, then what hope could there
be for David?
b. What should he do with the Ark now?
2. David was committed
a. but as David planned a “second” trip to Jerusalem with the Ark, David,
this time sought the Lord and His Word
b. David would make sure that God was pleased with how they
transported the Ark this second time
III. The PATTERN Of Worship.
A. The PREPARATION Of Worship.
1. First, the Ark was taken to the house of a Priest, a member of the Kohathite tribe;
Obed – Edom
Vs. 10-11 – “He was not willing to take the ark of the LORD to be with him in the
City of David. Instead, he took it aside to the house of Obed-Edom the Gittite.
The ark of the LORD remained in the house of Obed-Edom the Gittite for three
months, and the LORD blessed him and his entire household.”
a. here the Ark would stay for three months
b. the home of Obed-Edom was blessed as he kept the Ark – so David
knew that God was blessing their efforts
2. Second, the Priests “carried” the Ark.
Vs. 13 – “when those who were carrying the Ark of the Lord had taken six
a. Did you notice that?
1. there was no cart involved
2. there was no touching involved
b. in obedience to God’s commands, the Priests “carried” the Ark of the
3. Third, David made a sacrifice.
Vs. 13 – “When those who were carrying the ark of the LORD had taken six
steps, he sacrificed a bull and a fattened calf.”
a. before they took more than SIX STEPS, David stopped the procession
and sacrificed to the Lord
b. David’s view was that God had blessed them for “6 steps” and he
wanted to stop and worship God!
4. Fourth, David put on priestly garments.
Vs. 14 – “David, wearing a linen ephod”
a. David put on the outer garment of a Priest
b. for David was not only the military and judicial leader of Israel, he was,
as well, its spiritual leader
c. David wanted everyone to know that he was Israel’s spiritual leader
B. The PATTERN Of Worship.
Vs. 14-15 – “David, wearing a linen ephod, danced before the LORD with all his might,
while he and the entire house of Israel brought up the ark of the LORD with shouts and
the sound of trumpets.”
1. David danced.
a. as the procession entered the city of Jerusalem – David DANCED!
1. the meaning of this word in the Hebrew is to twirl
2. to dance about – to jump up and down
b. imagine the excitement of David
1. here is the King of Israel - so excited that he is dancing in the
2. WITH ALL OF HIS MIGHT!
2. David shouted.
a. this would be like a war cry; a battle cry
b. David was shouting at the top of his lungs
3. David disrobed.
a. David was so excited and caught up in worship that he took his outer
Priestly ephod and had only his undergarment on; (it was more like his
b. in some ways, David was taking off any “special clothes” that he had on
so that when you looked at King David, you could not distinguish him
from the common man
4. David fellowshipped.
Vs. 18-19 – “After he had finished sacrificing the burnt offerings and fellowship
offerings, he blessed the people in the name of the LORD Almighty. Then he
gave a loaf of bread, a cake of dates and a cake of raisins to each person in the
whole crowd of Israelites, both men and women. And all the people went to
a. David had apparently had food prepared for the entire nation for this
b. they shared food together
c. it was, like a “covered dish” for all of Israel, “to each person in the
whole crowd of Israelites”
IV. The PRIDE In Worship.
A. The PRIDEFUL VIEW Of Worship.
1. The observation of David’s wife.
a. David’s wife was Michael
1. Michael was the daughter of King Saul
2. David was given Michael as his wife by her father, Saul, after
David killed Goliath
b. Michael was apparently in the King’s palace looking down from a
window. She saw David’s “demonstrative” entrance into Jerusalem
c. Michael witnessed the King of Israel entering the city:
3. dressed in his underwear; dressed as a commoner
2. The offensiveness of David’s wife.
a. Michael was disgusted with David
Vs. 16 – “As the ark of the LORD was entering the City of David,
Micheal daughter of Saul watched from a window. And when she saw
King David leaping and dancing before the LORD, she despised him in
1. when Michael saw King David demonstrating as he entered the
a. she had contempt
b. she hated David for what he was doing
2. she was totally mortified that a King would act in such a
b. Michael denigrated David
1. NOTICE this in Vs. 20a – “when David returned home to bless
his household, Michael, daughter of Saul came out to meet
a. David was so full of joy and happiness that he came
home to bless his own family
b. BUT . . . Michael, angry and disgusted, CAME OUT
TO MEET DAVID TO GIVE HIM A PIECE OF HER
2. notice the “dripping sarcasm” of Michael as she spoke to
Vs. 20b - When David returned home to bless his household,
Michael daughter of Saul came out to meet him and said, "How
the king of Israel has distinguished himself today, disrobing
in the sight of the slave girls of his servants as any vulgar
a. “Oh, how the King has distinguished himself today.”
b. “dancing around the commoner in his underwear!”
c. “as any vulgar fellow would”
1. the Hebrew word vulgar means
a. empty; to pour out
2. Michael was clearly saying that David revealed
himself as a:
a. man with no brain
b. an empty headed fool
c. HOW COULD THE KING LET
HIMSELF ACT IN SUCH A WAY – HE
MUST HAVE LOST HIS MIND!
B. The PROPER VIEW Of Worship.
1. The focus of David in worship.
a. David was worshipping God.
Vs. 21a – David said to Michael, “It was before the Lord.”
1. David’s focus was not on the crowd, not on how he looked or
on what he did
2. DAVID’S FOCUS AND HEART WAS CENTERED ON
3. Michael wanted David to be aware of others around him; for if
he had done so, he would have “realized” that he was acting
like a fool
b. David was thanking God.
Vs. 21a – David said to Michael, “It was before the Lord who chose
me, rather than your father or anyone from his house when He
appointed me ruler over the Lord’s people Israel.”
1. one of the main reasons that David was so demonstrative in his
worship was to THANK GOD FOR HIS GOODNESS to him
a. for God “chose” David, instead of everyone else, to be
the King of Israel
b. David had been “graced” by God and he was thanking
God for that grace
2. there was no way that David would not praise God; he had to!
2. The foolishness of David in worship.
a. David’s commitment to the Lord.
Vs. 21b – “I will celebrate before the Lord.”
1. David CATEGORICALLY and DEFIANTLY said to Michael
– I WILL worship God, and nothing you can do will stop
2. David stomped his feet and stood firm of his need and
commitment to be a man who worshipped God
a. “It has been a part of my life.”
b. “It will be a part of my life.”
c. “Deal with it.”
b. David’s lack of concern before the Lord.
Vs. 22 - “I will become even more undignified than this, and I will be
humiliated in my own eyes. But by these slave girls you spoke of, I will
be held in honor."
1. “IN FACT, I will make an even bigger fool of myself as I
worship before others.”
a. “If you think that I have been foolish today, I will make
myself an even bigger fool in worship.”
b. “This is just the beginning of worship for me.”
2. and he added, I will worship so freely THAT I WILL EVEN
a. I will wonder myself, WHAT WAS I THINKING?
b. I may even think of myself as a fool
1. There are three essentials that we all should look at in worship.
a. FIRST of all, it is vitally important that, in worship, WE SEE GOD FOR WHO
HE TRULY IS
1. He is a holy, righteous and perfect God
a. a God who, because of His holiness, has a right to not only
judge us but to send us to an everlasting hell forever
b. BUT . . . because He sent His Son to this earth to die on the
cross for the sins of mankind, we can be forgiven and thus we
can come before that holy God and worship Him
2. you will never truly worship God if you do not see a holy God who has
been appeased by the death and resurrection of His Son, Jesus Christ.
THIS MUST BE AT THE FOREFRONT OF OUR WORSHIP.
a. NOT, am I enjoying myself?
b. NOT, do I like the choice of songs today?
c. BUT, am I overwhelmed by the grace of a holy God in my life.
THEN AND ONLY THEN, you can begin to truly worship
b. SECOND, we need to be very careful of having a “particular” and “limited”
view of worship
1. how many Christians would have been “comfortable” with the way that
David expressed himself as he entered the city?
a. here was the King of all of Israel:
2. dancing and whirling about
3. IN HIS UNDERWEAR!
b. I do believe that Michael was a Presbyterian; JUST LIKE
MANY OF US!
1. we too would have shaken our heads in disgust
2. “how undignified” is this King of Israel
2. we must at least be Biblical in our view of worship
a. so many of us have a historical, but not Biblical view of
1. the typical Presbyterian worship service
d. no humor, somber
2. look at David’s first attempt to take the Ark to
Jerusalem and what instruments he used
II Sam. 6:5 – “David and the whole house of Israel
were celebrating with all their might before the LORD,
with songs and with harps, lyres, tambourines,
sistrums and cymbals.”
b. harps – to twang
c. lyres; like a guitar
e. sistrums – rattles
f. cymbals – vibration
3. several years ago as we were introducing guitars into
our worship services, I played the guitar in the morning
service; for one couple it was “too much” and they left
b. AFTER LOOKING AT THIS TEXT, I WOULD SAY
THAT WE ARE “VERY BIBLICAL “IN OUR STYLE OF
c. THIRD, we must make sure that our focus in worship is on God
1. if, like David, you are focused on worshipping, praising and thanking
God, you will not be so focused on how others are worshipping
2. however, if like Michael, you focus on yourself and others
a. are you “enjoying” the service; do you “like” the choice of
b. are others worshipping “as they should”?
c. you will, more than likely, develop a critical spirit in worship
2. The committed believer must say loudly with King David, “I will celebrate before the
a. if you truly understand who God is and what He has done for you in Christ
b. HOW CAN YOU NOT WORSHP HIM?
3. One of the most touching moments in sports came at the end of the 1980 Winter
Olympic Games, in which the US hockey team beat the Russians. It was an incredible
feat. All during the games the cameras focused on goalie Jim Craig, one of the heroes of
the team and on his father in the stands. Craig’s mother had recently died and he and
his father had grown closer through the months of grief. When the US team won the
victory, a tremendous celebration erupted out on the ice. Players embraced, clenched
their fists in the air.. people cheered. All of a sudden the camera focused on Jim Craig
who wasn’t celebrating but was skating alone up and down the ice, scanning the stands.
You could read his lips: "Where’s my dad? Where’s my Dad?" You see, it was the
happiest moment of his life and he would celebrate with his teammates, but first he
wanted to be with the one who meant the most to him, the one who had contributed
the most to his life. I remember watching with tears Jim Craig and his father embracing.
1. What is your personal preference regarding worship styles? (contemporary, traditional,
2. Do you believe that God wants us to think about worship in terms of style?
3. On David’s first attempt to return the Ark of the Covenant back to Jerusalem, (II Samuel 6:1-
5) we see various instruments listed in II Samuel 6:5. What does King David’s use of these
instruments reveal to us about worship?
4. Uzzah’s attempt to stop the Ark from falling off of the cart in vs. 6 and 7 caused his death.
What did Uzzah’s death teach us about the holiness of God? Would Uzzah have died after
the resurrection of Jesus from the dead?
5. When King David was returning to the city with the Ark, he danced, shouted and took off his
outer garment. If you had been there to witness this, how would you have reacted to his
demonstration? What should this tell us about how we view the worship styles of other
6. What reasons did David give to Michael for his expressions of worship (see vs. 21-22). What
should this teach us about the priorities of worship?