Topic Including 1 2 3 4 5 6 Glucose structure, monosaccharaides, Carbohydrates disaccharides, polysaccharides, benedict’s test, glycosidic, iodine test. Amino acid structure, polypeptides, peptide bond, Proteins primary, secondary, tertiary, globular, fibrous, biuret test. Triglyceride, phospholipid, ester, glycerol, fatty Lipids acids, emulsion test. Chromotography Solvent, solid phase, Rf, two-way. Water Specific heat capacity, polar, evaporation. Prokaryotic, eukaryotic, differentiation and Cell structure differences between palisade and intestinal cells. Nucleus, SER, RER, Golgi, mitochondrion, Organelles chloroplast, cell wall. Structure, fluid mosaic, transport, recognition, Membrane polar, non-polar, active transport, diffusion, facilitated. Microscopy Light, electron, resolution, magnification, MIA. Hypotonic, hypertonic, isotonic, flaccid, turgid, Osmosis water potential wall pressure, solutes, plamolysed. Gas exchange – Structure, mesophyll, palisade, stomata, air leaf spaces, co2 o2. Gas exchange – Lamellae, secondary lamellae, ventilation, gills countercurrent Gas exchange - Structure, alveoli, ventilation lung Diffusion Concentration gradient, SA, temperature, distance Active transport ATP, concentration gradient, mitochondria ES complex, effects of substrate conc. Enzyme Enzymes conc. Inhibitors, active site, activation energy. Extracellular Secretion, fungi, bacteria, starch agar, iodine, digestion absorption, saprophytic, assay. Oesophagus, stomach, duodenum, ileum, villi, glands, amylase, endopeptidase, exopeptidase, Digestion dipeptidase, maltase, lipase, lacteals, chylomicrons.
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