Latitude & Longitude Location There are two ways to find location in geography: Relative Location – the location of one place in relation to another Absolute Location – the exact position of a place on the earth’s surface Grid System Latitude – Lines that circle the earth parallel to the Equator and measure the distance north or south of the Equator in degrees Lat. - Ladder Lat. – Fat, belt=Equator Grid System Longitude – Lines that circle the earth from Pole to Pole. Measure distances east or west of the Prime Meridian. Long Longitude – Each line is as long as the others Grid System Together, Latitude and Longitude form a grid system EVERY place on earth has an absolute location and can be found using Latitude and Longitude. Using Latitude & Longitude Just like a graph in math, first find your Prime Meridian Axis. (0°, 0°) Equator Finding Latitude Move North or South on the Prime Meridian (0°) until you reach the correct line of latitude. Example: 30° N Finding Longitude After you’ve found the line of latitude, move east or west until you reach the line of longitude Example: 30°N, 90°E Results! China! You’ve now reached your final destination. What country is located at 30°N, 90°E? Practice What country is located at the following coordinates: 60°N, 60°E Russia! Practice What sea is located at the following coordinates: 60°N, 60°W Labrador Sea Practice Fiji Which Island Nation is found at the following coordinates: 19°S, 175°E Practice Which City is located at the following coordinates: 15°N, 91°W Guatemala City Practice ON YOUR OWN 1. Country - 35°N, 31°E Cyprus 2. Country - 2°N, 104°E Singapore 3. Mountain Range – 23.5°N, Sierra Madre Occidental 105°W 4. Sea - 20°N, 39°E Red Sea 5. Peninsula - 67°N, 35°E Kola Peninsula 6. Lake - 53°N,109°E Lake Baikal 7. Mountain - 43°S, 171°E Mt. Cook 8. City – 44.4°N, 103.5°W Sturgis, SD Reverse L & L Please tell me the Latitude and Longitude of the following places: 1.Australia 2.Saudi Arabia 3.Madrid, Spain 4.Mt. Kilimanjaro 5.Strait of Magellan (Chile/Argentina) 6.Mississippi River Delta Any volunteers to show the class on the map how they found their L & L?
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