VIEWS: 11 PAGES: 12 POSTED ON: 9/18/2012
OLIVER CROMWELL His grandfather was sheriff and a representative in Parliament. His father Robert Cromwell had a small estate and represented Huntingdon in Parliament. Both his Father and grandfather worked in the Court as well. Oliver Cromwell was born in Huntingdon (Britain) on the 25th of April 1599 in the family of rich landowners. BENJAMIN FRANKLIN Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790) was an American printer, author, publisher and scientist He was born in Boston, Massa- chusetts on January, 17, 1706. His father was a maker of soap and candles. From his school days Benjamin Franklin was greatly interested in science. In those days Leyden made his famous jar and Franklin very quickly understood that it could keep electricity. MARY BARTON John Barton was a weaver and lived with his family in Manchester. He had a daughter Mary and a son. The boy was not strong and died in his childhood. John Barton was out of work at that time and could not buy good food for the child. John Barton's wife did not live long after the boy's death. JOHN HENRY John Henry was a steel-driving man; a famous Negro, a strong man and work- hero. And he died with his hammer in his hand; the 5-kilogram hammer (some say 6 kg) that flashed like gold when he worked. The women came out from town when John Henry worked to hear him sing and the hammer ring. Harry Pollitt Harry Pollitt was the first General Secretary of the Communist Party of Brit-ain. He was born in 1690 in the family of a poor Worker in Lancashire. Very early the boy became a boilermaker's apprentice. After work he attended the evening classes four times a week where he learned the theory of his trade. Harry edacated himself by reading every book he could get. The young man was interested in poetry and socialism. Benjamin Britten Benjamin Britten was born in the county of Suffolk, in November, 1913. His father was a dentist, and loved music very much. Benjamin's mother played the piano and sang. The friends of the family often came to the house to make music in the evenings. When Benjamin was five he be-gan to play the piano and compose music. At school Benjamin worked hard at all subjects but his favourite was music and he continued to write songs. After leaving school Benjamin went to the Royal Col-lege of Music where he studied for three years. At 19 Benjamin Britten began to work as a musician for a small film company, He wrote music for plays, songs for chil-dren. Charlotte Bronte Charlotte Bronte, an English novelist of the 19th century. She was the daughter of a poor clergyman. There were six children in the family, five girls and one boy. Their mother died when Charlotte was a very small child. The girls were sent to a charity-school which Charlotte Bronte described later in her novel «Jane Eyre». Arthur Conan Doyle Arthur Conan Doyle was born in the capital of Scotland, Edinburgh. His father, Charles E. Doyle, was an artist and architect by profession, but he worked as a clerk in an office. The father died young and the Doyle family was very poor. Arthur’s mother was a very good story- teller and her fantastic stories he remembered all his life. Percy Bysshe Shelly Percy Bysshe Shelly came of an aristocratic family, but already in his youth he was a fighter for freedom. After finishing school. He went to Oxford, but he was soon expelled from the University after he had published a book ‘’A Necessity of Atheism’’. When he was nineteen, he married a sixteen- year-old girl Harriet Westbrook, the daughter of an innkeeper. In order to protect her from her father. William Somerset Maugham William Somerset Maugham is one of the most successful dramatists and short-story writers. His father was an official at the British Embassy in France and William spent his childhood in that country. In his later life he also lived for long periods there. In his youth Maugham wanted to become a doctor, so he graduated from a medical college and worked at a hospital in Lambeth. James Aldridge James Aldridge is a progressive English writer. He was born in Australia but received his education in England. He began to work as a journalist when he was sixteen. He finished a pilot-school. During World War II he was a newspaper reporter and visited almost the fighting countries. Alfred Coppard Alfred Coppard is a representative of critical realism in 20 century English literature. He was born in the town of Folkstone in the family of a poor tailor. In 1884 the family moved to Brighton where the boy attended school. Alfred liked drawing and music, so his father managed to send him to an evening school of arts.