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Global Studies: PowerPoint by 46opoa

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									Global Studies: PowerPoint
   Note taking on PowerPoint:
   Note book is divided into segments:
       1/3
       2/3
       The 1/3 segment is to remain blank (in class)
       The 2/3 segment is where you place your notes
       Once you have taken notes, review them that
        night and use the 1/3 section to summarize and
        outline your 2/3 section.
Global Studies: PowerPoint
   Take the section of your notes that has been
    sectioned off for PowerPoint notes and place
    the date and the topic of the PowerPoint on
    top.
   Date: 9.15.00
    Topic: The Beginnings of Civilization
   The more accurate your notes are the easier
    it will be to study from them.
Global Studies: PowerPoint
   What to copy, what not to copy?
   You first step in a slide presentation is
    to read the slide carefully first, and
    then decide what key words or phrases
    you need to copy…
   Try and focus on key words, and
    abbreviate as much as possible.
Global Studies: PowerPoint
   Most of the slide you get will be bullet
    pointed…pay attention to the bullet points, they will
    help you understand the separation of thoughts or
    the parts of a major point.
   There will be a certain pace to the presentation…if
    you don’t get everything…and the slide moves, don’t
    panic…
   I will have all the presentations posted on the school
    network as we go along during the year. Let’s
    begin…
Global Studies: PowerPoint
   Review of Yesterday’s class: Rousseau and
    the “Primitive Man”.
   Here are some of the key points that we
    made as we reviewed Rousseau’s passage.
   Primitive man seemed consumed only with
    himself, and his needs.
   There was no sense of community.
   There was also no need for community.
Global Studies: PowerPoint
   Rousseau continued…
   As Primitive man began to meet
    obstacles, things he couldn’t “conquer
    himself, he needed to enlist the aid of
    others in order to get this done.
   Man began to utilize weapons and tools
    tools to make his life “easier”
Global Studies: PowerPoint
   Mankind’s nomadic ways began to “abate”
    (lessen) as he learned to hunt in groups,
    grow crops and domesticate animals.
   Because he began to stay in one spot…he
    began to lose some of his “primitive edge”.
   This was most important in the formation of
    the permanent family unit…
   He and others began to stay with one
    partner, and these family units began to
    make up a larger “society”
Global Studies: PowerPoint
   Ironically, as mankind became less
    “primitive”, and more “civilized”, his
    new non-nomadic life style lead to the
    acquisition of two key things:
       Property
       Possessions.
       These signal a shift in the life of mankind
        because…
Global Studies: PowerPoint
   Once man has property and possessions, he
    has to protect them.
   Once others have the same things, jealousy
    and greed seem to be enhanced.
   Small living groups can begin to become
    larger groups.
   Language, which was necessary to have
    successful hunting and gathering groups, can
    now be used to exclude others…
Global Studies: PowerPoint
   Rousseau’s central irony is that as man
    became the city dwelling civilized being,
    he may have created a situation where
    he was actually as equally barbaric as
    the primitive man he once was…
   Let’s look at this beginning civilization
    through a more Global lens…
Global Studies: PowerPoint
   The period of change that Rousseau was
    speaking about is called, in Global terms, the
    Neolithic Revolution.
   Essentially, this means that man stopped
    being a nomadic hunter and started to dwell
    in small communities, which became cities.
    Here are some of the the facets of the
    Neolithic Revolution:
Global Studies: PowerPoint
   Food production and domestication of
    animals
   Permanent settlements (by rivers)
   Social classes were formed.
   Technology (tools and weapons)
       The wheel
       Metal
Global Studies: PowerPoint
   Civilization, as it became then, has particular
    characteristics. These apply equally to Egypt
    as they do to the Middle East or Asia.
   Remember that the early civilizations that we
    study will be found by great river systems.
   Rivers provide water for drinking, bathing,m
    washing, irrigating crops and easy
    transportation.
Global Studies: PowerPoint
   Civilization’s Characteristics:
   Cities
   Central Governments
   Traditional Economies
   Religion
   Social Classes
   Art & Architecture
Global Studies: PowerPoint
   Roads, Bridges, (public works)
   Writing systems
   Specialized jobs.

   Consider what you have just written…
Global Studies: PowerPoint
   It is the surplus of food that allows for
    this sense of permanence
   And, as food is more plentiful,
    population begins to expand.
   As population expands, society begins
    to change as well
   We begin to see the “division of labor”
Global Studies: PowerPoint
   Division of labor means that people in
    the city will have specific jobs, not
    everybody need to do everything.
   This division of labor creates social
    classes. A some people have jobs that
    are “more important than others…

								
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