Title: FCE30-discursive composition2
Aim(s) : Developing writing skills
Level: FCE Exam Practice - 30h
Notes: Under slide 2
Focus on planning
You have been talking to
environmentalists about global
warming. You have decided to write a
composition giving your opinion on
What can be done to help the
environment and reduce global
Write a discursive composition in 120-
Discuss together how these factors
affect/damage the atmosphere ?
1- the use of fossil fuels
3- traffic pollution
What can you do to reduce global
Look at the following suggestions and
swap some ideas.
The solutions might be:
1- The use of alternative sources of energy.
2- Recycling / Buying products in
3- Using public transport more often /
4- Planting more trees.
When writing a discursive composition,
1- The style must be formal or neutral.
2- Don’t include too many points.
Three or four are enough.
3- Organise your points into clear
paragraphs and use linking words to show
the connection between your ideas.
4- When writing the introduction, use a
topic sentence and develop it.
5- Divide the body of the composition
into paragraphs. Use linking words to
list the points in your argument.
6- In the final paragraph, sum up your
argument and give a balanced personal
Introducing the topic:
It is said / believed / known that ...
... is said / believed / known to ...
In my view / opinion, ...
It seems to me that ...
I think / feel ...
In the first place, / Firstly, / To begin
Finally, / Last, but not least, ...
In spite of / Despite...
On the one hand, ... on the other hand ...
However, / Nevertheless, ...
Although / Even though ...
In conclusion, / To sum up, ...
On the whole, / All in all, / On balance, ...
Notes from Slide 2
The composition title is presented in slide 4
and the following slides will allow for a
focused discussion on the issue, so that
students can prepare for the composition
Slide 4 - composition title.
Slide 5 & 6 - focus on specific lexis and topic
expansion for discussion. Teachers should
jot down relevant lexis in the vocabulary
corner on the board.
Slide 7 - presents some arguments.
Slides 9 - 10 - Tips for writing a discursive
Slides 12 - 14 - Useful language for the