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					                   Chapter 14:
                 Advocacy & Legal
                  Advice Centres
                     (ALACs)

                   Experiences in
                  fostering citizen
                  participation and
                     government
                   responsiveness
Kumarian Press
                 Angela Keller-Herzog
Unpacking statements about ‘lack of political will’ a little….

• Is it like a light-switch?
• Is it the primary determinant factor shaping governance
    – Abstract, intangible, untouchable?
    – Idiosyncratic geopolitical pressures and circumstance-bound
      power struggles
Statements which attribute our failures to “lack of political will” can
  have a strong sub-text of disempowerment and
  disconnectedness
    - Need to examine our own connectedness
    - Need to see how we are constructing ourselves to be
      empowered agencies… to converse with the agencies of
      political will
• A global movement against
  corruption established in 1993
• A world-wide network of 99 national
  chapters / contacts / partners
• International Secretariat in Berlin
• International Board of Directors
• Global Network of Senior advisors
  and other volunteers
Global Map of TI ALACs
Advocacy
& Legal    A Case Study
Advice
Centres
               ALAC 101
ALACs aim to:
 Empower citizens to make and pursue corruption-
related complaints
 Translate these complaints into structural changes




ALAC activities are to:
 Provide legal advice and assistance to victims or
witnesses of corruption
 Help citizens pursue corruption-related
complaints
 Undertake advocacy for broader reform
              ALAC 101
The rationales for the ALAC are that:

The fight against corruption will be more effective if
citizens are involved (anti-corruption work not limited
to ‘experts’)

Engaging directly with citizens provides a deeper
understanding as to how corruption works in practice
(information not always available from surveys)

 Reflecting the real experiences of people enhances
the legitimacy of advocacy campaigns (grounded in
the concerns of the population; not just TI ‘opinion’)
              ALAC 101
The types of cases the ALACs deal with vary
enormously:
From small- (e.g., small business licensing) to large-scale
(hundreds of millions of dollars/ procurement)
Across sectors (e.g., businesses, health, education)




 The clients include:
 Vulnerable people (who frequently have no other
 options available)
 Empowered individuals (seeking to assert their
 rights and who are frequently able to effect change)
                   The democratisation of the anti-
                   corruption fight: At a basic and obvious
                   level, the ALACs are the empowerment of
                   individuals to fight against corruption. In
                   this, ALACs provide a practical answer to
                   the problem of how to broaden the anti-
                   corruption coalition and involve citizens.



Institutional reform: By using information
gained from cases (either individual cases or
common themes running through a variety of
cases), the ALACs are able to advocate for
reform. Many larger-scale changes have been
effected by ALACs, including, for example,
introduction of whistle-blower laws, new
administrative procedures for inspections and
licenses.
   Connecting: Participation & Engagement

Direct Citizen Participation    Representative Citizen Participation

• Publicised primary            • MOUs with responsible institutions
gateway: advertised toll-free   • Cooperation and referral
hotline, walk-in centre,        agreements with other civil society
mobile outreach                 institutions
• Web-site                      • Press releases showing statistical
                                breakdowns of complaints received
• Citizens’ Guides
                                and highlighting institutional and
• Resource Centre               legal vulnerabilities
• Legal advice for citizens to • Creation of dialogue and
take their corruption          intermediation spaces with
complaints forward             responsible authorities
                               • Formal consultation and advocacy
  An Approach not a Blueprint
In practice ALACs vary enormously from country to
  country.
Environment: If legal system functions, ALACs can
 focus more on pursuit of legal remedies. More
 broadly, the environment for ALACs is set by how
 citizenship can be practiced in a country. Culture and
 history are important in shaping the functioning of
 institutions.
NC leadership and management choices: Different
 perception of risks, different perception of
 opportunities, different roads to Rome.
Mobile Outreach
Transparency Azerbaijan




Pioneering
 Practice
2. Experience to Date -- Quantitative
                     Trend: Number of ALACs

  60

  50

  40
                                                        Other interested
  30
                                                        GTF
  20                                                    Operating ALACs

  10

   0
       2003   2004   2005   2006   2007   2008

                                                 Trend: Number of countries with ALAC

                                    45
                                    40
                                    35
                                    30
                                    25                                                   in number of
                                    20                                                   countries
                                    15
                                    10
                                     5
                                     0
                                          2003   2004     2005     2006    2007   2008
 Inventing Ourselves Through our Practice

Key Success Factors of TI ALACs:
• Engagement and connection is necessary but not
  sufficient
• Persistence and consistency
• the (multi-dimensional) powers of information
Lessons:
• One-off messages do not succeed.
• Consistent and legal framing is appreciated by
  bureaucrats/technocrats.
• Managerial competence and capacity required to
  achieve quality benchmarks of practice
 ALACs: Helping Citizens resist corruption
    ALACs: Translating citizen complaints into structural change
           ALACs: New Generation of TI Program
                           Thank You

				
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posted:9/18/2012
language:English
pages:15