Reference/relevant Timeline/Places Actions/Important facts What others said What he said Naval conditions
Photo of Burnham Birth 29th September 1758 in Father a country clergyman
Thorpe church the parsonage at Burnham and mother daughter of a
(SG) Thorpe, three miles from coast baker
of Norfolk Edmund Nelson's (Nelson's
father) wife (Suckling)
descended from the family of
Father spent much of his time Sir Robert Walpole prime
enjoying himself in Bath. minister under George 1 and
Horatio was one of 11
children (8 still alive when she
died in 1767 when Nelson was
Age of 13 joined the navy with Entering the navy. 600 or 700
uncle Maurice Suckling. Naval Both his uncle William and unwashed
dockyards at Chatham. Maurice (Suckling) in the seamen messed
navy. Nelson who was twelve on the gundeck,
said he would like to go to sea in hammocks
with his uncle Maurice who (14 inches of
was captain of the spaces to swing
Raisonnable He was made in)
midshipman and was also
captain's servant and able Learned
He had to learn all the duties rigging and all
of a common seaman although the basics
he was mostly in the company
of the captain and officers.
The Triumph (second ship)
went up and down the Thames
as a guardship.
His uncle found him a
merchant ship to work on
which would give him more
experience so he got first
experience of the Americas
(Florida, Bermuda and Lesser
1773 Took part in an expedition Ship sailed up to within 10 On getting Caught malaria
to find the North West Passage degrees of the North Pole. malaria in the East and
to India at the age of 15. On his return his uncle put "Well then, I will never shook this
Trip to the far east lasting till he him on the Seahorse which be a hero and off throughout
was nearly 18. was off to the far east. > confiding in his life.
Madeira> Cape of Good providence I will
Hope> Madras > Calcutta brave every Arriving back to
There is no employment
record of his prospects were
lettes from this scarce.
1775 Captain Suckling became Uncle Captain Suckling had To get on in the
Comptroller of navy. been put in charge of the navy navy as an
(comptroller). He could officer you
suggest appointments to the needed interest
First Lord of the Admiralty . that is someone
Nelson appointed acting highly placed to
lieutenant to the Worcester on help you on..
recommendation of his uncle.
He enjoyed a good
relationship with the captain
getting to do all kinds of
things not expected for
someone of his rank.
1777 Nelson took his lieutenant The exam was taken by 3 Locker would Those who
exams which he needed to move captains-a kind of interview. say: passed exams
further on. One of the panel was his uncle "Lay a had to wait for a
and of course he passed Frenchman close commission to a
Commissioned to a frigate although it is not known and you will ship. Many
Lowestoffe . whether favouritism was beat him". never got one.
shown or not.
The captain of the Lowestoffe
was William Locker who was
to be a life lone friend of
1778 Britain declared war on In this campaign he showed Wars meant full
France. Nelson sailed for his bravery, boarding a French employment for
Jamaica in the Lowestoffe. vessel to capture in a heavy seamen.
Nelson moved over to Sir Peter Parker
Joined Rear Admiral Sir Peter Peter Parker the Rear took over as
Parker's ship. Admiral's ship the Bristol as Nelson's patron
third lieutenant and became after death of his
first lieutenant. uncle.
after the loss of several
December 1778 English officers Nelson was When a British
promoted to master and shop took a
He was 20 commander (not quite captain) French or other
of the Badger, a brig. "enemy" ship it
became a prize,
the value of the
ship and its
the captain and
1879 Nelson gained a death Early promotion to post On gaining his
vacancy and became a proper captain ensured that Nelson post captaincy "
captain (post captain) of the could become an admiral We all rise by
Hinchinbrook early. His first great victory at deaths. I got my
the Nile couldn't have rank by a shot
happened without this early killing a post
success. captain and I
English colonies in the West most sincerely
Indies under threat from the hope I shall,
French including Jamaica. when I go, go
out of the world
the same way..."
1780 Nelson served in an Nelson disobeyed orders by On being sent
operation in Nicaragua to cut going up river on the home after
the Spanish colonies in south expedition . Disobeying having had to
America through the middle. orders became one of his abandon hope of
characteristics. The operation becoming master
was a disaster with many of the Janus:-
soldiers catching dysentery
and yellow fever. Nelson was Nelson will yet
called back as he had been be an admiral. It
appointed captain of the is the climate
Janus by Admiral Parker. that has
Dalling who led the destroyed my
expedition to capture the health and
Castle of the Immaculate crushed my
conception claimed success spirit"
but in reality nothing came of
Nelson was sent home too ill
to take up his command.
Dalling, an incompetent
general, but with big ideas
was to encourage Nelson to do
similarly big things himself in
1781 Nelson recovers from his Rigaud finished the first To get enough
ills at Bath. proper portrait of Nelson, seamen
begun 3 years earlier. He sometimes it
added the Castle of the was necessary to
Immaculate conception in the "press" people
background and gave Nelson into service
Earl Sandwich, first lord of the a post captain's uniform. against their
admiralty gave Nelson will.
command of the Albermarle. After a collision in the
(Woolwich) harbour he went to Canada
escorting a convey and there
enjoyed very good health, fell
in love and met another
important patron a friend of
his dead uncle Suckling,
Admiral Hood. He also met
the Prince of Wales which he
thought fortunate but did him
actually little good.
June 1783 -1784 unemployed Nelson used this period to go Officers were
to France (St Omer) to try to laid off on half
learn French. Stayed with an pay awaiting
English family the Andrews being allocated
where he enjoyed the another ship.
company of the daughters.
At this time his sister died of a
chill in Bath and his father
1784 Helped in Hood's grief stricken. He only went
campaign to become an MP for home two months later so did
the Tories. not attend the funeral
At this time he wrote ot his
uncle Suckling to ask for
money to meet the
Was allocated another ship, the expectations of the family of
Boreas to take to the Leeward the girl he wished to marry.
Islands in the West Indies. He did not marry her and we
do not know why or whether
he got the money.
Sailed for West Indies loaded Coleman
with dignitaries who wanted "Nelson showed
to travel out and his brother himself then and
After end of the American throughout his
Revolution American ships career, a fanatic
were not supposed to bring in for duty. If he
their goods-Nelson policed failed in his duty
this very strictly against the he hoped to fall
wishes of just about everyone. unpitied."
He even wrote to the
Admiralty in England to make
his point something he did
frequently throughout his
1784- whilst upholding the Nelson spent much time " It is not to be
Navigation acts meets Fanny courting various women dissembled (that
Nisbet, widow with a child. throughout his life. Nelson) though
by no means
seducer of the
daughters of his
for the fair sex
than is quite
December 1786 met up with Nelson's connection with "He (William)
Prince William again now a William resulted in endless told me this
lieutenant partying and problems due to morning that
the Prince's unhelpful way of since he has been
dealing with matters. Nelson under my
couldn't stop himself being command he has
dragged under the influence of been happy and
William whose needs have been given
determined the date of to understand
Nelson's marriage that there is no
11th March 1787 Nelson doubt whenever
married to Fanny attended by he may be placed
the Prince of Wales They returned to England tho in a high
Nelson was ill again and not situation that I
looking like making it home. will find him
July 1787 Nelson arrives back Nelson in trouble over Punishment of
at Portsmouth William and exceeding his sailors was strict
authority with him. The King and violent. The
had tried to keep his son out cat o nine tails
of the way and out of debt for was a kind of
as long as possible. Nelson whip and no
hadn't helped. Also he was in more than 12
trouble with his crew for strokes could be
overdoing punishment. The given without a
admiralty also refused to court martial.
confirm promotions he had
made. 1100 men
He was in limbo and used for received one
mundane tasks such as as night (men
holding ship for pressed men. between 18-25)
He continued flogging his
men for bad behavior.
Managed to flog 66 of his 144 Difficult to get a
seamen and marines. ship in peace
Nelson finally gave up the Finally went to see his father time 55 post
Boreas and returned to Burnham in Norfolk but without Fanny ships in
Thorpe where he stayed for 3 whom he left in Bath. When commission
years. He was five years Fanny and Edmund Nelson with 427 post
without a ship. did meet they got in very captains after a
well-this was to become an position.
1789- Storming of the Bastille enduring friendship.
and the start of years of unrest
and eventually war between He spent these years writing
England and France. with incredible arrogance to
the admiralty and his contacts
requesting a ship at the same
time trying to avoid being
sued for having damaged the
livelihoods of the West Indian
Island merchants whose
livelihoods he had
"protected". His supporting
of the prince had damaged his
likelihood of ever getting a
January 1793 war became Nelson took his step son On going aboard
inevitable. Nelson was given Josiah on board the a Spanish ship
the smallest ship of the line, the Agamemon as midshipman. "The dons mayh
Agamemnon. make fine ships-
He was pleased with the ship they cannot
which was due to sail to the however make
Mediterranean with Hood. men".
Nelson became acquainted
with Spanish ships when
Spain was an ally. Learnt a
lot about their vulnerability.
French fleet was in Toulon
harbour. English leadership
dubious about how faithful the
navy would be as most of the
captains would have been
behind the king rather than the
Hood offered to protect the
people of the south of France
if they came out for the king.
Needed soldiers however so
sent with a request for forces
Nelson was sent to make this
request because his ship was
the fastest. He was received
by King Ferdinand of Naples
himself and met the
ambassador William Hamilton
for the first time.
Nelson dined with the king
and the troops were promised.
On his return the French navy
had fallen to Hood with white
flags everywhere. This did
not last long however as 40
000 French troops arrived led
by Captain Buonoparte
(Napoleon). The English
took off many royalists but
many were massacred. They
also took 13 ships leaving 18.
1794 Nelson and navy sought English army and navy On losing sight
another base in Med. Corsica leaders rowed as to the best in one eye at
chosen. way to take over Corsica. Calvi in Corsica
Nelson wished to see a " Yet I most
glorious victory over land. He fortunately
enjoyed a land campaign escaped by only
despite being a sailor. His having my right
men lugged cannons over the eye nearly
mountains to get them in deprived of its
position behind the town. sight...However
After the fall of Corsica the blemish is
Nelson was sent to take nothing not to be
diplomatic papers to Genoa a perceived unless
port that was a city state. told."
Nelson met the doge (the ruler
of Genoa). He had begun to
acquire the taste of being
received by kings and lords.
1795 Nelson's first fleet action The French navy came out of Nelson showed French sailors
against the enemy Toulon to attempt to recapture his ambitions at were relatively
Corsica. this time. He untrained which
The English navy now under went to Hotham meant that they
Hotham. to "propose to were fairly easy
Nelson's ship Agamennon him ...to pursue prey to the
attacked the much bigger Ca the enemy, but professional
Ira with broadsides and left he is much English sailors
her in tatters. This is cooler than who could fire 3
Nelson's version although myself and said times more
Hotham's version says that the "We must be rapidly.
Inconstant did the most contented. We
damage and that Nelson just have done very
finished it off. well".
1796 The French Sir John Jervis took over as When Nelson Much more
revolutionaries made big gains commander-in-chief in the threatened a confident about
in Italy. Med. Nelson was anxious to Genoese town his future
go home for a rest and to with attack saying he would
repair his ship. He was finally Jervis said of have an issue of
upgraded to the Captain made Nelson" I am London Gazette
a commodore and thanks to very glad that to himself "I am
the ships he had taken much you have a little known in Italy,
better off than before. dampened the not a kingdom or
ardour of Nelson state where my
respecting the name will be
republic of forgot".
Genoa. He is an
partisan. He is
partisan but does
1796 ? The English quit Corsica It was no longer possible to
as the Spanish joined the French maintain a base in Corsica as
with the Spanish on one side
and the French on the other
sides they would have been
1797 the English fleet the The English fleet went Rear Admiral "Take a Spanish Ships' crews
Spanish fleet off Cape St through the Spanish fleet and Parker first rate and an were starting to
Vincent gained a surpising victory complained 80 gun ship and becoming
against a bigger enemy. about Nelson's after well discontented at
Nelson's account differed account of the battering and conditions and
from that of Jervis making his battle:- basting them for pay which was
own contribution seem the "Believe me, an hour keep at the same level
more important. He wrote a neither they (the throwing in your as more than
swashbuckling account which officers and force balls and 100 years
he sent to the Duke of company of the be sure to let before. Rations
Clarence. Nelson wrote a so Prince George) these be well were poor and
called recipe for cooking or myself seasoned..then sailors were not
Spaniards. This appeared in expected to meet skip into her allowed ashore
the Times and The Sun. an account so quarter gallery incase they
At this point he was beginning different to the window, sword deserted. Half
to hope for high honours real statement of in hand and let of them after all
bringing with them money. that action". the rest of your had been
Nelson received the Order of boarders follow pressed into
the Bath and Jervis was made as they can... service.
Earl St Vincent. Nelson
became a rear admiral along
with 8 other captains of the
line at the same time.
1797 The fleet blockades Cadiz Nelson's letters back to his To his wife "I
wife talked of cottages and shall come one
tranquillity and the fact that he day or other
had managed to get her some laughing back
Josiah made into a lieutenant. when we will
retire from the
Nelson attacked Santa Cruz busy scenes of
on Tenerife with a landing life".
party in a disastrous night
which resulted in the loss of
hundreds of English marines.
Nelson suffered his second He made light of
great wound the loss of his his wounds again
right arm high up. This was in a letter " Rear
negligent as he should not admiral Nelson,
have been involved in the his arm shot off"
action as a rear admiral.
It was now that Nelson started
to become a legend.
1797 returned to Portsmouth . After 4 1/2 years to have his Coleman:
arm looked after. He went to "The king
court twice. The wound took observed that
five months to heal. He was Nelson had lost
given he freedom of the city his right arm but
of London but was a bit put that his country
out as Duncan had had an still had claim
important victory against the for a bit more of
The story of the night he lost Of his jealousy
his arm at Santa Cruz also at the Duncan
been to grow and be victory:" Had
embroidered upon. our battle been
in the channel it
Pictures of Nelson grew in would have been
popularity. He met the grand so much better
and the good of society and for us".
thoroughly enjoyed his
Nelson and Fanny bought a
house near Ipswich but shortly
he was offered another ship,
1797 Napoleon was conquering Fears of invasion were rife in
all and now into Austria. Britain. Nelson was sent out
to reconnoitre the Med and off
Toulon he found out that
Napoleon had sent off 12000
Nelson was put in charge of
the forces in the Med. to the
annoyance of other leaders.
He was in charge of an
illustrious group. His job
was to seek and pursue the
French fleet and army and
destroy it. He was allowed to
get provisions from whereever
he liked. And at this point he
was still the fourth most junior
admiral out of 94 in the navy.
1798 Nelson scours the Med for Nelson's fleet covered 1,800 The Herald On seeing the The Navy relied
the French finally catching the miles in search of the French started to lose French fleet at on outlying
fleet in Aboukir bay and was short of frigates for patience:- Aboukir Nelson frigates to try to
information gathering. The "It may be too was finally able get information
papers back at home were full much for us to to eat and said on the
of rumours and people were say that (Nelson) " Before this whereabouts of
losing patience with Nelson. has not the time tomorrow, I other ships,
quality which shall have gained forces. There
In fact Buonoparte had arrived Buonoparte a peerage or was no radar or
on the same day as Nelson seems to have, Westminster radio for
departed from Alexandria. vulgarly called Abbey". information
Had he still been there the long- gathering
decisive battle would have headedness. It is purposes.
taken place 7 years sooner. clear however
There were 13 ships moored that he is now
in the bay protected by the unfortunate..
battery at Aboukir. perhaps it may
not be amiss to
under the good
others, until his
1798 Battle of the Nile The French were unprepared Nelson of the The speed of
(Aboukir Bay) for a battle and Nelson victory:- news arriving
capitalised by going straight "Victory is not a was very slow.
into the attack despite the strong enough It took 2 months
English not knowing the depth name for such a for the news of
of the bay and where they scene as I have the victory to get
might founder. Five ships passed". through to
went between the French London. All
ships and the land and the Of the role of kind of rumours
others the sea side. Foley's God-to Sir preceded it via
decision to go inside made the William France.
attack the more devastating. Hamilton.
Nelson does not refer to this! "Almighty God Great victories
The battle was a fairly had made me the generally led to
stationary one. The two happy instrument a peerage for the
admirals were both injured, in destroying the author of the
Bruey's the French admiral cut enemy's fleet; victory.
in two and Nelson wounded which I hope
by shrapnel on the head. The will be a blessing A great naval
English picked off the ships to Europe. You victory
one by one and those at the will have the encouraged
back could not move forward goodness to prints to be
to help the front which had communicate produced and
been attacked. The victory this happy event sold as well as
was a complete one. L'Orient to all the courts songs to be
the flagship blew up with in Italy". written and
incredible force sending distributed and
cannons 50 metres. The news new dances
was taken to London but devised such as
arrived only 2 months later. Lady Nelson's
Nelson now spoke about the fancy.
hand of God helping him.
The captain of the Swiftsure Nelson finally
had a coffin made up for made only a
Nelson made from a piece of Baron as he was
the L'Orient which landed on such a junior
his ship. Admiral.
1798 Nelson goes to Naples Nelson's head injury and
where he will spend 2 years reoccurence of malaria meant
disastrous to his reputation. a miserable journey to Naples
where he was to get the
Vanguard repaired. His
reception in Naples by the
King and Queen and the
Hamiltons was unparalleled.
At a ball a special song had
been written and ribbons and
buttons had Nelson's name on
late 1798 On Hamilton and Nelson's
advice the Ferdinand King of
Naples marched with 30000
ill trained soldiers on a
mission to occupy Rome.
This succeeded temporarily
but they were soon ousted by
the French. The French then
followed through and marched
to Naples. This rebounded
badly on Nelson who now had
to protect the royal family of
Naples. The court was to
move to its other base at
Palermo in Sardinia. The
Vanguard was loaded up with
the king's treasure and after a
horrendous storm they sailed
1799 A very bad year for Fanny's son Josiah despite his
Nelson rapid promotion was doing
very badly taking to drink.
His health was bad. Naples
was in chaos with revolution
breaking out in the form and
looting and death. Slowly the
tide turned with a Russian
detachment bringing some
discipline to the situation.
Nelson left Sardinia and went
to Naples to command
The resolving of the situation
in Naples depending on
complex negotiations and
Nelson did himself little credit
showing little mercy to the
Republicans or to the
Neopolitan sea captain
Caracciolo whom he hanged.
The rebels who were stopped
from going back to Toulon in
France were hanged.
Nelson's treatment of
Caracciolo is seen as
distasteful and his treatment
of the rebels politically inept
Nelson received the dukedom
of Bronte for his efforts from
a grateful king.
1799 Nelson disloyal to new C Nelson's forces continued Spencer wrote to Minto (Jervis)
in C Keith helping reduce the rebel Nelson saying wrote of Nelson
influence in Naples, refusing that having "I hope he will
to send forces to Keith whom helped sort out not [go home]
he was patronising towards Naples he would for his own sake
for having lost the be "set at liberty and he will at
French/Spanish fleet as he to attend to some least I hope take
himself had done. other points Malta first. He
He was made acting Cin C in where the does not seem at
Keith's absence. assistance of the all conscious of
fleet will the sort of
During this period Nelson was probably be very discredit he has
becoming besotted with Lady essential to the fallen into..But it
Hamilton, sharing a house cause of his is hard to
with her and her husband majesty and his condemn and
William. allies." used ill a hero, as
he is in his own
News of the relationship was element, for
spreading to England where being foolish
the times reported about Lady about a woman
Hamilton's "admiral who has art
attitudes". enough to make
fools of many
Wrote a short account of his wiser than an
life to John McArthur editor admiral."
of the Naval Chronicle
complaining that he had no
children by his wife.
He was now very much in
love with Emma Hamilton.
His squadron took the last two
French survivors of the Battle
of the Nile.
1799 Napoleon becomes First English parliament unwilling
Consul and asked for peace to sue for peace with a
although it was now on
reasonable terms with the new
North American one.
Nelson's policies in Naples
came in for criticism
indirectly. He was lucky not
to be named directly and that
the debate in parliament took
place at night.
Nelson meanwhile enjoyed a
period of inactivity including
a five week cruise of the Med.
with the Hamiltons. Nelson
remembered this for its "days
of ease and nights of pleasure"
under the nose of William
Hamilton. Nelson and
Emma's child was conceived
on this cruise.
1779/1800 Nelson returns Nelson had considerably Spencer wrote to
home with the Hamilton's difficulty getting back to Keith
overland England as he couldn't take a "Private. I hope
ship out of the Med where all it will not be
were needed. Keith wanted long before Lord
to see the back of him. Nelson arrives in
Nelson travelled back this part of the
overland with the Queen in world. His
tow via Vienna where Nelson further stay in
was shown off by Lady the
Hamilton like a keeper with a Mediterranean
bear. cannot I am sure
After being well-received to the public
throughout Europe meeting advantage or to
the great and the good he his own."
finally took the packet to
The position was dubious for
the Hamilton's on their return
as he had no money and
Emma was 6 months
pregnant. Nelson had not yet
decided to break with his wife
to whom he still wrote with
Nelson and the Hamiltons
stayed the night at Yarmouth
after having being pulled
around the town in carriages
by people and firework and
1800 A triumphant Nelson was well received The caricature
homecoming for Nelson everywhere although King had the words "
George who was on the verge Pho the old
of madness was ambiguous man's pipe is
due to all Nelson's foreign always out , but
honours on his coat. The yours burns with
papers all alluded to his full vigour."
adultery with Emma. Nelson replies
Cruikshank produced a "Yes I'll give
particuarly damaging you such a
caricature called Smoking smoke I'll pour a
Attitudes. whole broadside
Nelson tried to sort out the into you".
prize money he claimed he
was owed and had been
claimed by St Vincent.
Nelson was ridiculed and
honoured in equal measure.
He was in despair emotionally
as neither he nor Emma could
At this time he broke with
Fanny who had had enough of
hearing about Emma .
However she tried on several
occasions to get back together
with him and enjoyed the
support of Edmund her father
1801 The fleet is sent to the The fleet was put under the
Baltic to keep its eye on the command of Sir Hyde Parker
Russian/Scandinavian alliance Emma gave birth to Nelson's
daughter Horatia who was
immediately put out to a wet
nurse. They had an elaborate
code for talking about the
child incase intercepted by
William and had the baby
christened with the name
Bronte backwards and
anagrams of their names.
Nelson was soon off again to
Torbay. He was now paying
payments half his income to
Fanny although was attracting
rididule still for his
relationship with Emma.
1801 Nelson and the Battle of Nelson's aim was to "strike His father wrote On attacking
Copenhagen. quick and home". Nelson was to him after his both powers at
not C in C but gave his ideas son Maurice had the same time
readily which was to hit the died, "The measure
Danes and Russians at the chastisingly may be thought
same time, boldly. bold but I am of
Negotiations with the Danes Step forth and opinion the
having failed Nelson was save your self boldest measures
given permission to take a today whilst it is are the safest."
small squadron into the port to still called
attack the Danish ships and today.. to
stationary defences of recover and
Copenhagen. It was a close preserve your
run thing with the British private and
ships taking a lot of fire. publick good.
Parker told Nelson in a flag Riches and
message to discontinue the honour are in
action and Nelson chose to one hand and
ignore it. The Danes semi- there are
surrendered and Nelson probable means
proposed a truce. He made yet left to secure
out not to be in a hurry for the in the other
truce although the British length of days."
ships were in quite a
predicament. Wounded were
exchanged and the next day he
went to meet the crown
prince. Even here he was
mobbed by people wishing to
see him or so he claimed. An
armistice was concluded to
untangle the Danes from the
Russians. The disobeyed
order and the truce were the
main things to come out of
this engagement. Nelson's
legend was built up on this
and his putting his blind eye
to a telescope.
The truce was to help him get
his ships out but some
interpreted it as cowardice
rather than as a ruse de guerre.
Essentially he bought time.
The "victory" happened very
quickly but was received
made a Viscount as a result.
Shortly after the emperor of
Russia died and the danger
July 1801 Nelson returns to Nelson was back enjoying his
England and the Hamiltons celebrity whilst Napoleon was
starting to think of invading
Britain having won peace in
Austria and Naples. Nelson
was put in charge of the
charge and he wanted to
attack the most likely places
from which an invasion would
come, notably Boulogne.
On the 4th August he carried
out a bombardment of
Boulogne which served little
purpose and then an
unsuccessful attempt to
destroy gunboats in the port in
a kind of commando
There was a lot of criticism of
him and his big-headed choice
of passwords Nelson and
Bronte. Seamen too were
becoming very critical of the
way he played fast and lose
with their lives. He wanted to
be back on the high seas and
not in his backyard.
He was also beset with family
problems with his father at
odds with him and William
constantly begging for him to
intervene on his behalf.
Peace was declared with
France and suddenly Nelson
could relax again.
Nelson appeared in the House William
of Lords and made some not Huskisson said
very well received speeches. of him:-
"I was obliged to
He was living by then at Lord Nelson for
Merton with the Hamiltons giving me
and it was costing him a anything that
fortune. could create a
smile on such a
The house was full of grave and awful
parephenalia relating to subject ..How
Nelson's victories. can ministers
allow such a fool
Edmund Nelson died and to speak in their
Nelson did not even go to the defence."
funeral although he paid for it.
Fanny attended the funeral
and received a generous letter
from Susannah Bolton
(Maurice's wife) informing
her that she would no more be
communicating with her.
1802 Nelson and the Hamiltons
six week grand tour to the
Midlands and Wales
1803 William Hamilton died.
In summer 1803 the French
wars broke out again and
Nelson sails from Portsmouth in
1803 Nelson was miserable at Nelson was missing Emma On his injuries
sea and feeling ill a lot. He Wounds received
finally got the prize money by Lord Nelson
due to him that St Vincent had His eye in
His Belly off
1804 asked to come home Cape St Vincent
Napoleon made himself His arm at
His Head in
Tolerable for one
1805 Napoleon plans for Nelson chased the French
decoying the English fleet were fleet across the Atlanctic .
set in motion. The other half of the French
fleet hadn't got out of Brest so
Napoleon's plan wasn't going
Nelson returned home arriving
on 20th August. Nelson had
called up his coffin and had it
engraved in anticipation of his
It was then reported that the
Spanish and French fleets
were at Cadiz so Nelson was
off to confront them.
1805 21st October Trafalgar The British were outnumbered
33 to 27 but their seamen
were much more experienced.
Nelson planned that the
British should attack the
centre and rear of the curving
Nelson as C in C was to break
the line although it wasn't his
job to do so.
At 11.15 he hoisted the signal
"England expects that every
man will do his duty". He
was conspicuous in his
After the initial engagement it
was a massacre with the ships
close up together.
There were marksmen up
above in the French rigging
and Nelson was a sitting duck.
The last hours of his life are
the most minutely described
of any one.
Nelson asked not to be thrown
overboard and after his death
was put into a 100 litre barrel
The battle resulted in
completed destruction of
French and Spanish sea power
with many undamaged ships
being damaged or destroyed
in the storms that struck the
6th November news of the The state funeral of Nelson
battle arrived in London. was the most amazing site and
was deliberately stage