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					     The Management of Drug1 Related
       Incidents at Aldridge School




  Aldridge School is committed to tackling drug misuse
 among pupils/students. Instances of possession, use or
supply of drugs on school premises will be regarded with
   utmost seriousness and, depending upon individual
circumstances, can lead to permanent exclusion from the
                        school.



       In managing any incidents the following tenets must apply
              • The welfare of all the pupils in the school is
                paramount
              • Parental involvement is necessary
              • The requirements of the Law and local procedure
                (this policy) will be upheld

                           .


1
    Any substance which, on entering the body, changes the way that body functions
      The Management of Drug Related Incidents at Aldridge School
1.0     Drug Misuse

1.1     The Government defines “Drug Misuse” as the non-medical use of drugs that
        are only intended for use in medical treatment, and the use of drugs that have
        no accepted medical purpose. Such drugs are controlled under the Misuse of
        Drugs Act 1971. (The Act does not cover solvent misuse).

1.2     Classification of Drugs

        Class A                       Class B                  Class C
        Heroin, Methadone             Amphetamines (speed)     Mild Amphetamines
        Opium, Cocaine,               Barbiturates             Tranquillisers
        Crack Cocaine
        LSD                           Codeine                  DF118 (Painkillers)
        Ecstasy                                                Cannabis (all forms)
        Processed Magic Mushrooms
        Any Class B drug which is
        injected

1.3     The Government’s overall drugs strategy focuses on illegal drugs only and a
        clear distinction must be maintained between illegal drugs and others. These
        “other” substances may raise common issues.

2.0     The Law on Drugs

2.1     It is an offence under the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971:

        • To supply or offer to supply a controlled drug to another in contravention of
          the Act;

        • To be in possession of, or to possess with the intent to supply another, a
          controlled drug in contravention of the Act; it is a defence to the offence of
          possession that, knowing or suspecting it to be a controlled drug, the
          accused took possession of it for the purpose of preventing another from
          committing or continuing to commit an offence and that as soon as possible
          after taking possession of it he/she took all such steps as were reasonably
          open to him/her to destroy the drug or to deliver it into the custody of a
          person lawfully entitled to take custody of it;

        • For the occupier or someone concerned in the management of any premises
          knowingly to permit or suffer on those premises: the smoking of cannabis,
          or the production, attempted production, supply, attempted supply, or
          offering to supply any controlled drug.
3.0    Dealing with Drugs

3.1    The School will liaise closely with the local police force to ensure that there
       will be agreement for dealing with any incidents which might arise involving
       illegal drugs. The Headteacher will be responsible for this or a designated
       member of the Senior Management Team.

3.2    The staff dealing with an incident will, wherever possible, take possession of
       any substance suspected of being a controlled drug.

3.3.   The school will hand the substance to the police who will be able to identify
       whether it is an illegal drug; school staff should not attempt to analyse or taste
       any unidentified substance.

3.4    Whenever possible any quantity of the suspected substance must be taken to a
       secure place e.g. the school safe. This should be done in the presence of the
       person from whom it has been taken and another adult. The suspected
       substance must be placed in a sealed envelope and the details/time/quantity
       should be recorded on the outside. The envelope should then be placed in the
       school safe.

3.5    It is open to a member of staff accompanied by another adult to search a
       pupil’s desk or locker where he/she has a reasonable cause to believe it
       contains unlawful items, including illegal drugs, or other substances prohibited
       by school rules.

3.6    Where pupils/students are suspected of concealing illegal drugs on their
       person, every effort should first be made to secure the voluntary production of
       any unlawful substance, e.g. by asking them to turn out their pockets and bags
       preferably in the presence of another adult. If the pupil/student refuses, the
       police should be called in to deal with the situation.

3.7    Where a member of staff is told, or is aware, of possible criminal activity
       outside school premises they must inform the headteacher (or designated
       member of senior management team) who will inform the police, in the
       interests of safeguarding the health and safety of young people in the area.

3.8    All incidents involving illegal drugs must be reported to the headteacher.

3.9    The headteacher will retain the responsibility for deciding how to respond to
       particular incidents involving illegal drugs. The headteacher will consider
       each incident individually and recognise that a variety of responses may be
       necessary. The implications of any action taken will be considered very
       carefully.

       The following has been provided and will contribute to, but not constrain, the
       headteacher’s decision making:
Whether:
      •       the substance known/admitted?
      •       the substance legal? If not, into which category does it fall?
      •       there any intention to supply to others?
      •       the quantity such that it could only be for personal use by the
              possessor?
       •      the possessor of previous good conduct?

       Summary of responses available
       1.   Confiscation of the substance.
       2.   Involving parents
       3.   Offering counselling
       4.   Referral to Health Education Unit/Coordinator
       5.   Institute disciplinary procedures
       6.   Inform the police of any relevant information


3.10   Taking into consideration the above and the individual circumstance of each
       case the school will institute disciplinary proceedings within the context of
       -       Statement of Shared Values
       -       Rewards and Sanctions Policy
       -       Whole School Behaviour Policy
       -       Circular 10/99 (as revised) on exclusions.

       Accordingly, infringement of the school standards by involvement in a drug-
       related incident(s) will be regarded as a serious breach of the school’s
       behaviour and discipline policies, for which the school reserves the right if
       considered appropriate in all the circumstances to implement permanent
       exclusion even for “one-off” events. Revised guidance of Circular 10/99
       Social Inclusion: pupil support indicates that permanent exclusion is normally
       appropriate for cases of drug dealing/supplying (including selling, offering and
       distributing to other pupils) even on the first occasion and for repeated
       instances of possession.

       In the interests of safeguarding the education and/or welfare of all the pupils of
       the school, there is zero tolerance of drug dealing/supplying (including selling,
       offering and distributing to other pupils). Accordingly, save in exceptional
       circumstances, any pupil will be permanently excluded from the school for
       drug dealing/supplying. A pupil may also be permanently excluded for
       repeated instances of possession or use of drugs on the school premises.

4.0    Signs of Drug Misuse or Substance Misuse

4.1    Early detection of drugs misuse is extremely important. If a young person’s
       drug misuse is identified at an early stage, it is easier for action to be taken to
       prevent further misuse of drugs. Teachers and non-teaching staff, should be
       alert to the warning signs which may indicate that a pupil is misusing
       drugs. Teachers need to be particularly vigilant when they are in charge of
       activities which take groups away from the school premises.
4.2   Some of the main signs which may be associated with drug misuse are
      summarised in Table 1, 2 and 3. The presence of these signs alone is not
      conclusive proof of drug or solvent misuse; many of them are part of normal
      adolescence. All incidents must be reported initially to the House
      Staff/Pastoral Staff.

5.0   Dealing with Non-illegal substances (e.g. Alcohol, Solvents, Cigarettes,
      Poppers).

5.1   The precepts which underpin the schools approach to illegal substances also
      apply to the use/misuse of other substances.

6.0   The school will act in these cases within the letter and spirit of relevant
      legislation but will work in partnership with parents and other agencies as
      necessary from the outset.
                    Referral procedure for dealing with substance use/misuse problems

              (This covers legal substances such as Tobacco, Alcohol, Solvents, Medicines and
                      Illegal substances such as Cannabis, Amphetamines, Ecstasy, LSD etc)

   Suspected Drugs related
    incident has occurred

                YES
                                                                         Is the young person/people conscious, intoxicated
      Is the young person/people unconscious?                 NO                             or high?
                                                                                                     YES
               YES
                                                                           Make sure they do not wander off and injure
• Stay calm
                                                                          themselves, sit them in a quiet well ventilated
• Place casualty in recovery position, loosen
                                                                          room. Do not shout, threaten them or attempt
  clothing
                                                                          deep discussions about drug use. Talk quietly
• Dial 999 ambulance.                                                      and calmly, if distressed, calm and reassure
• Collect any evidence of what has been                                      them, if necessary administer first aid.
  taken e.g. pills, syringes, vomit material

                                                                                 Talk, arrange to talk about their drug use
                                                                                       (see Do’s and Don’ts advice)
   Is the young person/people in possession of suspected            NO             Follow school drug policy procedure
                    illegal substances?                                         regarding : Discipline procedure, parental
                                                                                  involvement, counselling and support.

                      YES

Seize and hold substance in a safe place. Contact West
 Midlands Drug Squad for information and advice or
            destroy in presence of witness.                                      Consider informing : Young Person’s
                                                                                  Parent/Guardian. West Midlands
  Record action taken. Follow school drug policy/                                  Police, Governors – LEA follow
procedure regarding: Discipline/Exclusion Procedure,                                 school drug policy procedure
   Parental involvement counselling and support.                                   regarding: Discipline/Exclusion,
                                                                                         counselling support.

                                                                   YES              Seek advice from Drug/Health
           Was the decision taken to destroy the substance?                              Education Adviser


                                    NO

    If Police informed is prosecution to follow?
                                                                                  Depending upon circumstances it
                                 YES                                               is possible to use this flowchart
                                                                                    with different points of entry.
      Consider – internal responses to staff, pupils, governors,
          parents, support services, legal aspects, support
       structures, media responses, prevention programme.




           Adapted from City of Liverpool Guidelines to Dealing with drug related issues.
Table 1 - Warning Signs in Individuals
• Changes in attendance, and being unwilling to take part in school activities.
• Decline in performance in school work.
• Unusual outbreaks of temper, marked swings of mood, restlessness or irritability.
• Reports from parents that more time is being spent away from home, possibly
   with new friends or with friends in older age groups.
• Excessive spending or borrowing of money.
• Stealing money or goods.
• Excessive tiredness without obvious cause.
• No interest in physical appearance.
• Sores or rashes especially on the mouth or nose.
• Lack of appetite.
• Heavy use of scents, colognes etc. to disguise the smell of drugs.
• Wearing sunglasses at inappropriate times (to hide dilated or constricted pupils).
Table 2 - Warning Signs in Groups
• Regular absence on certain days.
• Keeping at a distance from other pupils, away from supervision points (e.g. groups
   who frequently gather near the gate of a school playground or sports field).
• Being the subject of rumours about drug taking.
• Talking to strangers on or near the premises.
• Stealing which appears to be the work of several individuals rather than one
   person (e.g. perhaps to shoplift solvents).
• Use of drugtakers’ slang.
• Exchanging money or other objects in unusual circumstances.
• Associating briefly with one person who is much older and not normally part of
   the peer group.
Table 3 - Objects that may indicate Drug Misuse
• Foil containers or cup shapes made from silver foil, perhaps discoloured by heat.
• Metal tins.
• Spoons discoloured by heat.
• Pill boxes.
• Plastic, cellophane or metal foil wrappers.
• Small plastic or glass phials or bottles.
• Twists of paper.
• Straws.
• Sugar lumps.
• Syringes and needles.
• Cigarette papers and lighters.
• Spent matches.
• Plastic bags or butane gas containers (solvent abuse).
• Cardboard or other tubes (heroin).
• Stamps, stickers, transfers or similar items.
• Shredded cigarettes, home-rolled cigarettes and pipes (cannabis).
• Paper (about 2 inches square) folded to form an envelope (heroin).
(Tables 1, 2 and 3 are adapted form Liverpool Education Authority and TACADE
materials).

				
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