SEF - Overall Guidance by 285p3Vw



             September 2005

There is no perfect SEF and inspectors know this. There are however, several
factors to take into account to make sure your SEF does its job well. Your
SEF should:
    Convey a clear picture of how well the school is doing.
    Provide proof of how you know what you know.
    Show what you are doing to build on successes and remedy
You need to:
    Be evaluative rather than descriptive.
    Make a summative judgement supported by other evaluative
     statements which underpin this judgement.
    Include references to where the evidence of your self-evaluation can
     be found e.g. work scrutiny Sept ‘05, lesson observations July ‘05 –
     see SEF Evidence Base.
    Take account of the grade descriptors in the OFSTED Evaluation
THINK - What are the key messages you want to convey? How you would
summarise the findings for a new governor or interested parent?
BROWSE - the interactive SEF website, it has lots of useful information.
READ - our guidance and look at the way schools in the pilot inspection
programme have tackled the SEF (illustrative extracts) in Appendix A of:
A New Relationship with Schools: Improving Performance through School Self-
evaluation at:
Work your way through the tutorial before you start.

Think about the outcomes for pupils.
If you are clear about the progress pupils make in their learning and personal
development you’ll find it easy to make links with the other sections. For
example, inspectors will expect to see a link between the progress pupils
make, the quality of teaching and the effectiveness of leadership and
management. Leave the overall effectiveness section until the end.
Inspectors will analyse and draw hypotheses from data before the inspection.
They will expect you to have used the data well. There is no need to repeat it,
but you should show what you make of it and what action you have taken as a
result of your analysis. You will have data that is not in the public domain;
there is no need to repeat the data, but explain what it tells you and what use
you make of it.


The SEF is meant to be evaluative; it is not meant to provide a descriptive
commentary on the school’s history. If you cannot say what you need to in
about 25 pages, you are probably describing what you do rather than
analysing the impact of what you do. Remember you are trying to convey
what parents, pupils and other stakeholders think of the school and give a
succinct evaluation.

Make sure you understand the key questions you have been asked to address
in the SEF. These are drawn from the evaluation schedule in the Framework
for Inspecting Schools. Your answers will guide inspectors. Jot down the few
most important points you want to include in answer to each question. Use the
bullet point prompts in the SEF to help you to flesh out your response.

When you are judging your provision and leadership and management, it is
important to link them to impact. If the pupils are doing well, what role are you
playing in facilitating their achievement?

Be as exact and as honest as you can. Base your judgements on evidence;
not on what might be or what you intend to happen.

Be clear. The summary you record and the few key priorities you identify
should be easily read and recognisable to staff, governors and other

The Every Child Matters agenda is new. You need to be conscious of it
throughout your evaluation. Think about what difference your provision has
made and how do you know? Some parts of the agenda, such as physical
well being are easier to evaluate than those aspects that deal with personal
development. Even though it may be more difficult, you should make sharp
judgements and find factual evidence to support them.

Please think carefully about the information you put into the annex as this is
needed to help inspectors to set up your inspection. If you provide day care
please note the name of the Registered Person and be specific about who
manages the provision. For example, is it managed by the governing body or
a private company? If you do not provide this information it makes it difficult
for OFSTED to co-ordinate an inspection of your day care at the same time as
the school inspection.

Read through each section before you complete the overall effectiveness.
What messages are coming through about the impact of leadership and
management and provision on the outcomes for pupils? What have you done
to bring about improvement in the past and what are you doing now?

Be specific. Have you conveyed what makes your school tick, what makes it
special, what makes it as it is?


      Read it through.
      Is it short and to the point?
      Have you answered all of the questions?
      Are your judgements clear?
      Have you reflected stakeholders’ views?
      Does it give a fair and honest picture of what the school is like?
      Have you been clear about actions being taken to improve?
      If you were an inspector what questions would your SEF lead you to

You will need to refer to the following document to support making

Using the Evaluation Schedule.
Guidance for Inspection of Schools (Final edition; the draft judgements
guidance will supplement this)

We highly recommend that you refer to the OFSTED web-site for additional

                                  SEF Part A


1.a       Please outline the main characteristics of the learners, including:

       Their attainment on entry and how you know this.
       Their social and economic backgrounds, indicating the level of
        prosperity or deprivation.

You do not need to repeat all the information included in the factual
information sections of the SEF, but use this section to draw the attention of
the inspection team to any particular features of your school that have an
impact on pupils’ achievement and the quality of education the school

Ensure you include details of the following:

       The make-up of your pupil population including:
               Attainment on entry using Transfer Document and October
                  Profile Assessment.
               Profile of ethnic backgrounds of pupils
               The nature and extent of pupils’ special educational needs
               The proportion of pupils with English as an additional language
               The mobility of pupils
       Any specialist status; awards.
       Distinctive features of the services the school provides.
       The school’s socio-economic context.

It is most important that you provide an accurate evaluation (based on
evidence) of the pupils’ attainment on entry to your school.

       Start with a clear overall judgement: overall most pupils’ attainment on
        entry is well below/below in line with/above/well above the average
        expected development of children based on professional knowledge (or
        local average if available).
       Write any qualifiers (e.g. attainment in particular areas of learning that
        is different from the overall judgement)
       If attainment on entry of each cohorts varies significantly, say so. You
        should keep a log of the attainment on entry of each cohort in your
        school. The e-profile is a good way to do this. This should include all
        cohorts up to those that did National Curriculum tests 3 years ago (the
        year groups that appear in your PANDA.) This enables you to have a
        clear view of the progress of each cohort as they moved through the
        school: attainment on entry, attainment at end Foundation Stage,
        attainment at end Key Stage 1 and attainment at end of Key Stage 2.
        This will inform the big picture of the progress pupils make during their
        life in your school. This clear view is important in the Achievement and
        Standards section of the SEF. You do not need to include all this
        information in the SEF, but refer to it and say where it can be found.
       In the case of separate junior schools ensure your judgements draw on
        the feeder school’s/national average PANDA grades.

       Make sure that you give a clear indication of the evidence base for
        your attainment on entry judgement which could include:
                Assessments on entry (e.g. early application of Foundation
                   Stage Profile) and transfer document.
                Records of observation of pupils especially in comparison
                   with the stepping stones of the foundation stage curriculum
                Previous ofsted inspection report
                Social factors information
                School tracking information
                LEA performance handbook information

1b.      Briefly summarise your distinctive aims and describe any special
         features of your school.

                   Whether you intend to become a specialist school, or school
                    with special status, and if it is one already, the main changes
                    that have occurred because of this
                   Whether you are a school with a religious character
                   Any special units, additional community services or extended
                   Significant partnerships with other providers or agencies
                    (such as shared arrangements for the curriculum or
                    partnerships with employers)
                   Highlight any aspects of your school’s work or life of which
                    you are particularly proud or are distinctive. Mention here
                    any features of the school’s aims that have a strong
                    influence on the school and your extended school agenda

1c.      Outline specific contextual or other issues that act as aids or
         barriers to raising performance, for example:

                   Emphasise issues in relation to learning and achievement
                    and indicate what you are doing to reduce these barriers
                   Any difficulties in recruiting and retaining staff, or governors
                   Recent or impending reorganisation
                   Mobility of learners
                   Particularly important facts in your recent history, such as
                    change of leadership

1d.      Note any additional characteristics of your school that you would
         particularly like to draw to the attention of an inspection team.

       Self evident.

1e.      Outline briefly the main priorities in your improvement/development
         plan, and how they reflect the context in which you work

       List your current priorities in your school improvement plan.

                                SEF Part A


What are the views of learners, parents/carers and other stakeholders and
how do you know?

2a.    How do you gather the views of learners, parents/carers and other
       stakeholders, such as those accessing additional services, how
       often do you do this, and how do you ensure the impartiality of
       the information?

 The way that you involve stakeholders, ascertain their views, determine
  action and provide feedback to them should be summarised.
 The way that you involve these groups and how you collect the information
  in terms of frequency and format should be the focus of this section.
 In this section you can list the ways in which you gather views.

2b.    What do the views of learners, parents/carers and other
       stakeholders tell you about the learners’ standards, personal
       development and well-being and the quality of your provision?

 Summarise here the views of learners, parents and stakeholders in
  relation to the work of the school.

2c.    How do you share with parents/carers and other stakeholders the
       collated findings about their views?

 Show here how you provide feedback to those you have consulted.
  Provision of feedback following consultation is a critically important part of
  the process and vital in terms of valuing the stakeholders you have
  consulted. Even if you cannot take requested action, feedback shows you
  are prepared to listen and explain why actions and developments can and
  cannot be undertaken following consultation.

2d.    Can you give examples of action you have taken based on the
       views of learners, parents/carers or other stakeholders, with an
       evaluation of the effectiveness of what you did?

 Detail briefly here one or two examples of actions taken in response to
  consultation with stakeholders that have had a significant effect on
  standards, personal development or well being of pupils. If possible
  include an example where you have decided not to take requested action
  including reasons why and the explanation given.

                                 SEF Part A


3a.      What are learners’ achievements and standards in their work?

 The standards learners reach as indicated by their test and examination
  results, taking account of: any significant variations between groups of
  learners, subjects, courses and key stages; trends over time; comparisons
  with other schools; whether learners reach challenging targets.

 The standards of learners’ current work in relation to their learning goals
  (noting any significant differences between current work and recent

 Learners’ progress relative to their starting points and capabilities, with
  any significant variations between groups of learners (making clear
  whether there are any groups that are underachieving and could be
  doing better).

      Standards (attainment) is a measure of learners’ knowledge, skills and
      understanding in comparison with pupils of the same age in other schools
      nationally. These are normally expressed as levels or, in the Foundation
      stage, to children’s learning in relation to the early learning goals.
      Progress is a measure of knowledge skills and understanding in relation
      to their capabilities.
      Trends are a change in standards attained over time.

             You need to express a clear view at the top of this section of the
              SEF whether you schools performance data accurately reflects
              standards attained and progress. If you think the performance
              data is wrong or gives an unfair picture you need to say so,
              explain why and present what you judge is the correct picture with
              supporting evidence.
             You need to give a brief judgement on standards in all subjects.
              List all subjects and judge standards against national norms at the
              end of each Key Stage. These could be listed in a table.
             Start with the overall judgement about standards in each Key
              Stage, then go on to identify particular strengths and weaknesses,
              including aspects within subjects e.g. reading standards as
              opposed to writing.
             List the key strengths in standards and progress and explain why
              the strengths are as they are.
             List the key areas that require improvement and say what action
              has already been taken or will be taken to bring about
             Refer to all targets set, how these were set and how you
              demonstrate these as being sufficiently challenging. Begin with
              statutory targets (for end of Key Stage 2). Next indicate any
              targets for end of Key Stage 1 and end of foundation stage, and
              next indicate any targets for each year cohort.

          Indicate the methods by which the progress towards targets is
           monitored. In which year groups and subjects is the school on
           line to underachieve/exceed targets?
          Are trends for each subject in each key stage and for each key
           stage as a whole in line with, above or below the national picture?

Differences in performance between different groups of learners

          Are there any significant differences in the progress of pupils with
           different capabilities; boys and girls; different identified groups? Is
           each of these groups making the progress of which they are
          You should indicate how the performance of each key group in
           your school is assessed, recorded and analysed. How does each
           of the groups perform?
          How do current standards compare with test results? Work
           scrutiny and teacher assessments and the school’s internal
           tracking system are the key source of evidence here.
          How are you projecting the performance of each year group as it
           moves through the school based on current performance?
          What are the reasons for any underperformance?
          What is the school doing to address areas of underperformance?
          Include a brief analysis of the extent to which you are on track to
           reach the school’s various statutory and non statutory targets (e.g.
           school development plan success criteria or PM targets).

3b.   Where relevant: how well do learners achieve in the foundation

      Provide a clear view of standards, achievement and progress in each
      area of learning in the Foundation Stage. Make judgement on
      progress in Foundation Stage in context of judgement on attainment on
      entry. If significant variation between cohorts indicate that these
      differences are recorded and where these can be accessed in school.

3c.   On the basis of your evaluation, what are you key priorities for

      Summarise your key priorities based on your evaluation.

                                 SEF Part A


4a       To what extent do learners adopt healthy lifestyles?

      Whether learners take adequate physical exercise, and eat and drink
      Learners’ growing understanding of how to live a healthy lifestyle.

Comment on the impact of school’s work to promote learner’s understanding
of what constitutes a healthy lifestyle. Consider the following:

           The way the curriculum supports healthy options, sport, extra-
            curricular, tuck shops, canteen, water on desks etc.
           Indicate the percentage of all pupils who attend extra-curricular
            activities and sporting events.
           Substance misuse and abuse education.
           Sex education – policy and practice.
           Anti-smoking work.
           Special events e.g. Health and Fitness Weeks, Wide Awake Clubs
           Actions by the school to minimise the environmental aspects to
            health education, pollution, litter control and care for animals and
            the environment.
           Consider the support provided for ‘looked after children’ and other
            vulnerable groups.

4b      To what extent do learners feel safe and adopt safe practices?

      Whether learners feel safe from bullying and racist incidents.
      The extent to which learners have confidence to talk to staff and others
       when they feel at risk.

           Comment on the impact of the school’s anti-bullying and
            discrimination work – policy, systems and practice.
           Quote from record and statistics the number of reported incidents of
            bullying, racist incidents etc and the impact of systems available for
            dealing with these i.e. Bully Busters, Playground friends, Bully Box
           How has the school monitored and evaluated the impact of these
            policies and practices on standards and attitudes? (include
            evidence of the pupil voice).
           How effectively are parents and learners encouraged to discuss
            concerns with the school? (evidence views)
           Explain how Child Protection procedures and policy help to
            ‘safeguard’ learners.
           Comment on how the school monitors and evaluates these policies
            for vulnerable or looked after learners.

         Explain the impact of the relationship with other multi-agency
          services such as health, social services, EWO and the Police

4c    How much do learners enjoy their education?

     Take account of learners’ attitudes behaviour and attendance.
     Learners’ spiritual, moral, social, emotional and cultural development.

            Assess how attitudes, behaviour and attendance have
             contributed to the standards of achievement of all learners.
            Are there areas that need improvement?
            What plans has the school put in place to address these areas
             of need?
            How has the school monitored and evaluated the impact of
             these policies and practices on standards and attitudes?
            Outline the impact of the school’s works to prepare learners to
             join the school at age 3 and 4, liaison with the pre-school,
             nursery or early years group.
            How successful is the school in providing support for parents
             and carers in curriculum and pastoral aspects of learning?
            How effectively have staff been trained to understand the
             learning needs of vulnerable or looked after learners and under-
             achieving groups?


            What does evidence show about standards of behaviour within
             and out of the school? (include parent and pupil voice).
            What does monitoring and evaluation of the behaviour policy
            Numbers of exclusions both fixed term and permanent?
            Evidence of levels of courtesy to adults and visitors and how you
             know this?
            In what ways has the school worked with other schools in the
             LEA to provide a fresh start for learners excluded from other

Attendance and attitudes

            Make a judgement about attendance and attitudes e.g.
             Attendance is marginally above the national average and so is
             at least satisfactory. Attitudes are satisfactory.
            Levels and trends of attendance from the PANDA and action
             taken to improve this if necessary?
            Punctuality of learners and action taken to improve this if
            Pupil responses to questionnaires on attitudes to school.
            Impact of work with parents/carers and outside agencies on

SMSC Development

            Make a judgement on spiritual development.
            Give some examples of provision and judgements on the
             outcomes e.g. As a result of monitoring our specialist provision
             in art evidence shows that our pupils learn to look carefully, to
             appreciate beauty and some of the wonders of the natural world.
            Make a judgement on moral development.
            Give some examples of provision and judgements on the
             outcomes e.g. our discussions with pupils and other evidence of
             the behaviour, attitudes and work show that, a large majority
             have a strong moral framework.
            Make a judgement on social development.
            Give some examples of provision and judgements on the
             outcomes e.g. our older pupils are trained in the development of
             playground games to work and play with younger pupils which
             enables them to lead cooperative play.
            Make a judgement on cultural development.
            Give some examples of provision and judgements on the
             outcomes e.g. our annual exchange visits to xxxxxxx school
             helps pupils to understand life in a multicultural environment.

4d    How well do learners make a positive contribution to the

    Learners’ growing understanding of their rights and responsibilities, and
     those of others.
    How well learners express their views and contribute to communal

            Make a judgement on their contributions to the community and
             evidence this with an outline of the school’s annual involvement
             within the local community: senior citizens, local festivals etc.
            Explain how you know that this develops the learners’
            What impact has the learners involvement in the school decision
             making process had? Evidence this from:

                Pupils’ questionnaires
                School councils or parliaments
                Debates and discussions
                Learning scenarios on topical/local issues

            How does the PSHE programme contribute to their developing
            How do the systems of responsibilities for learners within the
             school: prefects, monitors, playground friends etc. contribute?

4e   How well do the learners prepare for their future economic well-

    How well learners develop skills and personal qualities that will enable
     them to achieve future economic well-being.

          Outline the way learners are supported to develop the personal
           qualities that enable them to achieve. What are the key values
           of the school in this respect and how are they promoted to
          Provide evidence of the ‘learning to learn’ agenda that supports
           the curriculum delivery in lessons?
          What impact has staff training had on this area?
          In what ways have learners developed a wider understanding of
           the skills and attributes needed to succeed in the future?
           Managing the tuck shop? Manning the office at lunch time?
           Raising money for charity or improvements within the school?
           Experiences of the world of work? How environmental issues
           link with economic well being?

4f   Where relevant: how good are the personal social and emotional
     development and well-being of learners in the Foundation Stage?

    Make a judgement on PSE development and well being in the
     foundation stage.
    Comment on how practitioners give all children the best opportunity for
     effective personal, social and emotional development.
    How is this monitored and evaluated within the Foundation Stage?
    What are the areas of strength and weakness?

4g   On the basis of your evaluation, what are your key priorities for

    Summarise your key priorities as detailed in your school improvement

                                 SEF Part A


Your evaluation of the quality of provision should take into account the
impact on the standards achieved and the personal development and
well being of learners.

5a      How good is the quality of teaching and learning?

      How well teaching meets the needs of the full range of learners and
       curriculum requirements.
      The suitability and rigour of assessment in planning learning and
       monitoring learners’ progress.
      The diagnosis of, and provision for, individual learning needs.
      The involvement of parents and carers in their children’s learning and

How well teaching meets the needs of the full range of learners and
curriculum requirements

If you use the OFSTED grade descriptions to evaluate teaching start by
indicating the percentage of teaching in the school that fits each of the level
descriptions based on general lesson observations to OFSTED criteria e.g. ‘The
quality of teaching and learning are outstanding/good/satisfactory/inadequate’

14 lessons were observed in the last 12 months using OFSTED criteria. Of
these 14 lessons, using the September 2005 1-4 scale, the following grades
were given:

Outstanding (1)      9%
Good (2)             60%
Satisfactory (3)     24%
Inadequate (4)       7%

Criteria and key questions for evaluating how well teaching meets
individuals’ needs and course requirements.

Teaching should be judged on its impact on learning, attitudes and behaviour.
To ensure an accurate judgement on learning and achievement the observer
should focus on the learning of particular groups of pupils. It is advised that the
word ‘pupils’ only be used with a qualifying adjective, e.g. ‘all pupils’, ‘some
pupils’, ‘a few pupils’, ‘higher achieving pupils’, ’most lower achieving pupils’,
’pupils with SEN’, ‘all girls’, ‘some boys’, etc. Then clarify the reasons for these
groups’ learning and achievements.

Use the headings on the T & L from the OFSTED criteria to help you
evaluate strengths/weaknesses within teaching.

Suitability and rigour of assessment

       i. Make a judgement about the quality of assessment e.g. The quality of
          assessment is xxxxxx.
      ii. Explain how you know this and relate to pupil progress.
     iii. Explain how you monitor and moderate recorded assessments.
     iv. Is assessment enabling staff to plan more precisely for the next stage of
          learning? Impact of this?
      v. Explain how you tailor work to different ability levels. Impact of this?

Individual learning needs

      vi. Explain the school’s approach to meeting the needs of all pupils e.g.
           differentiation, learning styles.
     vii. Explain identification strategies for SEN/G&T/underachievers etc.
     viii. How are different groups of pupils supported? How do your strategies
           impact on progress?
      ix. Describe how pupils are involved e.g. in target setting and assessment,
           IEPs. Impact on this?

Involvement of parents and carers

      x. Explain how you support parents and give information to enable them to
         make relevant contributions to their child’s assessments and targets
         (and frequency of this) Impact of this?

5b       How well do the curriculum and other activities meet the range of
         needs and interests of learners?
         Is the curriculum matched to the needs and interests of all pupils
          including the full range of groups in the school (see section on what is
          distinctive about your school)?
         Does the curriculum meet statutory requirements, including provision for
          religious education and collective worship?
         Does the curriculum provide effectively for personal, social and health
          education, including sex and relationships education and attention to
          alcohol and drug misuse?
         In what ways does the school seek to develop the curriculum, taking
          particular account of the effect of any innovative practice, the particular
          circumstances of the school and the needs of pupils and the community?
          Are effective links achieved across subjects?
         Does accommodation allow the curriculum to be taught effectively and
          allow pupils access to aspects of the curriculum and to develop their
          particular interests? e.g. the library; ICT resources; playing field; hall?
         Is the curriculum inclusive, by ensuring equality of access and
          opportunity for all pupils? - refer to each group in the ‘What is distinctive
          about the work of your school?’
         Does the curriculum provide for various approaches to teaching and
          learning styles?
         How well does the school provide a resource for and draw from the

         If a large percentage of pupils enter and leave the school during the
          year, how effective are mechanisms for the transfer of pupils?

         How well does the curriculum provide for pupils who have special
          educational needs and disabilities, more able pupils and pupils from the
          range of ethnic and cultural backgrounds in your school?
         Does the curriculum prepare pupils effectively for subsequent stages of
          learning and education?
         How effective are educational links with other schools, early years and
          other providers?
         How effectively is the school taking account of national guidance? (e.g.
          National Primary Strategy)

Indicate any work you have undertaken in any subject to promote the five
ECM outcomes.

                                   SEF Part A


Focus should be on:

         Impact of leadership and management reflected in pupils’ progress and
          personal development and in the quality of teaching.
         Effectiveness of leadership and management by selecting and ‘trailing’
          two or three major developments the school has undertaken.
         The quality of self-evaluation, as this is deemed to indicate a school’s
          capacity to improve. The inspection team are likely to be interested in
          examining your processes and how the outcomes of self-evaluation are
          followed up with effective actions. Records of the school’s monitoring
          and evaluation and the effectiveness of actions taken is likely to be
          checked during inspection through joint observations of lessons.
         The quality of the professional development arrangements and the
          impact of activities on staff performance, as they are deemed to
          indicate how well managers, at all levels, know what is happening in
          the school and what they propose to do to improve the situation.
         The contribution of performance management to the success of the
          management of the school. The information on performance
          management remains confidential and should not be asked for.
          (However, it is in their own interests that schools provide a summary of
          performance management objectives (made anonymous) and their
          impact on the work of the school, particularly when they have
          contributed to raising standards, quality of teaching or identifying areas
          of weakness).

6a        What is the overall effectiveness and efficiency of leadership and
          management in raising achievement and supporting all learners?

     i.      How effectively leaders and managers at all levels set clear
             direction leading to improvement and promote high-quality of
             integrated care, and education.

                Are the aims and the vision of the school sufficiently clear and in
                 what ways do they influence the work of the school? To what
                 extent do they reflect the five outcomes in the Every Child
                 Matters document? Have all those who work in the school
                 signed up to the school aims and vision?
                Does your whole-school planning for improvement focus
                 sufficiently on realising your aims/vision, raising achievement
                 and supporting the personal development of all groups of
                Does the SIP set clear targets and deadlines for improvement?
                 Does the plan make explicit the rationale for selecting priorities
                 for improvement? Does it also make it clear how leadership of
                 various priorities is to be carried out? Does the school make
                 clear how it will judge the success of its actions?

          How well does teachers’ planning take into account the whole-
           school priorities and priorities for individual subjects?
          Are subject leaders and the SLT clear about their roles in
           leading their subjects and the overall performance of the
          How well do all leaders and managers ensure that links are
           established between priorities and actions in all areas of the
           school’s work to ensure an efficient and effective

 ii.   How effectively performance is monitored and improved through
       quality assurance and self-assessment.

          Does the school have a clear framework and timetable for self-
           evaluation? Does it state clear roles and responsibilities for all
           those involved in leading and monitoring?
          How well has the school ensured that all those undertaking self-
           evaluation have the necessary skills?
          In making judgements of its actions, how well does the school
           use criteria for success established in SIP and various action
          Do the schools’ arrangements for self-evaluation give it a clear
           view of what it is doing well and where its practice is weak?
          How well does the school use the finding of self-evaluation
           activities to improve its practice? Can the school demonstrate
          How well does the school prepare teachers and pupils for
           undertaking self-evaluation of their own work?

iii.   How well equality of opportunity is promoted and discrimination
       tackled so that all learners achieve their potential. (i.e. inclusion)

          Does the school have an agreed view of ‘equality of
          Are all groups of pupils (boys and girls, minority and ethnic
           groups, pupils with SEN, gifted and talented pupils, higher
           attaining, travellers, refugees, average and below average and
           EAL pupils) achieving as much as they are capable of?
          How does the school identify those pupils who might be making
           less than expected progress and what does the school do to
           rectify the situation? (tracking records)
          How well do staff ensure that different groups of pupils receive
           appropriate challenge and support in lessons?
          Do the school’s policies make its position clear on bullying and
           discrimination? How does the school monitor such policies and
           take action when transgressions occur?
          Are parents made aware of the school’s policy on equal
           opportunities and its stand against bullying and discrimination?
          Does teachers’ planning show commitment to equality of
           opportunity for all groups of pupils?
          How accurate is the teachers’ assessment of pupils potential?

iv.    The adequacy and suitability of staff, specialist equipment, learning
       resources and accommodation.

          Does the school have sufficient number of staff and are they
           productively deployed?
          Is remodelling of the workforce working well and contributing to
           efficient staff deployment?
          How well has the school handled any recruitment issues,
           particularly when it is not able to recruit the staff it needs, and
           the impact of short-term arrangements it has to make?
          Is the available accommodation sufficient and how effectively is
           it used to maximise pupils’ learning?
          How does the school ensure that its provision for ICT and library
           is being used on a regular basis and supporting pupils’ learning
           across the curriculum?
          Are resources for learning across the curriculum sufficient to
           teach the National Curriculum programmes of study in all
           subjects and are they used effectively to support learning?

 v.    How effectively and efficiently resources are deployed to achieve
       value for money.

          How does the school keep a regular overview of its finances and
           handle a large surplus or a deficit?
          How are key spending decisions made and justified? How are
           they linked to the school’s improvement priorities?
          How well does the school monitor the key spending decisions
           and judge whether money was spent well?
          Does the school examine alternative use of money resources?

vi.    How effectively are links made with other providers, services,
       employers and other organisations to promote the integration of
       care, education and any extended services to enhance learning.

          How well does the school use various services provided by the
           Education Department and other services of the LEA to improve
           their provision for pupils?
          How well does the school make use of any services provided by
           non-LEA providers?
          Does the school make use of community resources to improve
           its provision?
          Does the school offer the use of its facilities for the use of local
           community during school hours and after school hours?
          How are parents/carers involved in the work of the school?
          Is the school involved in networks with other schools in family of
           schools, other schools and other workplaces? How have they
           helped the school to improve its provision?

vii.   The extent to which governors (and if appropriate, other supervisory
       boards) discharge their responsibilities.

               Is the work of governors sufficiently focused on the core purpose
                of raising standards?
               How involved are governors in the work of the school?
               How well informed are governors about their responsibilities?
                How prepared are they?
               Are governors sufficiently informed about the strengths and
                weaknesses of the school?
               Do the governors have a sufficiently rigorous system for
                undertaking self-evaluation?
               How good are the governors at being critical friends of the

6b       Where relevant: what is the effectiveness of leadership and
         management in the Foundation Stage?

               Is there a clear view of what priorities the nursery should be
                pursuing and how they relate to the Foundation Stage?
               How is work of nursery and reception classes monitored,
                evaluated and followed up?
               Does nursery and reception class staff work with external
                agencies to support children’s personal development?
               Are equality of opportunity issues being addressed? Do nursery
                and reception staff ensure that children receive sufficient
                intervention to improve their learning?
               Are support staff productively deployed?
               Have the nursery and reception classes access to outdoor play
                areas, ICT equipments, library and PE facilities?

6c       On the basis of your evaluation, what are your key priorities for

         What weaknesses have you identified (in 6a and 6b and other
          sections of the SEF) and how you are planning to remedy them?

                                 SEF Part A


Think about: how effective, efficient and inclusive is the provision of
education, integrated care and any extended services in meetings the needs
of learners and why?

To answer the questions raised in this section of the form you should draw
together your evaluations in the previous sections.

To help you focus your comment and judgements in completing this section,
consult the relevant pages in the Guidance for Inspectors of Schools.

When answering the following questions make clear:
         The main evidence on which your evaluation is based
         Where you identify weaknesses.
         How you are planning to remedy them.

7a       What is the overall effectiveness of the provision, including any
         extended services, and its main strengths and weaknesses?

         Identify main strengths and weaknesses as indicated in previous

         The judgement on overall effectiveness is driven first and foremost by
          the judgement on standards. The key question in evaluating the
          overall effectiveness of the school is focused on the extent to which
          all pupils are making the progress of which they are capable, given
          their starting points.

         Take account of the key questions in the SEF for the sections on
          standards and take account of the summary grading you gave to the
          aspects of your school.

         Ensure you emphasise within this section what makes achievement
          and personal development as they are (‘What makes it so?’)

7b       What is the effectiveness of any steps taken to promote
         improvement since the last inspection and as a result of your self-

Consider the following questions:

               Have standards (in terms of national results) improved since the
                last inspection? (Why?)
               Where have they improved where they have not? (Why?)
               (In schools with high standards) Has the school maintained its
                high standards? (How?)

              Are pupils’ behaviour and attitudes as good as they were during
               the last inspection? (Have they improved? What is the impact of
               this improvement?)
              Is the quality of teaching and learning as good as reported in the
               last inspection? Where has it improved? (What made it so?) Is
               there more (or less) good or better teaching now?

The effectiveness of steps taken to promote improvement, especially on
the issues identified as requiring improvement in the last inspection.

              Has the school implemented all the key issues identified in the
               last inspection report?
              Respond to each key issue by identifying actions taken (one or
               two and those which made the real difference) and how they
               helped the school to achieve the desired improvement.
              You might consider reporting on each key issue in relation to the
               success criteria established against each key issue in the post-
               OFSTED plan.

7c      What is the capacity to make further improvement?


      The key aspect that influences the school’s capacity to improve is the
        quality of monitoring, evaluation and self-review and how findings are
        used to direct improvement activities.

      In this section reinforce the quality and extent of your monitoring
         procedures and how you use monitoring findings to direct
         improvement. A single example here of an important issue that you
         have addressed would be helpful.

7d      How effective are the links with other organisation to promote the
        well-being of learners?

      Indicate the effectiveness of links and partnerships with other
         organisations and their impact on learning.

7e      What steps need to be taken to improve the provision further?

The key questions to inform your consideration:

      What are the main priorities for improvement? (You do not need to
        include maintenance and future priorities in this list).
      Why are these priorities? (Their rationale? Have the findings of self-
        evaluation activities informed the school’s improvement planning?)

7f       Where relevant: what are the quality and standards in the
         Foundation Stage?

         The benchmark judgements below indicate the key aspects that you
          need to highlight in this section.

They are:

             Children’s progress and learning (academic and personal
             Children’s attitudes to school and whether they enjoy it.
             Quality of teaching, assessment, curriculum and care for
              children’s academic and personal development.
             Quality of relationships with and involvement of parents.
             Quality of leadership and management of foundation stage and
              particularly the drive to improve standards and the quality of


A sample of possible Foundation Stage sections of the SEF

1a      What is attainment on entry and how do you know?

On entry (September or October assessment) our children achieve an average
scale point score of 1.8 using the FSP, except in the scales PSE, K&U and
Number as Labels and for Counting where the average score is higher at 2.4
scale points. The score is lower in the scales for Reading and Writing where the
average score is 1.4.

Comment on 3-year trends if you feel confident in the validly of your data from
2003. Include percentages working towards, within, beyond stepping stones
scale points 1-3 statements. Otherwise, explain how moderation has impacted
on teacher assessments where appropriate.

As there is no national data regarding entry assessment in relation to the FSP,
we can only make a judgement as to whether we consider our children’s
development to be in line with average chronological development, based on
professional knowledge. We therefore evaluate our children as typical for all
scales except PSE, K&U and NLC where we consider our children to be slightly
above typical development.

The children have well developed Personal, Social and Emotional skills. We
believe this is due to informed parenting and 100% attend local pre-schools.

The children come from stable family backgrounds with the majority of parents in
the ‘white collar’ professional employment domain. Parents are very supportive
of their children’s education.

       SEN register
       Any Level of Social Deprivation based on Ward Level indices of
        Deprivation 2000
       PANDA information
       Free School Meals
       Ethnicity of pupils
       Looked After Children
       Pupil mobility and patterns
       Any significant changes affecting school intake

3b      How well do learners achieve in the Foundation Stage?

Children in the Foundation Stage achieve the majority of Early Learning Goals.
In 2005, 73.5% achieved a good level of achievement ie six scale points and
above across all six areas (13 scales). This cohort is the weakest for three years
according to teacher assessment and feedback with the broadest range of
development and achievement.

The validity of progress in summative data terms is being established
although we feel strongly that the FSP data remains somewhat experimental
until the full moderation cycle is completed in 2006. The Foundation Stage
manager has been developing professional understanding of the expectations
underpinning the FSP scales. We have used the FSP Handbook
exemplification more rigorously for the 2004-2005 cohort than in 2003-2004
and this has been reflected in a downward trend in quantative data terms. We
believe that assessments are becoming more accurate with moderation each
year and that the data trend does not reflect a downward trend in ‘real
standards’ terms in any way.

Our ‘entry’ data for 2004-2005 cohort also skews the rate of progress
negatively because the first assessment was not completed and entered into
eProfile until the start of November. We consider that the ‘baseline’ is
therefore higher than it would have been in September and together with
moderation at the end of the year, the rate of progress is not reflected in real
terms in the data. The 2005 ‘baseline’ is on average 1.3 scales lower than in

Therefore, the progress our children made in data terms for 2004-2005 was
an average of 3 scale points across all six areas. However, we do consider it
to be more in the range of 4-5 scale points in real terms had the ‘entry’ data
been collated in September/October.

We will re-evaluate our judgements in the light of 2005-2006 data sets.

Outline summative data evidenced in all six areas of 13 scales for your
school. Make use of mid-year assessments. Compare with CSA average
and relate to other schools.
Explain any differences in gender, ethnicity, birth dates etc
The majority of children therefore make good progress in . . . . . . and
satisfactory progress in . . .

Key Priorities for Foundation Stage:
A full analysis of the data for 2004-2005 has highlighted areas of achievement
that require action points in order to raise standards. Our priorities are to
address achievement in

            Linking sounds and letters
            Writing
            Reading
            Mathematical Development – problem solving and application
            Knowledge and Understanding – cultures and beliefs
            Boys rate of progress from the spring term to the summer term in
             relation to girls

This analysis has been used to support the FS Action Plan in order to raise
standards. Action points will sometimes relate to provision, direct teaching or
coverage. (See FS Action Plan)

4f    How good are the personal, social and emotional development
      and well being of learners in the Foundation Stage?

The children’s PSE and well being are good in the Foundation Stage. The
children enter school with well developed PSE skills and this is built on and
carefully monitored to attain good outcomes for all children. End of
Foundation Stage outcomes in PSE for our children are above the CSA

2003-2004 cohort: 7.8 average score in Dispositions and Attitudes
                  7.0 average score in Social Development
                  7.0 average score in Emotional Development

2004-2005 cohort – significant number of young summer born children – 22%.
In D&A, 93% scored 6 FSP scales and above with 43% achieving all the
In SD, 88% scored 6 FSP scales and above.
In ED, 89% scored 6 scales and above.

The average PSE score for 2004-2005 was 6.7 with 83% achieving the
majority of ELG’s. This lower average is due to the higher number of young
children in this cohort that impacted on their social and emotional

All children have a personalised ‘goal’ related to PSE that is monitored by the
teaching staff as PSE is considered a vital aspect underpinning all learning.
Action is taken if we consider a child is not building on their previous
achievements in PSE.

An area of strength in provision is the range of strategies used to support
children’s well being:

            Conflict resolution techniques
            Circle time
            Child voice proformas
            FS Relationships and Interactions Rationale
            Representation on School Council
            Buddy System for playground/lunchtimes in Term 1 and 2
            Curriculum which takes account of children’s interest and needs
            Two support staff trained in counselling techniques
            Active listening policy
            Close partnership with parents

Key priorities based on evaluation:
Our FS priority for PSE is in Social Development and Emotional Development
to address provision and coverage of the scales pertaining to an
understanding and respect for different cultures and beliefs.

5d     What is the quality of provision in the Foundation Stage?
Governors and the headteacher, who has extensive experience in early years,
including the Foundation Stage, monitor the Foundation Stage.
The last Ofsted inspection reported that the Foundation Stage was ‘very
good’. However, through CPD and self-evaluation, the Foundation Stage
manager and current headteacher believe this judgement is aspirational.
Ongoing adaptations to the organisation of curriculum and pedagogy in the
FS have been made in line with the curriculum guidance for the FS, in
particular ‘to provide a balance during sessions of child initiated and adult led
learning’ and to support children to ‘work in depth, sustain concentration and
become engrossed so that they complete activities’.
We have used the TTA Foundation Stage Audit Materials to support our self-
evaluation before we begin an Investors in Children Quality Assurance
scheme – The Bristol Standard in January 2006.
Feedback from our children and parents indicate that the continuous
refinement of provision is acknowledged and supported. CPD is promoted
and the two LSAs have currently enrolled on NVQ Level 3 courses. All staff
working in the FS maintains professional development records and have
attended relevant FS courses run by the CSA.
Teaching is effective because the staff are all experienced in working within
the FS and have a good understanding of the needs of children. Planning is
flexibly developed in response to observations and ongoing assessment. The
curriculum is planned to meet and extend the interests of children and is
based upon experiential learning and sustained shared thinking. The whole
school is part of North Somerset’s Primary Strategy Learning Network in
Assessment for Learning and the FS are adapting materials for the context of
the FS. Questioning and sharing learning intentions in child speak are having
a positive impact on the children’s Language for Communication and Thinking
Effective relationships between school and parents enable a real partnership
to be established and parents are given information about what their children
are learning in order to make real links to the home context.

Health and Safety arrangements ensure that children stay safe and
understand the difference between risk and hazard. All hazards are therefore
removed. This enables our children to develop the skills to take well-informed
risks where appropriate, which is a lifelong skill.
We evaluate the quality of provision based on monitoring and outcomes, as
satisfactory with significant aspects of good.
Key priorities for development:
Our identified areas for development are:
            Enriching the outside provision to ensure it supports the
             development of all six areas of learning
            Securing and maintaining accurate formative and summative
            Challenging our more able children
            Developing further our subject knowledge in synthetic phonics

6b   What is the effectiveness of Leadership and Management in the
Foundation Stage?

The effectiveness of Leadership and Management in the Foundation Stage is
satisfactory with aspects of good. The FS manager has a clear understanding
of the principles in the curriculum guidance for the FS and is developing a
focussed plan for implementing them all fully with the FS team. The FS
manager and headteacher have used observational monitoring, auditing and
data to inform priorities and establish a clear direction for improvement for the
coming year (See FS Action Plan).

There is now a dedicated FS governor and the FS manager has become a
member of the Senior Management team. This has supported a whole school
understanding of the Foundation Stage pedagogy and curriculum. The FS
manager also participates in the Primary Leadership Programme with a focus
on tracking children’s progress to raise achievement. The FS governor has
been included in the monitoring of quality cycle and has been briefed
regarding the TTA audit. This is impacting positively on the governor’s role in
challenging and supporting in the FS.

There is a FS budget of . . . . . . which the FS manager controls effectively in
consultation with the headteacher and FS governor.

The FS manager either attends relevant CPD or sends a representative. She
attends the Children Services Authority’s Foundation Stage Leadership

Morale within the FS team is very high and the ongoing reflection and
development of good practice reflects the commitment to quality and raising

Staff are all qualified and have early years specialisms.

The FS manager makes effective links with all the significant pre-schools prior
to the children starting school. Parents and children are welcomed to social
events throughout the summer term and parental consultations are organised
flexibly to meet the needs of families. Transition to Y1 is managed effectively
with pre observations and meetings between KS1 staff and the FS manager
to discuss pupil needs. There are similar routines and procedures for the first
two terms with the Y1 curriculum being organised now in a cross-curricular
project approach. There has been extremely positive feedback from children
and parents regarding these developments.
7f     What are the quality and standards in the Foundation Stage?
Overall we evaluate the quality of provision in the Foundation Stage as
satisfactory with significant aspects of good.
Standards are good overall across the areas of learning using the current
feedback from the National Primary Strategy Foundation Stage team on levels
of achievement. However, the 2004-2005 cohort’s achievement in CLL is
significantly less good than other areas and is more in line with typical
achievement using national feedback. This cohort had a significant proportion

(28%) of boys who had poorly developed fine motor skills (see PD), which we
believe impacted on their writing skills (letter formation). We also did not have
in place a systematic synthetic phonics programme that impacted negatively
on the children’s attainment in Linking Sounds and Letters and Reading. (See
FS Action Plan and implementation of Playing with Sounds with Jolly Phonics,
Sept 2005). These particular factors led, we believe, to a progress rate and
level of achievement lower than we aspire to in CLL.


This brief section is in its early stages
of development. We would appreciate
feedback about its usefulness before
we extend it.

                     SEF Commentary Exemplification

Attainment on entry

      Attainment on entry is well below what is expected

      Evidence has been collected from-
          o Transfer documentation from nursery
          o Observations of what children say and do
          o Conversations with children (language development)
          o Parents/carers contributions

    A large majority of our children are not working within the stepping
     stones when they enter school

    We consider our children’s development to be well below average
     chronological development based on our professional knowledge

      In dispositions and attitudes the average point score for the cohort was
       0.7 and this is significantly below all other averages in other scales

      20% of our children are working within the stepping stones

      5% of our children have achieved all the stepping stones

      2% of our children are working within the Early Learning Goals

    This is typical of attainment on entry over the last three years

    Trends in entry data over three years show that our cohorts are broadly

Foundation Stage

      Attainment at the end of the Foundation Stage is below the outcomes
       of other children when compared to the Excellence Cluster, local
       authority and national data. The school is ranked 49th out of the 58
       schools in the authority.

      In all 13 scales some children are still working within the stepping
       stones at the end of the reception year. Children working consistently
       in the stepping stones at the end of reception are achieving below what
       is expected .

    Linking sounds and letters, writing and calculating are particular
     weaknesses with 39%, 56% and 32% of children respectively achieving
     three or less scale points.

      In CLL, linking sounds and letters is a particular weakness

   Attainment in writing is especially weak with only 5% of children
    achieving six scale points. CLL will be an area for development in the
    coming year with the focus on language development.

   Disposition and attitudes, numbers as labels, shape, space and
    measures and physical development are comparative strengths, with
    58%, 79%, 55% and 63% of children respectively achieving six or more
    scale points.

   Within Personal, Social and Emotional Development although the
    dispositions and attitudes of the children are a relative strength for the
    school only a third of the cohort make good progress in social and
    emotional development. We use a range of strategies to support PSE
    for example regular circle time, conflict resolution, and a curriculum
    which takes account of children's interests and needs. We consider
    PSE to be a vital aspect underpinning learning and take action if
    children are not building on their previous best. This remains an area to
    be constantly monitored and improved upon.

   There are no gender or birth date issues which highlight lower
    achievement for particular groups of children.

   Mathematical development overall is a strength and children achieve
    well although for a group of summer born children calculating is a
    relative weakness

   In PSE social and emotional development of a significant proportion of
    children is below that normally expected

   Progress from entry to school has been slow but steady for this cohort
    of children. The children enter school developmentally well below what
    is expected in our professional judgement. The children’s well-being is
    an important consideration for staff and as children settle, understand
    the routines and accept boundaries, learning improves. Through
    careful organisation of the curriculum and pedagogy in line with the
    Curriculum Guidance for the Foundation Stage children begin to
    sustain concentration and become engrossed in activities. This allows
    progress from a very low starting point to become evident. However,
    even with this progress attainment at the end of Foundation Stage is
    still below what is expected.

   In physical development the average point score for the whole class
    was 7.7 which is significantly higher than in other scales and
    represents good progress

   In summary –
    15% of our children show achievement well above what is expected;
    35% show good progress;
    40% show typical progress;
    10% achieve below what is nationally expected


To top