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					           This Briefing is Classified
                UNCLASSIFIED




Strategic Spiritual Leadership
       “The power of vision”



           CH (COL) Thomas C. Vail, PhD
             thomas.vail@us.army.mil
            NORAD AND USNORTHCOM
                    11 May 10
                                          1
                                 UNCLASSIFIED

               Answering the question

      “And who is my neighbor?”




                                       2
UNCLASSIFIED
                         Foundational Concepts

“Common good”
• We the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect
  union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the
  common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the
  blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and
  establish this Constitution for the United States of America.
1st Amendment
• Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion,
  or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of
  speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to
  assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of
  grievances.
           See: http://www.scu.edu/ethics/practicing/decision/commongood.html
           http://www.allacademic.com//meta/p_mla_apa_research_citation/0/8/5/7/3/pages85733/p85733-1.php
           http://www.gwu.edu/~ccps/etzioni/A249.html                                                       3
           http://www.constitution.org/fed/federa10.htm
                        JP 1-05 “Engagement” Guidance (III-1)

                                       a. There are many types of activities that commanders
Religious affairs in joint military         conduct outside of combat operations. RST
operations will require a variety of        involvement in such activities may includes:
actions supporting different types     (1) Liaison and coordination activities throughout the
and phases of operations. Close             operational area and with subordinate units in
coordination should be maintained           support of the commander’s theater security
among the RSTs of the combatant             cooperation program. This includes participation in
command, Service components, JTFs,          humanitarian and civic assistance missions.
and other subordinate units involved   (2) When directed by the commander, establishing
in joint military operations. In            relationships with appropriate local religious
addition to the responsibilities            leaders in consultation with the combatant command
                                            chaplain.
described in Chapter II,
“Fundamentals, Relationships, and      (3) As requested or directed by the commander and
                                            consistent with their noncombatant status, building
Duties,” the list below is meant to
                                            and maintaining partnership capacity by assisting
illustrate some of the special              other militaries in establishing or improving their
considerations that RST members             own military chaplaincies.
may need to consider; it is by no      (4) Building relationships and collaborating with other
means an exhaustive list.                   government agencies, NGOs, and
                                            intergovernmental organizations (IGOs).
                                                                                        4
Engagement Mission Sets




                      5
                               Spectrum of Operations
                                                                                   DoD’s #1
                                                                                   Priority


          Responsive spiritual and                               Extraordinary
          religious support for Title 10                         Circumstances
          forces in any contingency.



                                  Emergency
                                  Circumstances
Temporary
Circumstances

                                                                    Civil
                                                                                   Execute OPLANS
                                                                    Disturbances




      Special Events                           Disaster Relief               CBRNE Incident Mgmt
                                                                                              6
                       Transnational Threats
                                 Natural Disaster Local, State
                                   and Regional Response

                                        STATE
                                        RESPONSE
            COORDINATED
                                                   STATE
                                                     OPS
                                                  CENTER

Other       ASSISTANCE    STATE
Governors     (EMAC)      GOVERNOR        STATE
                                          JTF
                             STATE
                             ACTIVE                        LOCAL FIRST-
                             DUTY                          RESPONDERS




                           NATIONAL
                           GUARD




                          Adjacent NG
                                                                          7
                                              DoD Activity In Support of the
                                                National Response Plan
                                FEDERAL RESPONSE               PRIMARY
                                                                                            DoD
STATE             REQUEST FOR                                  AGENCY
RESPONSE

                                  PRESIDENT         DEPT HLS
                                                               REQUEST FOR
                  ASSISTANCE                                   ASSISTANCE

STATE
GOVERNOR
    STATE                                                                             USNORTHCOM
    ACTIVE                       STATE          JOINT           DEFENSE
                                 OPS            FIELD           COORDINATING
    DUTY         LOCAL FIRST-    CENTER         OFFICE          OFFICER
                 RESPONDERS




                                                                         SUPPORT AS
   NATIONAL                                                              DIRECTED
   GUARD




National Guard
                                                                                                   8
                                                                                                       8
                             Emergency Support Functions

ESF #1 – Transportation                      ESF #8 – Public Health and Medical Services


                                             ESF #9 – Search and Rescue
ESF #2 – Communications

                                             ESF #10 – Oil and Hazardous Materials Response
ESF #3 – Public Works and Engineering
                                             ESF #11 – Agriculture and Natural Resources
ESF #4 – Firefighting
                                             ESF #12 – Energy

ESF #5 – Emergency Management
                                             ESF #13 – Public Safety and Security

ESF #6 – Mass Care, Emergency Assistance,
Housing, and Human Services                  ESF #14 – Long-Term Community Recovery

ESF #7 – Logistics Management and Resource
                                             ESF #15 – External Affairs
Support

                                                                                              9
                                       Title X Supporting Activities
                                                          Engineer support

Aviation – Reconnaissance, Search and Rescue,              • Debris removal
                                                           • Road, Airfield repair
Command and Control, Lift.
                                                           • Engineering Reconnaissance

Maritime – Sea and Land Search and Rescue                 Threat Reduction – Modeling, Detection.
craft, Hospital ships, Shipping lane clearing.
                                                          Logistics
Communications – Tactical Networks, Satellite
communication                                              • Temporary Facilities
                                                           • Troop Food and Lodging, MWR

Force Protection/Security – Site security,                Survey Support –
Presence patrols, Support to Law Enforcement
                                                           • Near real time imagery
                                                           • Multi-spectral imagery
Operations and Command Centers - Tactical                  • Reconnaissance
Operations Center
                                                          Essential Services –

Medical                                                    • Water, Sewage and Power
                                                           • Infrastructure Repair
• Field Hospitals
• Medical Response Teams                                  Civil Disturbance – Troops and Logistical support.
• Mortuary Affairs
                           DOD support should not impact readiness and it cannot be in violation of the
                                                  Posse Comitatus Act.                              10
Family of Plans




                  11
                Vision
“Where there is no vision the people
 perish.”Proverbs 29: 18 (KJV)




• Imagination
• Creativity
• Breath and Depth
                                       12
           Strategic Spiritual Leaders

• Focus upon building
  –Processes
  –Policies
  –Products
• That further
  –Religious diplomacy
  –Religious dialogue
  –Cultural education               13
             Levels of Leadership

• Tactical             Providing

• Operational          Coordinating

• Strategic            Facilitating

                                      14
Utter devastation




                    15
Points of View




     All points of view are interlocked, interdependent and
     interconnected                                    16
Haiti: Strategic View




                        17
                                                                                Haiti: Operational View
                                                                                                                                                                                                             USS Bataan (LHD)                    USS Vella Gulf (CG)




                                                                                                                                                                                                               USS Shreveport (LPD)               USS Underwood (FFG)




                                                                                                                                                                                                                USS Oak Hill (LSD)                  USS Nitze (DDG)


                                         USS Bataan (LHD)        USS Vella Gulf (CG)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Port de Paix
                                                                                                                                                                                                        P3 Orion Patrol Aircraft                   USS Scranton (SSN)



                                          USS Shreveport (LPD)   USS Underwood (FFG)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Cap-Haitien


                                           USS Oak Hill (LSD)      USS Nitze (DDG)           USS Bataan (LHD)         USS Vella Gulf (CG)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                USS Bataan (LHD)                   USS Vella Gulf (CG)


                                    P3 Orion Patrol Aircraft       USS Scranton (SSN)
                                                                                              USS Shreveport (LPD)    USS Underwood (FFG)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   USS Shreveport (LPD)            USS Underwood (FFG)


                                                                                               USS Oak Hill (LSD)         USS Nitze (DDG)

                                                                                                                                                    USS Bataan (LHD)                      USS Vella Gulf (CG)                       USS Oak Hill (LSD)                 USS Nitze (DDG)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 USS Bataan (LHD)                      USS Vella Gulf (CG)
                                                                                                                          USS Scranton (SSN)
                                                                                        P3 Orion Patrol Aircraft
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                24 USS Vella Gulf (CG) MEU(SSN)                                                                                                                                                           Hinche
                                                                                                                                                                                                   USS Bataan (LHD)                                    USS Scranton
                                                                                                                                                     USS Shreveport (LPD)                 USS Underwood (FFG) Orion Patrol Aircraft
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  P3

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 USS Shreveport (LPD)          Marc
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           St. USS Underwood (FFG)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         USS Bataan (LHD)            USS Vella Gulf (CG)
                                                                                                                                                      USS Oak Hill (LSD)                       USS NitzeUSS Shreveport (LPD)
                                                                                                                                                                                                         (DDG)                             USS Underwood (FFG)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          USS Bataan (LHD)             USS Vella Gulf (CG)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 AEG
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  USS Oak Hill (LSD)                     USS Nitze (DDG)                                                  USS Bataan (LHD)         USS Vella Gulf (CG)                                 Belladaire
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Mirebalais
                                                                                                                                               P3 Orion Patrol Aircraft                                 USS (SSN)
                                                                                                                                                                                               USS ScrantonOak Hill (LSD)                    USS Nitze (DDG)                                                                 USS Bataan (LHD)              USS Vella Gulf (CG) Bataan (LHD)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            USS                     USS Vella Gulf (CG)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        USS Shreveport (LPD)          USS Underwood (FFG)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           USS Shreveport (LPD)          USS Underwood (FFG)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         USS (SSN)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           P3 Orion Patrol Aircraft Bataan (LHD) USS ScrantonVella Gulf (CG)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 USS                                                                                       USS Shreveport (LPD)    USS Underwood (FFG)
                                                                                                                                                                                                     P3 Orion Patrol Aircraft
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Isla Gonave
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            USS Scranton (SSN)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              USS Shreveport (LPD) Hil (LSD) USS Underwood (FFG)Shreveport (LPD)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        USS Oak                         USS USS (DDG)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Nitze                    USS Underwood (FFG)
                     Jeremie                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            JLC                                      JFSOCC
                                                                                                                                                                    USS Bataan (LHD)                         USS Vella Gulf (CG) USS Oak Hil (LSD)                         USS Nitze (DDG)
                                                                                                                     22                        MEU                                                                                                                              USS Shreveport (LPD)               USS Underwood (FFG)                                      USS Oak Hil (LSD)        USS Nitze (DDG)                               FWD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               USS Oak Hil (LSD)             USS Nitze (DDG)Scranton (SSN)(LSD)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Port-au-Prince
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  P3 Orion Patrol Aircraft             USS USS Oak Hil                 USS Nitze (DDG)

                                                                                                                                                                      USS Shreveport (LPD)                     USS Underwood P3 Orion Patrol Aircraft
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              (FFG)                                        USS Scranton (SSN)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  USS Oak Hil (LSD)                 USS Nitze (DDG)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Leogane                        P3 Orion Patrol Aircraft        USS Scranton (SSN)              X
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        P3 Orion Patrol Aircraft             USS ScrantonOrion Patrol Aircraft
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      P3 (SSN)                        USS Scranton (SSN)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2           82            Jimani
                                                                                                                                                                          USS Oak Hill (LSD)                      USS Nitze (DDG)                                  Petit-Goave
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            P3 Orion Patrol Aircraft                USS Scranton (SSN)


                                                                                                                                                               P3 Orion Patrol Aircraft                           USS Scranton (SSN)


                                                                  Les Cayes
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Jacmel
                       Port Salut

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    18
a/o 30 1600 JAN 10
          MINUSTAH FORCE DISTRIBUTION
                                  PORT-DE-PAIX




                                                               CAP HAITIEN
                                                                                         FORT LIBERTE




                                                                                                    OUANAMINTE
                                                  Chile

                                   GONAIVES

                                                                             PIGNON




                                      Argentina                                       Hinche
                                  SAINT MARC




                                                                                                  BELADERE
                                                                                      Peru
                                                                    Nepal
                                                                                MIRABALAIS




JEREMIE                                                                        Bolivia


                                                     Brazil
                      MIRAGOANE                                                                    MALPASSE


                                                                   Jordan


Uruguay                           Sri Lanka               JACMEL



                                                                                                          19
                                                                                               ANSE a PITRES
    PORT-SALUT
20
Haiti: Tactical View




                       21
              Poggel Leadership

• Persian for crazy: crazy, outrageous, daring,
  different, on the edge, out on a limb, radical,
  revolutionary, risk, faith filled, hope-full
  leadership




                                                    22
                                                                                                                            UNCLASSIFIED

                                         Spiritual Leadership

    “Spiritual leadership is an intentional process
      by which personal example extends from the
      individual to positively influence a
      community for real change based on shared
      values.”




   Stout, Maury. White Paper: “Taking Spiritual Leadership to the Next Level.” US Army Chief of Chaplains, June 28, 2004.
                                                                                                                                 23
UNCLASSIFIED
               Spiritual Leadership

•   Intentional process
•   Personal example
•   Positively influence    Community
•   Real change



                            Shared Values


                                            24
Competencies Required




                        25
Theoretical Models




                     26
                                      Starfish and the Spider

 Circles
 Catalysts
 Ideology
 Preexisting networks
 Champions

Star Fish and the Spider: the power of leaderless organizations by Ori Brafman and Rod A. Beckstrom, 2006
                                                                                                            27
                                 UNCLASSIFIED

                Sacred Story-Tellers
    • Symbols
    • Rituals
    • Dialog
    • Co-creative
    • Interpretative

                                       28
UNCLASSIFIED
                           Theory of Networks




Travers, J., & Milgram, S. (1969). An experimental study of the small world problem. Sociometry 32, 425-443. See
http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0038-0431%28196912%2932%3A4%3C425%3AAESOTS%3E2.0.CO%3B2-W for a downloadable copy.
Watts, D. J. & Strogatz, S. H. Collective dynamics of 'small-world' networks. Nature (1998), 393, 440-442, available from
http://www.tam.cornell.edu/tam/cms/manage/upload/SS_nature_smallworld.pdf, Internet, accessed 25 February 2009.

                                                                                                                            29
                                         Nature of Networks




Illustration is from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Airline_hub-1995.jpg.




                                                                               30
                                                           UNCLASSIFIED

                           Social Networking

    • Human networks are:
         – Self-organizing
         – Democratic (people choose to participate or not)
         – Display harmonics (have the property of
               synchronicity)

         – Grow (expansive, dynamic, adaptive and agile)


                                                                31
UNCLASSIFIED
                                                                                  UNCLASSIFIED

                                           Nature of Networks

     • Nodes

     • Paths and connections




   Illustration is from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Airline_hub-1995.jpg.
                                                                                       32
UNCLASSIFIED
                                                                 UNCLASSIFIED

                             Types Networks
                                                      Cluster Network




     Regular Network
                                     Random Network




               Small-World Network                                      33
UNCLASSIFIED
                                   UNCLASSIFIED

               Example of Complex Network




                                        34
UNCLASSIFIED
                                   UNCLASSIFIED

               Social Network Analysis

    How does a strategic spiritual
     leader reduce the randomness
     and incidental nature of social
     connections?



                                        35
UNCLASSIFIED
                                                                                                        UNCLASSIFIED

                                   Social Network Analysis

    According to Valdis Krebs:
    “Social network analysis [SNA] is the mapping
      and measuring of relationships and flows
      between people, groups, organizations,
      computers, web sites, and other
      information/knowledge processing entities.”

    Valdis Krebs, Social Network Analysis, A Brief Introduction, 2008, available at http://www.orgnet.com/sna.html,
    Internet, accessed 25 February 2009.


                                                                                                                 36
UNCLASSIFIED
                                                      UNCLASSIFIED

                     Measuring Success
         – Measured through the harmonization of
           messages and response leading to a culture that
           is engaged in a dialog of preparedness

         – A dialoging network of people who are actively
           working toward growing a community able and
           capable to respond to a crisis




                                                             37
UNCLASSIFIED
Social Network: Postscript




                       38
                              UNCLASSIFIED

               Conclusion

       “And who is my neighbor?”




                                   39
UNCLASSIFIED
                                             UNCLASSIFIED

                             Types Networks
                                                      Cluster Network




     Regular Network
                                     Random Network




               Small-World Network                                      33
UNCLASSIFIED
                                   UNCLASSIFIED

               Example of Complex Network




                                        34
UNCLASSIFIED
                                   UNCLASSIFIED

               Social Network Analysis

    How does a strategic spiritual
     leader reduce the randomness
     and incidental nature of social
     connections?



                                        35
UNCLASSIFIED
                                                                                                        UNCLASSIFIED

                                   Social Network Analysis

    According to Valdis Krebs:
    “Social network analysis [SNA] is the mapping
      and measuring of relationships and flows
      between people, groups, organizations,
      computers, web sites, and other
      information/knowledge processing entities.”

    Valdis Krebs, Social Network Analysis, A Brief Introduction, 2008, available at http://www.orgnet.com/sna.html,
    Internet, accessed 25 February 2009.


                                                                                                                 36
UNCLASSIFIED
                                                      UNCLASSIFIED

                     Measuring Success
         – Measured through the harmonization of
           messages and response leading to a culture that
           is engaged in a dialog of preparedness

         – A dialoging network of people who are actively
           working toward growing a community able and
           capable to respond to a crisis




                                                             37
UNCLASSIFIED
             Social Network: Postscript

The power of weak social ties

Counter-intuitive

However weak social ties are vital in
• Sustaining
• Maintaining
• Evolving a network
                                        38
                              UNCLASSIFIED

               Conclusion

       “And who is my neighbor?”




                                   39
UNCLASSIFIED

				
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