SummerQtr Adult2012Lesson num 6 by HC12091802147

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									    Lesson 6                                                                                             luly 8, 2012




               DAVID EMBODIES GOD'S JUSTICE
LESSON SCRIPTURE: 2 SAMUEL 22:1-23:7; I CHRONICLES 18:14
PRINT: 2 SAMUEL 23: 1-7; 1 CHRONICLES 18:14


        Key Verse: So David reigned over all Israel; and he administered justice and equity to
                         all his people. I Chronicles 18:14 (NRSV)



       2 SAMUEL 23:1-7; 1 CHRONICLES                                      2 SAMUEL 23:1-7; 1 CHRONICLES
              18:14 (KJV)                                                       18:14 (NRSV)
                      2 Samuel 23:1-7                                                   2 Samuel 23:1-7
     1 Now these be the last words of David. David the                  1 Now these are the last words of David: The ora
son of Jesse said, and the man who was raised up on high,          cle of David, son of Jesse, the oracle of the man whom
the anointed of the God of Jacob, and the sweet psalmist           God exalted, the anointed of the God of Jacob, the favorite
of Israel, said,                                                   of the Strong One of Israel:
     2 The Spirit of the LORD spake by me, and his                      2 The spirit of the LORD speaks through me, his
word was in my tongue.                                             word is upon my tongue.
     3 The God of Israel said, the Rock of Israel spake                 3 The God of Israel has spoken, the Rock of Israel
to me, He that ruleth over men must be just, ruling in the         has said to me: One who rules over people justly, ruling
fear of God.                                                       the fear of God,
     4 And he shall be as the light of the morning, when                4 is like the light of morning, like the sun rising on
the sun riseth, even a morning without clouds; as the ten          a cloudless morning, gleaming from the rain on the grassy
der grass springing out of the earth by clear shining after        land.
rain.                                                                   5 Is not my house like this with God? For he has
     5 Although my house be not so with God; yet he                made with me an everlasting covenant, ordered in all
hath made with me an everlasting covenant, ordered in all          things and secure. Will he not cause to prosper all my help
things, and sure: for this is all my salvation, and all my         and my desire?
desire, although he make it not to grow.                                6 But the godless are all like thorns that are thrown
     6 But the sons of Be'li-al shall be all of them as            away; for they cannot be picked up with the hand;
thorns thrust away, because they cannot be taken with                   7 to touch them one uses an iron bar or the shaft of
hands:                                                             a spear. And they are entirely consumed in fire on the spot.
     7 But the man that shall touch them must be fenced                                1 Chronicles 18:14
with iron and the staff of a spear; and they shall be utter             14 So David reigned over all Israel: and he adminis-
ly burned with fire in the same place.                             tered justice and equity to all his people.
                     1 Chronicles 18:14
      14 So David reigned over all Israel, and executed
judgment and justice among all his people.




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   Lesson   6                                                                     July 8, 2012

                                                       "Let's go, sorry for the slight delay." The
  HOME DAILY BIBLE READINGS                            driver took the opportunity to tell the
                                                       judge about the charge for waiting. The
                          July 2 - July 8
 Monday     —                                          judge angrily replied, "I cannot pay you
                2 Samuel 2:1-7 (Inquiring of
                                                       for doing nothing. I do not get paid for
                the Lord)
 Tuesday    —                                          doing nothing, and I cannot see why I
                2 Samuel 22:8-20 (Rejoicing in
                God's Deliverance)                     should pay you for sitting in a car listen-
 Wednesday —                                           ing to your radio." The driver's reply was
                2    Sa mu e l    22 : 2 6 -31
                (Depending     on      God's           that waiting for a client cost him money.
                Guidance)                              The judge restated his position that it
 Thursday —                                            was wrong to pay someone to sit in a car
                2 Samuel 22:32-37 (Living in
                God's Strength)                        listening to a radio.
 Friday —
                2 Samuel 22:47-51 (Praising                Not wanting to offend the judge, the
                God's Steadfast Love)
 Saturday —
                                                       driver asked politely, "And where are we
                Isaiah 32:1-8 (Reigning in             going now, sir?" "My office in the halls of
                Righteousness)
 Sunday —
                                                       justice," was the judge's reply. The taxi
                2      Samuel      23:1-7;    1        drove off, taking the longest, busiest
                    Chronicles 18:14 (Ruling in
                    the Fear of God)                   roads to the court building. When he
                                                       reached the area of the courts, the driv-
              INTRODUCTION                             er circled around and around, going in
                                                       one way and coming away another.
    When I think about the administration              After a while the judge asked, "Why are
of justice a particular joke comes to                  you not taking me to my office; don't you
mind. A High Court judge called a taxi                 know where the court building is?" The
from the restaurant where he was hav-                  driver replied, "Yes sir, I do know where
ing lunch, asking for a ride to his office.            the court building is, but you said you
When the taxi arrived at the restaurant,               wanted to go to the halls of justice. That
the driver went in, located the judge,                 is what I am trying to find."
informing him that the taxi he requested
was there; ready to take him to the                       "Put me out here," angrily the judge
office. The judge was not quite finished               snapped; "My office is just over there."
with his meal, but asked the driver to                 "And what do I have for you," he contin-
wait, as he would be out shortly. The                  ued. "It is the amount on the meter, sir,"
taxi driver went back to his taxi, and                 the driver said with a half-smile on his
waited, and waited, and waited.                        face. "I will not add anything to that," the
                                                       driver quipped. The judge paid the
   One hour and ten minutes later the                  metered fare.
judge opened the taxi door and said,
                                                          (If you didn't get the joke, please put
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   Lesson   6                                                                July 8, 2012


in an extra offering in the bag at collec-        is there, although it does not say in what
tion time.)                                       way he was favored.
            THE BIBLE STORY                           After David's personal reflection on
    Here are a few points to note about           his fortunes under God's hand, he pro-
the Background Scripture, 2 Samuel 23.            gressed in verse 3 to the blessed insight
Firstly, Bible scholars have given various        which God shared with him. The coming
meanings to the phrase in the opening             Messiah would be a perfectly just ruler.
sentence, "The last words of David."              The concept of perfection is expanded in
Without engaging in the debate and                metaphors using the morning light, a
speculation, one thing is certain: they           cloudless morning, and refreshing rain
were not the last words uttered by King           which brings life. Revelation 22:16 con-
David. They may have been his last                firmed that these references were to the
poetic words, running on from chapter             Christ.
22; or his last prophetic words concern-             As if beholding the splendor of the
ing the promised Messiah.                         perfect reign of the Christ forces a reflec-
   Last words, especially deathbed                tion on his own imperfect reign, David at
utterances, or official pronouncements,           Verse 5 observed that God had made
always attract special attention. It is the       with him an everlasting covenant, (prob-
same with these. In many ways, they               ably despite his imperfections). Such a
crystallized David's experiences under            covenant and its connotations were sig-
God's hands. From being Jesse's lowly             nals of blessings and prosperity for his
shepherd boy, he was "raised up" by               house
God to the exalted (high) position of                 This led David to his trademark com-
King. To appreciate this, we must see             parison of the fortunes of the blessed
that in Jewish history, David is placed in        with those of the godless (sons of rebel-
that exclusive class of patriarchs - with         lion). While those who feared the Lord
Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. Their influ-           could expect God to look after their safe-
ence on the nation of Israel continues            ty and success, the wicked could expect
even to this day.                                 troubles and then to be thrown away,
   Not only was David raised up from              both on earth and in eternity.
shepherd boy to king by God, he was                  This thought of honors for the just, (v.
blessed to sing sweet praise to God.              5), and horrors for the wicked (v. 6), is
The NRSV rendition of this (the favorite          also a reflection of God's perfect justice.
of the Strong One of Israel) seems at             God set before all of us the choice of
odds with other translations. However,            good and evil. In addition, God offers
the central idea of being favored by God          help to all those we would chose to do

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   Lesson   6                                                                 July 8, 2012

good. It is therefore not right that those              My mother taught us when our
friends
who struggle to do well should be                   do something for us, we must pay or
rewarded, while those who chose to do               offer to pay them better than their ene-
evil be punished. Everyone reaps the                mies would. Our friends should not think
just reward for his / her choices. This is          it is better to work for strangers. Our
justice at its core.                                mother further advised that we would
   Finally, in this section, we highlight           know when a friend thought it was better
the key verse: 1 Chronicles 18:14, So               to work for strangers. If we have to beg
David reigned over all Israel; and he               a friend repeatedly to work for us, then
administered justice and equity to all his          that is a clue to examine how we have
people. It should be no surprise that the           treated that friend in the past.
man regarded as a Christ prototype                      As Christians, we have powerful
should like Christ rule with justice.               incentives to shovel out justice to others,
David, because of his relationship with             especially to those of the household of
God, understood God's soft spot for wid-            faith. We know that as undeserving as
ows, orphans (Psalm 68:5) and the poor              we are, God the Head of the household
(Psalm 9:18). He also knew the folly of             is just with us. Shouldn't we then be just
taking bribes (Psalm 26:10). It was                 with our brothers and sisters?
therefore natural for David to rule, as he              It is a good practice to reflect on how
thought God would have him rule, with a             just we are treating our brothers and sis-
heart for justice.                                  ters. This is especially powerful after a
            LIFE APPLICATION                        dispute or argument. Sit in pleasant sur-
    Can we sum up all the requirements              roundings and ponder how fair you were
of justice in one sentence or phrase?               in the position you took on a particular
Maybe outside the Bible it is the tradi-            issue. Ask yourself, "Did I give the other
tional "golden rule": treat others as we            person a fair hearing; did I try to accom-
want them to treat us. From the Bible               modate his/her position; or did I take the
perhaps if Is Galafians 5:14: "For the              ostrich stance?" Modify your position as
whole law Is summed up \n a single com-             the Holy Spirit reveals the truth to you.
mandment, 'You shall love your neighbor                As Christians, we are as much God's
as yourself.'"                                      ambassadors as David was.
    Using this as a guide, we should                Accordingly, we must stand for God in all
strive to act with justice and equity in our        aspects of life: at work, in social gather-
relationships. For example, when others             ings, and in political circles. We know
do work for us, we ought to pay or offer            this may make us stick out like a sore
to pay them the fair value of their work.           thumb. God already has enough follow-
                                                    ers who are Christians within the four
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   Lesson   6                                                              July 8, 2012

walls of the church building only. What           tice over which some believers step.
God needs in this season is some "out-            According to research less than one
side church" representatives. God                 quarter of church members, carry the
needs people who will practice and call           burden of ministry. Some researchers
for justice from Monday morning to                put the percentage in single digits. Is
Saturday night. Offer yourself to God to          this fair; is this just? If God has been
be a full week Christian.                         good to us as members of the household
    Don't be worried unduly about the             of faith, should we not carry our share of
persecution you may face for standing             the burden of ministry? The next time
for God's justice. God knew this would            there is a special appeal for help or
happen and has already made provision             money for ministry outreach, consider if
for it. Do you remember the teaching in           you are doing justice to your status as a
Matthew 5:12, "Rejoice and be glad, for           Christian. We must make every effort to
your reward is great in heaven, for in the        carry our share of the burden in terms of
same way they persecuted the prophets             both time and money.
who were before you."? Ask God for the                           SUMMARY
strength to enable you to stand for jus-              King David's insight of the Just One
tice as and when necessary.                       and David's own practice of justice are
    There is also another aspect to con-          instructive for us today. Firstly, the
sider. As Christians, we must bluntly             insight affirmed that we could rely on
refuse to participate in godless behavior.        God's justice towards us. It is perfect
We cannot by our speech proclaim godly            justice, so we always get what we
justice, and by our actions validate              deserve (even if at times it does not
ungodliness. If we are invited to be part         seem so). Secondly, it confirmed that
of anything we know to be ungodly, we             just as David was able, with the help of
must openly refuse, clearly stating our           God, to act justly, we with the same help
reason for refusing. Stating the reason           could also be just in our behavior. Also,
is important. We should not refuse,               as God upheld and protected David in
leaving to speculation the reason for our         his pursuit of justice, the same God in
refusal. People must know our refusal is          like manner will uphold and protect us
rooted in Christian principles of justice.        when we stand as ambassadors for
If we are going to be hot for Christ, our         God. Shouldering our fair share of the
heat must be felt. We cannot refuse               cost of ministry is one way to practice
hoping that people would understand we            justice. It is not just to ask only a few
are taking a Christian stance.                    persons to carry the burden of minister-
   Finally, there is another facet of jus-        ing to the lost.

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  Lesson   6                                                             July 8, 2012

QUESTIONS                                                       PRAYER
1. Do you always feel that God is look              Dear God, I pray that like David I can
   ing out for you? Or does it seem that        have a good report from you at the end
   God is overlooking injustices toward         of my days. I want to do justice in my
   you?                                         dealing with others, so I pray you give
2. Didn't the Bible teach somewhere an          me your wisdom in this regard. Also,
   eye for an eye; in today's world does        strengthen me to do the right thing even
   n't that apply sometimes?                    in the face of strong opposition. I accept
                                                that pleasing you is better than pleasing
3. Is the Key Verse saying that David           friends and colleagues. I pray in Jesus'
   always lived perfectly before God?           name. Amen.




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