Summary by ajizai


									Reviewing Summary

   A summary takes a text or passage and
    reduces it to its main points. In other
    words, summarizing trims the fat and
    gets to the meat of what’s being said. A
    summary may use brief snippets of
    quotes from the text.
        Reviewing Summary

   To summarize, you want to be able to
    put things in your own words. This may
    be difficult at first. However, try to think
    of this in terms of explaining something
    to a person who does not understand –
    who requires the same information in
    different and fewer words.
Example of Summary
 Original Passage:
 In the alien culture, certain traits are looked
  upon as quite attractive in the opposite sex.
  Among these are enjoying tufts of fresh
  grass, rattling one’s neck-bell, and mooing
  very loudly. Thus, it is understandable how
  aliens might perceive cows as attractive.
 Summary:
 Cows are similar to alien women and thus,
  attractive to alien men.
              The Situation
   There is a shortage
    of brides in space.
    Aliens have come to
    seek brides from
    among the
    inhabitants of earth.
    However, their
    preferences run not
    to humans,
Oh No!
Reporting to the Aliens
 The first team sent to report on the
  bovine population came back with a
  rather long-winded report (at least, in the
  head alien’s opinion).
 Your job is to break into groups of four
  and summarize the report in your own
  words, capturing the main points of the
  matter, so that the alien hierarchy will
Switching Gears
 Another important concept we’ll review
  here is paraphrasing.
 Paraphrasing, unlike summary, maintains
  the relative length of the text in question,
  but puts it into one’s own words.
 This is NOT word for word replacement,
  however. Also, a paraphrase does not use
  quotes from the text.
 Finally, you should only use paraphrasing
  for two-to-three consecutive sentences or
  less. If you need to cover more – use
  summary instead.
Paraphrasing - Example
   Original:
   Farmers do not appreciate their cattle being
    abducted. Most are quite furious at the idea, but few
    know what to do. One farmer has suggested placing
    antlers upon the cows to make them look like very
    big deer. Not all are amiable to this plan, however.

   Paraphrase:
   Most farmers are upset over the aliens taking their
    cattle. Few of them have a plan of action, however.
    An exception to this rule, the suggestion of fitting
    cows with deer antlers to disguise their true nature,
    has been suggested – but most do not approve.
That’s odd…
Warn the Farmers!
   Each of you is now a happy alien-abduction
    witness. You have seen the cows being taken
    by the little green men and think you ought to
    do something about it.
   Flip your papers over and read the paragraph
    warning the farmers of the alien threat and
    how to prevent it.
   Assume the farmers require you to put this into
    different words, but without missing any of the
    points – hence, you must paraphrase.
   Your paraphrase should be about as long as
    the paragraph itself. Remember – no quoting,
    no simple word replacement.
   Summary – Condensing what you’ve read into
    just the main points, none of the examples or
    extras. Cutting it down to the basic concepts.
    Brief quoting is allowed and the end result is
    generally much shorter than the original.
   Paraphrase – Rewording what you’ve read
    into your own speech. You do not simply
    replace words and maintain the same
    sentence structures. You do not trim off any of
    the points made. The end result is typically of
    similar length to the original text. There is no
    quoting in paraphrase.
The End

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