ACADEMIC SKILLS PROGRAM
STUDENT SERVICES AND DEVELOPMENT
INCONSISTENCIES IN PUNCTATION, SPELLING, AND CAPITALIZATION
The vice-president (nursing) decided that it was time to upgrade her 10-year-old, work-
worn computer system by adding an up-to-date hard drive with a built-in modem. She called a
face-to-face meeting with the hospital’s computer programmer and the secretary from the human
relations department. She preferred meetings rather than writing one-page memos or using e-
mail; as well, with a meeting she could obtain feedback.
As her staff arrived, she thought how lucky she was to have such a hardworking group
(not a do-nothing or clock-watcher among them). She said that her about-face on computer
replacement came when the old-fashioned software system she had been using let two hyphens
slip by her x-ray vision. She said that she felt a loss of self-esteem, and it was all downhill for the
old-fashioned system after that.
Below, the passage is written in an “up style.”
At the Annual Meeting of the Canadian Nurses Association in June, the Board of Directors voted
to replace the Advisory Council formerly representing its 22 Interest Groups with a new National
Nursing Forum. The Board decided that the Forum would allow Interest Groups to speak with a
united voice on matters and allow better communication among the Groups on issues such as
Below, the passage is written in a “down style.”
At the annual meeting of the Canadian Nurses Association in June, the board of directors voted
to replace the advisory council of its 22 interest groups with a new national nursing forum. The
board decided that the forum would allow interest groups to speak with a united voice on matters
and allow better communication among the groups on issues such as liability insurance.
Examples taken from:
Zilm, G. & Entwistle, C. (2002). The Smart Way: An Introduction to Writing for Nurses. (2nd
ed.). Canada: Elsevier Science Canada.