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					                 Maternity Protection Resource Package
                 From Aspiration to Reality for All




                  Module 4:
                  Maternity Protection at work:
                  Who are the main stakeholders?
INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANIZATION
Conditions of Work and Employment Programme (TRAVAIL) • 2012
Mod.
4          Maternity Protection at work: Who are the main stakeholders?


       Key contents
       This module reviews the roles and means of action
       for improving maternity protection of the following
       key stakeholders:
        Government
        Employers and
         their organizations
        Trade unions
        Civil society
        Universities and research centres


       MATERNITY PROTECTION RESOURCE PACKAGE. FROM ASPIRATION TO REALITY FOR ALL
       Part 1: MATERNITY PROTECTION AT WORK: THE BASICS
                                                                                   1
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4          Maternity Protection at work: Who are the main stakeholders?

       Maternity Protection at work:
       Who are the main stakeholders?
       Many stakeholders play an important role in
       achieving universal maternity protection.
        Governments
        Employers and their organizations
        Trade unions
        Civil Society
        Universities and research centres



       MATERNITY PROTECTION RESOURCE PACKAGE. FROM ASPIRATION TO REALITY FOR ALL
       Part 1: MATERNITY PROTECTION AT WORK: THE BASICS
                                                                                   2
Mod.
4           Maternity Protection at work: Who are the main stakeholders?

       Government (1)
       Governments have the main task of drafting, adopting, implementing
       and monitoring legislation – including in the area of maternity protection
        Policy research: to be able to decide on policy, a concrete
         assessment of maternity protection needs to be made
        Ratifying ILO conventions: the government's responsibility to
         decide whether or not to abide by international standards
        Labour law and social security: plays a key role in promoting
         universal social security and labour law that allows for maternity
         protection
        Implementation, monitoring and enforcement: make sure that
         all initiatives in favour of maternity protection receive proper funding
         and adequate resources for their enforcement
        Promoting social dialogue: leading discussions and consultations
         between all important stakeholders
        MATERNITY PROTECTION RESOURCE PACKAGE. FROM ASPIRATION TO REALITY FOR ALL
        Part 1: MATERNITY PROTECTION AT WORK: THE BASICS
                                                                                    3
Mod.
4           Maternity Protection at work: Who are the main stakeholders?

       Government (2)
       Examples of what can be done:
        Adopt the principles of Convention No. 183 and consider its ratification
        Strengthen legal frameworks and fiscal space for social security, with
         particular attention to maternity protection cover
        Ensure staffing, training, funding and tools for the labour inspectorate on
         maternity protection
        Establish an independent complaints body and mechanism to which
         employees and employers can accede without risking their employment,
         and ensure adequate staffing, funding, and training for it
        Improve support for the range and quality of workplace health facilities,
         including preventive health education and maternity care, and support for
         workplace measures to prevent transmission of HIV with voluntary and
         confidential health checks and counselling
        Raise public awareness and publicize these issues widely
        Review legislation for employment protection and non-discrimination
         provisions on the basis of maternity – including the all-important clause of
         the burden of proof on the employer
        MATERNITY PROTECTION RESOURCE PACKAGE. FROM ASPIRATION TO REALITY FOR ALL
        Part 1: MATERNITY PROTECTION AT WORK: THE BASICS
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Mod.
4           Maternity Protection at work: Who are the main stakeholders?

       Employers and their organizations
       Employers are responsible for maternity protection obligations under the
       law and can adopt workplace policies and provide the frameworks for
       workplace rules and actions to prevent and avoid pregnancy-related
       discrimination and risks to health.
       Employers’ organizations can:
        Advise their members on legal provisions
        Inform and influence Government during the preparatory stages of new
         legislation
        Contribute to international debates and law on maternity protection
        Promote the idea that maternity protection and equal opportunity and
         treatment in practice contributes to better business and a healthy society
        Spread information on how enterprises with good practices have been
         efficient and successful
        Participate in the public debate on equality issues

        MATERNITY PROTECTION RESOURCE PACKAGE. FROM ASPIRATION TO REALITY FOR ALL
        Part 1: MATERNITY PROTECTION AT WORK: THE BASICS
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Mod.
4           Maternity Protection at work: Who are the main stakeholders?

       Trade unions
       Trade unions have a vital role to play in raising awareness and improving
       maternity protection in the workplace and beyond. They can:
        Advocate for improvements in national and international law and practice
        Underscore statutory rights in collective bargaining agreements
         (CBAs; see below)
        Improve upon legislation through CBAs
        Assist workers in defending their rights
        Raise awareness on maternity protection at work
        Consult and represent women workers
        Negotiate collective agreements on maternity protection issues with
         employers and employers’ organizations
        Develop gender-sensitive approaches to occupational safety and health
        Contribute to research efforts and make women’s experiences at work
         visible

        MATERNITY PROTECTION RESOURCE PACKAGE. FROM ASPIRATION TO REALITY FOR ALL
        Part 1: MATERNITY PROTECTION AT WORK: THE BASICS
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4          Maternity Protection at work: Who are the main stakeholders?

       Employers and trade unions:
       Collective bargaining agreements
       Collective bargaining agreements are:
        The result of collective bargaining between employers and trade
          unions
        Written agreements that contain all the terms and conditions of
          employment
        Legally binding for a short- to medium-term period, and are usually
          renewed after their expiry
       They can serve several purposes in terms of maternity protection:
        To implement minimum standards as defined in national legislation
        To improve upon minimum standards as defined in national
         legislation
        To set new models which are more effective than national
         legislation
       MATERNITY PROTECTION RESOURCE PACKAGE. FROM ASPIRATION TO REALITY FOR ALL
       Part 1: MATERNITY PROTECTION AT WORK: THE BASICS
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Mod.
4          Maternity Protection at work: Who are the main stakeholders?

       Civil society, universities and
       research centres
       The role of civil society is very wide-ranging, from
       advocacy and lobbying, research, services, and monitoring
       on a range of aspects related to maternity protection.
       Universities and research centres play a key role in:
        Helping shape, monitor and evaluate policy
        Surveying, assessing and developing responses for
         maternity protection
        Bringing technical expertise and human resources to
         other stakeholders
       Partnerships: Collaboration between stakeholders can
       drive creative solutions to improve maternity protection
       MATERNITY PROTECTION RESOURCE PACKAGE. FROM ASPIRATION TO REALITY FOR ALL
       Part 1: MATERNITY PROTECTION AT WORK: THE BASICS
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Mod.
4           Maternity Protection at work: Who are the main stakeholders?

       Key points
        The key partners of governments in maternity protection are employer and worker
         representatives of national or local organizations.
        Governments are responsible for leading the development of legislation and social security
         in consultation with other stakeholders, as well as for implementing, enforcing and
         monitoring these laws.
        Employers’ organizations can contribute to national and international debates and laws,
         advise and assist members on legal provisions and share good practices among members.
        Employers, in collaboration with workers and their representatives, have a primary role in
         conforming working conditions to national law and practice, through workplace policies and
         negotiated agreements.
        Trade unions can campaign for improvements in maternity protection in national and
         international law, can provide information and education for their members, and are
         responsible for negotiating collective bargaining agreements that include elements of
         maternity protection.
        Civil society can also lead action at the community level with the aim of improving working
         and living conditions – including as these relate to maternity protection and workers with
         family responsibilities.
        Universities and research centres can be important partners in designing and publishing
         research that can credibly inform, help shape, monitor and evaluate public policy.

        MATERNITY PROTECTION RESOURCE PACKAGE. FROM ASPIRATION TO REALITY FOR ALL
        Part 1: MATERNITY PROTECTION AT WORK: THE BASICS
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posted:9/17/2012
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