shiite_and_sunni by ajizai

VIEWS: 49 PAGES: 8

									  Shi’ite and Sunni
Divisions within Islam
             The Dividing Issue
• Sunni and Shi’ite
  Muslims share the
  same Islamic beliefs.
• The division is
  political and revolves
  around the
  succession of
  Muhammad.
• Should the successor
  be of “bloodline…or
  leaders most likely to
  follow the tenets of
  the faith,” is the
  question and conflict.
Sunni
• Sunnis believe that the
  first four caliphs -
  Muhammad's successors
  - should be close advisors
  or companions of
  Muhammad.
• “Sunnis chose Abu Bakr,
  the prophet’s adviser, to
  become the first
  successor to lead the
  Muslim state.”
                    Shi’ite
• Shia Muslims believe
  leadership should be
  based on bloodline and
  “passed directly to
  Muhammad’s cousin/son-
  in-law, Ali.”
• “Ali and his successors
  are called imams,” and are
  considered to be
  descendants of
  Muhammad.
• “Ali was martyred during
  Ramadan, the Islamic
  month of fasting.”
    How did the violence start?
• “In 656, Ali’s supporters killed the third caliph.
  Soon after, the Sunnis killed Ali’s son Husain.
• Fighting continued but Sunnis emerged
  victorious over the Shiites.”
Populations and Spatial Distribution
• Sunnis account for about 85 percent of the
  world's Muslims.
• The Taliban are fundamentalist Sunni Muslims.
• Shi’ites account for about 15 percent of the
  world's Muslims.
• Shiites are dominant in Iran and are also the
  largest sect in Iraq.
• Pockets of Shiite Islam also exist in Afghanistan,
  Pakistan and Tajikistan.
                 Sources
• http://hnn.us/articles/934.html
• http://islam.about.com/cs/divisions/f/shia_s
  unni.htm
• http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/art/news/
  nation_world/sept_11/understandingthecri
  sis/islammap.pdf
• http://www.google.com/imgres (Life
  Magazine: Unforgettable Photos

								
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