A CONCEPT PAPER ON IMPROVING
GENDER BASED VIOLENCE
PREVENTION AND RESPONSE
MECHANISMS IN KENYA.
PRESENTED: TO GTZ Support to public
finance management reforms
BY: THE NATIONAL COMMISSION ON
GENDER AND DEVELOPMENT
Gender based violence (GBV) is a pressing problem not only because it violates human rights
but also because it poses a challenge to public health and economic and social development.
While researchers, policy makers and program designers in the public health and human rights
arenas recognized this fact as early as 20 years ago. International development agencies have
only seriously acknowledged it within the past decade. Even then, efforts have been small,
isolated, under-funded, and limited to specific regions with proactive feminist leaders. In Africa,
donors have only begun to take it seriously as a development priority in recent years.1
Gender based violence (GBV) in Africa, as elsewhere in the world, is a complex issue that results
from and is perpetuated by various facets of life, community and society. As such ways to
prevent and respond to Gender Based Violence must be multi-faceted.2
The Kenya government commitments to GBV prevention and response initiatives can be seen
in the signing of major international and regional conventions that address gender based
violence such as ;
The International Covenant on Economic, Social And Cultural Rights
The UN Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women.
The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child.
The UN Convention against Torture and Other Cruel Inhuman and Degrading Treatment
The Beijing Platform for Action
The 2000 Millennium Declaration.
At a national level, the government has both policy and legislative measures including
The enactment of the Sexual Offences Act 2006.
USAID linking Gender-Based violence research to practice in East, central and southern Africa: a review of risk
factors and promising interventions. February 2006.
The enactment of the Children Act 2001 that criminalizes Female Genital Mutilation and
Corporal Punishment for Children.
To supplement these legislations, several Policy documents have been developed which lay
strategies to reduce Gender Based Violence. Such policies are:-
The Vision 2030 specifically recognizes GBV as a result of gender inequalities.
The National Policy on Gender and Development
The Sessional Paper No.2 of 2006 on Gender Equality and Development which
specifically states the government intent in combating GBV by adopting and
implementing a National Action Plan to prevent and respond to GBV.
The National Framework on Gender Based Violence Prevention and Response in Kenya
The 2008 -2012 National Commission on Gender and Development Strategic Plan.
2. THE PROBLEM
Despite this commitment, GBV prevention and response mechanism in Kenya are not yet
institutionalized. The little efforts are faced by a myriad of obstacles which if not tacked might
lead to erosion of the gains already made. The challenges include and not limited to:
Low or no funding for Gender Based Violence programmes from the government kitty. Most of
GBV programmes largely depend on donor funding which, at the moment has greatly reduced,
making the future of most of programmes uncertain.3
The development of a National Framework on Gender Based Violence Prevention and Response
in Kenya in 2009 was one step towards a clear coordination of the multisectoral efforts to
prevent and respond to GBV. While the development of the National Action Plan towards
implementation of the National Framework on GBV prevention and response is almost
complete, certainty to develop the Monitoring Framework of the National Action Plan on
GOK Beijing + 15 report 2009
Gender Based Violence Prevention and Response which is crucial for the multisectral
coordination is lacking.
There lacks a centralized and systematic mechanism for collecting GBV data in Kenya4 this
makes it difficult to measure the impact of GBV programming as well as lacking concrete data
to inform decisions on GBV programming and policy making.
Poor implementation of the Sexual Offences Act 2006 due to poor publicity within law
enforcers and the public in general. More specifically technical knowhow on forensic
investigation, the appreciation of the special nature of GBV crimes and an understanding of
human rights is largely missing among the police force.
3. OVER ALL AIM
The over all aim of this concept is to improve the GBV Prevention and Response mechanism in
Kenya through research, coordination and capacity building.
4. SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES
1. To establish a gender based violence information management system at the National
Commission on Gender and Development.
2. To analyze the health sector budget and develop a policy brief on GBV funding within
the health sector.
3. To strengthen the coordination of the multisectoral efforts to prevent and respond to
Gender Based Violence in Kenya.
4. To build the capacity of the Police Force to respond to GBV.
5. PROPOSED PROJECT ACTIVITIES
Objective 1 – To establish and maintain a Gender Based Violence Information Management
System at the National Commission on Gender and Development.
1. Establish a standardized GBV data collection method.
UNIFEM: No Way To Tell A Secondary Data Research Project On Violence Against Women In Kenya, 2009
2. Conduct a GBV baseline survey in Kenya which will help in measuring the GBV trends.
3. Established and maintain a database on GBV at the National Commission on Gender
4. Establish and maintain a website dedicated to GBV
Objective 2 -To analyze the health sector budget and develop a policy brief on GBV funding
within the health sector.
1. Analyze the 2007/2008 and 2009/2010 health sector budget for GBV funding and
2. Hire a consultant to do the analysis
3. Validate the analysis report
4. Disseminate the report to key actors’ i.e. parliamentary finance committee, equal
opportunity parliamentary committee.
5. Develop a policy brief.
Objective 3 – To strengthen the coordination of the multisectoral efforts within state and non
state actors to Prevent and respond to Gender Based Violence in Kenya by developing a
monitoring frame work to monitor the implementation of the National Action plan on GBV
prevention and response in Kenya.
1. Develop Monitoring Indicators.
2. Develop the Monitoring Frame Work
3. Validate the Monitoring Framework
4. Disseminate the Monitoring Framework
Objective 4 - To build the capacity of Police Force to respond to GBV.
1. Conduct a situational analysis of the gender desks at the police stations and come up
with a policy brief.
2. Conduct capacity building workshops for the police force on investigation and
prosecution of gender based violence.
6. PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION
The Nation Commission on Gender and Development (NCGD) will take a leading role in
implementing the project.
7. MONITORING AND EVALUATION.
Programme progress reports will be forwarded to GTZ on monthly base to monitor progress of