All Stations Distress by 0s7iRTF


									All Stations! Distress! April 15, 1912: The Day the
                    Titanic Sank
                  By: Don Brown
Library of Congress Summary: Presents an illustrated account of the Titanic's
deadly voyage on April 12, 1912, when two thousand passengers, rich and poor
alike, fought to survive the tragedy while partially filled lifeboats launched into
the night with seven hundred people as some family members stayed behind.

Book Information:
Time Period: 1912                          Genre: Nonfiction

Curriculum Ties: 100th Anniversary of the sinking of the Titanic


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Pre-Reading Activities
         o Arrange to have a video clip (online or through National Geographic tapes)
           showing the actual video footage from the current deep sea dives exploring the
           wreckage of the actual Titanic.

         o Students may be placed in groups and given mini-research topics to share with the
           class. If a computer lab is available, have them research the topics in class. Topics
           could include the following: the beginnings of the Titanic (why and how it was
           built), the intended voyage of the Titanic (including a map of the journey), and
           biographies/personal stories of survivors of the Titanic.
Section 1 (pp. 1 -17)
         o Why was the Titanic built? Who was in charge of the process?
         o What was the Titanic’s destination?
         o What types of people chose to be passengers on its maiden voyage?
         o What was did the Titanic’s first Morse code message say?
Journal Topic: If you were a passenger on the Titanic’s first voyage, where do you think you
would have stayed on the ship? What would you have planned to do for the journey?

Section 2 (pp.18 -33)
         o Who were the first people to the lifeboats?
         o Had either the crew or the passengers practiced any emergency
         o List a few of the people who chose not to board the lifeboats. Why did
            they stay behind?
Journal Topic: Why do you think that the designers did not put enough lifeboats on board?
Do we still allow ships and airplanes to not be prepared? Do you think that the architects and
captains are responsible for not having enough lifeboats?

Section 3 (pp. 34 -46)
         o Who was left onboard in the lower levels after the lifeboats had been
         o How did one of the passengers (Lighttoller) describe the Titanic’s
            dive as it eventually completely sank?
         o As the ship became vertical, what did the ship’s baker, Charles
            Joughin, do?
Journal Topic: Many, many of the “poor” passengers were not allowed up to the deck to
board lifeboats. Is that fair? Whose fault is this?

Section 4 (pp. 47-58 )
         o What ship came to rescue the survivors of the shipwreck?
         o How many people survived the Titanic’s wreck?
         o What was the name of the Broadway play and movie that honored
            survivor Margaret Brown?
         o What happened to Bruce Ismay, owner of the White Star Lines?

Journal Topics:
     Two boats (the Carpathian and the Californian) heard the Titanic’s pleas for survival and
      help. Only one answered them. Why do you think that happened?
     Imagine you were a passenger on the Titanic that survived the shipwreck. Write a letter
       that would be sent to your family back home as if they did not know what had happened.
       What happened to you? How did you arrive safely?

o Transatlantic (p. 4): crossing or reaching across the Atlantic: a transatlantic
o Steerage: (p.5 ): (in a passenger ship) the part or accommodations allotted to the
  passengers who travel at the cheapest rate
o Starboard (p. 9): the right-hand side of or direction from a vessel or aircraft,
  facing forward.
o Bow (p. 9): the forward end of a vessel or airship.
o Morse Code (p. 13): A code developed by Samuel Morse used for transmitting
  messages in which letters of the alphabet and numbers are represented by
  various sequences of written dots and dashes, or short and long signals such as
  electric tones or voltages. Morse code was used extensively in telegraphy. In a
  format that has been standardized for international use, it is still sometimes used
  for long distance radio communication.
o Tiller (p.28): a bar or lever fitted to the head of a rudder, for turning the rudder
  in steering.
o Derelict (p.55) left or deserted, as by the owner or guardian; abandoned
o Controversy (p.55): contention, strife, or argument
o Maiden voyage (p. 56): the first voyage of a ship after its acceptance by
  the owners from the builders.

Interdisciplinary Activities
Social Studies
    Students will construct timelines of the events of the Titanic, both to the specific events
       during April 15, 1912, but also compared to the larger prospective: World War I, the
       Great Depression, etc.
Language Arts
    Students will keep a journal of their thoughts regarding the Titanic. A comparison could
       be made from their prior knowledge about the subject and the actual events and stories
       told in All Stations! Distress!
    Students will write a “letter” to a transportation service or school board, thanking them
       for their emergency guidelines and drills that are in place to protect them and prepare us
       for disasters.
Other Books by Don Brown
Ruth Law Thrills a Nation                 Across a Dark & Wild Sea
Alice Ramsey’s Grand Adventure            Kid Blink Beats the World
One Giant Leap                            Mack Made Movies
Rare Treasure                             American Boy
Uncommon Traveler                         Odd Boy Out
A Voice from the Wilderness               Far Beyond the Garden Gate
Bright Path                               Notorious Izzy Fink
Teedie                                    Let It Begin Here!
The Good Lion                             The Train Jumper
A Wizard from the Start
America Is Under Attack: The Day the Towers Fell
Dolley Madison Saves George Washington

Related Reads:
Exploring the Titanic by Robert Ballard

Heroine of the Titanic: the Real Unsinkable Molly Brown by Elaine Landau

No Moon by Irene Watts

On Board the Titanic: What It Was Like When the Great

Polar, the Titanic Bear by Daisy Corning Stone Spedden

Terror on the Titanic by Jim Wallace

Titanic: a nonfiction companion to Tonight on the Titanic by Will Osborne

Titanic: the Ship of Dreams by Ken Geist

Titanic Crossing by Barbara Williams

Titanicat by Marty Crisp

Voyage on the Great Titanic: the Diary of Margaret Ann Brady by Ellen Emerson

White Star: a dog on the Titanic by Marty Crisp
Related Websites
            The Discovery Channel has created this interactive website to investigate
               the mystery and story of the Titanic.
            This website is written by teachers for teachers. Available are lesson plans
               for specific grades, subjects, and books geared towards teaching about the
               Titanic. There are also timelines, personal stories and biographies, and
               activities for teachers to use in their own classrooms.

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