Indus River Civilization by ert554898


									           Indus River Civilization
• India and Pakistan are referred to as the Sub-Continent
• Less is known about the Ancient Indus River Civilization
  because we have never deciphered their writing system
• Three main archaeological sites are Mohenjo-Daro,
  Harrapa, and Kalibangan
• The Indus River swelled from snowmelt from the mountains
  to the North in the north flooding the valley, depositing
  fertile silt
• People of the Indus also had to deal with the Monsoons,
  where half of the year was dry and half very wet
• The Indus River unlike the Nile was very unpredictable and
  could change its course. The monsoons might bring too
  much or too little rain also affecting the growing season
• Like Egypt the Indus River Civ. was surrounded by mountains
  (Himalayans), insulating it from invasion and fostering a unique
  cultural identity
• The Indus River cities were planned out in advance
   – built in a grid pattern around 2500 BC
   – The cities had remarkably advanced plumbing and sewage systems
• This suggests they were built all at once, requiring a powerful
  government to mobilize an such an immense work force
• Most of the houses are similar suggesting an undefined social
  class structure
• Having found the same artifacts in both Mesopotamia and Indus
  River sites, suggests that they traded
• The cities were abandoned around 1500 BC either because the
  Indus River changed course or natural resources were overused
• Despite having disappeared the Indus River Civilization,
  contributed to future Indian Civilization especially in the area of

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