national heritage introduction by Oi4S6F



Heritage: what is or may not inherited; that which belongs to one by reason
of birth; inheritance; something passed down to future generations

Australia is a complex and diverse nation composed of both Indigenous and immigrant
peoples from nearly 200 countries. But it is our common heritage that makes us distinctively
By recognising our heritage—our past, our significant places and the source of our values—we can better understand our special
place in the world.
Heritage can be something you can touch and see but it can also be things you can’t, like music, stories, spoken history and
traditions. Heritage represents all the things that make Australia and Australians unique. It helps us remember where we came
from and where we belong. Heritage is all the things that make up our story, tangible and intangible, and as we value them we
must protect them.
Through conservation, recognition and promotion of the cultural identity of all Australians we can contribute to a greater
understanding and acceptance of our diversity. Ultimately this will contribute to strengthening our community and our place in the

The aim of this publication is to provide a glimpse of the places in the National Heritage List and explain why they were listed.

The guide illustrates the great diversity of outstanding heritage places within Australia.

The National Heritage List

From the places that define who we are and tell the story of our country’s past, to the places
that reflect our evolving heritage and where we are going, the National Heritage List
represents why Australia is as it is.
The National Heritage List is Australia’s list of places with outstanding heritage value to our nation. The places in the National
Heritage List are those that are so special to all of us that they are considered to have National Heritage value. To qualify for this
they must meet one or more statutory criteria. The List comprises natural, historic and Indigenous places that are of outstanding
significance to Australians.
Information on a place’s National Heritage values is recorded in the List, and only these values are protected by the Australian
Government. A place may have natural, Indigenous or historic values, or any combination of the three.
The Australian Heritage Council assesses the values of nominated places against the National Heritage criteria and makes
recommendations to the Minister for the Environment, Heritage and the Arts about listing. The final decision on listing is made by
the Minister.
So important are the heritage values of these places that they are protected by Australian Government laws and through special
agreements with state and territory governments and with private owners.
The National Heritage List, which commenced on 1 January 2004, was established through amending the Environment Protection
and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 and by establishing the Australian Heritage Council, which assesses nominations and
advises the Minister on matters relating to National Heritage values.
1. Budj Bim National Heritage Landscape                  41. Gondwana Rainforests of Australia
2. Royal Exhibition Building and Carlton Gardens         42. Great Barrier Reef
3. Dinosaur Stampede National Monument, Lark Quarry      43. Greater Blue Mountains
4. Kurnell Peninsula: Captain Cook’s Landing Place       44. Heard and McDonald Islands
5. Gold Strike                                           45. Kakadu National Park
6. Mawson’s Huts and Mawson’s Huts Historic Site         46. Lord Howe Island Group
7. Brewarrina Aboriginal Fish Traps (Baiame’s Ngunnhu)   47. Macquarie Island
8. Port Arthur Historic Site                             48. Purnululu National Park
9. Glenrowan Heritage Precinct                           49. Shark Bay
10. Sydney Opera House                                   50. Tasmanian Wilderness
11. Fremantle Prison                                     51. Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park
12. First Government House Site                          52. Wet Tropics of Queensland
13. 20th Century Architecture                            53. Willandra Lakes Region
14. Recherche Bay (North East Peninsula) Area            54. Dampier Archipelago
15. Richmond Bridge                                      55. Former High Court of Australia
16. HMVS Cerberus                                        56. Cascades Female Factory
17. Melbourne Cricket Ground                             57. Coal Mines Historic Site
18. Tree of Knowledge                                    58. Darlington Probation Station
19. South Australia’s Old and New Parliament Houses      59. Cockatoo Island
20. Dirk Hartog Landing Site 1616 – Cape Inscription     60. Hyde Park Barracks
   Area                                                  61. Kingston and Arthurs Vale Historic Area
21. Batavia Shipwreck Site and Survivor Camps Area       62. Old Government House and the Government Domain
   1629 – Houtman Abrolhos                               63. Old Great North Road
22. Hermannsburg Historic Precinct                       64. Wave Hill Walk-Off Route
23. Australian War Memorial and Anzac Parade             65. Point Cook Air Base
24. North Head, Sydney                                   66. Brickendon Estate
25. Point Nepean Defence Sites and Quarantine Station    67. Woolmers Estate
                                                         68. High Court–National Gallery Precinct
26. Old Parliament House and Curtilage
                                                         69. Bonegilla Migrant Camp – Block 19
27. Glass House Mountains National Landscape
                                                         70. Bondi Beach
28. Rippon Lea House and Gardens
                                                         71. Mount William Stone Hatchet Quarry
29. Flemington Racecourse
                                                         72. Cyprus Hellene Club – Australian Hall
30. Ku-ring-gai Chase National Park, Lion Island, Long
                                                         73. Myall Creek Massacre and Memorial Site
   Island and Spectacle Island Nature Reserves
                                                         74. Adelaide Park Lands and City Layout
31. Warrumbungle National Park
                                                         75. Australian Alps
32. Royal National Park and Garawarra State
   Conservation Area                                     76. QANTAS Hangar – Longreach
33. Grampians National Park (Gariwerd)                   77. Elizabeth Springs
34. Stirling Range National Park                         78. Witjira-Dalhousie Springs
35. Flora Fossil Site, Yea                               79. Porongurup National Park
36. Ediacara Fossil Site                                 80. Cheetup rock shelter
37. Sydney Harbour Bridge
38. Echuca Wharf
39. Australian Fossil Mammal Sites
40. Fraser Island

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