Bauhaus is an art and
architecture school in Germany
that operated from 1919 to
Bauhaus is also the name for
an approach to design that was
developed and taught in the
The most natural meaning for its
name (related to the German
verb for "build") is Architecture
Bauhaus style became one of
the most influential trends in
The Bauhaus school tried to
combine art, craft, and
Machinery and new
technology were considered
positive elements. Therefore
industrial and product design
There was no teaching of
history of design and art, in
the school, because
everything was supposed to
be a new design and
Walter Gropius who founded the Bauhaus
School, believed that a new period of history
had begun at the end of the war.(WW1)
He wanted to create a new style to reflect
this new era.
His style was functional, cheap, and
consistent with mass production.
Gropius wanted to reunite art and craft and
produce high-end functional products that
were stylish and contemporary.
What do the following words mean:
Marcel Breuer (1902 Hungary –
1981 New York City) Architect and
Furniture designer, was an
influential Modernist. One of the
fathers of Modernism, Breuer
showed a great interest in modular
construction and simple forms.
Hard-edge painting is a style that uses very straight and clean
linear patterns and/or lines to create a 3-D effect on a 2-D
surface. Many tools can be used to do such work; most often,
normal masking tape.
Using a flat and very soft paintbrush or a roller can have a nice
smooth look without seeing any of the marks usually left by rough
• How could you create the same effect ?
Wassily Kandinsky (Russian: Василий Кандинский, first name
sometimes spelled as "Vasily," "Vassily" or "Vasilii") (December
4, 1866 – December 13, 1944) was a Russian-born French
painter and art theorist. One of the most important 20th-century
artists, alongside Picasso and Matisse, he is credited with
painting the first abstract works in the history of modern art.
Paul Klee (December 18, 1879 – June 29, 1940) was a
Gerhard Marcks (born 18 February 1889 in Berlin, died 13
November 1981 in Burgbrohl, Eifel) was a German sculptor,
famous for his woodcuts, drawings, lithographs and ceramics.
As well as art and architecture there
are many Bauhaus inspired products