renewable energy hulting

Document Sample
renewable energy hulting Powered By Docstoc
					            U.S. EPA’s
     Climate Change Activities
   Melissa Hulting
EPA Region 5 Climate
 Change Coordinator
   Midwest State
Legislators Workshop
  October 22, 2007

      U.S. Environmental Protection Agency – Climate Change Division   1 1
                       Climate Science
• EPA cites scientific information contained in the
  consensus reports of the Intergovernmental
  Panel on Climate Change (IPCC):
  – Greenhouse gases and temperatures are rising;
    warming of climate system is considered
    “unequivocal”
  – Human activities have induced most of the warming
    over the past 50 years (over 90% certainty)
  – A range of stabilization levels can be achieved by
    deploying a portfolio of current and future
    technologies

      U.S. Environmental Protection Agency – Climate Change Division   2 2
           Role of EPA Programs in U.S.
                   Climate Policy
• Contribute significantly to President Bush’s goal of 18% reduction in
  GHG intensity by 2012
• Provide near-term solutions while long-term R&D is occurring: e.g.,
  hydrogen and fuel cells
• Voluntary Programs:
    – Businesses: reduce emissions through voluntary partnerships that
      increase energy efficiency and promote clean and renewable energy
    – Public: ENERGY STAR
• 2007 State of the Union address: Reduce U.S. gasoline usage by
  20% by 2017
• Respond to the April Supreme Court decision
    – EPA has authority under the CAA to regulate mobile sources for GHG
      emissions

• EPA’s updated Climate Change Web site:
      www.epa.gov/climatechange

         U.S. Environmental Protection Agency – Climate Change Division    3 3
EPA’s Voluntary GHG Reduction
          Programs




 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency – Climate Change Division   4 4
          The EPA CHP Partnership

• Voluntary program - reduce the environmental impact of
  power generation by promoting the use of CHP.
• Assist with CHP project development, regulatory barriers,
  market transformation.
• Work with government and environmental community to
  evaluate environmental benefits of CHP
• Through 2006, the CHPP has helped Partners put into
  operation more than 250 CHP projects representing over
  3,500 MW of capacity, resulting in the cumulative emission
  reductions of over 10 million tons CO2


       U.S. Environmental Protection Agency – Climate Change Division   5 5
       Combined Heat and Power

• CHP – or cogeneration – is the generation of
  heat and power from the same fuel source.
  – Heat that is usually wasted (often steam) is fed into
    another process onsite or used to generate more
    electricity
  – Electricity often used on-site, but may be sold back to
    grid.
  – CHP can work with numerous technologies and fuels.


       U.S. Environmental Protection Agency – Climate Change Division   6 6
             Advantages of CHP

CHP is more efficient than separate generation
 of electricity and heat:
• Higher efficiency translates to lower operating
  cost, but requires capital investment.
• On-site electric generation reduces grid
  congestion and avoids distribution costs.
• Higher efficiency reduces emissions of all
  pollutants.
• Increased reliability and power quality can also
  add significant value.
     U.S. Environmental Protection Agency – Climate Change Division   7 7
               Information/Contact


• Visit our Web site! www.epa.gov/chp

• Call me at 202.343.9794
     Tom Frankiewicz
     Program Manager
     CHP Partnership



     U.S. Environmental Protection Agency – Climate Change Division   8 8
                         AgSTAR

• Reduce methane emissions from livestock waste
  management operations by promoting the use of
  biogas recovery systems.
• A biogas recovery system is an anaerobic
  digester with biogas capture and combustion to
  produce electricity, heat or hot water.
• Anaerobic digesters are particularly effective in
  reducing methane emissions but also provide
  other air and water pollution control
  opportunities.
      U.S. Environmental Protection Agency – Climate Change Division   9 9
                    AgSTAR provides:
• Tools to assist producers in implementation of
  these systems, including:
  – Conducting farm digester extension events and
    conferences
  – Providing “How-To” project development tools and
    industry listings
  – Conducting performance characterizations for
    digesters and conventional waste management
    systems
  – Toll free hotline
  – Providing farm recognition for voluntary environmental
    initiatives
  – Collaborating with federal and state renewable energy,
    agricultural, and environmental programs
      U.S. Environmental Protection Agency – Climate Change Division   1010
   Anaerobic Digesters 2006




                                                                    Energy
                                                                 values are in
                                                                     MWh




U.S. Environmental Protection Agency – Climate Change Division                   1111
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency – Climate Change Division   1212
                  Funding Guide for
             Federal and State Resources
• Summarizes federal and state
  animal waste digestion funding
  assistance
  – Grants, loans, energy production
    incentives
• For each program type provides:
  – Program description
  – Eligibility requirements
  – Contacts

       U.S. Environmental Protection Agency – Climate Change Division   1313
                            Challenges

• From recent California Energy Commission
  report (quotes from Biocycle article)
  – “Negotiating electricity sales and offsets was by far
    the greatest challenge for the 28 farmers whose AD
    projects were on hold.”
  – Interconnection, rates, contract length, upgrades
  – “The 27 farmers with operational AD systems or AD
    projects under construction identified working with the
    utility as, far and away, their greatest challenge.”


      U.S. Environmental Protection Agency – Climate Change Division   1414
                For more information

• www.epa.gov/agstar
• Chris Voell
  – 202-343-9406
  – voell.christopher@epa.gov




      U.S. Environmental Protection Agency – Climate Change Division   1515

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:0
posted:9/17/2012
language:English
pages:16