Ethical Models by v7166R


									                  Day 2
• Discuss Ethics Learning Module
  – What makes a decision unethical?
  – Use notes in film
Ethics Learning Module
    Hands on Exercise (p 30)
• On a separate sheet of paper, write down
  your response and compute your average.
• Compare/discuss your answers on items
  where there is disagreement.
• Were there more or less items where
  group members agreed? Disagreed?
• Study of moral issues and choices
• Moral implications spring from virtually
  every decision . . . on and off the job
Figure 2-5
               A Model of Ethical Behavior in the
               Cultural Influences
                      - Family
                   - Education
             - Media/entertainment      Individual
                                      - Personality
                                         - Values
    Organizational Influences             - Moral     Ethical
          - Ethical codes               principles    behavior
     - Organizational culture          - History of
           - Role models             reinforcement
 - Perceived pressure for results        - Gender
 - Rewards/punishment system

  Approaches to Ethical Situations
• Ethical decision tree
• Ethical Models: Approach to ethical
  situations requiring an understanding of
  relevant stakeholders and criteria for
  deciding on “ethics” of a situation
              Ethical Models
• Utilitarian model: An ethical decision is one that
  produces the greatest good for the greatest
  number of people.
• Moral rights model: An ethical decision is one
  that best maintains and protects the fundamental
  rights and privileges of the people affected by it.
• Justice model: An ethical decision is one that
  distributes benefits and harm among
  stakeholders in a fair, equitable, or impartial
  Fourth Quarter Deal and IBM
• What are the similarities and differences
  between these two situations? (Ignore the
  scope of the transaction and focus on the
  questions on Fig A-2.)
      General Moral Principles
• Dignity of human life
• Autonomy . . right to self determination
• Honesty . . the truth should be told to those who
  have the right to know
• Loyalty . . fidelity, keep promises, etc.
• Fairness
• Humaneness
• Common good
    Ethical Behavior – Additional
• Hiring right people, firing undesirables,
  modeling behavior, etc. not sufficient.
• Example: Women in SUNAT and police
  women in Peru
• Reduce opportunities for unethical
  behavior (through design of control
  systems and processes)

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