Include thorough answers to the following questions. All answers should be in concise and complete
sentences. After researching the following questions, you will be required to organize the information into a
report similar to the 5-Page Proposal activity.
1. OPERATING SYSTEM FUNCTIONS:
Summarize in your own words the various tasks accomplished by computer operating systems. What are
the most common operating systems in use on personal computers today?
2. COMPUTER HARDWARE:
Answer the following questions using information from technology education websites. Make certain that
all information is in your own words. No credit can be given for information that is identical to that of
another student or information from a web page.
Explain what is done when a disk is initialized or formatted. Is there any difference between
formatting with different operating systems? Explain.
b. SECONDARY MEMORY:
Discuss three different forms of secondary (external) memory and discuss the advantages and
disadvantages of each in a table. Your headings for the 4-column 4-row table should be Name,
Photo, Advantages, and Disadvantages. You may want to change Text Direction for the Name cells.
Explain what each of the following is and how it influences the speed at which programs run.
Central Processing Unit
Processor Clock Speed
d. CD AND DVD TECHNOLOGY:
What is CD-ROM? What is DVD? Using a Double-Bubble Thinking Map, describe three advantages
of optical data technology compared to traditional magnetic media.
What is meant by "resolution" as it applies to computer monitors? Name a type (not a specific
product) of program which requires a high-resolution screen and justify your reasoning.
3. BINARY SYSTEM:
Explain why computers must represent information in binary code. Find an ASCII character chart and
identify the decimal equivalents and ASCII characters for each of the following bytes and for the letters in
your first name.
bit= binary digit
byte= 8 bits
128 64 32 16 8 4 2 1 Decimal equiv ASCII character
0 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 39 '
0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1
0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
0 0 1 0 0 1 1 0
0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1
4. COMPUTER GENERATIONS:
Computer historians have classified computers into "generations" in an effort to identify the major
technological advances upon which the computers are built. Briefly identify the major features of each of
the first five generations of computers in a table. The headings for the 4-column, 6-row table should be
Name, Photo, Generation/Date, and Major Features. You may want to change Text Direction for the Name
and Generation cells.
5. CONTRIBUTORS TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE COMPUTER:
Select six individuals who have made significant contributions to the development of the computer. List
the contribution(s) of each individual and briefly describe its importance in a table. The headings for the 4-
column 7-row table should be Photo, Contributor/Born-Death Date, Contribution, and Description. You
may want to Change Text Direction for the Contributor and Contribution cells.
Where to go to answer the above questions.
General Technology: How things work
http://www.techweb.com/encyclopedia/ More than 14,000 computer terms and concepts
http://whatis.techtarget.com/ The Tech Specific Encyclopedia
http://ndad.ulcc.ac.uk/help/glossary.htm UK National Digital Archive of Datasets
http://wombat.doc.ic.ac.uk/foldoc/index.html Hyperlinked dictionary of computer terms
http://www.acronymfinder.com/ Find the meaning to over 90,000 acronyms
Computer History and Development
http://www.techiwarehouse.com/ Free Computer Learning
http://www.computerhistory.org/ Computer History Museum
http://www.thocp.net/ History of Computing Project
http://csep1.phy.ornl.gov/ov/node8.html Brief History of Computing Technology
http://www.ascii-code.com/ The extended ASCII table
Advanced Search Strategies Reference Material Graphics Search Engines
Alta Vista All-In-One Lycos
AlltheWeb GoTo.Com InfoSeek
WebCrawler Hot Bot Starting Point
Netscape Yahoo! Education World
Galaxy Google Dogpile