"Mediums of Three Dimensional Visual Arts"
Mediums of Three Dimensional Visual Arts Dr. James Loreto C. Piscos Three-dimensional Visual arts • Types: 1. Sculpture 2. Architecture 3. Landscaping 4. Community planning 5. Industrial design 6. Crafts like furniture making and ceramics 1. Sculpture • A three-dimensional form constructed to represent a natural or imaginary shape. It can be: free standing, carved in relief or kinetic Types of Sculpture 1. Free-standing or sculpture in the round which can be seen from more than one position. This is also termed as statuary. 2. Carved in Relief project from a flat background 3. Mobiles – a kind of kinetic sculpture made of strips of metal, glass, wood or plastic arranged with wires and hung where they can be moved. Traditional Methods in Sculpture 1. Carving 2. Modeling 3. Casting 4. Fabrication Methods in Sculpture 1. Carving – a subtractive process that involves removing unwanted portions of the raw material to reveal the form that the artist has visualized. Wood, stone and ivory are materials that can be employed for this process. Methods 2. Modeling – additive 3. Casting – a complex process by means of process that begins with building the form using the production of a highly plastic material negative mold. This mold such as clay or wax. consists of 2 or more tightly fitting parts that can be taken apart and reassembled with ease. When the mold is done it is then fired. Then it is allowed to cool and solidify and the outer mold is peeled off. 4. Fabrication –an additive process that employs any method of joining or fastening such as nailing, stapling, soldering and welding. In this process, the artist builds his form piece by piece. He may even combine different materials together. Materials/Medium of Sculpture 1. Wood 4. Metals 2. Stone - bronze -granite and basalt -copper -marble -brass -jade -gold 3. Ivory -silver -aluminum and lead Materials for Sculpture 5. Plaster – burned limestone 6. Clay –used for ceramics 7. Glass 8. Plastic 9. ice 2. Architecture Architecture is the art of designing and constructing a building which will serve a definite function, ranging from providing the simplest shelter to meeting the technological demands of our modern cities. Mediums of Architecture The wide variety of Basic Principles: construction naterials 1. Post and lintel – makes use of 2 vertical supports spanned by a horizontal beam (lintel) 2. Arch –separate pieces of wedge-shaped blocks called voussoirs Principles… 3. Dome – hemispherical roof 5. Skeleton construction – resembling a pingpong ball employs reinforced 4. Truss – a system of concrete and steel triangular forms assembled 6. Centilever – makes use of a into a rigid framework and beam or slab extending functioning horizontally into space beyond its supporting post, yet strong enough to support walls and floors.