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pharmacists

VIEWS: 25 PAGES: 33

  • pg 1
									Pharmacists
 January 2004
        Pharmacy
•The Art of preparing and
 dispensing drugs.
•A place where drugs are sold; a
 drugstore.
• History of Career
• Expected Duties
  and Physical
  Demands
• Training and
  Education
• Personal Qualities
• Skill Measurement
• Code of Ethics
• Earnings/Benefits

• Future outlook

• Bibliography
• Dates back to medieval times with
  priests
• Origin of the word “pharmacy” come
  from the Greek
• As much as 80,000 years ago people
  of Paleolithic period were interested
  in flora.
• It is hard to say when it started exactly
   – It existed in a rudimentary form long before the word
     existed.
• Combining different agents(compounding) was
  considered an art form by priests and doctors.
• First known chemical process was carried out by
  the artisans of Mesopotamia, Egypt, and China.
• Theories often involved magic, but developed
  mathematical, astronomical, and cosmological
  ideas.
• The first culture to consider ideas
  scientifically was the Greeks.
  – Made logical speculations rather than relying
    on myth.
• Pharmacy began to develop as a profession
  separate from medicine in the 18th century.
  – 1821 the first school of pharmacy was
    established.
• Industrial Revolution
  – Rapid change from hand methods to machine
    methods of production that characterized
    industrial revolution.
• Large scale drug manufacturing was big in
  society;many machines and patents
• Declining art of Apothecary:
  – Industrial Revolution had an impact of every
    aspect of pharmacy.
     • 1st lead to creation of new drugs.
        – Drugs many pharmacists couldn’t produce
     • 2nd many drugs could be produced more
       economically & with better quality.
     • 3rd the industry assumed responsibilities for the
       quality of medication instead of individuals.
• The Community Pharmacy
  – 19th century didn’t see the end of compounding.
     • Its estimated the 80% of prescriptions dispensed in
       1920’s were still compounded.
  – They used chemicals purchased to make own
    prescriptions.
  – Called to provide first aid and medicines for
    common aliments Ex: Burns, frostbite,
    poisoning etc.
• Graph for 50 years
  Between 1920-1971.

          Dispensing and compounding of
                   medications



                                          1
                                          2
                                          3
• Now they need to know things like shelf life
  and effect of exposure to light,
  – Judging reliability and reputation of
    manufacturers.
• Compounding today is on the rise
  – People are realizing the benefits
  – Pharmacists are going back to it just for the
    love science and interests.
                          Graphs
People going int Pharmacy in 1947




                                     1
                                     2

                                         People going into pharmacy in 1988




People going into pharmacy in 1973                                            1
                                                                              2


                                     1
                                     2
• The Work
  – Prepare and dispense drugs prescribed by
    doctors.
  – Advise doctors, patients, and other health
    care professionals on proper dosage and
    possible side effects.
     • They must know what’s in the drug, how it
       works, and how it affects people.
• Purchase medical supplies
• Answer customer questions
• Go with doctors and hospital staff
  on rounds
• Advise patients on medical
  equipment and over-the-counter
  medication
• HELP PATIENTS GET WELL
• May work in a hospital, clinic, or drug
  store
• Constantly learning and studying about
  properties & side effects of new drugs.
• Communicate with doctors & patients
• Most work a standard work week
• Best job opportunities go to people with
  best grades
  – Lower grades will get you a job, however,
    maybe part time
• Companies want people who graduate at
  the top of the class.
• Fierce competition
           Education
• Bachelor’s degree is being phased out
  – Instead schools offer a doctor of
    pharmacy (PharmD).
     • Bachelor’s degrees will not be
       awarded after 2005
              Education-
               Classes
• College Prep
  – English
  – Math
  – Science
  – Good written and verbal communication
    skills
                  Education-
                   Classes
• College requirements
  – 2 years of pre-pharmacy courses
  – 4 years of professional programs leading to
    PharmD.
     • Courses include Biology, Chemistry, Calculus,
       English, Speech and General Education.
• Electives
  – Community pharmacy, hospital pharmacy,
    marketing, pediatrics and geriatrcs.
       Personal Qualities
• Have a good memory
• Enjoy learning about new medications &
  treatments
• Be trustworthy & detail oriented
• Good communication skills
• Good problem solving abilities
• Enjoy people
             Personality Qualities
 Personality Matches            Personality Misses
 Analytical                     Creative
 Detailed                       Emotional
 Focused                        Disorganized

*I want some one who is kind and caring, who shows an interest in
me and my well being.
        Skill Measurement
• Board Exams
   – NAPLAX
   – Federal Law Exam
   – Each States test
• 30 hours of CEU’s every 2 years
• Renew State License every year
• A pharmacist respects the covenantal relationship
  between the patient and pharmacist
• They promote the good of every patient in a
  caring, compassionate, and confidential way
• The place concern for the well-being of the patient
• They respect the autonomy & dignity of each
  patient.
• They act with honesty & integrity in professional
  relationships
• They maintain professional competence
• They respect the values & abilities of colleagues
  and other health care professionals
• They serve individual, community, and societal
  needs
• They seek justice in the distribution of health
  resources
   – Very similar to many peoples morals.
    Earnings/Benefits
Average          Average Hourly
Earning          Rate
$69,440          $33.39

California Pharmacist-
Staff average-$90,000-100,000 per year
Manager- $100,000-150,000
Owner - $100,000-???
Pros              Cons

Good Salaries     Long Hours
Wide variety of   Potential Restlessness
Careers
Options
• INCREASING
  NEED!!!!!

         2000        2000-2010
         workforce   Growth
                     Rate
         217,000     24.3%
         Other Places of Work
•   Armed Services
•   Community pharmacy
•   Drug Research & Development
•   Sales & Marketing
         Armed Forces
•   Air force     *You need a 4
•   Army          year college
•   Coast Guard   degree in
                  pharmacy and a
•   Navy          state license to
                  practice
                  pharmacy.
• http://www.iit.edu/departments/csep/Public
  WWW/codes/coe/American%20Pharmaceu
  tic…
• http://www.lindsaydrug.com/newhist.htm
• http://usa.cx.bridges.com/student/DisplayAr
  ticle.do?dt=Career+Information&dn=Pharm
  acist
• http://www.uspharmd.com/rxpharmacist.htm
• http://www.uspharmd.com/rxpharmacist2.htm
• http://www.uspharmd.com/rxpharmacist3.htm
• http://www.pharmacists-recruitment-
  int.com/Pharmacits-
  Recruitment/Professinal_Requirements.html
• Kevin House-interview
• http://www.op.nysed.gov/pharm.htm
• http://www.ask.com/-pictures

								
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