Switzerland Revised Version by Yr6TT4a

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									                         Federal Department of Defence,
                         Civil Protection and Sport DDPS
                         Swiss Armed Forces
                         Staff of the Chief of the Armed Forces Staff SCAF




               UNITED NATIONS



      Revised National Report Concerning
             the Application of the

 'Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and
 Eradicate Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light
          Weapons in All Its Aspects'

          and the Implementation of the

'International Instrument to Enable States to Iden-
  tify and Trace, in a Timely and Reliable Manner,
        Illicit Small Arms and Light Weapons'




    Switzerland
                  21 April 2008
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                                                                          REVISED VERSION



Introduction:
In accordance with the 'Report of the United Nations Conference on the Illicit Trade in Small
Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects' (A/CONF.192/15) and the 'International Instru-
ment to enable States to identify and Trace, in a Timely and Reliable Manner, Illicit Small
Arms and Light Weapons' (A/60/88) and enacting resolution 62/47 titled 'The Illicit Trade in
Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects' (A/RES/62/47) Switzerland has the honour
to present its national report on the implementation of the named documents.


The structure of the present report is conform to the outline given in ODA/02-2008/SALW-
BMS and provides for the reporting on the following points:
1. Point of Contact
2. On the implementation of the International Instrument to enable States to identify and
   Trace, in a Timely and Reliable Manner, Illicit Small Arms and Light Weapons (hence-
   forth: the Instrument):
   a) Measures taken to appropriately mark all small arms and light weapons (SALW) in the
      possession of government armed and security forces for their own use.
   b) Measures taken by the manufacturers of SALW under the jurisdiction of the reporting
      State to hinder the removal or alteration of markings.
   c) Measures taken to ensure that accurate and comprehensive records are established
      for all marked SALW within the territory of the reporting State, as foreseen in the rele-
      vant paragraphs of the Instrument.
   d) Existing or newly adopted regulations and administrative procedures needed to en-
      sure the effective implementation of the Instrument.
   e) Difficulties encountered by the reporting State and support needed for the implemen-
      tation of the Instrument.
   f) Updated national marking practices related to markings used to indicate country of
      manufacture and/or country of import as applicable.
3. On the application of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and
   Eradicate Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (henceforth:
   UN PoA):
   a) Progress made in the application of the UN PoA.
   b) Difficulties and obstacles to the implementation of the UN PoA.
   c) Assistance provided to other States towards the application of the UN PoA.
   d) Assistance received by other States towards the application of the UN PoA.
   e) Essential questions regarding the implementation of the UN PoA to be put on the
      agenda of the next biannual meeting of States.
   f) Measures taken to prevent, combat and eliminate of the illicit brokering of SALW.
   g) Measures taken to intensify the international co-operation with regard to the preven-
      tion, combat and elimination of the illicit brokering of SALW.
   h) Information on the experience regarding guidelines to the implementation of the UN
      PoA.




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   1. Point of Contact

   The Peace Policy Section within the Federal Department of Foreign Affairs acts as Point
   of Contact for the implementation of the UN PoA.
   Tel:     +41 31 322 35 55
   Fax:     +41 31 323 89 22
   E-mail: PA4-Friedenspolitik@eda.admin.ch


   2. Implementation of the Instrument

a) Measures taken to appropriately mark all small arms and light weapons (SALW) in
   the possession of the government armed and security forces for their own use.
   Since SALW in holdings of police forces are subjected to cantonal authority, this informa-
   tion exchange refers only to SALW of the Swiss Armed Forces. Therefore, SALW held by
   the various police forces of the cantons are excluded.


   SALW held by the Swiss Armed Forces (cf annexe 1)
   i. Introductory Remarks
   a) As a rule, “Personal Firearms” are defined as small arms given to the members of the
      Swiss Armed Forces as part of personal equipment such as the 9 mm model 49 pis-
      tol, the 9 mm model 75 pistol, the 7.5 mm model 57 assault rifle or the 5.6 mm model
      90 assault rifle.
   b) The Swiss Armed Forces lend also small arms to Armed Forces personnel for private
      use in shooting clubs, for approved shooting clubs for instruction (e.g. adolescent
      marksmen) and participants in sports shooting events in accordance with the “Ordi-
      nance of the DDPS on Target Practice” dated 11 December 2003 (SR 514.101). This
      is notably the case with the 7.5 mm model 57 and the 5.6 mm model 90 assault rifles,
      as well as the 9 mm model 75 pistol.
   c) “Collective Firearms" are small arms or light weapons handed over for temporary use
      to military training schools, military units and formations for engagement in training or
      missions (e.g. sub-machine guns, machine guns, portable missile launchers, MAN-
      PADS etc.).


   ii. Basic markings
   The serial number for "personal long guns or handguns", as well as for "collective long
   guns or handguns" - which above all consist of pistols and assault rifles – is based on the
   General Staff Directives of 1977, which were published at the time of the acquisition of
   the 9 mm model 75 pistol.
   This numbering system makes it possible to identify a weapon exclusively by means of
   the weapon number (first digit) without knowledge of the type of weapon. Moreover, this
   numbering system simplifies the registration of weapons.
   These directives were also applied, mutatis mutandis, at the time of the acquisition of 5.6
   mm model 90 assault rifles. They did not however apply to the purchase of the following
   light weapons:


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      a) For the 40 mm grenade launcher for the 5.6 mm model 90 assault rifle a separate
         directive called for the application of a 5-digit number.
      b) For the 9 mm model HK5 sub-machine gun (Heckler und Koch) the weapon number
         was applied by the manufacturer.


    iii. Additional marking
    In order to be able to identify SALW of the Armed Forces without any risk of error, the De-
    fence Procurement Agency called for new markings to distinguish Swiss Armed Forces'
    pistols and assault rifles, in addition to the weapon number. These markings provide in-
    formation on four other issues, namely:
      a) The letter “A ” for Armed Forces
      b) The “shield with the Swiss cross” (= service weapon)
      c) The letters “W+K” (= weapon approved by the Federal Weapons Control Agency)
      d) The proof firing stamp
    These additional markings have been applied to 9 mm pistols (models 49 and 75), the 7.5
    mm model 57 and the 5.6 mm model 90 assault rifles.
    The decision on the specific marking method is taken by armasuisse in consultation with
    the Armed Forces Planning Staff, taking into account the following factors:
      a) The quantity of weapons to be manufactured
      b) The manufacturer’s marking and numbering
      c) The possibility of applying markings at the time of manufacture (including cost)
    The final decision concerning a particular marking technique (die stamping, engraving, la-
    ser, etc.) is taken by the Armed Forces Planning Staff. armasuisse is responsible for its
    application throughout the acquisition process.
    The weapons are supplied to the Armed Forces together with a statement of account.
    Once the weapons have been introduced, the Armed Forces Logistics Organisation or in
    special cases the Air Force Logistics has the overall responsibility for accounting as well
    as for the maintenance and repair of defective markings.




b) Measures taken by the manufacturers of SALW under the jurisdiction of the report-
   ing State to hinder the removal or alteration of markings.
    In general, Swiss legislation1 does not contain any kind of provisions concerning the
    marking of firearms. None of the laws on weapons and war materiel currently in force in
    Switzerland, specifically the Law on Arms and the Ordinance on Arms, requires manufac-
    turers to mark his product.



1
    “Federal Law on Arms, Weapon Components and Ammunition (Law on Arms)” of 20 June 1997
    (SR 514.54) and “Ordinance on Arms, Weapon Components and Ammunition (Ordinance on
    Arms)” of 21 September 1998 (SR 514.541).
    “Federal Law on War Material (Law on War Material)” of 13 December 1996 and “Ordinance on
    War Material (Ordinance on War Material)” of 25 February 1998 (SR 514.511).
    "Federal Law on the Control of Dual-Use Goods and of Specific Military Goods (Law on the Control
    of Goods)" of 13 December 1996 (SR 946.202) and "Ordinance on the Export, Import and Transit
    of Dual-Use Goods and of Specific Military Goods (Ordinance on the Control of Goods)" of 25 June
    1997 (SR 946.202.1)
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   However, a provision to that end is due to be inserted in the Law on Arms (LoA). Article
   18a of the revised LoA suggests an appropriate legal regulation for the marking of fire-
   arms as follows:
   1
    Manufacturers of firearms or substantial components and accessories thereof are
   obliged to mark these individually for the purpose of identification and traceability.
   2
    Firearms imported to Switzerland or substantial components and accessories thereof
   must be marked individually and differently.
   3
    The marking is to be put in a manner that it cannot be removed or altered without me-
   chanical treatment.
   4
    The Federal Council (i.e. the Government) may regulate exceptions allowing the import
   of unmarked firearms for the duration of not more than one year.
   Art. 20 of the revised LoA prohibits the alteration or removal of markings and foresees the
   concurrent sanction (art. 33, para. 1, lit. a).

   It is, however, not possible to estimate whether or in which form a regulation on marking
   of firearms will be incorporated in the final version of the revised law.
   Nevertheless, all arms belonging to the Swiss Armed Forces have been marked in a way
   that can only be altered or removed by mechanical methods.




c) Measures taken to ensure that accurate and comprehensive records are estab-
   lished for all marked SALW within the territory of the reporting State, as foreseen in
   the relevant paragraphs of the Instrument.
   “RUAG Components” is the responsible agency for record keeping of destroyed SALW of
   the Armed Forces. Generally, records are kept for ten years after liquidation. After this
   time period, the records are eliminated in accordance and with the permission of arma-
   suisse. These data are stored in electronic and paper form and are accessible only for
   authorised personnel of “RUAG Components” and "armasuisse". Hence, military offices
   do not have direct access to this information.
   According to art. 21 Law on Arms (LoA) manufacturers are required to keep records of
   manufacture, acquisition and transfer of SALW for 10 years and to hand over the books
   to cantonal authorities after this period of time. Non-compliance with this obligation is
   sanctioned in accordance with art. 33, para. 1, lit. d LoA.
   Transfer of SALW of the Armed Forces to private property are kept for 20 years.
   With its association to the Schengen Agreements, Switzerland has committed itself to
   adopt the Council Directive 91/477/EEC of 18 June 1991 on control of the acquisition and
   possession of weapons. In the name of the community the EU Commission signed the
   UN Firearms Protocol in 2002 and is currently implementing it. The regulations of the UN
   Firearms Protocol hence will become applicable to Switzerland through the Schengen
   Agreements and to the extent of their implementation in the Directive.




d) Existing or newly adopted regulations and administrative procedures needed to
   ensure the effective implementation of the Instrument.
   In 2007, an interministerial working group was set up to assess the Federal Council (gov-
   ernment) on different instruments related to SALW. This working group reviewed among
   others the Marking and Tracing instrument and identified the different regulations and
   administrative procedures that have to be put in place or modified in order to ensure ef-
   fective implementation of the instrument. Based on the recommendations of this working
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                                                                            REVISED VERSION

   group, the Federal Council decided in February 2008 to proceed with those modifications
   at the same time as the Swiss legislation will be put in conformity with the revised EU-
   directive on weapons.




e) Difficulties encountered by the reporting State and the support needed for the im-
   plementation of the Instrument.
   N/A




f) Updated national marking practices related to markings used to indicate country of
   manufacture and/or country of import as applicable.
   cf annexe 1
   Obligation of marking in accordance with the reviewed Law on Arms will enter into force
   with the implementation of the Schengen Agreements (expected on 01.11.2008).




3. Application of UN PoA

a) Progress made in the application of the UN PoA.
   The above mentioned interministerial working group (cf. 2d) assessed and reported to the
   Federal Council (government) the position towards and level of national implementation
   of all major international treaties and documents related to SALW and ammunition in an
   effort to comply with their content. The assessment also aimed at shaping Switzerland's
   position towards treaties that it had not yet ratified and to launch the process of ratification
   where applicable.




b) Difficulties and obstacles to the implementation of the UN PoA.
   The federal nature of Switzerland and the large autonomy of the cantons raises issues in
   the implementation of the UN PoA. This concerns for instance the issue of weapons held
   by police forces. In such cases, cantonal rather than federal legislation applies.




c) Assistance provided to other States towards the application of the UN PoA.
   i. Expertise:
   In co-operation with partner countries the Swiss Armed Forces have built up a pool of
   SALW and ammunition experts that can be deployed at the request of any State. The
   competence clusters of the experts represented in the pool are fourfold:
    -    conduct assessment visits of SALW and ammunition depots;
    -    provide expertise in physical security and stockpile management (PSSM) through
         courses;
    -    provide expertise in the destruction of SALW and ammunition;

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 -   verify techniques, methods, sustainability and outcome of destruction processes.


In 2007, Switzerland deployed SALW experts on following occasions:
 -   June 2006: Belarus invited OSCE donor States to verify and assess its SALW de-
     struction procedures. Switzerland provided two experts to this mission.
 -   July 2007: Switzerland conducted a seminar together with the USA on physical secu-
     rity and stockpile management of SALW and ammunition in Burundi.


ii. Financial support:
In 2006 and 2007, Switzerland has been active in the following general and specific pro-
jects intended to assist other States and the international community in the implementa-
tion of the UN PoA:


 Projects 2006                                                     Financing
 ISS (Institute for Security Studies) Arms management pro-
 ject, Destruction of weapons in Africa                            CHF 120,000
 "Biting the bullet", policy development                           CHF 42,298
 *Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue (HD), Small Arms opera-
 tional research                                                   CHF 5,000
 *Small Arms Survey, Geneva, core contribution                     CHF 2,000,000
 Geneva Declaration on armed violence and development              CHF 25,000
 Contribution to UN DDA (for the CASA Database on SALW)            CHF 65,000
 Geneva Forum, Geneva (series of meetings on various as-
 pects of disarmament including SALW)                              CHF 130,000
 VIVA RIO capacity-building for tracing SALW and ammuni-
 tion, Brazil                                                      CHF 139,500
 Contribution to UNDP for the ministerial summit on armed
 violence and development                                          CHF 200,000
 *Guatemala, IEPADES (Instituto de Enseñanza para el De-
 sarrollo Sostenible)                                              CHF 58,500
 *Colombia, Small Arms Survey                                      CHF 14,100
 PfP Trust Fund Project Ukraine II (destruction of surplus
 SALW and ammunition)                                              EUR 200,000
 PfP Trust Fund Project Kazakhstan (destruction of surplus
 SALW and MANPADS)                                                 EUR 40,000
 Symposium of the Multinational SALW and Ammunition
 Group organised in Switzerland                                    CHF 12,000
 1st Multinational SALW and Ammunition Experts Course or-
 ganised in Switzerland                                            CHF 15,000


 Projects 2007                                                     Financing
 ISS, Arms management programme for Africa                         CHF 5,070
                                                                   CHF 40,000
 *Centre for HD, operational research, „Negotiating disarma-
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                                                                           REVISED VERSION

    ment“
    "Biting the bullet", policy development                              CHF 7,275
    *Small Arms Survey, Geneva, core contribution                        CHF 2,300,000
    Contribution to the Informal Meeting on Transfer Control
    Principles for SALW                                                  CHF 26,967
    Contribution Quaker UN office on armed violence and devel-
    opment                                                               CHF 150,000
    Contribution to the secretariat of the Geneva Declaration on
    armed violence and development                                       CHF 125,548
    Contribution to UN DDA (for the CASA Database on SALW)               CHF 62,500
    Contribution to the UNDP Trust Fund BCPR                             CHF 700,000
    Contribution to VIVA RIO project of tracing SALW and Am-
    munition, Brazil                                                     CHF 122,166
    2nd Multinational SALW and Ammunition Experts Course
    organised in Switzerland                                             CHF 14,000
                                               The projects marked with * are research project.




d) Assistance received by other States towards the application of the UN PoA.
   N/A




e) Essential questions regarding the implementation of the UN PoA to be put on the
   agenda of the next biannual meeting of States.
   i. The international Tracing Instrument
   Switzerland has been very active in the elaboration of the International Instrument to En-
   able States to Identify and Trace in a Timely and Reliable Manner, Illicit Small Arms and
   Light Weapons adopted by UN General Assembly on December 8, 2005. In this regard, it
   is committed to art. 36 of this Instrument, which foresees the biennial reporting of the pro-
   gress made in the implementation of the instrument and art. 37, which foresees biennial
   meetings to consider the aforementioned reports.


   ii. Institutionalising the UN PoA process
   In the past, the Biennial meeting of States (thereafter BMS) and the 2006 Review confer-
   ence have been considered as “stand-alone meetings”, i.e. each follow-up meeting had to
   be convened separately without the existence of a general time frame. The absence of
   such a framework gives the implementation of the UN PoA an ad hoc character not suit-
   able for a long-term engagement.
   In this regard, it is essential that the question of an institutionalisation of the process of
   the UN PoA be raised. Among others, a general time frame for further meetings would
   greatly contribute to this goal thereby establishing the UN PoA as a process. The ques-
   tion of the duration of such a time frame (5-years, 7-, 10- or more years) should also be
   discussed.


   iii. Maximising the value of meeting
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                                                                              REVISED VERSION

    For Switzerland, the topic of maximising the value of meetings is of great importance.
    Switzerland would therefore welcome the selection of some topics to be discussed at
    BMS, one or two years in advance. This would allow for a long-term planning and a more
    efficient use of the meetings.
    Moreover, Switzerland would welcome concrete recommendations to the General As-
    sembly as an outcome of the BMS.


    iv. Address the question of the negative impact of armed violence on development
    Switzerland suggests that greater attention be dedicated to the interface between armed
    violence and development. With more than 70 other States, Switzerland has adopted the
    Geneva Declaration on Armed violence and Development which aims to encourage the
    mainstreaming of armed violence prevention and reduction into broader development ac-
    tivities. While the UN PoA offers a general framework to combat the illicit trade in small
    arms and light weapons, the Geneva Declaration on Armed violence and Development
    can be considered as a somewhat more specific initiative to combat the proliferation of
    small arms, light weapons and ammunition by putting the focus on the negative impact of
    armed violence on development. The goals shared with the UN PoA are to combat the
    proliferation, illegal trafficking and misuse of small arms and light weapons (art. 1, section
    II of the UN PoA) and promote the reduction of violence, in order to foster development.




f) Measures taken to prevent, combat and eliminate of the illicit brokering of SALW.
    i. National definition of brokering activities
    Art. 6 para. 3 LWM defines brokering activities as:
    (a) the creation of the essential requirements for the conclusion of contracts with regard
    to the manufacture, offer, acquisition or transfer of war material, the transfer of intellectual
    property, including know-how, or the granting of rights thereto, insofar as they relate to
    war material;
    or
    (b) the conclusion of such contracts if this service is provided by third parties.


    ii. Measures taken to control brokering activities taking place within Switzerland
    Brokering of small arms and light weapons (SALW) and associated transfer of technology
    are supervised by the federal authorities on the basis of existing legislation on arms2 on
    war material3 and on the control of dual-use and specific military goods4.
    According to the legislation on arms (Law and Ordinance on Arms), legal entities and
    persons domiciled in Switzerland intending to broker SALW on a professional basis have
    to obtain a general trading licence (art. 17 Law on Arms, LoA).


2
    “Federal Law on Arms, Weapon Components and Ammunition (Law on Arms)” of 20 June 1997
    (SR 514.54) and “Ordinance on Arms, Weapon Components and Ammunition (Ordinance on
    Arms)” of 21 September 1998 (SR 514.541).
3
    “Federal Law on War Material (Law on War Material)” of 13 December 1996 and “Ordinance on
    War Material (Ordinance on War Material)” of 25 February 1998 (SR 514.511).
4
    "Federal Law on the Control of Dual-Use Goods and of Specific Military Goods (Law on the Control
    of Goods)" of 13 December 1996 (SR 946.202) and "Ordinance on the Export, Import and Transit
    of Dual-Use Goods and of Specific Military Goods (Ordinance on the Control of Goods)" of 25 June
    1997 (SR 946.202.1)
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    SALW of the Armed Forces, the military administration as well as the border and
    police forces are not subject to the Law on Arms (art. 2 LoA). They are covered by
    the respective legislation and regulations of the Armed Forces, the Supreme Customs Di-
    rectorate and the various cantonal police authorities. Nevertheless, export of military
    SALW are subjected to the legislation on war material (Law and Ordinance on War Mate-
    rial).


    iii. Measures taken to control brokering activities outside of our territory carried out by
    resident national brokers or foreign brokers who are established in Switzerland
    Brokering activities for foreign recipients are regulated by the Law on War Material
    (LWM). Brokering on Swiss territory (regardless of nationality) of war material on a pro-
    fessional basis for foreign recipients, irrespective of the location of the war material, re-
    quires an initial authorisation (art. 9 para. 1 LWM). No initial authorisation is required for
    those acting as professional brokers for hand guns and small arms and therefore holding
    a general trading licence under the Swiss legislation on arms (see above ii). Hence, light
    weapons brokering activities for foreign recipients always require an initial authorisation
    under the LWM.
    In addition to the initial authorisation in terms of art. 9 LWM or the general trading licence
    under the legislation on arms, any brokering activity of war material on Swiss territory for
    a recipient abroad requires a specific authorisation for each individual case (art. 15 para.1
    LWM). No specific authorisation is required, if the person engaged in brokering activities
    operates his own production plant for the manufacture of the war material involved in the
    'brokerage' in Switzerland (art. 6 para. 1 OWM). In any case, the brokering of war mate-
    rial destined to the countries listed in Annex 2 to the Swiss Ordinance on War Material
    (OWM) is not subjected to a specific authorisation (art. 6 para. 2 OWM).5


    iv. Description of existing legal framework for lawful brokering activities
    In 1972 Switzerland adopted basic provisions according to which persons engaged in the
    business of arms brokering had to register as such. In the course of the general revision
    of the Law on War Material (LWM) in 1996, these provisions were specified. Subse-
    quently, the above-mentioned LWM was complemented by the Ordinance on War Mate-
    rial (OWM). Both legal documents today represent the principal Swiss legal basis for ex-
    port controls on war material in general and SALW in particular.
    Categorisation of war material is based on the Munitions List (ML) of the Wassenaar Ar-
    rangement (art.2 and Annex 1 OWM). Accordingly, SALW are subject to War Material
    Category 1 (hand guns of all calibres) and War Material Category 2 (weapons of all cali-
    bres except hand guns listed in category 1). Nevertheless, the latter category does not
    exclusively include SALW.
    The Federal Council can define dual-use goods and specific military goods which are not
    already covered by legally binding international agreements (art. 2 LCG). The Wassenaar
    ML is also applicable for the LCG.


    v. Sanctions, including criminal sanctions, in place to ensure that controls on arms broker-
    ing are effectively enforced
    Violations of the LWM and of the LCG, such as brokering without the relevant authorisa-
    tions or the provision of incorrect or incomplete information in the application, will be
    prosecuted according to art. 33 LWM or art. 14 LCG. Criminal sanctions provided for are



5
    Annex 2 lists countries that (like Switzerland) take part in all four export control regimes (Australia
    Group, Missile Technology Control Regime, Nuclear Suppliers Group, Wassenaar Arrangement).
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                                                                         REVISED VERSION

   imprisonment up to three years or fines up to 1 million Swiss francs. In serious cases, the
   penalty is imprisonment up to ten years, which may be combined with a fine up to 5 mil-
   lion Swiss francs.
   Any form of wilful aiding and abetting will also be penalised by imprisonment and/or a
   fine.




g) Measures taken to intensify the international co-operation with regard to the pre-
   vention, combat and elimination of the illicit brokering of SALW.
   Switzerland is Participating State of the Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls for
   Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies. Switzerland supported the
   adoption of several documents in order to introduce appropriate provisions to control
   arms brokering activities.
  Switzerland takes part in the group of governmental experts established by General As-
  sembly Resolution 61/89 «Towards an Arms Trade Treaty». Within the ongoing meetings
  in order to examine the feasibility, scope and draft parameters of an Arms Trade Treaty,
  the control on arms brokering is also discussed. Switzerland is supportive of regulations
  regarding arms brokering activities.
   Furthermore the Swiss Armed Forces closely co-operate with the countries of the Euro-
   Atlantic region to develop and diffuse standards on the security and safety of governmen-
   tal SALW and ammunition stockpiles. Through seminars and assessments of national
   stockpiles held by multinational teams of experts, the developed standards are spread to
   countries requiring assistance and hence avoid illicit proliferation of governmental stock-
   piles.




h) Information on the experience regarding guidelines to the implementation of the
   UN PoA.
   N/A




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                                                                         REVISED VERSION


ANNEXE 1

a) Overview of National Marking Systems

   Mark                          Location of mark and measurement
             Weapons of the Swiss Armed Forces
             Pistol 49:           breech block
    A                             grip assembly
                                  Full-scale: height 3mm, width 2mm
             Pistol75:            breech block
                                  barrel
                                  grip assembly
                                  Full-scale: height 4mm, width 3mm
             Assault rifle 57:    breech casing
                                  Full-scale: height 4mm, width 3mm
             Assault rifle 90:    breech casing
                                  Full-scale: height 4mm, width 3mm
             Serial / weapon number
             Pistol 49:           breech block (6-digit)
  0–9                             barrel (6-digit)
                                  grip assembly (6-digit)
                                  firing mechanism (6-digit)
                                  Full-scale: height 3mm / 2mm (on barrel)
             Pistol 75:           breech block (7-digit)
                                  barrel (7-digit)
                                  grip assembly (7-digit)
                                  Full-scale: height 4mm
             Assault rifle 57:    breech casing (7-digit)
                                  bolt head (4-digit)*
                                  breech block (4-digit)*
                                  jacket tube (4-digit)*
                                  firing mechanism (4-digit)*
                                  stock (4-digit)*
                                  Full-scale: height 4mm / 5mm (on jacket tube)
             Assault rifle 90:    breech casing (7-digit)
                                  breech block (4-digit)*
                                  bolt head (4-digit)*
                                  firing mechanism (4-digit)*
                                  Full-scale: height 4mm
             "Personal weapons" handed for personal use
             (no weapons of the Armed Forces anymore)
    P        Pistol 49:        breech
                               firing mechanism
                               Full-scale height 4mm, width 2mm
             Pistol 75:        breech
                               grip assembly
                               Full-scale height 4mm, width 2mm
             Assault rifle 57: breech casing
                               firing mechanism
                               Full-scale height 4mm, width 2mm
             Assault rifle 90: firing mechanism
                               Full-scale height 4mm, width 2mm
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                                                                         REVISED VERSION

               Service weapon
               Pistol 49:          breech block
                                   Full-scale: height 8mm, width 8mm
               Pistol 75:          breech block
                                   Full-scale: height 9mm, width 9mm
               Assault rifle 57:   breech casing
                                   Full-scale: height 8mm, width 8mm
               Assault rifle 90:   breech casing
                                   Full-scale: height 9mm, width 9mm
               Manufacturer’s monogram / stamp
               Pistol 49:          breech block
                                   Full-scale: height 4mm, width 6mm
               Pistol 75:          breech block
    SIG                            Full-scale: height 6mm, width 9mm
               Assault rifle 57:   stock
                                   Full-scale: height 5mm, width 8mm
               Assault rifle 90:   firing mechanism
                                   Full-scale: height 7mm, width 10mm
               Inspection stamp (weapon approved by the Federal Weapons Control
               Agency)
               Pistol 49:          grip assembly
                                   Full-scale: diameter 3mm
               Pistol 75:          Breech block
                                   Full-scale: diameter 2mm
               Assault rifle 57:   breech casing
                                   Full-scale: diameter 4mm
               Assault rifle 90:   breech casing
                                   Full-scale diameter 4mm
               Proof firing stamp
               Pistol 49:          breech block
                                   barrel
                                   Full-scale: height 4mm, width 3mm
               Pistol 75:          breech block
                                   barrel
                                   Full-scale: height 3mm, width 2mm
               Assault rifle 57:   breech casing
                                   Full-scale: height 4mm, width 3mm
               Assault rifle 90:   breech casing
                                   Full-scale height 4mm, width 3mm


* These four digits are last four digits of the 7-digit weapon number.


Note
When personal firearms of discharged Armed Forces personnel will be transferred to private
property their marking is changed from A (Armed Forces) to P (private) before they are
handed over.




                                                                                             13/23
                                                                           REVISED VERSION

b) Overview of National Marking Systems of Selected Firearms
General assembly and location of marks on the 9mm model 49 pistol

             5                         A

                                                                          (i) General assembly

                                                                          A = Breech block
                                                                          B = Grip assembly
                                                                          C = Barrel
                                       B                                  D = Firing mechanism


                                                                                   C
                                                                  2   3




                 1   2    3   6



                                                                                       D


                 1 2      4                                                                2




 (ii) Location of marks

                                                                                Method of appli-
  Position       Mark                              Definition
                                                                                    cation

     1               A        Armed Forces property stamp                           engraved


     2           0…9          6-digit serial/weapon number                          engraved


     3                        Proof firing stamp                                       marked

                              Inspection stamp (approved by the Federal
     4                                                                                 marked
                              Gun Acceptance Agency)
                              Service weapon stamp
     5                                                                              engraved
                              (made for the Swiss Armed Forces)

     6           SIG          Manufacturer's monogram                               engraved


                                                                                                 14/23
                                                                            REVISED VERSION

General assembly and location of marks on the 9mm model 75 pistol

             5                      1     2

                                                                         (i) General assembly

                                                                         A = Breech block
                                                                         B = Grip assembly
                                                                         C = Barrel
                                     1    2    4       3




                                                           6         A




         2       3          C                          B




 (ii) Location of marks
                                                                                Method of appli-
  Position           Mark                            Definition
                                                                                    cation

     1                A         Armed Forces property stamp                        engraved


     2               0…9        7-digit serial/weapon number                       engraved


     3                          Proof firing stamp                                  marked

                                Inspection stamp (approved by the Federal
     4                                                                              marked
                                Gun Acceptance Agency)
                                Service weapon stamp
     5                                                                             engraved
                                (made for the Swiss Armed Forces)

     6               SIG        Manufacturer's monogram                            engraved



                                                                                                15/23
                                                                    REVISED VERSION

General assembly and location of marks on the 7.5mm model 57 assault rifle

   (i) General assembly

   A = Breech casing         E = Firing mechanism
   B = Stock                 F = Breech block
   C = Jacket tube           G = Bolt head
   D = Barrel
                                  A                             C




                       B                                                           D
                                                        E

                             C                              A        B




                                                                         3
       D                              E




                                                    1
           7 3                                                                 3




                                                    2       6

             F

                                                                                       4
                                              G
                                                                                       5




                       3      3




                                                                                           16/23
                                                                     REVISED VERSION


(ii) Location of marks
                                                                         Method of appli-
 Position       Mark                          Definition
                                                                             cation

    1            A       Armed Forces property stamp                        engraved


    2         0…9        7-digit serial/weapon number                       engraved


    3         0…9        Last 4 digits of the serial/weapon number          engraved


    4                    Proof firing stamp                                  marked

                         Inspection stamp (approved by the Federal
    5                                                                        marked
                         Gun Acceptance Agency)
                         Service weapon stamp
    6                                                                       engraved
                         (made for the Swiss Armed Forces)

    7           SIG      Manufacturer's monogram                            engraved




                                                                                        17/23
                                                                 REVISED VERSION

General assembly and location of marks on the 5.6mm model 90 assault rifle


   (i) General assembly

   A = Breech casing           D = Firing mechanism
   B = Butt                    E = Breech block
   C = Barrel                  F = Bolt head

                                   A
                 B         7                6                                    C




                                                      D



                                                  A
       C                                                                 B




                                   D




                                                                E
                               A
      4 5        1     2               3                                     3




                                                                                     3




                           D                                         F




                                                                                     18/23
                                                                     REVISED VERSION


(ii) Location of marks
                                                                         Method of appli-
 Position       Mark                          Definition
                                                                             cation

    1            A       Armed Forces property stamp                        engraved


    2         0…9        7-digit serial/weapon number                       engraved


    3         0…9        Last 4 digits of the serial/weapon number          engraved


    4                    Proof firing stamp                                 engraved

                         Inspection stamp (approved by the Federal
    5                                                                       engraved
                         Gun Acceptance Agency)
                         Service weapon stamp
    6                                                                       engraved
                         (made for the Swiss Armed Forces)

    7           SIG      Manufacturer's monogram                               cast




                                                                                        19/23
                                                                      REVISED VERSION

General assembly and location of marks on the 7.5 mm model 51/00 tank machine gun


   (i) General assembly

   A = Jacket tube            D = Breech block
   B = Feed cover             E = Bolt head
   C = Barrel




                                                     C




                          2   9   3                          E
                                                         8       8          D
                                                                  B
                                         A




                     C
                                             7




                                         6       5                     1   4




                                                                                        20/23
                                                                     REVISED VERSION


(ii) Location of marks
                                                                         Method of appli-
 Position       Mark                          Definition
                                                                             cation

    1         0…9        7-digit serial/weapon number                       engraved


    2         0…9        Last 4 digits of the serial/weapon number          engraved


    3                    Proof firing stamp                                  marked

                         Inspection stamp (approved by the Federal
    4                                                                        marked
                         Gun Acceptance Agency)
                         Service weapon stamp
    5                                                                       engraved
                         (made for the Swiss Armed Forces)

    6                    Manufacturer’s monogram                            engraved


    7           E 25     Material Code                                       marked


    8          A or B    Breech marking                                      marked


    9          E or F    Barrel marking                                      marked




                                                                                        21/23
                                                                  REVISED VERSION

General assembly and location of marks on the 12.7 mm model 64/93 heavy machine gun


   (i) General assembly

   A = Breech casing
   B = Jacket tube
   C = Barrel




               3                                              2       5




                                       B                  A




           C           C




                           3                              3       4
       A




                           1   6   2
                                                                                    22/23
                                                                     REVISED VERSION


(ii) Location of marks
                                                                         Method of appli-
 Position       Mark                          Definition
                                                                             cation

    1           xyz      Arms designation                                    marked

                                                                         engraved and/or
    2         0…9        Manufacturer's serial production number
                                                                             marked

    3         0…9        Serial/weapon number (Swiss Armed Forces)           marked


    4                    Proof firing stamp                                  marked

                         Inspection stamp (approved by the Federal
    5                                                                        marked
                         Gun Acceptance Agency)

    6         various    Manufacturer’s monogram                             marked




                                                                                           23/23

								
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