"General Guidelines for All Programs"
Jefferson County Cattle genetics improvement program Application Form – 04/05 If any information is not supplied on this application, the application will be considered incomplete and it will not be considered for funding. Name ____________________________________ SS#______________ Date ________________ Home Address____________________________________________________________________ Farm Address__________________________________ FSA Farm # ________________________ Telephone: Home __________________ Work __________________ Cell ____________________ E-Mail Address ____________________________________________________________________ Is at least 20 percent of gross household income from a farming operation? ____Yes ____ No Have you applied or been approved for funding for this program in another county? ______ Yes ______ No RESTRICTIONS MAY APPLY Amount requested: $ _____________________ Program(s) applying for: _______ Bull Purchase. _______ Beef Semen Purchase _______ Dairy Semen Purchase I hereby request funding for the Jefferson County Cattle Genetic Improvement Program and agree to follow all the attached guidelines and requirements. I also understand that if I fail to meet the requirements contained here in I may forfeit any future funding through Phase I opportunities. I understand that I assume all responsibility and liability for implementation of this program and any results that may occur from my individual purchase or decision. Applicant's Signature: ____________________________________ Date ____________ Social Security # _______________________ Application deadline: September, 2005 Return Application to: Jefferson Co. Extension Service FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY 810 Barrett Ave Louisville, Ky 40204 Application # ______________ Phone- 502-569-3444 DATE: ___________________ Hours M-F 8AM-4:30PM. CATTLE GENETICS IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM 1 of 9 (Approved February 16, 2001) (Amended December 17, 2004) The following guidelines and recommendations have been developed for the implementation of Cattle Genetic Improvement Programs utilizing Jefferson County Agricultural Development Funds. This document provides some uniformity to county or multi county projects that address cost-share assistance for purchasing high quality genetics, as it relates to sires. Guidelines are considered to be minimum standards and shall be incorporated into cost-share programs. The applicant or county council can implement stricter requirements (i.e. lower cost-share amounts than the state maximum), except for the EPD requirements, which are standard statewide per the amendment on July 18, 2003. If you require additional information concerning these requirements, please contact the Governor’s Office of Agricultural Policy at (502) 564-4627. I. Eligible Cost Share Items The following are eligible for funding: 1. Bull purchase 2. Semen purchase, including estrus synchronization and the AI procedure 3. Bull leases – producer-to-producer or leasing company to producer [This program is not intended for funding the development of leasing programs that include utilizing funds to purchase a group of bulls for lease to local producers.] We require that a bull lease includes possession of the bull and that it not be moved from farm to farm, in an attempt to alleviate any potential herd health problems. Producer Funding Guidelines 1. Fund distribution to producers will be on a reimbursement basis. 2. The producer shall supply a numbered and dated receipt indicating buyer and seller information in order to be eligible for payment. Payment shall only be made for eligible cost-share items identified in Section I of these guidelines. 3. Producers who intend to take part in the program shall supply a Social Security (SSN) or Tax ID TIN) number and Farm Serial Number (FSN) to receive payment. Both of these numbers must be supplied to the Agricultural Development Board. The Agricultural Development Board recognizes every applicant’s right to privacy and understands it’s obligation to keep applicant/producer information confidential. Any information provided to the Agricultural Development Board or Program Administrator on individual producer applications for model programs, such as the applicant’s address and Social Security / Tax Identification Number, will be kept confidential by authority of the Agricultural Development Board as granted in KRS 248.701 to 248.727 and by KRS 61.878. The Agricultural Development Board does not disclose any nonpublic personal information regarding 2 of 9 applicants/producers, past or present, except as permitted or required by the Kentucky Open Records Act, KRS 61.870 to 61.884 or other law(s). 4. [For capital construction projects] Producers shall provide an annual report on the program and maintain ownership of the property for 5 years past the participation date in the program. 5. Should the producer fail to utilize funds by the program administrator’s reimbursement deadline, said funds shall be reallocated to the next available application. Additionally, the producer must reapply to be considered for cost-share funds. 6. Ownership Requirements: a) Ownership of bulls must be maintained for a minimum of two successive breeding seasons, not in the same year. b) Emergency early release is possible in case of physical or disposition problems and must be approved by the local administrative board. Loss due to natural disasters or situations beyond producer’s control will not keep him/her from future participation. 7. Expected Progeny Differences (EPD) Requirements: a) Expected progeny differences (EPDs) must be certified to meet the requirements set forth in the state EPD guidelines posted on the Governor’s Office of Agricultural Policy website. EPDs shall be certified by documentation from a breed association before funds may be reimbursed. b) When selecting bulls for Terminal Cross, the bull EPDs shall meet the birth weight and either weaning weight or yearling weight guidelines, depending on your targeted market. When selecting a Balanced Trait bull, the EPD requirements must be met for birth weight and either weaning weight or yearling weight guidelines. Heifer Acceptable bulls will only have to meet a maximum birth weight EPD. c) When selecting for dairy breeds, we recommend using the Net Merit $ score. This score is an economic index based on milk, fat, protein, somatic cell score and productive life. All sires must be in the upper 20% for their respective breeds. 8. All bulls purchased or leased through this program must pass a Breeding Soundness Evaluation (BSE) prior to receiving cost-share funds. The cost of a BSE should be negotiated between the buyer and seller and can be included in the total cost of the bull purchase. 9. Reporting requirements: a) An annual report from each participant in this program is required. b) Producers must certify the animal purchased is still on the farm at the end of each reporting period and shall be informed about the possibility of spot checks. c) Exact reporting requirements shall be determined at the state level and shall utilize the reporting forms available from the Governor’s Office of Agricultural Policy. Reporting shall include adequate information to evaluate the progress of the overall program and can include additional information along with the state reporting forms. 10. If a producer fails to meet the requirements of the agreement, then they will not be eligible for any future funding opportunities through this program. 3 of 9 Producer Certification Form (Producer: Please retain a copy for your records. Administrator: Please keep with producer’s application.) The overall mission of the Agricultural Development Fund is to help the agriculture community diversify their agricultural operations and increase net farm income. To that end, Model Programs were developed to provide cost-share assistance to individual producers through a local program administrator. To judge the success and impact of these programs, as well as monitor the distribution of these funds, the Agricultural Development Board requires the below information. This information is required for a producer to receive funding. All confidential information provided by the applicant shall be protected by the Agricultural Development Board and the County Agricultural Development Council, as outlined in the model program guidelines and the Kentucky Open Records Act, KRS 61.870 to 61.884. Funds Received through This Model Program Please list all funds received through the Cattle Genetics Improvement model program by year in this or any other county. - - - _______I have received no funds from this or any other County in Kentucky for the cattle genetics (initials) improvement Model Program If this form is being used for the Cattle Genetics Improvement Program, then please list the number of bulls received, in addition to the above funding information: ______________ bulls. (number) Note: Please refer to the model program guidelines for 12-month term maximums and lifetime program maximums. I, _______________ hereby certify that I have read all of the terms and requirements for this program and agree to follow the guidelines. I understand that I am required to provide all of the above information prior to participation in this program. I also certify that I have not received funds for this model program from another county within the last 12 months. I agree to use the funds I receive in the manner intended by the Agricultural Development Board and the Program Administrator. I further agree to provide copies of invoices, receipts, cancelled checks, etc. to the Program Administrator. I will report the progress and results of these improvement practices and any resulting economic value to my operation. 4 of 9 Appendix B: EPD Guidelines http://agpolicy.ky.gov/funds/documents/epd_standards.doc Beef Sire Selection Recommendations Darrh Bullock, Les Anderson, John Johns and Roy Burris University of Kentucky Beef Extension Specialists Introduction The Cattle Genetics Improvement Program has assisted Kentucky’s beef producers in utilizing better genetics in their breeding program through increased educational efforts and providing cost-share dollars for bull purchases. Many beef producers have taken advantage of this program and they are starting to see the benefits of buying a better bull. The initial phase of the Genetic Improvement Program was to help producers understand the use of two primary tools available for sire selection: Expected Progeny Differences (EPD) and Breeding Soundness Exams (BSE). The next phase of the program will be to assist Kentucky’s beef producers to target specific bulls for their operation, based on individual resources, management practices and marketing objectives. The attached chart should be used to determine if a bull qualifies for cost-share based on his EPDs. The following information is to assist beef producers in finding the right bull for their operation. The overall goal of the beef operation should be to increase net income. Net income is a balance between how much is spent on the operation and how much income the operation generates. Therefore, beef producers need to focus on increasing income while minimizing additional cost or reduce cost while trying to maintain income. Although this practice pertains to the entire beef operation, this article will concentrate on the impact of the bull. Two practices are available to improve the genetics of your herd: crossbreeding and individual bull selection. Crossbreeding has a major economic impact on your herd and should be practiced by commercial cattlemen; however, this information will focus on purchasing beef bulls. When looking for a bull to purchase for your operation it is important to realize that as you make progress to improve one trait you often lose ground in another trait. For example, as we select for increased growth, which has a positive impact on income, we usually inadvertently increase the mature size and maintenance costs of our cows through retaining replacements. Finding the balance between the productivity level of the cow (growth and milk) and the required energy to maintain her is very difficult and, if not done properly, will likely result in decreased reproduction. Research has shown that cow efficiency is dependent on the level of nutrition that they receive. Larger high-producing cows are the most efficient in very lush, high nutritional environments (Average Kentucky forages would not support this level of productivity) and smaller low- producing cows are the most efficient in limited nutritional situations. Under optimum nutrition there are very little differences between the breed types. Before you go buy a bull it is important to consider what you want to produce and what resources (primarily nutrition) you have available. Bull Purchasing When purchasing a bull there are four primary characteristics that should be assessed: reproductive soundness; structural soundness; visual evaluation; performance characteristics. 5 of 9 Reproductive Soundness – For a bull to have any value to a beef producer he must be reproductively sound. The best means to determine the reproductive soundness of a bull is through a breeding soundness exam. If a bull passes this exam he should have the physical capability to breed and settle cows. This exam does not measure desire and bulls should be observed for their interest in females in heat. Structural Soundness – To be an efficient breeder a bull must be structurally sound. This means that he should move without pain or discomfort and should have appropriate angles at weight bearing joints. Visual Evaluation – Many traits that are important to beef producers can only be evaluated through visual observation. These include, but are not limited to: disposition, horned/polled, color, muscling, body capacity, structure, sheath, and testicular development. Performance Characteristics – The primary reason for purchasing a bull is the expected performance of his calves. If replacement females will be retained then this decision should not be short sided, because the impact will be long lasting. Breeds differ on their level of productivity; therefore, the first decision will be on breed type. Once a breed is determined, selection between bulls for performance should be based on the EPDs whenever possible. There is no such thing as the “Best Bull”; each individual beef producer must make that determination based on what they want to get from the bull. The following are some guidelines for finding bulls to meet some common needs of Kentucky beef producers. Depending on your goals and management the right bull for you may not be included in this list. To find out where a bull ranks in his breed refer to the EPD Percentile Table from the respective breed association (This can often be found on the internet). Heifer Acceptable – This is a specialty-type bull that should be used when a high percentage of first-calf heifers are to be bred. This is one of the categories for the cost-share program and those figures should be used for Birth Weight or Calving Ease EPDs. Typically, easy calving bulls do not express as much growth in their calves. To maintain an acceptable level of growth, bulls with extremely low weaning and/or yearling weight EPDs should be avoided. The recommendation for Birth Weight/Calving Ease for the following categories depends on how many first-calf heifers are to be bred. For increased security, choose a bull that meets the Heifer Acceptable category. If any heifers are to be bred then avoid the worst 50% of larger breeds and the worst 35% of smaller breeds or be prepared to watch those heifers closely during calving. If only mature cows are to be bred then avoid the worst 5- 10% of the bulls for BW/CE. Terminal – This is a specialty-type bull that should be used when replacement females will not be retained. The purpose of this bull is to produce calves with exceptional feeder calf performance. Therefore, milk can be disregarded and growth should be emphasized. Upper extremes should be avoided if the cow size is large and there is danger of producing carcasses that are heavier than the accepted standard. Balanced Trait – This category is different than the broad category used for the cost-share program. Bulls that fit these recommendations should provide moderation for birth weights/calving ease, growth and milking ability. The purpose of this bull would be to produce calves that are acceptable feeder calves, while keeping the mature size and milk level of replacement females in moderation. Selecting bulls that rank between the 25% and 75% level in their breed for both 6 of 9 growth and milking ability should achieve this goal. Low Maintenance – This category is for producers that will be retaining and/or selling replacement females that they desire to have lower maintenance requirements. Unfortunately, beef breeds do not currently compute cow maintenance EPDs. Typically, cows that have smaller mature size and less milking ability have lower maintenance requirements. Selecting bulls with below average growth and milk values should produce replacement females that will have lower maintenance requirements. The trade-off is that their siblings, which will be sold as feeder calves, will have less growth as well. It is recommended to avoid the lowest extremes for either growth or milking ability. High Productivity – Producers with extremely good management may consider bulls that will greatly increase individual calf productivity. This is easily accomplished by selecting bulls that are in the upper third of their breed for both growth and milk. Feeder calves produced from this mating should exhibit good growth and replacement females should have exceptional milking ability. The trade-off is that these cows will be larger and have higher maintenance costs. If these cows do not receive adequate nutrition then they will lose body condition and there will likely be reduced reproduction rates. This option is not for everyone and total herd performance should take precedence over individual calf performance. Carcass Merit – Producers that will be retaining ownership of their calves and that are being paid for carcass merit should place additional emphasis on those traits. A Carcass Merit bull may easily fit one of the above categories, but would have the added responsibility of producing calves with acceptable carcass characteristics. Traits of economic importance would be carcass weight, marbling (% intra-muscular fat) and % retail product. The pricing scheme that the calves will be sold under will determine the level of emphasis to be placed on each trait. For example, if the calves are to be marketed on a “High Quality Grid” then emphasis would be placed on increasing marbling, while maintaining acceptable carcass weights. Also, remember that as you increase carcass weight you also increase mature cow size of replacement females. Conclusions Crossbreeding and bull selection have very important long-term economical impact on your herd. Selecting the right bull for your operation is a decision that includes setting production goals, analyzing your resources and management, and then locating the bull that best fits your situation. If done properly this process will take time and effort on your part, but the rewards can be significant. 7 of 9 2005 Kentucky Purchase/Lease/AI Program Qualifying Requirements Maximum Birth Weight (BW) or minimum Calving Ease (CE)*; minimum Weaning Weight (WW) or Yearling Weight (YW) Expected Progeny Differences for each of three sire types. Heifer Acceptable Terminal Balanced Trait Breed BW (CE) BW (CE) WW YW BW (CE) WW YW Angus 7 (CE) -5 (CE) 35 65 1 (CE) 29 54 Beefmaster -.4 .8 1 3 0 1 3 Brangus .3 3.6 21 33 2.5 11 18 Braunvieh -3.0 1.8 3 3 -.1 3 3 Charolais -2.4 3.8 15 26 2.3 5.3 10 Chiangus 0.0 7.3 34 57 5.3 20 36 Gelbvieh 113 (CE) 98 (CE) 37 66 101 (CE) 29 54 Hereford 2.1 (CE) -6.5 (CE) 36 61 -2.9(CE) 26 44 Limousin 9 (CE) 0 (CE) 35 65 4 (CE) 25 50 Maine-Anjou 0.2 6.2 39 79 4.8 31 67 Red Angus 6 (CE) -2 (CE) 29 51 0 (CE) 19 33 Red Poll -.1 2.6 2 1 .8 1 0 Salers -.4 2.6 7 11 .9 7 11 Santa Gertrudis 0 2.0 5 6 .4 5 6 Senepol -.9 2.4 5.8 7.2 1 -1.5 -2.1 Shorthorn .1 4.9 16 26 2.8 9 15 Simmental 11.8 (CE) .7 (CE) 34 57 4.6 (CE) 25 43 Tarentaise 4 (CE) -4 (CE) 2 9 0 (CE) 2 9 *Calving Ease EPD ranks bulls on their ability to avoid calving problems when bred to heifers, higher values indicate greater calving ease and are desirable. This EPD is preferred over Birth Weight when available. Please refer to each breeds’ EPD Percentile Table to determine where a bull ranks within his breed for each of the traits. This will assist in determining the level of productivity to expect in the bull’s calves. 8 of 9 For additional information or for additional breeds, contact your county Agriculture and Natural Resources Extension Agent or Dr. Darrh Bullock, 804 WP Garrigus Bldg, Lexington, KY 40546; (859) 257-7514; email@example.com 9 of 9