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									                                                                                         ATC 12/2008A
                                                                                          Page 1 of 13

                                    APEC PROJECT PROPOSAL

Name of Committee/Working Group:            Agricultural Technical Cooperation Working Group (ATCWG)

Title of Project:     Workshop on Understanding and Developing Risk Management Options for Market
Proposing APEC Economy: 1) Malaysia
Co-sponsoring APEC Economies:             2) Brunei, 3) Australia 4) Philippines 5) China 6) Vietnam,
Project number: ATC 12/2008A                                Date received by Secretariat:

(Tick  one)    [ √ ] Project seeking APEC funding [         ] Progress Report [      ] Evaluation Report
(Tick  one if applicable) [ ] Operational Account      [ ] TILF Special Account     [√ ] APEC Support
(Tick  if applicable)     [ ]   QAF attached        QAF not applicable          [ ] QAF attached
Financial              Total cost of proposal (US$):      Amount being sought from APEC funding
Information                                               (US$):
                       US$ 134,800                         US$ 97,400
Type of Project:       [√ ] seminar/symposium     [ ] short-term training course    [√ ] survey or analysis
and research                 [ ] database/website       [ ] others

Project start date:        January 2008                      Project end date:        December 2008
Brief Description of Project -- its purpose and the principal activities
The proponents are seeking support from the APEC Support Fund for a project to raise the skills of exporting
developing APEC economies in the application of risk mitigation to address risks deduced from pest risk
assessments by importing economies in response to their requests for market access. This activity
represents a logical progression from previous APEC-ATCWG activities in plant health capacity building,
including Project ATC 01/2005 Building Biosecurity Planning and Surveillance Capacity for APEC Member
Economies, and ATC01/2006A & ATC01/2007A Capacity Building in Surveillance and Diagnosis for
Leafminer, Whitefly, Thrips and Mealybug Pests in Developing APEC Economies for Improved Market
The workshop and pre-workshop activities that make up this project will focus on building the understanding
of exporting developing APEC economies on the options available to them, in the form of risk mitigation
measures as tools that can assist in securing for market access, despite pest risk analyses by prospective
importers that suggest levels of risks of concern.
The primary pre-workshop activity planned for this project will be a consultation with participating developing
APEC economies to gather experiences of market access difficulties. These constraints encountered will be
documented and further researched to develop case studies and exercises for the workshop that will follow.
The workshop itself will dissect these examples alongside detailed discussion of the relevant rules, standards
and principles provided for in existing international conventions and agreements such as the WTO, ISPMs
and IPPC articles. This approach of using region-specific market access experiences as examples is
expected to facilitate a workshop experience to which participants can better relate with respect to their own
ongoing work environment. Workshop materials, compiled into a reference handbook, will help in the
dissemination of relevant information beyond just the workshop participants. In addition, it will reinforce the
practical relevance of existing plant health capacity-building activities delivered under AusAID’s SPS-
Capacity-Building Program, the Plant Health component under the AADCP, and Phase 2 of NZAID’s Plant
Health Program for the Mekong Region
                                                                                     ATC 12/2008A
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Project Overseer:    Name, Title and Organization

Ms. Wan Normah Wan Ismail (F)
Deputy Director,
Plant Quarantine Enforcement Section,
Crop Protection and Plant Quarantine Division,
Department of Agriculture Malaysia

Postal address:                                          Tel: +603 20301400,
Crop Protection & Plant Quarantine Service Division,         +603 20301401 [direct line];
Department of Agriculture Malaysia
Wisma Tani, Jalan Sultan Salahuddin,                     Fax: +603 26913550;
50632 Kuala Lumpur,
Malaysia                                                 Email:

Signature of Project Overseer:

(Separate written confirmation acceptable for email submission) Date:
Signature of Committee Chair/WG Lead Shepherd: (Not applicable to Progress Report and Evaluation

(Separate written confirmation acceptable for email submission)   Date:
                                                                                        ATC 12/2008A
                                                                                         Page 3 of 13

                                   Details of the Project Proposal

A.       Project Design
                                         Project Objectives

1)   Describe briefly how this project directly responds to the priorities set by APEC Leaders and
     Ministers and/ or the vision of the host economy. Please make reference to the relevant parts of
     APEC documents.

     The APEC ATCWG was formed to enhance the capacity of agricultural and related sectors to
     contribute to APEC’s vision for trade liberalization and economic and technical cooperation,
     together with the Manila Action Plan for APEC, adopted in 1996 at the 8 APEC Ministerial
     Meeting. APEC Economic Leaders in welcoming the creation of the ATCWG, affirmed their
     commitment to sustainable growth and equitable development and declared that the
     implementation of their initiatives to implement the Osaka Action Agenda.

     The ATCWG's sub-group on Plant and Animal Quarantine and Pest Management has accorded
     a high priority to building plant health capacity in APEC economies with the objective of
     improving productivity in agriculture, facilitating trade in food products and strengthening
     biosecurity by containing trans-boundary movement of plant pests. The current proposal
     closely aligns with the work program endorsed by the ATCWG, providing opportunities for the
     developed economies of APEC to assist others to improve capacity in plant health, quarantine
     and pest management. The proposed activity builds on three previous APEC Projects:
     ATC01/2005T Building Biosecurity Planning and Surveillance Capacity for APEC Member
     Economies, ATC01/2006A & ATC01/2007A Capacity Building in Surveillance and Diagnosis for
     Leafminer, Whitefly, Thrips and Mealybug Pests in Developing APEC Economies for Improved
     Market Access (Year 1 & 2).

     The activity will improve the understanding and capacity of developing APEC economies to
     apply risk management measures, as provided for under the provisions of the WTO-SPS
     Agreements, to address trade issues arising from perceived pest threats following pest risk
     assessments performed by prospective importers. Capacity building activities that facilitate
     trade are consistent with the objectives of the APEC Economic Leaders for the promotion of
     trade in food products (Brunei Darussalam, November 2000) and the Osaka Action Agenda.
     This project will assist in:

     -      Facilitating secure and efficient movement of goods – an APEC goal,
     -      Reducing non-tariff trade barriers and ensuring the transparency of APEC economies’
            respective non-tariff measures through better understanding of the plant health status of
            member economies,
     -      Promoting regional cooperation, information and expertise sharing,
     -      Promoting good regulatory practice for the preparation, adoption and application of
            technical regulations in the APEC region,
     -      Providing a collegiate approach to reducing barriers to trade,
     -      Supporting the three pillars of APEC’s activities through well-planned national
            biosecurity strategies,
     -      Achieving free and open trade,

     all of which contribute to the overall goal of strengthened economic and technical cooperation.

2)   Describe the key objectives of the project –

     While international trade in agricultural commodities has increased since the WTO was
     established, it appears that developing economies have not benefited to the same extent as
     developed economies. The situation is attributed to the inability of the developing economies to
     meet the SPS requirements of the developed, high value markets, particularly in the West, that
     often remain closed on quarantine grounds. More specifically, the problem for many
     developing economies is that they do not have the necessary understanding and skills on the
                                                                                           ATC 12/2008A
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      complete spectrum of activities that make up pest risk analysis (PRA), to allow them to
      competently make market access bids.
      The risk assessment component of PRA requires knowledge of the pests that occur in both the
      prospective exporting and importing economies and the likelihood that serious pests of concern
      might move with commodities in trade to establish, spread and cause serious economic
      damage to agriculture and the environment. As a result of recent regional assistance
      programs, there is growing understanding of this process in many developing APEC
      economies. On the other hand, risk management is not so well understood and this prevents
      many developing economies from negotiating on a ‘level playing field’ to respond to
      requirements of prospective importing economies.

      The primary objective of this current proposal is to build the understanding and the capacity of
      developing economies of APEC to understand, assess and manage pest risks with respect to
      market access. The project will specifically :

          Raise the awareness of developing APEC economies on the opportunities available to them
           to apply risk mitigation measures to address pest risk assessment conclusions by
           prospective importing economies of the likelihood of measurable risks from importation.
          Build the capacity required of these economies to plan and implement R & D activities on
           risk mitigation options.
          Strengthen the capacity of developing APEC economies to offer risk management measures
           in response to concerns that arise from pest risk assessments, based on the principles of
           scientific justification, consistency, minimal impact, equivalence, regionalisation, etc,
           including concepts of quality assurance and HACCP, and to the extent that market access
           can be realised

3)   Assessment. With reference to each objective in paragraph 2), provide the current status and
     expected end-of-project target, so that the success of the project can be measured over the
     short and medium term.

      Developing APEC economies have, in recent years, been the target of a number of aid initiatives
      aimed at raising their capacity to describe their plant health status, for the ultimate purpose of
      compliance to the WTO-SPS Agreements. These include regional initiatives such as those
      offered under AusAID and NZAID, as well as bilateral programs between developed and
      developing trading economies. Activities under these programs have largely emphasized building
      technical capacity to describe national plant health status, including pest surveys, biological
      collections, pest diagnosis and pest list and database development. These, together with training
      in the principles and practice of pest risk analysis, have raised the capacity, and expectations, of
      the recipient economies with respect to their active participation in the new global trading
      The awareness on the pivotal role of pest risk analysis and science-based phytosanitary decision-
      making is not conclusive without an equal understanding of the options to apply risk mitigation
      measures to quarantine risks to overcome barriers to market access..

     This project seeks to further the comprehension of developing economies in the relevant rules and
     principles contained within the WTO-SPS Agreements, the Articles of the International Plant
     Protection Convention (IPPC) and the International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures
     (ISPM), and the opportunities for improved market access through application of these rules and
     conventions. It is expected that participating developing economies will, through the planned
     project activities, gain an improved awareness and understanding of these opportunities, and
     begin to put into place the necessary mechanisms to build capacity in this area of work.
      ISPM 11 identifies Pest Risk Management as Stage 3 of the whole process of Pest Risk Analysis
      and defines this as the process of identifying ways to react to a perceived risk, evaluating the
      efficacy of these actions, and identifying the most appropriate action. Principles and concepts
      covering scientific justification, consistency, minimal impact, equivalence, non-discrimination, etc.
                                                                                              ATC 12/2008A
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         need to be well understood and applied in research and development necessary for appropriate
         risk mitigation choices to be arrived at. Using actual situations previously encountered as working
         examples, the project will demonstrate to participating APEC developing economies the option of
         applying risk management choices to these specific outstanding issues in market access, and
         where relevant, take participants through the systematic process of identifying relevant R&D
         requirements to generate such options in line with the said principles and concepts. Special
         emphasis will be given to the concept of equivalence, taking into consideration the often limited
         capacity of developing economies. The project will raise the capacity of participating economies
         to consider, develop and apply risk management options in response to risks identified in market
         access related technical studies.
         With raised awareness of the opportunities for mitigating risks and good understanding of the
         rules and principles that govern their application, developing APEC economies can expect to
         enter into market access negotiations with added confidence. This will better equip the relevant
         plant health personnel to not only respond to PRAs presented by prospective importers, but also
         to deal with the reciprocal situations of developing PRAs, biosecurity planning, etc
         The workshop will provide an excellent opportunity for member economies to network and share
         experiences and views on matters relating to plant health and quarantine, particularly trade-
         related issues, and indirectly promote facilitation trade between member economies.

4)       Explain who the intended beneficiaries of this project are:

          Plant protection and plant quarantine officers and relevant government officials, particularly
           those involved in pest risk analysis and market access negotiations
          National phytosanitary service, designated NPPO and national agencies responsible for
           agricultural trade
          Private industry, comprising producers, exporters and importers of agricultural produce
           While the project is targeted in the first instance to government officials, every conscious
           effort will be made to involve relevant private industry players, given their important role in the
           implementation of risk mitigation at the production, processing and handling stages of
           agricultural trade.

5)       Describe precisely the expected project outputs. Describe how these outputs will benefit the
         targeted beneficiaries.

           Improved skills among participating APEC economies in the application and choice of risk
            mitigation measures to facilitate market access applications.
           - this directly benefits all beneficiaries within each economy in that improved skills will
                facilitate market access and therefore growth in agricultural trade

           An improved understanding of capacity-building needs in risk management
           - this information will assist developing economies to plan and implement realistic programs
                to address their own lack of capacity

           Region-relevant experiences on market access for agricultural produce and proposed
            solutions, packaged into a reference handbook of case studies, that serves to guide market
            access development efforts
           - the availability of these resource materials will assist economies to sustain skills acquired,
                and even disseminate these skills to a larger group of the targeted beneficiaries.

6)       For applications under the TILF Special Account: Describe briefly how this project will contribute
         to the APEC Trade and Investment Liberalization and Facilitation (e.g. relevance to specific
         parts of the Osaka Action Agenda).

                                                                                         ATC 12/2008A
                                                                                          Page 6 of 13

7)   Which other APEC fora have been consulted about this project and what were the results?

     The idea of this project arose directly from interactions with APEC member economy
     participants at previous plant health capacity-building workshops under the ATCWG. There is a
     general consensus that there is a need to link and complement plant health capacity-building in
     what may be termed “technical market access” with those aspects directly related to market
     access preparations and negotiations.

8)   Active Participation Describe how the intended beneficiaries among APEC stakeholders –
     APEC fora, governments, private sector and civil society, men/women- will participate in the
     planning, implementation and evaluation of the project.

     While industry and the private sector have not been directly involved in developing this
     proposal, it is planned to extend participation in the workshop to private industry. The outcomes
     of the project will no doubt directly benefit relevant private industry groups such as producers,
     grower associations, exporters and others related to agricultural trade. The planned workshop
     will therefore target not only government or public sector plant health officials, but also private
     sector players engaged in the production and export of agricultural and horticultural produce.
     Typically, interactions between public sector plant health officials and the relevant private sector
     are integral to the process market access preparations and negotiations; this workshop will
     provide opportunities for a broader awareness to be imparted to all parties concerned, as well
     as act as a forum for an exchange of Inputs from all participating sectors into the capacity-
     building action plans that are expected to follow on from this project

9)   Project influence Describe how this project might contribute to any current or completed
     projects or activities in APEC or elsewhere. Why is APEC the most appropriate institution to
     fund the project?

     The current project addresses an area that has hitherto received scant attention, as perceived
     by recipients of plant health capacity-building aid initiatives among APEC developing
     economies. It is specifically designed to complement existing initiatives and those already
     implemented. The current project is expected to provide participants from developing APEC
     economies the hands-on experience in developing and applying risk management to situations
     relevant to their current market experiences. Benefits in terms of fulfilling the Bogor Goal of free
     and open trade will be reflected in:

     -        Expanded trade in food and agricultural commodities,
     -        Improvements in quarantine systems,
     -        Pre-emptive research and development on identified pest threats,
     -        A reduction in the movement of plant pests into new environments and areas of
              production, placing less pressure on industry productivity

     For the reasons suggested above, the APEC Support Fund is the most appropriate institution to
     fund the project as it:

     -        Aligns closely to one of the work areas of the ATCWG,
     -        Is open to all developing member economies, and
     -        Reinforces and supplements other plant health capacity-building programs currently
               implemented in the region, particularly the Australian-funded regional plant health
               programs, such as the AADCP and SPS CBP, that focus largely on building technical
               skills such as pest collection development, surveys and diagnostics. In addition, it’s
               objectives are in consonance with a number of related activities delivered under the
               aegis of the ATCWG’s sub-group on Plant and Animal Quarantine and Pest
               Management, including:

         1.       APEC Workshop to Contain Trans-border Movement of Plant Pests.
         2.       Needs Assessment in Diagnostics for Arthropod Pests in Regional Economies.
         3.       Plant Health Information Exchange Network for South East Asia and the Pacific.
         4.       Promoting the Development of National Plant Disease Herbaria and Arthropod Pest
                                                                                           ATC 12/2008A
                                                                                            Page 7 of 13

                 Collections in South East Asia.
        5.       Developing Guidelines for Diagnosis, Surveillance and Response Procedures for the
                 Major Fruit Fly Pest Species of South East Asia.
        6.       APEC Symposium on Detection, Monitoring and Management of Invasive Plant
        7.       APEC Workshop on Building Biosecurity Planning and Surveillance Capacity for
                 APEC Member Economies, and
        8.       APEC Projects on Capacity Building in Surveillance and Diagnosis for Leafminer,
                 Whitefly, Thrips and Mealybug Pests in Developing APEC Economies for Improved
                  Market Access

10)   Describe the project’s methodology. Break down the project implementation into discrete
      functional steps over time with the associated outputs clearly specified. Identify the principal
      risks involved in each step if any, and explain how they will be managed. Risks may include
      major delays and failures, expected cooperation not materializing, etc.

      Core activities that make up the Project will be:

       1) Activity:      Consultations with developing APEC economies for information on market
                         access experiences and constraints and their documentation.
          Schedule:      February - April 2008
          Outputs:       Collated information from regional economies
          Risks:         Expected cooperation not materializing or delayed

        2) Activity:     Development of these experiences into case studies and exercises as
                         integral part of workshop resource materials
             Schedule:   May – July 2008
             Output:     Workshop resource handbook
             Risks:      Delays in receiving contributed information from regional partners

        3) Activity:      Workshop on risk management that considers the following:
                          - relevant SPS Principles and ISPMs
                          - the Pest Risk Analysis (PRA) process and underlying requirements
                          - risk management, its place in the overall PRA process and its application
                          - case studies and exercises illustrating the above based on documented
                            market access experiences
                          - review of needs
             Schedule:    August/September 2008
             Outputs:     Workshop proceedings and recommendations
             Risks:       Passive participation from delegates not fluent in spoken English

      Overall Outputs:
      - APEC plant health professionals across sectors well-versed in addressing market access
      difficulties, particularly relating to risk management.
      - workshop resource handbook that can serve as a useful practical reference in market access-
      related matters.
      - creation of an Informal network of plant health professionals that could be the basis for
      improved understanding in future intra-APEC market access negotiations.

      Risk management:
      With exercise and case studies drawn from the experiences contributed by participating
      economies, workshop content will be highly relevant to participants, minimizing any potential
      risks that participants may not be able to relate workshop content to their respective local
      situations. Careful and objective nomination of candidates from participating economies will
      influence their ability to contribute towards workshop deliberations. The raised awareness and
      capabilities of returning participants are expected to be transmitted to management and
      colleagues; the degree to which the relevant authorities respond to project outputs will, to a
      large extent, determine whether the full potential impact of the project will be realized.
                                                                                          ATC 12/2008A
                                                                                           Page 8 of 13

      Participation from the private sector will reinforce public-private cooperation necessary to
      realise successful market access applications.

11)   Which APEC member economies will participate in each component of this project and what
      contribution are they expected to make?

      Brunei, China, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Chinese Taipei, Thailand and
      Vietnam participated in the APEC Projects ATC01/2005T and ATC01-2006A, and are expected
      to participate in the follow-on project ATC01/2007A. While project proponents welcome
      participation from all developing APEC economies, it is expected that the same member
      economies will participate in this project, as it represents a continuation of planned activities to
      achieve overall objectives of enhanced capacity for market access. For the same reasons,
      participating economies will be expected to contribute local information related to market access
      and share information and experiences throughout the project implementation period for mutual
      benefit. They will be expected to contribute local costs incurred in co-operating with project
      consultants during visits to participating economies.

                               Dissemination of Project Output

12)   Please include a plan for the publication and dissemination of the results of the project,

      The proponents will provide a report on the workshop proceedings, together with the
      compilation of resource materials used into a workshop handbook. These materials, to be
      prepared in English, will comprise workshop papers, presentations and other handouts relevant
      to the overall project purpose Senior officials from National Plant Protection Organizations,
      other plant health authorities, bench scientists, private sector industry leaders and industry
      associations are the primary target audience. Creating awareness of the issues and follow-up
      application of the outcomes from the project is a major goal.

      The proponents are foreshadowing the production of 300 compact discs with a view to
      disseminating the report to as wide an audience as possible. Appropriate publicity will be given
      to this activity using the APEC ATCWG website through the APEC Secretariat. The proponents
      will also upload the entire report and associated materials to the APEC website for wider
      dissemination. We expect that the workshop handbook will be used by Developing APEC
      economies in related market access activities, thereby further ensuring the sustainability of the
      outputs of the project

      In designing the project structure, utmost consideration has been given to the sustainability of
      project outputs. The emphasis given to the creation and use of case studies and exercises
      based on the experiences of participating economies is to further reinforce relevance, so that
      participants can relate to the problems and solutions offered and discussed at the workshop

      To further ensure that project benefits are sustainable, existing close liaison will be maintained
      throughout the planning and implementation stages of the project with other related regional
      initiatives such as the ASEAN-Australian Development Cooperation Program (AADCP), the
      AusAID SPS Capacity Building Program (SPSCBP), NZAID Plant Health Capacity Building
      Project for the Mekong Region (Phase 2), as well as the ASEAN Plant Health Cooperation
      Network (APHCN) for possible synergy of purpose in follow-up activities.

                                        Gender Concerns

13)   Many projects have the potential to affect men and women differently because of their different
      roles and positions in many societies. What steps does this project take to ensure that it
      benefits both groups and in particular does not disadvantage women?
                                                                                         ATC 12/2008A
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      The activities described in this proposal will enhance the opportunity for farmers, agricultural
      industries and government agencies in member economies to achieve greater market access
      for their agricultural produce. It is to be noted that in many developing APEC economies,
      women form a very large proportion of the workforce, particularly in agriculture. Reducing
      constraints to access to markets for their produce will help alleviate poverty and directly benefit
      the lives of rural women, particularly in the poorer economies.

      The planned activities for the project do not in any way discriminate against any gender. Past
      experiences have shown that participation by the female gender in activities such as the kind
      described in this proposal is at least as common as that by males. We acknowledge, however,
      that in some developing economies, men and women continue to have different roles and
      positions in society. Therefore, every effort will be made to address any potential gender
      inequality by clearly communicating to project partners the need to consciously consider this
      concern when deciding on local participation in the various project activities.

14)   Show how the objectives of the project provide benefits for women. APEC Ministers have
      indicated (Framework for the Integration of Women in APEC) that benefits might include:
      increasing the involvement of women in the economy and economic institutions; integrating
      women into the global economy; strengthening small and medium sized enterprises; and
      reducing gender inequalities, including through education and training.

      Women will participate in the activities described in this proposal by a) being involved as
      researchers as well as respondents in the preparation of resource materials, b) by offering
      presentations, c) by acting as facilitators of workshop interactive sessions and d) by being
      active participants at the workshop. Making this capacity-building opportunity available to
      women will lead to the integration of women into the global economy in general, but more
      specifically into agricultural economic and regulatory institutions, agricultural enterprises and
      trade, all by way of enhanced skills to contribute to local market access activities.

      In our experience, a significant proportion of public sector plant health professionals in the more
      developed APEC economies are of the female gender. For the emerging APEC economies,
      however, greater efforts will need to be made to address gender inequalities. This will not only
      be clearly communicated to project partners, right from the start of the project, but we will close
      closely with project partners to adhere to this APEC Framework.


15)   Please attach an itemized budget for the project in the format at Annex A1. Where appropriate,
      provide details of the project’s budget that are allocated to activities that address the specific
      needs of women. The budget should illustrate the assumptions adopted (e.g. unit costs) for the

      An itemized budget for the current project in the prescribed format is provided in Annex A.

16)   A timetable for the drawdown of APEC funding requested for the project, including details of any
      advance payment or installment payment requested and justifications for such requests.

      As it is proposed that the project will be implemented with the collaboration of consultants, it is
      expected that some quantum of advance will be required to facilitate implementation of project
      activities. A timetable for the drawdown of APEC funds to be developed in consultation with the
      APEC Secretariat at the time of finalization of contracts will reflect this request.

      Our experience with previous APEC projects indicates that, invariably, participants from travel-
      eligible economies have difficulty with upfront payments for travel (airfare and per diem). It is
      proposed that payment of advances for travel for such participants be allowed, provided the
      requirement for the necessary travel undertaking documents have been duly completed
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                                                                                             Page 10 of 13

17)   Details of any request for waiver or exception from the normal APEC financial rules with
      Waivers are sought for the following:
            a) From tendering requirements –
             The proposed consultant for the project is CAB International, our preferred collaborator
             who has considerable regional working experience with plant health-related capacity
             building in developing economies in the ASEAN region. CABI, as a global not-for-profit
             intergovernmental organization offers expertise lodged in its many centers worldwide.
             The CABI Southeast & East Asia Regional Centre (CABI-SEA), with its specific
             responsibilities to the region, also works in close technical partnership with ASEANET,
             the Southeast Asian LOOP of BioNET INTERNATIONAL, which in turn operates the
             Technical Secretariat for the ASEAN Plant Health Cooperation Network, a project
             endorsed by ASEAN Ministers for Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (AMAF) in August
             2003. CABI-SEA and ASEANET have been working with DAFF Australia in the
             implementation of regional training workshops under the AusAID-funded SPSCBP, and
             has provided technical support in the delivery of several regional training workshops
             under the Plant Health component of the AADCP, ACIAR and APEC-ATCWG.
             b) For government officials to receive funding and
             c) for active participants from travel-eligible economies to receive per diem
             The project primarily targets officials in the public sector but stakeholders across the
             whole value chain would also be invited to participate. It would not however, be possible
             to fund all these individuals, a large proportion of whom comes from the private sector,
             participation is expected to be self-funded in most cases. For the workshop, good
             response from developing APEC economies and their active participation is crucial to
             project success – participants are expected to contribute their experiences on market
             access preparations and negotiations and to share information on current organizational
             setups, institutional responsibilities, constraints and related matters
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                                                                                                  Annex A
                                         APEC Project
                             Itemized Budget for Financial Year 2008

This project is:
                a seminar, symposium or short-term mentoring workshop
                a survey or analysis and research project
                neither the above but involves the provision of equipment

         Items                   No. of Units          Unit Rate (USD)        APEC            Self
                                                                             Funding       Financing
                                                                              (USD)          (USD)
Direct Labour

Speaker’s Honorarium       5 pax                    1500                      7,500

Short-term clerical and    3 pax x 20 days          150 per day               9,000
secretarial staff
Consultant Fees ,          4 pax x 20 days          500 per day              40,000
including Researchers

Consultant’s Secretary     1 pax x 20 days          150 per day               3,000

Travel (Speakers/Experts)

- Per Diem (incl.
accommodation and          3 pax                    160/day x 6 + (75% x      3,240
“additional payment”)                               160)
Resource persons

- Airfare
Resource persons           3 pax                    2,000                     6,000

Travel (Researchers)

To participating economies to gather resource materials for the workshop

- Per Diem     (incl.      2 pax                    160/day x 3 + (75% x                  8,400
accommodation and                                   160) x 7 member
“additional payment”)                               economies

- Airfare                  KL – Brunei return       600 per trip per pax                  9,000
Researchers                for 2 pax

                           KL-China return          1000 per trip per pax
                           for 2 pax

                           KL-Indonesia return      600 per trip per pax
                           for 2 pax

                           KL- Philippines return   800 per per trip pax
                           for 2 pax

                           KL- Singapore return     300 per trip per pax
                           for 2 pax
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                                                                                          Page 12 of 13

                                 KL- Thailand return     600 per trip par pax
                                 for 2 pax

                                 KL-Vietnam return       600 per trip per pax
                                 for 2 pax

    Travel     (Active participants from travel-eligible economies)

    - Per Diem (incl.
    accommodation and
    “additional payment”)
    (active participants)
    5-day workshop x 2 pax       6 x 2 pax               (160/day x 6) + (75%    12,960
    per travel-eligible                                  x 160)

    - Airfare (restricted        China-KL return         1000 per pax per trip   2,000
    economy class)               (x2 )

    2 pax per travel-eligible    Indonesia - KL return   600 per pax per trip    1,200
    economy                      (x2)

                                 Philippines - KL        800 per pax per trip    1,600
                                 return (x2)

                                 Thailand-KL return      600 per pax per trip    1,200

                                 Vietnam - KL return     600 per pax per trip    1,200

    Other items

    Access to Information
    (including uploading to
    APEC website,
    distribution of electronic
    copies to participants                                                       1,000
    and access to CABI

a) Preparation and               8 member economies      2,500 per economy                       20,000
   rendering of Workshop
   materials and report for
   uploading to APEC
   website 3-months
   access of CABI
   database on relevant
   Equipment / Materials                     -           -                         -
   (describe briefly what is
   required and why)

    Photocopying                 10,000 copies           0.10/copy               1,000
    (notes and handouts for
    workshop participants)

    Communications                                                                500
                                                                                                                          ATC 12/2008A
                                                                                                                          Page 13 of 13

(Phone/ Fax/ Mail/

Hosting costs
Venue rental (incl.                 5 days                             1,200 per day                            6,000
communication and
audio-visual equipment,
meeting support,
stationery, etc)

TOTAL BUDGET                                                                                                   97,400              37,400

        1   Proposed project consultants are from an international organization working out of their regional centre in Malaysia
        2   Includes 2 Malaysian participants from outside Kuala Lumpur
            Rates have generally adhered to those used in previous projects

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