# ordering_principles

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```					                  University of Palestine
College of Applied Engineering & Urban Planning

Department of Architecture, Interior Design & Planning

Visual Training & Sketching (EAGD2101)

Ordering principles

Eng. Nagham Ali Hasan
10th lecture-10th week
1st semester-2008-2009
Axes:
An axis is a line established by two points, about which forms
and spaces can be arranged in symmetrical or balance manner.

Ordering principles eng. Nagham Ali Hasan
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point   Vertical plane

Wall defined
a space

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Ordering principles eng. Nagham Ali Hasan
symmetry

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Hasan
Changes in
topography

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Multiple axes
establish a
network of
relationship in a
symmetrical form
and spaces

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Hasan
Hierarchy

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Hierarchy

Size          shape                 placement

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Datum
Line   

Plane   

volume   

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Hasan
Datum
 Related to each other by:
1. line

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Hasan
 Related to each other by:
2. plane

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Related to each other by:
volume

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Hasan
Datum

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Hasan
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Hasan
Repetition

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Hasan
Repetition

Size

Shape

Detail characteristic

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Hasan
Rhythm
When an art element is repeated it creates rhythm.
Architects use many types of rhythmical patterns in buildings to create certain effects or to add a
dynamic quality to a large space.

Rhythm refers to: any movement characterized by a pattern recurrence of
elements or motifs at regular or irregular interval

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Complex Rhythm

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Opening rhythm   Structure
rhythm

Rhythm of
Function of spaces

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Rhythm can be organized in the following manners:

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2. random                            3. Sequent
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Hasan
Transformation

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