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Romeo & Juliet by R8VDq9


									Literary Devices
     Iambic  pentameter
     is a line of poetry made up of five iambs:

     an iamb
     is a metrical foot
     consisting of one unstressed syllable
     followed by one stressed syllable;

     the   pentameter line has five metrical feet;

     Shall I / compare / thee to / a sum/mer’s day?
u       /      u     /      u      /    u   /     u     /
Shall   I      com   pare   thee   to   a   sum   mer’s day?
Lord Capulet: Juliet’s dad. Loves Juliet and wants to see her
marry well, but thinks she is too young to marry yet. Expects
Lady Capulet: Juliet’s mom. Manages the Capulet
household. Like most wealthy women at the time, does not
actively participate in Juliet’s upbringing, so they have a distant
Juliet: 13 year-old daughter. Has been brought up to be a
lady and be obedient to her father’s will. Like most women of
the time, Juliet has lived a sheltered life.
Tybalt: A hot-tempered cousin who’s always looking for a fight.
Nurse: Juliet’s caretaker since birth. She had a daughter,
Suzanna, who was Juliet’s age, and served as a wet nurse for
Juliet . She is responsible for Juliet’s daily upbringing and
becomes her confidante.
Peter: The Nurse’s servant.
Samson & Gregory: Capulet servants.
Lord Montague: Romeo’s father and head of the
Montague family.
Lady Montague: Romeo’s mother who is worried
about Romeo’s depression at the beginning of the play.
Romeo: The Montague’s teenaged son. At the
beginning of the play, he is sad because Rosaline has
rejected him. He vows he will never love again.
Benvolio: Romeo’s peaceful and encouraging cousin.
Benvolio tries to break up fights and encourages
Romeo to play the field to get over his heartbreak.
Balthasar & Abraham: Montague servants
Church                            Royalty
Friar Laurence: Religious         Prince Escalus: Ruler of
advisor to Verona. Like           Verona. Early in the play, he
many monks of the time,           establishes the law that
Friar Laurence is also a          anyone who reignites the feud
scientist whose expertise is      will be put to death.
in herbology. He has              Mercutio: Romeo’s best
frequently advised Romeo to       friend. Mercutio is moody and
give up his failed courtship of   erratic.
Rosaline and serves as            Count Paris: A member of
Romeo’s confidant.                the royal family who is trying
Friar John: Another monk          to make arrangements with
who visits the sick.              Lord Capulet to marry Juliet.
Genre meant to be performed by actors in
 front of an audience.

Ex: Romeo and Juliet, The Crucible
Sub-genre of drama in which events turn out
  disastrously for the main characters, often in
  death, caused by fate or a character’s tragic

Ex: Romeo and Juliet
A brief opening of a play spoken by the
  “chorus” that settles the audience and
  previews the plot.

Ex: “Two households, both alike in dignity…”
A play on words that sound alike but have
  different meanings.

Ex: Did you hear about the sleeping man who
  got run over by a car? He was tired and
Two juxtaposed words that mean opposite

Ex: sweet sorrow
loud silence
jumbo shrimp
Repetition of similar consonant sounds in the
  same proximity.

Ex: Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled

Ex from R&J: “I’ll look to like if looking liking
 move” (Juliet Act 1, scene 3)
A long, dramatic speech delivered by one
Ex: Prince Escalus addresses the crowd after
  the fight.
A 14-line lyrical poem written in iambic
  pentameter and following the rhyme

 Language  that appeals to
 the five senses of sight,
 sound, touch, taste, and

 Ex: The hot pizza
 burned his mouth but
 tasted great as it filled
 his growling stomach.
A figure of speech in which an object or idea
 is given human qualities.

 Ex:The grass danced in the wind, happy to
 receive a spring breeze.
A figure of speech that
 compares two things using
 like or as.

 Ex:She floated in like a
 cloud on a breezy day.
A figure of speech that directly equates two unlike

 Ex:   The book was a passport to adventure.
 Words  spoken that
  other characters on
  stage do not
  supposedly hear.
 Ex: Juliet speaking
  about Romeo, but her
  mother not hearing.
A long speech in which a character, usually alone on
 stage, reveals thoughts and/or feelings. No other
 characters are meant to overhear a soliloquy.

 Ex: Romeo talking about how beautiful Juliet is while
 hiding beneath her balcony.
A long, dramatic speech delivered by one
Ex: Prince Escalus addresses the crowd after
  the fight.
 Absurd   or humorous misuse of a word, especially by
    confusion with one of similar sound. Not a pun –
    often a mistake.

 EX: When the oven caught on fire, my brother had to use
the fire distinguisher to put it out.

   "He was a man of great statue."
      Thomas Menino, Boston mayor

   "Republicans understand the importance of bondage between a
    mother and child."
      Dan Quayle, Vice President
      in the text to
 Clues
 suggest what is going to
 happen later.

 Ex:   ???
 Theaudience knows
 something the characters do
 not know.

 Ex: We know the killer is in
 the closet, but the soon-to-be
 victim does not.

 Romeo     and Juliet example:
    ?????????
A character that
 contrasts the personality
 traits of another
 character, usually

 Ex:   ????
       when a speaker addresses something
 Occurs

 Ex:   Juliet talking to her tears.
A reference to a person,
 place, or thing in literature
 or culture that the writer
 expects the reader to

 Ex:She is as mysterious as
 the Mona Lisa’s smile.
 Humor  in a play to break a serious mood or
 relieve tension.

 Ex:The musicians making puns with Peter
 after Juliet is found dead.
 Anexaggeration or
 overstatement used
 for effect.

 Ex:My backpack
 weighs a ton!
 Thesituation turns out differently than the
 audience expects.

 Ex:A wife sells her hair to buy her husband
 a watch chain, but he has sold his watch to
 buy combs for her hair.
 Sayingone thing but meaning another, often

 Ex:You have a broken leg that really hurts
 but you say, “I feel like I could run a
 Recurringidea or element (symbol,
 character, etc.) in a work.

 Ex:Various bird references appear in To Kill
 a Mockingbird.
 Represents something beyond itself, usually
 abstract or complex.

 Ex:The American flag symbolizes freedom
 and democracy to many people.
A stated or implied
 meaning or
 message of a work.

 Ex:Dorothy learns
 that “there’s no
 place like home” in
 the Wizard of Oz.

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