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Ch_ 31 and Physiology Checkpoint Study Guide

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Ch_ 31 and Physiology Checkpoint Study Guide Powered By Docstoc
					Chapter 31 Immune System Study Guide                                        Name_________________

31.1

Pathogens (p. 941):

        Virus:________________________________________________________________

                Ex: Common Cold, Flu, AIDS

                         Viruses need a host!
                         Have DNA and RNA

        Bacteria: _____________________________________________________________

                         Have DNA and RNA
                         Antibiotics kill bacteria

                Ex: Salmonella and E. Coli

                Are all bacteria bad?____________________________________________

31.2

Immune System (p.945): _________________________________________________________

Skin:

        First line of _____________!

        What do the oil glands do? __________________________________________________

        How do we heal? What are the steps from a cut until it is healed?

                1. Cut            2. Bleed     3. __________________
                4._____________________ 5. ________________________________________
                6. Scab falls off

        What is the purpose of a scab?

White Blood Cells (p.946-947):

        What is the MAIN job of the white blood cells?_________________________________

        Phagocytes- Macrophage: __________________________________________________

        Antibodies:______________________________________________________________

                         Attach to antigens

31.3 (p. 951)

Antigens:__________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________________

Memory Cells:_______________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________

31.4

Antibiotics:________________________________________________________________________________

        What is antibiotic resistance?(p. 955)___________________________________________________________

        Will antibiotics work on viruses?________________

                 Antibiotics are overused and over prescribed!

Vaccine (p. 956):____________________________________________________________________________________

        Will a vaccine treat someone who is ALREADY infected with the disease?___________

        What is in a vaccine?__________________________________________________________________________

                 vaccines produce memory cells that will prevent you from becoming sick. They create immunity!

31.6

HIV/AIDS:

        What type of cell does it destroy?

        What does AIDS do to the immune System? ______________________________________

Nervous System

Central Nervous System (p. 875):

                 Interneurons (p.877):
                      o Where do they transmit signals to?

Peripheral Nervous System (p.875):

                 Sensory Neurons (p. 877):

                        o   Where do they transmit signals to?

                 Motor Neurons (p.877):

                        o   Where do they transmit signals to?

Circulatory System

Arteries (p. 913):

Veins (p. 913):

Capillaries (p. 913):

        Which one of these is where gas and nutrient exchange occur?____________________________

What type of cell transports Oxygen? (p. 915)_________________________________________________

				
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