TBG17 Harmonization

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                 UN/CEFACT Standards Development
                       Advisory Team (CSDAT)
                  Findings and Recommendations
                            August 2010

CSDAT Aug 2010

     Provide a framework for all UN/CEFACT
     deliverables that will help both internal
     UN/CEFACT working groups and external
     UN/CEFACT standards users to understand how
     the collection of UN/CEFACT deliverables work
     together to contribute to the UN/CEFACT trade
     facilitation mission.

CSDAT Aug 2010                                   2

 Get UN/CEFACT deliverables through our
 organization to the users as fast and as effective
 as possible.

  Developed ten specific questions/focus areas
  and investigated and documented each of the
  ten. These focus areas are linked and are each
  critical to the framework.
CSDAT Aug 2010                                     3

        Ten focus areas:
                 1.    Mission and Architecture
                 2.    Audience
                 3.    Relationship with other organizations
                 4.    Standard development approaches
                 5.    Interoperability
                 6.    Re-use
                 7.    Main principles of a standards framework
                 8.    Technologies used for standards development
                 9.    Deliverables and their interdependencies
                 10.   UN/CEFACT Programme Of Work (PoW) – tying it all

CSDAT Aug 2010
                                                                                 CSDAT – Focus 1

    UN/CEFACT Mission taken from PoW
       The United Nations, through UN/CEFACT, supports activities dedicated to improving the ability of business, trade
       and administrative organizations, from developed, developing and transitional economies, to exchange products
       and relevant services effectively. Principal focus is on facilitating national and international transactions, through
       the simplification and harmonisation of processes, procedures and information flows, and so contribute to the
       growth of global commerce. This is achieved by:

           Analysing and understanding the key elements of international processes, procedures and transactions and
            working for the elimination of constraints;

           Developing methods to facilitate processes, procedures and transactions, including the relevant use of
            information technologies;

           Promoting both the use of these methods, and associated best practices, through channels such as
            government, industry and service associations;

           Coordinating its work with other international organizations such as the WTO, WCO, OECD, UNCITRAL,
            and UNCTAD;

           Securing coherence in the development of Standards and Recommendations by co-operating with other
            interested parties, including international, intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations. In
            particular, for UN/CEFACT Standards, this coherence is accomplished by cooperating with ISO, IEC, ITU,
            NGOs in the ISO/IEC/ITU/UNECE MoU
CSDAT Aug 2010
                                                        CSDAT – Focus 1

       Any future UN/CEFACT Technical Architecture*
       should support the UN/CEFACT Mission by:

         enabling a better understanding of how UN/CEFACT produces
          its deliverables in support of trade facilitation

         defining the relationship between the technical and business
          aspects of the UN/CEFACT body of work

         defining the inter-dependencies between UN/CEFACT
          Technical Specifications

        * An enduring framework of technical standards and procedures that
             enables participants to fulfill the mission of UN/CEFACT.
CSDAT Aug 2010
                                                            CSDAT – Focus 2

       UN/CEFACT Audiences
            The requesters:
                Users, any person/company who has a specific requirement. They can participate
                 directly in the work of a TBG
                HODs, could receive requirements from national policy makers or user
                 associations or specific users.
                UN/CEFACT plenary receive requirements from HODs and sometimes from
                 UN/ECE (mainly policy)
                SDOs could submit their own ‘standards” to become part of the UN/CEFACT

            The beneficiaries:
                Users can implement the UN/CEFACT standards
                HODs can help the policy makers (or user association or specific user) by
                 providing them with UN/CEFACT standards
                UN/CEFACT accomplishes its mission and satisfies UN/ECE requirements
                SDOs can benefit from the fast track of some of their ‘standards” as UN/CEFACT
CSDAT Aug 2010   standards
                                                         CSDAT – Focus 2



                                                                Our Beneficiaries
                 HODs           The       and Delivery
  National                                                                         Users
   Policy                                                    Users
                 UNECE        SDOs
                                          UN/CEFACT           The
                                          Publications      Plenary
             Our Requesters
                                        the “Provider”
CSDAT Aug 2010
                                           CSDAT – Focus 3

    Different Types of Relationships with other Organizations

    1. Contributors to UN/CEFACT Forum (26 identified)
    2. Participating member of eb Management MoU
       (UNECE, ITU, ISO, IEC + 2 cosignatories)
    3. Other MoUs (via UNECE)
    4. Informal relationships/liaison (at least 8 identified)
    5. Potential future relationships (at least 15 identified)

CSDAT Aug 2010
                                                        CSDAT – Focus 4

    Standards development approaches
       Development of standards to support trade facilitation for
       organizations of any size, anywhere to conduct business
       through the exchange of electronic messages:

                 • according to standard business processes

                 • using standard message structures

                 • with clear unambiguous business semantics

                 • according to trading partner agreements

CSDAT Aug 2010
                                                  CSDAT – Focus 4

  4 Semantic Approaches identified including these extremes:
   Subsetting (Current UN/CEFACT Approach):

                 Business    Business                        Subset A
   union          Domain      Domain        Generic
                     A           B          standard
    B                                                      Subset   Subset
                                                             B        C

                                                           Exten-   Exten-
                                                           sion A   sion B
     A            Business      Business
intersection       Domain        Domain
                                           Core Standard
     B                A             B                      Core Standard

CSDAT Aug 2010
                                                              CSDAT – Focus 4

  Process Orientated Approach
           •     Caring about choreographies - the interactions between business partners
           •     There may be different documents of the same type when used in different
                 business collaboration protocols
           •     UN/CEFACT proposes deployment of the UMM to specify a choreography of
                 document exchanges
           •     The definition of choreographies may be developed by
                  Governments and legislators
                  Industry consortia
                  Supply chain leaders
                  Software vendors
                  Individual companies
                  etc…
           •     Additionally, UN/CEFACT delivers reference models proposing business
                 collaboration protocol - i.e. a choreography amongst the business transactions

CSDAT Aug 2010
                                                CSDAT – Focus 5


         EUROPEAN eGOVERNMENT SERVICES’ (EIF) definition of

         ”the ability of information and communication technology (ICT)
         systems and of the business processes they support to exchange
         data and to enable the sharing of information and knowledge.”

CSDAT Aug 2010
                                    CSDAT – Focus 5

      Interoperability – 5 Dimensions

CSDAT Aug 2010
                                                       CSDAT – Focus 6


          The benefits of reuse are:
                    Interoperability
                    Maximizes resources
                    Faster implementations
                    Reduction of costly variance
          Requirements for successful reuse:
                    Agreed methodology
                    Harmonization – at all levels
                    A restriction mechanism
                    ‘How to’ guides/recommendations

CSDAT Aug 2010
                                                        CSDAT – Focus 6

    Reusability is both advisable and beneficial for:

          BRS – harmonized, conceptual business process and data models

          RSM – harmonized data and message models

          Libraries
                Syntax-neutral to support interoperability between syntaxes, semantics
                 & contexts
                To reduce resource requirements, variance and ambiguity
                Syntax-specific messages to provide interoperability at the data
                 (semantic) level
                Implementation Guides to provide interoperability between subsets of
                 the same parent message structure

CSDAT Aug 2010
                                                      CSDAT – Focus 7

  Main principles of a standards framework
  (gathered from UN, ISO and WTO)
        Consensus
        Voluntary
        Transparency
        Openness
        Impartiality
        Support for developing economies
        Coherence
        Syntax Neutrality
        Platform Independence
        Open access (free) to the solution
        Maintainability (versioning for each deliverable)
        Backward and forward compatibility (regarding different versions)
        Industry wide

CSDAT Aug 2010
                                                    CSDAT – Focus 8

    Tools & Technologies used for standards
         • For Publication:
            • Identification of syntax(es) for publications
            • Do we want to have a visual graphical representation of
               certain deliverables?
            • Access technologies – registry etc.
         • For Working:
            • Communication tools such as web conferencing
            • Specification support tools such as modelling tools

CSDAT Aug 2010
                                                                     CSDAT – Focus 9

    Deliverables and their interdependencies
          In order to encourage widest implementation and to provide migration paths for SDOs and other
           users, UN/CEFACT deliverables should be published as consistent integrated packages
           including components as appropriate in each case from the following list:
                    Reference Models (Process and or Data Models)
                    Data Types
                    Core Components
                    Context Values
                    Business Information Entities
                    Code Lists
                    Messages
                    Trade Recommendations
                    Libraries (CCL, UN/EDIFACT, UNTDED)
                    Guidelines
                    Case Studies
                    Technical Specifications
          Each UN/CEFACT package should indicate any internal or external dependencies
          UN/CEFACT packages should be versioned following proven standard software paradigms
          UN/CEFACT should provide road maps for package adoption

CSDAT Aug 2010
                                                    CSDAT – Focus 10

 UN/CEFACT Technical Specifications - how they fit together – Initial Analysis

    A) UMM 1.0 Package                              B) UMM 2.0 Package
    •     UMM 1.0 Base Module                       •   UMM 2.0 Base Module
    •     UMM 1.0 Foundation Module                 •   UMM 2.0 Foundation Module

    C) CCTS 2.01 Package                            D) CCTS 3.0 Package
         CCTS 2.01 (ISO TS 15000-5/ebXML Part 8)   •   CCTS 3.0
         CCMA                                      •   XML NDRs v3.0
         XML NDRs v. 2.0                           •   DT Catalog
         DT Catalog                                •   UCM
         UCM                                       •   XML4CCTS
         XML4CCTS                                  •   SBDH
         SBDH

CSDAT Aug 2010
                                                 CSDAT – Focus 10

    UN/CEFACT PoW Promised Key Deliverables
         Single Window data harmonization and data modelling
         Capacity building materials especially for countries in
         International symposium on Single Window and Cross
          Border Data Exchange in collaboration with Member States
          and other stakeholders, including international organizations
         Enhanced cooperation with the European Union and the
          Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)
         Enhancement and refinement of CCL & related XML
         Collaboration with WTO

CSDAT Aug 2010
                                                                                CSDAT – Focus 10

    POW Tying it all Together - Priorities
      There are 37 individually deliverables identified in the UN/CEFACT PoW
      While there are only 2 direct dependencies on the UN/CEFACT Tech Specs
       the UN/CEFACT Technical Specifications are the primary enablers of the
       TBG work and therefore support the following 2 specific items:
    These are:
        Deliverable   Name                                                  Tech Spec          Other Dependency

          1.2.1         An integrated and detailed process and data model   UMM                CCL & ISCM
                        of the international supply chain                   CCTS               TBG WGs 1, 3, 4, 5, 8, 13, 14,
                                                                            CCMA               17, 18, 19

          2.1.1         New standards and recommendations in response       UMM, CCTS, CCMA,   CCL, UNTDED and UNTDID
                        to the needs of member States and the business      UCM, SBDH,         (EDIFACT Directories)
                                                                            EDIFACT Syntax ,
                                                                            XML NDRs

CSDAT Aug 2010

This review determined that UN/CEFACT requires a well-defined technical
architecture in order to successfully complete its Mission.
Initial Recommendations
       Determine the needs of the stakeholders (UN/CEFACT beneficiaries) following
         the eBGT advised approach
       Change management is important and the impact on the UN/CEFACT audience
         must be considered for any change made
       Further define the dependency packages beyond this initial effort and relate them
         to the interoperability layers
       Develop a reuse methodology which supports harmonization at all levels and
         provides a restriction mechanism
       Agree on a single semantic approach
       Further investigation to show the relevance and the interdependencies of these
         findings within the framework
       The use of open standards that are universally and freely available
       Investigate potential relationships and formalize informal relationships with other
CSDAT Aug 2010                                                                           23

                    Contributors
                               Alain Dechamps
                               Christian Huemer
                               Eduardo Gutentag
                               Jostein Fromyr
                               Martin Forsberg
                               Mary Kay Blantz
                               Niki Sahling
                               Peter Potgieser
                               Philipp Liegl
                               Scott Hinkelman
                               Sue Probert
CSDAT Aug 2010

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