MLA Seventh Edition by ajizai

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									      Requirements for EHS MLA
           Research Paper
   It is a research paper that
    you write with
    information you collect
    from several sources.
   You write it by following
    MLA rules.
   You are not allowed to
    use first person – “I” or
    second person – “you.”
What is the MLA?
MLA stands for Modern Language Association.
It is a group that was created in 1883, and it is
made up of teachers and researchers who
establish rules for writing formal papers.
Why should you follow MLA
         rules?
      Following these rules lets the
       readers of your paper
       immediately see where you
       found each fact.
      Following these rules makes it
       easy for people to read your
       paper.
      Following these rules keeps
       you from getting into trouble
       for plagiarizing.
What is plagiarism?
      It is a crime that occurs if you write
       someone else’s ideas without
       giving that person credit.
      It is stealing someone else’s work.
      It can result in an “F” on the paper,
       an “F” for the semester, or even
       possible suspension.
                   Don’t do it!!!!
    View a Sample MLA Paper

http://dianahacker.com/pdfs/Hacker-Daly-
MLA.pdf
The MLA style for papers has
two parts.

 1.   In-text or
      parenthetical
      citations
 2.   A works cited
      page
What are in-text and
parenthetical citations?
         They are how you show where you got
          your information. You may state this
          directly in text: “According the movie
          The Crucible,…” or inside parentheses
          (The Crucible) on each page of the
          body of your paper.
         This information tells readers where to
          look on the last page of your paper to
          learn where you got your information.
         The last page of your paper is called a
          Works Cited page.
When should you use citations?

            1. Use them when you
              quote any words that
              are not your own.
               (Quote means to copy
               information from a
               source, word for word,
               using quotation marks.)
When should you use citations?
(continued)
       2.   Use them when you summarize
            facts and ideas from a source.
             Summarize means to read one or more
              paragraphs and then write the main ideas,
              using your own words.
       3.   Use them when you paraphrase a
            source.
             Paraphrase means to use the ideas
              from sentences or a paragraph from
              another source but change the words to
              make them sound like the way you write.
Remember to use citations for
three reasons.

            1.   To quote
            2.   To summarize
            3.   To paraphrase
            Even if you use none of the same
            words as the source, you must still
            cite it in order to give the author
            credit for the ideas you are using.
What does it mean to cite a
source?
   It means to use
an in-text or
parenthetical
citation and then
put publication
information in an
entry on the Works
Cited page.
      What is on a Works Cited page?

   The page has a complete list of every
    source that you got facts, ideas, or
    quotes from to create your paper. If you
    did not think it up, it must have come
    from a source.
   It has all the information necessary for
    someone else to find the same sources
    you used.

   It makes it possible for someone else to check that
    everything you have written came from an expert.
A Sample Works Cited Page
  What does a quote look like in
  a research paper?
   Here is an example:
   Washington Irving made his story scary when he
wrote, “The swamp was thickly grown with great
gloomy pines and hemlocks, some of them ninety
feet high; which made it dark at noonday, and a
retreat for all the owls of the neighborhood” (Irving)
Notice that the quote is introduced with a few words, a
comma, and opening quotation marks. The period goes
after the parenthetical citation, not before or
immediately after the closing quotation marks.
What does the (Irving) mean?
  (Irving) is a parenthetical citation telling
the reader that someone named Irving is
the author of the quote.
 It tells the reader what to look for on the
Works Cited page (the last page) of the
paper if the reader wants to read more
from Irving’s work.
Okay, I want to read more from Irving.
How do I find the source of his quote?


 1.   Go to the Works Cited page (last
      page) of the paper.
 2.   Look for Irving’s name hanging out on
      the left side of the paper.
 3.   All of the sources used in the paper
      are in alphabetical order.
 4.   Look for Irving.
   Looking for Irving on a Sample
         Works Cited Page
                   Works Cited
Irving, Washington. “The Devil and Tom Walker.”
     About.com. Web. 4 Dec. 2006.
Warner, Charles. Washington Irving. Whitefish:
     Kessinger, 2004. Print.
IMPORTANT: The author’s last name hangs over the
publishing information, so readers can easily find
authors. The top example is a story by Washington
Irving. The bottom example is a book about
Washington Irving. See why following MLA rules is
important to avoid confusion?
    More about the Importance of
            MLA Rules
   Each rule has a useful purpose. When readers see
    italics used in a parenthetical citation, they know that
    the source is either a source like a movie or a book
    with no known author. They know this because
    authors’ names are not italicized.
   The formatting rules about punctuation, spacing, and
    capitalization let readers easily see whether the
    parenthetical citation is referring to a person or a title.
   The rules let readers easily find an author or work by
    an unknown author because entries on the works
    cited page are in alphabetical order.
     Matching Citations and Works Cited
         Entries : Some Examples

   Combination In-text/Parenthetical Citation for
    a Book
    According to Harper Lee, Dill’s new father was a
    lawyer like Atticus (116).
   Parenthetical Citation for the Same Book
     Dill’s new father was a lawyer like Atticus (Lee 116).
   Works Cited Entry for the Same Book
    Lee, Harper. To Kill a Mockingbird. New York:

         Warner, 1982. Print.
    Matching Citations and Works Cited
           Entries (continued)
   Combination In-text/Parenthetical Citation for a Work in an
    Anthology — a book (like some textbooks) with a collection of
    works written by different authors
       According to Anita Desai, …. (251-73).
   Parenthetical Citation for a Work in an Anthology
    (Desai   251-73).

Note: In the parentheses, use just the page numbers where each quote or
   paraphrase was found.

   Matching Works Cited Entry the same Work in an Anthology

Desai, Anita. “Scholar and Gypsy.” The Oxford Book of Travel Stories. Ed.

    Patricia Craig. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1996. 251-73. Print.
Matching Citations and Works
  Cited Entries (continued)
 To find how to do works cited entries for other
 sources, go to easybib.com. Click on the type
 of source you are citing. Type in required
 information. Remember that if you do not
 know what you are doing, check your resulting
 Easy Bib citation by comparing it to a drop-
 down box example on Diana Hacker’s site at

 http://www.dianahacker.com/resdoc/p04_c08_
 s2.html
              How to Use a Quote That Is
               Four or More Lines Long
       Introduce the quote with a complete sentence ending with a
    colon. Indent the entire quote. Do not use quotation marks. Put a
    period before the citation.
Irving creates a scary story by describing a thick and dark forest which represents
greed and evil:
        The swamp was thickly grown with great gloomy pines and hemlocks,
         some of them ninety feet high; which made it dark at noonday, and a
         retreat for all the owls of the neighborhood. It was full of pits and
         quagmires, partly covered with weeds and mosses; where the green
         surface often betrayed the traveler into a gulf of black smothering mud;
         there were also dark and stagnant pools, the abodes of the tadpole, the
         bull-frog, and the water snake, and where trunks of pines and hemlocks
         lay half drowned, half rotting, looking like alligators, sleeping in the mire.
         (Irving)
Let’s look closely at how a long
quote is introduced.
  Irving creates a scary setting
when he describes a thick and
dark forest which represents
greed and evil
It is introduced with a sentence ending with
a colon
Let’s look at how the quote itself
is formatted.
 The entire quote is indented.
 No quotation marks are used!!!
 A period appears immediately after the quote.
 The parenthetical citation appears last.
      Look at the long quote again.
    Irving creates a scary setting by describing a thick and dark
forest which represents greed and evil                Intro. ends
                                                        with colon.
   The swamp was thickly grown with great gloomy pines and
   hemlocks, some of them ninety feet high; which made it dark at
   noonday, and a retreat for all the owls of the neighborhood. It was
   full of pits and quagmires, partly covered with weeds and mosses;
   where the green surface often betrayed the traveler into a gulf of
   black smothering mud; there were also dark and stagnant pools,
   the abodes of the tadpole, the bull-frog, and the water snake, and
   where trunks of pines and hemlocks lay half drowned, half
   rotting, looking like alligators, sleeping in the mire. (Irving)

        Quote is indented. No quotation marks. Citation is last.
 Sources for This PowerPoint
This PowerPoint was created from materials from Diana
Hacker’s Web site and the online writing lab at Purdue:
http://www.dianahacker.com/resdoc/p04_
c08_s2.html
http://owl.english.purdue.edu/

								
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