Internet Searching Ideas and Tips by P83R4KN

VIEWS: 2 PAGES: 43

									          Internet Searching


                 Jane Ellen Innes
             Cleary University Library
               jeinnes@cleary.edu




4/26/10                                  1
What we are covering
 What is research?
 Critical thinking
 Internet searching (search engines,
  strategies, tips)
 Cleary’s proprietary databases
     Proquest, Lexis/Nexis/Mel
     Others
 Evaluating information

4/26/10                                 2
What is Research?
 Primary versus secondary research
 Writing process stage 2: collecting
 How does research benefit your papers?
             Credibility
             Professionalism
 Where to begin




4/26/10                                    3
Critical Thinking
 What is critical thinking and why is it
     important?

 Critical Thinking
   Taking what you know, combining with what you
     learn to reach new conclusion
 Start with broad concepts and narrow




4/26/10                                             4
 Better searching with critical
 thinking
 Who is interested in what you are looking for?
 Learn about your topic as you search
    Get information from search summaries

 Increase your topic specific vocabulary as you
    search




 4/26/10                                           5
Topic Worksheet
 Topic Worksheet
             Created by Joe Barker, Teaching Library, UC Berkeley

 Use search engines to increase your
     vocabulary on your topic. Take the
     information you learn from general
     Internet searches and search the Cleary
     Online Library.




4/26/10                                                              6
Searching


          Internet Searching

           Search Engines




4/26/10                        7
What are Search Engines?
 Large databases
 Full text of web pages
             Use keywords matching words in pages you want

 Built by computer robot programs
             No selectivity, no evaluation for reliability

 Each is different - Minimal standardization
             All accept “quotes” to search as phrase
             Good ones assume AND between words



4/26/10                                                       8
How do you measure a
search engine’s value?
1.        Size, freshness & unique pages
             How comprehensive are they?
2.        Ranking of results
             What order are results displayed in?

3.        Default search mode effectiveness
             Intuitive and easy to use?

4.        Advanced search options
             Can you perform complex searches
             Can you limit by date, type of site, etc?
5.        Overall convenience and usefulness
             Do you get junk or good stuff?

4/26/10                                                   9
How to get the best results
from search engines
 Match words in pages - FULL TEXT

 Be as specific as you can
    search on distinctive words - fallujah
    put “phrases in quotes” “collateral damage”
    scan your question for good search terms


 Start with one or two words or phrases
    add as needed to focus results



4/26/10                                            10
          BOOLEAN SEARCHING




               Search Engine        Means What?
                Commands

               AND (+) Must include all terms

                NOT (-)        Must exclude term/s

                “[topic          In quotes - must
               phrase]”        include exact phrase
                  OR             Match any terms
4/26/10                                               11
Compare Search Engines
 http://CompareSearchEngines.dogpile.com

 Jux2: Compare Google, Yahoo, and MSN with One Search
     www.jux2.com

 Thumb Shots.com ~
     http://ranking.thumbshots.com/

 TwinGine ~ http://TwinGine.com



4/26/10                                                  12
Get a second opinion
 Statistics say no search engine has it all

             Only about 60% of pages in Google are also
              in other search engines
             Only 50% of pages in any search engine
              database are also found in all others

 Use another large search engine
   Comparison site: Search Engine Showdown



4/26/10                                                    13
 Alternative beyond Google
 AskX (http://www.askx.com)

 Search the Web 2.0 (www.searchtheweb2.com)

 Exalead (http://www.exalead.com)




 4/26/10                                  14
Q and A Services
 http://answers.com
 http://qna.live.com
 http://askville.ask.com
             Use with caution
             Some are more reliable than others




4/26/10                                            15
NationMaster.com
StateMaster.com
 Source for state, national and international
    statistics
 Cool tool for presenting graphical information

 Data from WHO, World Ban, CIA World
    Factbook, World Resources Institute, etc.
 http://www.nationmaster.com

 http://www.statemaster.com




4/26/10                                            16
Scholarly Sources
 Some resources require fees – good for
     reviewing reference lists of similar topics

 Google Scholar
             http://scholar.google.com/




4/26/10                                            17
Cleary Online Libraries
 Login information
 Databases and focus areas
             Proquest
                  Basic search, topic search, publication search
             Lexis Nexis
             MeL
             Other, topic specific databases



4/26/10                                                             18
Off Campus Information Gateway




    1st Initial 1st Name
  Up to 10 letters of your             cleary plus
         last name                2 digit birth month +
 Last 3 Digits Student ID #          2 digit birthday
 CANNOT BE CHANGED
                                (example: Dec 9 is yo
                              birthday then cleary120
                                     your password


 4/26/10                                       19
Cleary Online Library
databases




4/26/10                 20
Additional Resources
 Cleary Research Wiki
             http://resources.cleary.edu
 Cleary Library Blog
             http://clearylibrarian.wordpress.com
 NoodleTools
             http://www.noodletools.com




4/26/10                                              21
4/26/10   22
  Lexis Nexis




4/26/10         23
  MeL




4/26/10   24
  Market Research




4/26/10             25
  Hoovers




4/26/10     26
  CountryWatch




4/26/10          27
  NetLibrary




4/26/10        28
Remember
 Check the Cleary Research Wiki for
  information on conducting research
 The more you research, the better you
  get at it
 Be patient and don’t always assume that
  the FIRST article you find is the best.




4/26/10                                     29
EVALUATING INFORMATION
If you are using material that you’ve found
via the Cleary Library, there is no need for
further evaluation.

If you’ve found some great information on
the Internet . . . You need to investigate a
little further. . .



4/26/10                                        30
Evaluating Information
 Why Evaluate What You Find on the Web?
             Anyone can put up a Web page

               about anything  for pennies  in minutes
             Many pages not kept up-to-date
             No quality control




4/26/10                                                     31
 Evaluating Information

 Wikipedia: Good place to start but NOT a
    definitive source.
          DO NOT cite in your reference list
 Citizendium (signed Wiki)
          http://en.citizendium.org/wiki/Main_Page




 4/26/10                                              32
Ask yourself
 Credentials for the subject matter ?
   “About us” “Philosophy” “Background”
    “Biography”
 Is it recent or current enough ?
    Look for “last updated” date - usually at bottom

 Why it the page put on the Web?
      Inform, explain, persuade, sell, entice, share,

       disclose?
      Parody or satire?

 Is it appropriate for your purpose?


4/26/10                                                  33
          5 CRITERIA


            For Evaluating Websites



4/26/10                               34
What are they?
      1.   Accuracy of Site
      2.   Authority of Site
      3.   Objectivity of Site
      4.   Currency of Site
      5.   Coverage of Site




4/26/10                          35
ACCURACY
 Who wrote it?
 Why did s/he write it?
 Was the person actually qualified to write it?

             Make sure author provides e-mail or a contact
              address/phone number.

             Know the distinction between author and Webmaster.




4/26/10                                                            36
AUTHORITY
 Who published the document? Different from
  "Webmaster?"
 Check the domain of the document, Does the
  publisher list qualifications?

             What credentials are listed for the authors?

             Where is the document published? Check URL domain.




4/26/10                                                        37
OBJECTIVITY
 What are the goals/objectives of the site?
 How detailed is the information?
 What opinions (if any) are expressed by the
     author?

             Determine if page is a mask for advertising

             View any Web page as you would a TV infommercial.
              Purpose and audience.




4/26/10                                                           38
CURRENCY
 When was it created?
 When was it updated?
 Are the links up-to-date?

             How many dead links are on the page?

             Are the links current or updated regularly?

             Is the information on the page outdated?




4/26/10                                                     39
COVERAGE
 Are the links evaluated and are they relevant?
 All images or a balance of text and images?
 Is the information presented cited correctly?

             If page requires special software to view the information, how much
              are you missing if you don't have the software?

             Is it free or is there a fee, to obtain the information?

             Is there an option for text only, or frames, or a suggested browser for
              better viewing?




4/26/10                                                                                 40
Does is all add up?


 Does the web page meet your needs?
 Remember to determine audience and
     purpose

Evaluate sample sites




4/26/10                                41
    Remember

         You will rarely find an article that is
          exactly on your topic.

         Learn to use the information you have
          to make your point.




    4/26/10                                         42
Finally


          Use the information you have at hand to
           find more information – look at URLs,
           references to additional articles,
           statistics.
          Research will take more time than you
           think. Plan ahead!


**

04/26/10                                           43

								
To top