Chapter 18 - PowerPoint 2 by OF6eor4

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									Chapter 18
 Family Stress
              The Family

 Set of intimate and personal relationships
 Can be legal or extralegal
 This chapter covers only nuclear and
  extended families
        Needs Satisfied by
           the Family
 Function of family
   – Governs reproduction and child-rearing
   – Provides economic support
   – Meets emotional needs


          Not all families function as described
        The Effective Family

    Jane Howard (1978) observed the
     following effective characteristics:
    1. They have a chief
    2. They have a switchboard operator
    3. Members have relationships both inside
       and outside the family
    4. They are hospitable
    5. They deal squarely with direness
The Effective Family, cont’d

    Jane Howard (1978) observed the
     following effective characteristics, cont’d:
    6. They prize rituals
    7. They are affectionate
    8. They have a sense of place
    9. They connect with posterity
    10. They honor their elders
     The Changing Family

 About 55% of the adult U.S. population is
  married
 About 22% of those 25 to 34 years old have
  never been married
 Almost 10% of adults are divorced
     Types of Households

 Marriage
 Cohabitation
 Divorce
 Single-parent families
 Gay and lesbian families
          Family Stressors

 Dual-career family
 Children
 Family planning
 Adoption
  – Closed adoptions: no contact with birth parents
  – Open adoptions: contact with birth parents
   Family Stressors, cont’d

 Mobility: family members may be scattered
 Violence
  – Child abuse
  – Domestic abuse
 Financial stressors
A Model of Family Stress
The model in Figure 18.3 illustrates stressors
that occur both within the family and outside
                 the family
            Interventions

 Life-situation interventions
 Financial stress interventions
 Perception interventions
 Emotional arousal interventions
 Physiological interventions
Chapter 18
 Family Stress

								
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