Documents
Resources
Learning Center
Upload
Plans & pricing Sign in
Sign Out

How to Plant Ginger Complete Culture

VIEWS: 54 PAGES: 16

How to Plant Ginger Complete Culture

More Info
  • pg 1
									How to Plant Ginger Complete Culture




1. A BRIEF HISTORY

Ginger is a medicinal plant in the form of quasi-trunked clump. Ginger comes from the Asia
Pacific region which spread from India to China. Therefore these two nations is touted as
the nation's first use of ginger as an ingredient, especially beverages, spices and traditional
medicines. Ginger is included in the tribe-finding (Zingiberaceae), a family with one between
the other findings such as meeting buffoonery (Cucuma xanthorrizha), black meeting
(Curcuma aeruginosa), turmeric (Curcuma domestica), kencur (Kaempferia galanga),
galangal (Languas galanga ) and others. Major areas include ginger ginger (Aceh), beeuing
(Gayo), bahing (Batak Karo), sipodeh (Minangkabau), jahi (Lampung), ginger (Sunda), Jae
(Java and Bali), jhai (Madura), Melito ( Gorontalo), geraka (Ternate), etc..

2. PLANT DESCRIPTION

2.1 Classification



  Division: Spermatophyta

  Sub-division: Angiospermae
  Class: Monocotyledoneae

  Order: Zingiberales

  Family: Zingiberaceae

  Genus: Zingiber

  Species: Zingiber officinale



2.2 Description.

Terna trunked false, height 30 cm to 1 m, the roots when cut yellow or orange. Leaves
narrow, length 15-23 mm, width 8-15 mm; hairy petiole, length 2-4 mm; aloe leaf shape
elongated, length 7.5 to 10 mm, and not hairy; sheath rather hairy. Inflorescence a panicle
protruding surface soil, egg-shaped rod or round the narrow, 2.75 - 3 times its width, very
sharp; panicle length from 3.5 - 5 cm, width 1.5 to 1.75 cm pedicle almost hairless , 25 cm
long, hairy rahis rare; scales on the handle there are 5-7 pieces, lancet-shaped, located
adjacent to or meeting, almost hairless, the length scales of 3-5 cm; leaf inverted egg
protector circular, rounded at the ends, not hairy , bright green, length 2.5 cm, width from 1
to 1.75 cm tubular petals 2 to 2.5 cm, strand rather narrow, sharp-shaped, yellow-green,
length 1.5 to 2.5 mm , width of 3 - 3.5 mm, lips purple, dark, mottled yellowish-white, length
12-15 mm; purple anthers, length 9 mm; stalk pistil 2

2.3 Crops

Ginger can be divided into three types based on size, shape and color of the rhizome.
Commonly known three varieties of ginger, namely:

1. Ginger white / yellow big or also called ginger ginger elephant or rhinoceros: rhizome
bigger and fatter, more bloated rhizome sections of the two other varieties. Type ginger bias
current consumed both young and old-age, either as fresh ginger or ginger preparations.

2. Ginger white / yellow small or also known as ginger or ginger Sunti CVD: ruasnya small,
rather flat to slightly convex. Ginger is always harvested after old age. Content of volatile
oils in ginger bigger than elephants, so it's more spicy, in addition to high fiber. Ginger is
suitable for herbs, or to extract oleoresin and volatile oils.

3. Ginger red: red rhizomes and smaller than the small white ginger. the same as a small
ginger, red ginger always harvested after the elderly, and also contains essential oils with a
small ginger, making it suitable for herbs.

3. BENEFIT PLANT
Ginger can be used as seasoning, flavor concentrates and flavors in foods such as bread,
cakes, biscuits, confectionery and berbagai.minuman. Ginger can also be used in the drug
industry, perfume, traditional herbal medicine industry, processed into pickled ginger, made
pickles, salad, bandrek, sekoteng and syrup. Today, farmers use chilli ginger as a natural
pesticide. In a trade sale in the form of fresh ginger, dry ginger powder and ginger
preserves. Besides, there are processed ginger like: astiri and koresin oil obtained by
distillation useful as a mixer in alcoholic beverages, ice cream, sausage mixture, and others.

The pharmakologi benefits include a carminative (laxative fart), anti-vomiting, cramps
reliever, anti hardening of blood vessels, sweat bullets, anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial
and parasitic, anti-pyretic, anti-rheumatic, and stimulate spending gastric lymph and lymph
bile .

4. PLANTING CENTER

There are in all over Indonesia, planted in the garden and in the yard. At this ginger has
been widely cultivated in Australia, Sri Lanka, China, Egypt, Greece, India, Indonesia,
Jamaica, Japan, Mexico, Nigeria, Pakistan. Ginger from Jamaica has the highest quality,
while India is the largest producer of ginger, which is more than 50% of the total world
production of ginger.

5. GROWTH CONDITIONS

1. Climate

1. Ginger plants require relatively high rainfall, which is between 2500-4000 mm / year.

2. At the age of 2.5 to 7 months or more ginger plants need sunlight. In other words ginger
planting done in the open so it gets the sun all day.

3. The optimum air temperature for ginger cultivation between 20-35 ° C.

2. Growing Media

1. Ginger plants best suited planted on arable land, fertile and contains a lot of humus.

2. Good soil texture is sandy loam, sandy clay and soil laterik.

3. Ginger plants can be grown on soil acidity (pH) of approximately 4.3 to 7.4. However, soil
acidity (pH) for optimum elephant ginger is 6.8 to 7.0.

3. The Altitude

1. Ginger grows well in tropical and subtropical areas with an altitude of 0-2000 m asl ..

2. In Indonesia are generally planted at an altitude of 200-600 m above sea level.

6. GUIDELINES CULTIVATION
6.1. Nurseries

1. Requirements Seed: Seed quality is a qualified quality seeds genetic, physiological quality
(high percentage growth), and physical quality. What is meant by the physical quality of the
seeds that are free of pests and diseases. Therefore the criteria that must be met include:

1. Seed material is taken directly from the garden (not from market).

2. Selected materials from the seeds of plants that are old (aged 9-10 months).

3. Also selected from healthy plants and roots do not hurt the skin or blisters.

2. Seed Seeding Technique: For plant growth simultaneously or uniform, seedlings should
not be planted immediately should first germinated. Seed seeding can be done with wooden
crates or beds.

1. Seeding the crates: freshly harvested ginger rhizome is dried while (not to dryness), then
stored about 1-1.5 months. Break rhizomes by hand where each piece has 3-5 buds and
dried again 1/2-1 days. Further cuts would seeds packed into sacks beranyaman rarely, and
then dipped in a solution of fungicide and plant growth regulator for about 1 minute, then
drain. Once it is inserted into the wooden crate. Perform seeding method with wooden
crates as follows: at the bottom of the wooden coffin will be placed seed layer, then topped
with ash or rice husk, and so on so that the top is rice husk ash or such. After 2-4 weeks,
ginger seed has been sown.

2. Seeding on the bed: Create a simple seeding house measuring 10 x 8 m to plant 1 ton
(elephant ginger needs 1 ha). Seeding in the house is made of straw beds as thick as 10 cm.
Rhizome will be arranged on a bed of hay seeds then covered straw, and on it were the
rhizomes and given hay anyway, and so on, so we get 4 arrangement rhizome with the top
layer of straw. Seed treatments on the bed to do with watering every day and occasionally
sprayed with fungicides. After 2 weeks, usually rhizomes have sprouted. When the seeds
germinate selected so as not to carry low-quality seed .. Seed selection results dipatah-
break it by hand and each piece has 3-5 buds and weighs 40-60 grams.

3. Seed Preparation: Before planting, the seeds must be freed from the threat of disease by
seed is placed in a sack and dipped in a fungicide solution for about 8 hours. Then the seeds
are dried in the sun for 2-4 hours, then planted.

6.2. Media Processing Plant

1. Land Preparation: To obtain optimum yields to be aware of the conditions that plants
need to grow ginger. When the acidity of the soil that is not in accordance with the acidity
of the soil that plants need ginger, then it should be increased or decreased acidity with
lime.
2. Land Opening: Processing begins with the plowed soil depth less than 30 cm in order to
get loose soil conditions or crumbs and cleaning weeds. After it left the ground 2-4 weeks
for toxic gases evaporate and seedling diseases and pests will die in the sun. If at first tillage
felt not too loose, it can be tilling the second about 2-3 weeks before planting and also given
a dose of manure 1500-2500 kg.

3. Formation of beds: In areas with poor soil and water conditions as well as to encegah
occurrence of standing water, the soil should be made into beds-beds ith height 20-30 cm,
80-100 cm wide, while anjangnya adapted to land conditions.

4. Calcification: On the ground with a low pH, most of the nutrients in it, especially
phosphorus (P) and calcium (Ca) in the state are not available or difficult to absorb. Acidic
soil conditions may become media development some disease-causing fungus Fusarium and
Pythium sp sp. Liming also function adds a much needed element potassium plants to
harden the woody parts of plants, stimulates the formation of root hairs, strengthen cell
walls of fruits and stimulates the formation of seeds.

1. The degree of acidity <4 (most acidic): needs dolomite> 10 tonnes / ha.

2. The degree of acidity 5 (acid): dolomite needs 5.5 tons / ha.

3. The degree of acidity of 6 (slightly acidic): dolomite needs 0.8 tonnes / ha.

6.3. Planting techniques.

1. Pattern Determination Plants: ginger cultivation in monoculture on a particular area is
considered quite rational, because it can provide high-production and production. But in the
area, ginger cultivation in monoculture less acceptable because they always cause harm.
Planting ginger intercropped with other crops has the following advantages:

1. Reducing the harm caused price fluctuations.

2. Reduce the cost of labor, such as plant maintenance labor.

3. Improving land productivity.

4. Improved physical properties and preserve the land due to the low growth of weeds
(weeds). Practice in the field, there is ginger intercropped with vegetables, such as
cucumbers, red onion, chili pepper, beans and others. There are also intercropped with
crops, such as corn, peanuts and some other nuts.

2. Hole pembutan Cropping: To avoid an ugly ginger growth, because of poor soil water
conditions, the soil should be processed into beds-beds. Next create small holes or grooves
3 to 7.5 cm deep to plant the seeds.
3. Planting Method: How to planting is done by attaching the seed rhizomes are collapsed
into the planting hole or groove that had been prepared.

4. Planting Period: Planting ginger should be done at the beginning of the rainy season
around September and October. This is possible because the young plants will need enough
water for growth.

6.4. Plant Maintenance

1. Stitching: Approximately 2-3 weeks after planting, should be held to see a dead rhizomes.
If so should be implemented immediately in order to seed growth embroidery stitching was
not far behind with other plants, the rhizomes should be selected seeds of good and proper
maintenance.

2. Weeding: First weeding is done when the old ginger 2-4 weeks then followed 3-6 weeks.
Depending on the condition of vegetation growing. But after 6-7 month old ginger, should
not have done weeding again, because at that age the rhizomes start ..

3. Ginger Plants need soil air circulation and water can work well, then the land should be
digemburkan. Besides pembubunan goal to heap the ginger rhizome sometimes comes to
the surface. If the ginger plant is young, thin enough hoeing the soil around the clump with
a distance of approximately 30 cm. In the next month can be deepened and widened every
time pembubunan gubidan be shaped and formed as well as irrigation systems that serve to
channel the excess water. Pembumbunan first performed at the ginger plant-shaped clumps
consisting of 3-4 pseudo stem, generally pembubunan done 2-3 times over the life of the
ginger plant. However, depending on the soil conditions and the amount of rain.

4. Fertilization:

1. Organic Fertilizing: In organic farming does not use chemicals including fertilizers and
drugs, the organic fertilizer by using organic compost or manure to be more frequent
compared to when we use artificial fertilizers. The organic compost fertilizer at the
beginning of the planting is done during the making of ridges as basal fertilizer as much as
60-80 tons per acre are stocked and mixed soil processed. To save the use of compost can
also be done by way of filling each planting hole at the beginning of the planting of 0.5 - 1kg
per plant. Fertilizer subsequent insertions performed at the age of 2-3 months, 4-6 months
and 8-10 months. The insertion of fertilizers as 2-3 kg per plant. Provision of compost is
usually done after weeding activities and with activities pembubunan.

2. Conventional Fertilization: In addition to basic fertilizer (early planting), ginger plant
fertilizer should be given a second follow-up (at 2-4 months after planting). Basic fertilizer
used is organic fertilizer 15-20 tons / ha. Fertilizing the second stage used manure and
artificial fertilizer (urea 20 g / tree; TSP 10 grams / trees and ZK 10 grams / tree), and K2O
(112 kg / ha) at the 4 month old plants. Fertilization is also done with nitrogen fertilizer (60
kg / ha), P2O5 (50 kg / ha) and K2O (75 kg / ha). Fertilizer P is given at the beginning of
planting, fertilizer N and K are given at the beginning of planting (third dose) and the rest
(2/3 doses) given when the plants are 2 months and 4 months. Fertilizers to be spread
evenly around the plant or in the form of grooves and planted crops on the sidelines.

5. Irrigation and Watering: Ginger Plants do not require too much water to grow, but at the
beginning of the growing season planting cultivated early in the rainy season around
September;

6. Time Pesticide Spraying: Spraying pesticides should be done from the time of storage of
seeds for sowing and during maintenance. Spraying pesticides in the maintenance phase is
usually mixed with a liquid organic fertilizer or vitamins that encourage the growth of
ginger.

7. Pests and diseases

7.1. Pest

Pests of plants found in ginger are:

1. Ladybug, attacking the leaves of the plant until the holes.

2. Caterpillars bow roots, attacking the root of the ginger plant, causing the plant to become
dry ginger and die.

3. Beetle.

7.2. Disease

1. Wilt bakeri

o Symptoms: At first the lower leaf blade folding and rolling then the color changes from
green to yellow and dry up. Then shoots stems to rot and eventually fall off the plant. When
observed, the sick rhizome dark and a little rot, rhizome that will cut out the milky white
mucus until browned. The disease attacks the ginger plant at the age of 3-4 months and the
most influential factor is the cool temperatures, waterlogging and soil conditions are too
wet.

o Control:

§ ginger seed health insurance;

§ ginger plant quarantine affected by the disease;

§ control with good tillage;

§ control fungicide Dithane M-45 (0.25%), Bavistin (0.25%)
2. Rhizome rot disease

o The disease can enter the seed rhizomes of ginger through the wound. He will grow well
at temperatures 20-25 degrees C and continue to grow eventually cause the rhizomes to
rot.

o Symptoms: lower leaves that turn yellow and wilt and the plant eventually dies.

o Control:.

§ the use of healthy seedlings;

§ implementation of good cropping patterns;

§ the use of fungicides.

3. Leaf spot disease

o The disease can be spread by the wind, it will go through without any injuries or wounds.

o Symptoms: The leaf blotches measuring 3-5 mm, subsequent patches were gray and in the
middle there are black spots, while the edges of wet rot. Affected plants may die.

o Control: both prevention and spraying leaf spot disease as well as the ways described
above.

7.3. Weeds

Potential weeds in cropping meeting buffoonery is weed the garden include nut-grass,
reeds, Ageratum, and other broadleaf weeds.

7.4. Control of pests / diseases organically

In organic farming does not use harmful chemicals but with materials that are
environmentally friendly are usually carried out in an integrated early planting to avoid
pests and disease, known as IPM (Integrated Pest Management) whose components are as
follows:

1. Ensuring healthy plant growth is choosing a healthy seed free from pests and diseases
and resistant to pest attacks from the very start cropping

2. Make the most of natural enemies

3. Using improved varieties that are resistant to pests and diseases.

4. Using physical controls / mechanics is by human power.
5. Using the techniques of cultivating a good example by choosing intercropping cultivation
of plants that support each other, as well as crop rotation in each cropping period to break
the cycle of potential spread of pests and diseases.

6. The use of pesticides, insecticides, herbicides natural environmentally friendly and poses
no toxic residues in both ma harvested plant material and the soil. Besides, the use of this
material only in emergencies by cedar economic damage derived from observations.

Some plants can be used as a pesticide plant and used in pest control are:.

1. Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) a contact insecticide containing nicotine to a toxic fumigant
or stomach. Applications for small insects such as Aphids.

2. Piretrum (Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium) containing pyrethrin can be used as a
systemic insecticide that attacks the nerve center of the application by spray. Applications
on insects such as houseflies, mosquitoes, fleas, pests warehouses, and fruit flies.

class = "Apple-style-span" style = "font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif;"> 3. Tuba (Derris
elliptica and Derris malaccensis) containing rotenone to contact insecticides formulated in
the form of blowing and

spray.



4. Neem tree or neem (Azadirachta indica) containing azadirachtin which works quite
selective. Applications are particularly toxic to insects such as leafhoppers and insect pests
chewers like leaf roller (Cnaphalocrocis medinalis). This material is also effective to
overcome a virus attack RSV, GSV and Tungro.

5. Jicama (Pachyrrhizus erosus) the seeds contain the pakhirizida rotenoid that can be used
as an insecticide and larvacide.

6. Jeringau (Acorus Calamus), which contains the main components asaron rhizomes and is
usually used to poison insects and fungi exterminator and pest Callosobrocus warehouse.
8. HARVEST

1. Characteristics and Harvest: Harvesting is done depends on the use ginger itself. When
the need for food seasonings, then the ginger plant can be planted at the age of about 4
months by breaking some of the rhizome and the rest is left up to parents. If ginger for the
ginger marketed harvested after quite old. Age ginger plants that can be harvested between
10-12 months, with the characteristics of the leaves change color from green to yellow and
stem all dried up. Eg elephant ginger plants will dry up at the age of 8 months and will last
for 15 days or more.

2. How to Harvest: How a good harvest, the soil carefully unloaded using a fork or hoe,
sought not to hurt the ginger rhizome. Furthermore, soil and dirt attached to the rhizome is
cleaned and washed when necessary. After that dried ginger on the board or banana leaves
for about 1 week. Storage areas should be open, not humid and not too high accumulation
but rather scattered.

3. Harvest Period. : Time of harvest should be done before the rainy season, which is
between the months of June to August. When the harvest is usually marked by the top soil
dries. However, if it is not harvested during the dry season was the first year this should be
done during the dry season the following year. Harvesting during the rainy season caused
damage rhizome rhizome and lower quality with respect to the low active ingredients as
more water content.
4. Estimated Crop Production clones of fresh ginger rhizome elephants ranged from 15-25
tonnes / ha, while for CVD ginger or ginger clone Sunti ranged between 10-15 tonnes /
hectare.

9. Postharvest

1. Wet and Washing Sorting: Sorting on fresh ingredients made to separate the rhizomes of
impurities such as soil, crop residues and weeds. Once completed, weigh the amount of
material sorting results and place in a plastic container for washing. Washing is done with
water, if necessary, sprayed with high pressure water. Bilasannya water and observe if it still
looks dirty doing flushing once or twice more. Avoid washing too long to see the quality and
the active compound contained herein is not soluble in water. Use of river water should be
avoided for fear of contaminated dirt and a lot of bacteria / disease. After washing is
complete, drain the tray / container belubang-hole for the rest of the washing water is left
can be separated, and then place it in a plastic container / bucket.

2. Choped: If necessary perajangan process, done with stainless steel blades and line
material to be shredded with a cutting board. Choped rhizome done across a thickness of
about 5 mm - 7 mm. After perajangan, weigh the results and put it in a plastic container /
bucket. Choped can be done manually or with the mower.

3. Drying: Drying can be done in two ways, namely by sunlight or a heater / oven. dried
rhizome conducted over 3-5 days, or after the water level is below 8%. drying in the sun
done on a mat or frame dryer, make sure the roots are not mutually stacked. During the
drying must be inverted approximately every 4 hours in order drying evenly. Protect the
rhizome of water, and moist air from the surrounding material that could contaminate ..
drying in the oven at 50 ° C - 60 ° C. Dried rhizome be placed on an oven tray and make sure
that the roots are not mutually stacked. After drying, weigh the amount of roots produced

4. Sorting Dry. : Further sorting is done on dry material that has been dried by separating
the materials from foreign objects such as gravel, dirt or other impurities. Weigh the
amount of rhizome of this sorting results (to calculate rendement).

5. Packaging: Once clean, dry rhizomes collected in plastic containers or bags are clean and
airtight (never used before). Give a clear label on the container, which explains the name of
the material, part of the plant material, number / production code, name / address of the
producer, net weight and storage methods.

6. Storage: The condition of the warehouse should be kept damp and the temperature did
not exceed 30 ° C and the warehouse should have good ventilation and smooth, no leaks,
avoid contamination of other materials that reduce the quality of the material is concerned,
have adequate lighting (avoid direct sunlight ), as well as clean and free of pests warehouse.

10.ANALISIS ECONOMIC PLANTS CULTIVATION
10.2. Agribusiness Opportunity Overview

Currently the demand for ginger by importing countries continued to increase, but not all of
these demands can be met considering the production of ginger is absorbed by domestic
demand. In terms of prices, from 1991 to the present price fluctuations of wet and dry
ginger is said to be stable. In terms of demand, price stability and domestic production of
ginger in the ginger very bright prospect in agribusiness.

11.STANDAR PRODUCTION

1. Scope: Standards include the type and quality standards, sampling method and packaging
requirements.

2. Description: The quality standards set forth in the ginger in Indonesia Indonesia National
Standard SNI 01-3179-1992.

3. Classification and Quality Standards: Ginger is classified into 3 types of quality, namely:
quality of I, II, III.

1. General conditions

1. The freshness of ginger: fresh

2. Rhizome sprout: no

3. Cross sectional appearance: bright

4. Rhizomes forms: intact

5. Insect life: free

2. Special Terms

1. Size weight:

§ Quality First> 250 g / rhizome;

§ Quality II 150-249 grams / rhizome;

§ Quality III listed according to the analysis of <10%.

2. Rhizome peeling skin (rhizome / total rhizome):

§ quality of I = 0%;

§ Quality II = 0%;. § quality III <10%.

3. Foreign body:
§ quality of I = 0%;

§ Quality II = 0%;

§ Quality III <3%

4. Berkapang (roots / rhizomes number):

§ quality of I = 0%;

§ Quality II = 0%;

§ Quality III <10%

To get the kind of ginger in accordance with quality standards testing, which includes:

1. Determination of foreign objects

1. Weigh a number of examples that weighed between 100-200 grams.

2. Separate the objects to be determined percentage of weight and transferred to a watch
glass that has been ditera.

3. Watch glass with a foreign object was weighed on an analytical balance.

4. The second difference is showing the amount of foreign objects in the sample being
tested.

2. Determination of fiber content

1. Drain approximately 5 grams of sample for testing in an electric air oven 105 + ~ 1 ° C,
until the weight remains.

2. Carefully weigh approximately 2.5 grams of dried material into a thimble

3. extract with petroleum ether (boiling point 40-60 degrees C) for approximately 1 hour
using a Soxhlet apparatus.

4. Move materials that have fat-free into a flask with a capacity of 1 liter.

5. Take 200 ml of dilute sulfuric acid, put in a glass cup of boiling acid didihkanlaah all that
into the pumpkin which already contains the fat-free ingredients mentioned above.

6. Saturate it with cold pumpkin immediately behind by flowing water, and the Heat so that
boiling flask after one minute.

7. Shake-shake flasks rather often while avoiding lagging material on the walls of the
pumpkin that is not in contact with the acid.

8. Continue boiling for exactly 30 minutes.
9. Tanggalkanlah flask and filter through a fine cloth (approximately 18 fibers for each
centimeter) were placed in a filter funnel and wash with boiling water until the washings are
no longer acid to litmus.

10. Didihkanlah a solution of sodium hydroxide using cooling behind and didihkanlah for
exactly 30 minutes.

11. Tanggalkanlah flask and filter immediately with a cloth filter.

12. Wash well with IAR residum boil and Move into a gooch crucible which contains a
compact thin layer of asbestos that has been dipijarkan.

13. Wash the residue with the first well with hot water and then with approximately 15 ml
of 95% ethyl alcohol.

14. Dry the Crucible Gooch dan.isinya on 105 + ~ 1 ° C in air oven until the weight remains.

15. Cool and weigh.

16. Pijarkan Gooch crucible at 600 + ~ 20 degrees C in a high temperature furnace until all
the burning of carbon-containing materials.

17. Dinginkanlah Gooch crucible containing the ash in a eksikator and weigh.

3. Determination of oil content

1. Weigh carefully, close to 1 gram, about 35-40 grams of sample was cut into small pieces
before it is inserted into the boiling flask.

2. Add water until the entire sample is submerged and also add to it a number of stone
boiling.

3. Sambunglah boiling flask with a "Dean-Stark" that can be used for the distillation jobs and
Boiling Heat the flask and its contents.

Distillation was stopped when no more oil beads together dripping water or when the
volume of oil in the reservoir has not changed in some time. Usually this distillation takes
approximately 6 hours. Soak its contents into the water so that the liquid inside reaches
room temperature and measure the volume of oil collected.

11.4. Sampling

1. Sampling: From the number of packs in the party prepared fresh ginger export packing
randomly drawn number as below, with a maximum weight of 20 tons each party.

1. For the 1-100 number in the party packs, samples taken 5.

2. For the amount of packaging in a 101-300 party, the samples taken is 7
3. For the amount of packaging in a 301-500 party, the samples taken is 9

4. For the amount of packaging in the party 501-1000, samples taken was 10

5. For the amount of packaging in the party in the 1000, a minimum of 15 samples taken.

6. Packaging that has been taken, poured its contents, and then drawn at random by 10
rhizomes of each package as an example. Especially for packaging fresh ginger weighing 10
kg or less, then the samples taken by 5 rhizomes. Examples that have been taken and tested
to determine its quality.

2. Officer sampling: sampling officer must qualify the people who have experienced or
trained in advance and have a bond with a legal entity.

11.5. Packaging

Presented in the form of fresh ginger rhizomes intact, packed with the strong plastic mesh,
with a maximum weight of 15 kg per package, or packed with bamboo basket with a weight
according to the agreement anatara sellers and buyers. The outside of each package is
written, with a material that does not fade, clearly legible, among others:



  Products from Indonesia

  Name / company code / exporter

  Item

  Country of

  Gross weight

  Net weight

  Name of purchaser



12.DAFTAR REFERENCES

1. Anonimous. 1994. Research Results in the Context of Pesticides Vegetable. Proceedings of
the Seminar in Bogor 1 to 2 December 1993. Research Institute for Spices and Medicinal
Plants. Bogor. 311 It.

2. Anonimous. 1989. Vademekum Materials Nature Medicine. Ministry of Health of the
Republic of Indonesia. Jakarta. 411 It.
3. Anonymous, Know Your Prospect Cultivation and Ginger Ginger, Daar El-Arctic
Cooperation, Jakarta, 1999

4. ----------, Export Ginger banged season, Agribusiness Info Trubus, ID. 335 It. 32, June 1999

5. ----------, Agribusiness Investment Commodities Food Crops and Horticulture, Canisius,
Yogyakarta, 1999

6. Paimin, FB. Cultivation, Processing, Trading Ginger, spreader Governmental, Jakarta, 1999

7. Koswara, S. Ginger and agro Library Sinar Harapan, Jakarta, 1995

8. Santoso, HB. Ginger Elephants, Canisius, Yogyakarta, 1994

9. Yoganingrum, A.Paket Information Cultivation and Post Harvest Technology, Scientific
Information and Documentation Centre-LIPI, Jakarta, 1999

10. Paimin FB, Murhananto, Ginger Cultivation Trade Processing, Governmental spreader,
Jakarta, 1998

								
To top