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									   IRAN

A Different Perspective
   Mohammad Morovati, Nov 2007
      m.morovati@gmail.com
Preface:
• This presentation is prepared to be presented in 30
  minutes for Introduction to Macroeconomics class
  students.
  Eco304L, University of Texas at Austin, Fall 2007.

• This is not necessarily a usual approach to the
  topic but more customized to what course
  instructor, professor Norman requested to be
  covered and compared with some other Islamic
  countries. This presentation does not necessarily
  reflect the composer’s opinions.
The wrong picture…
The wrong picture…
Outline of this presentation
•   Some pictures of Iran
•   Location, climate and demographics
•   Political system
•   Islam and other religions
•   Women
•   References
Some pictures: Historical sites

Pre-Islam palaces
Some pictures: Historical sites

After-Islam palaces


AaliGhapoo palace                 40sotoun palace
Some pictures: Historical and religous sites




   Yazd Jame mosque                      Imam Reza Shrine
Some Pictures: My old classmates!
Some pictures: Where I was born, Tehran
Some pictures: Tehran (a rare clean day!)
      Not always you can see the mountains which are covered with snow.
Ski resorts near Tehran
Tehran: Azadi Square
Tehran at night
Tehran: Traffic jam
Tehran: Highways
Iran:
Nature
Iran: Nature
Iran: Geographical Location
Climate and Demographics
• Population:
  70’000’000 (2006)
• Median age:
  26 years
• GDP per capita (PPP):
  $9000
• Major government income:
      Oil and Gas
• Labor force :
       agriculture: 30%
       industry: 25%
       services: 45%
Political System: Islamic republic
       Election                 Assembly of
                                experts
                                (86 Islamic clerics)




                              Supreme Leader



Parliament        President   Judiciary system
Political System (detailed)
Political parties:
• Reformists                  • Conservatives
• Former President: Khatami   • New President: Ahmadinejad
Islam and other religions
  Religions in Iran
  – Muslim 98%
    • Shi'a 89%
    • Sunni 9%
  – other (includes Zoroastrian, Jewish,
    Christian,…) 2%
Zoroastrians
• The old religion of Iran before Islam
• Iranians converted to Islam 14 centuries ago
• 20’000 Zoroastrians live in Iran now
• They are free to have their temples and
  ceremonies
• My Father was born in a Zoroastrian
  neighborhood!
Historical Zoroastrianism
Zoroastrian Temple in Yazd
Islam and Christianity
• Muslims believe in Jesus, prophet Mohammad as
  his successor

• 19th chapter of Quran is named “Mary”

• Christians are free to have their religious activities
  and ceremonies

• They have their own schools and churches
Churchs
Islam and Jews
• Muslims believe in Moses
• 17th chapter of Quran is named “Bani
  Israel” (The Jews)
• Around 30’000 Jews live in Iran (Second in
  middle east after Israel)
• They can have their school and temples
• There is no conflict with Jewish people.
Khatami meets a jewish center
in Tehran
Iran and Israel conflict:
Political rather than religious
Minorities in Government
• Each of the main minorities (mentioned
  above) have one guaranteed seat in
  Parliament.
• Minorities can vote for muslims or their
  candidate
• 1 out of 270: Much more than their
  population ratio
Women
  • Dress Code
  • Sports
  • Right to Vote
  • Government
  • Universities
  • Driving, etc…
Women:
Dress Code
• compliance with Islamic Dress Code is
  enforced in law
• However, The interpretation of Islamic
  Dress Code is not unique
• Let’s see some pictures….
Typical youth group
Typical youth group
More religious women in streets
More religious women: Islamic Dress show
Typical women: Islamic Dress show
Typical women in streets
Less religious women in streets
Less religious women in streets
Shirin Ebadi,
Peace Nobel Prize, 2003
• Khatami and his daughter   • Ebtekar, Khatami’s vice-
                               president
Women dress code
• More or less cultural rather than political
  enforcement
• Rageh Inside Iran, documentary from BBC4, watch 33:15
Women:
Sports
• Free for any kind of sport but NOT in
  presence of men: separate sport facilities
• Thus, No photos of women swimming pools
  available!
• Women should wear Islamic sports dress in
  presence of men
Islamic Sports dress (for public)
Islamic sports dress (for public)
Islamic Sports dress (for public)
Stadium
Women
• Right to vote:
    According to constitution women and men have
    the same political rights.


• Government: a few women in cabinet
                   a few women in parliament
                   relatively more in other positions
Women
• Education:
     • Same 12 level education before college.

     • Since 2004, more than 60% of university entrants
       were female!

     • Parliament insisted in 2004 that there can not be any
       gender limitation in admission to universities.

     • Universities are not separate and classes are mixed
Women
• Driving
     Law is the same for men and women
     regarding driving.

• Labor participation:
    50 (as % of male rate) 75% increase since 1990
    81% for USA
     source: Human Development Report, UNDP
Women,
On-going Struggle to ensure equal rights
• Despite all above, the law is not completely fair in
  some cases and women activists struggle continues.

• There have been some improvements but there are
  more issues in law to be resolved related to:
   –   Marriage
   –   Bequest
   –   Judge position
   –   etc…
References:
• To have a better understanding of Iran, I
  would recommend the following sources:
Recommended Videos about Iran
•   Rageh Inside Iran, (90 min, BBC 4 documentary)
•   The Jews of Iran (8 min, Australian SBS)
•   Daily Life (4 min, video clip)
•   Skiing in Iran (13 min, documentary about skiing by a foreigner tourist)
•   Beautiful Iran (4 min, Video clip)
•   Nature (9 min, Iran nature)
• Iran, historical Treasure (10 min, Iran history)
• Maz Jobrani (5 min, Comedy standup about Iran!)
Recommended Pictures from Iran:

•   Iran (Great Gallery of life, art and nature)
•   Daily Life
•   Tehran
•   Nature
Recommended Websites:
•   CIA World Factbook
•   Wikipedia, Iran
•   Wikipedia, History of Iran
•   About Iran, A flash file
•   Iran Tourism
             Thank you!

• Comments or questions?

                    m.morovati@gmail.com

								
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