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					  AERONAUTICAL COMMAND




DEPARTMENT OF
AIRSPACE CONTROL
Global ATM Operational Concept
               •Vision
•To achieve an interoperable global air
traffic management system for all users
during all phases of flight, that meets
agreed levels of safety, provides for
optimum economic operations, is
environmentally sustainable, and meets
national security challenges.
        TO INTRODUCE THE
ADS/CPDLC IMPLEMENTATION IN
 BRAZILIAN OCEANIC CONTROL
           CENTER
         SUMMARY

1 AIRSPACE RESPONSIBILITY
2 BACKGROUND
3 PLANNING REQUIREMENTS AND
  CONSTRAINTS
4 ACC-AO IMPLEMENTATION
BRAZIL
                AREA: 3,300,000 SQ. MILES
                POPULATION: 170,000,000




AIRFIELDS:     2,290
AIRPLANES:    11,674
CREW MEMBERS: 95,931
          AREA OF RESPONSIBILITY
 8.6 M Square Miles                                                                                                                                                                                                           13 INTERNATIONAL FIRs

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         - LARGE AREA OF RESPONSIBILITY.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       20º
                                     FIR
                                   PIARCO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         - VERY IMPORTANT NATIONAL
          FIR
        PANAMÁ                                                                                                                                                                                                                             AVIATION CAPACITY.
                      FIR                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              10º
                   MAIQUETIA                                                                                                                                                                                                      FIR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              ROCHAMBEAU
                 FIR                                                                                                                                                                                                                     - COMPLEX “ATS”               REGIONAL
               BOGOTÁ
   FIR                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     COORDINATION .              00º
GUAYAQUIL                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   FIR
                              FIR                                                                                                                                                                                                                          DAKAR
                           AMAZÔNICA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   FIR                                 10º
        FIR                                                                                                                                                                                                                       RECIFE
       LIMA
                                                    FI G       . 5 .1 - C O     BERTURA            RADAR          DE     RO     TA




                                                                                      B O A
                                                                                           A
                                                                                      V IS T                 T IÓ S
                                                                                                             IR            A M A P Á
                                                               S .G .D A
                                                               C A C H O E IR A

                                                                                            M A N A U S              A
                                                                                                               S A N T R É M                 B E L É M                                 A E
                                                                                                                                                                                 F O R T L Z A
                                                                                                                                                             S Ã O                                            F .D E
                                                                                                                                                             U
                                                                                                                                                             L IS                                             N O R O N H A
                                                A     IN
                                                T B A T G A              E
                                                                         T F É                                                       C A R A J Á S
                                                                                                                                     C .D O A R A G U A IA                                             A
                                                                                                                                                                                                   N A T L
                                          C R U Z E IR O                                       J A C A R E A C A N G A
                                          D O S U L                                                                                               O
                                                                                                                                            P O R T N A C IO N A L
                                                                                                                   C A C H IM B O
                                                                                                           T O
                                                                                                           A           A
                                                                                                         A L F L R E S T        S .ID O M O R R O                  R IN
                                                                                                                                                               P E T O L A
                                                                                    O
                                                                              P O R T                                                                                                            M A C E IÓ
                                                                 R IO               H
                                                                                V E L O                                                                                              V
                                                                                                                                                                                 S A L A D O R
                                                           B R A N C O                       H
                                                                                          V IL E N A


                                                                                                                                                             L D
                                                                                                                                                             B .J A
                                                                                                                                                             A P
                                                                                                       C H A P A D A D O S
                                                                                                         G U IM A R Ã E S                                               .S
                                                                                                                                                                        P E G U R O
                                                                                                                                         G
                                                                                                                        B .D O G A R Ç A S A M A
                                                                                                                                                    .M
                                                                                                                                                    T A R IA S
                                                                                                                                                                         E
                                                                                                                                                                      S .T R E S A
                                                                                                             J A R A G U A R I
                                                                                                                                       A
                                                                                                                                       T N A B I

                                                                                                                                                S .R O Q U E                O
                                                                                                                                                                      C O U T


                                                                                                                           A
                                                                                                                       C A T N D U V A S

                                                                                                                                M .D A
                                                                                                                                IG R E J A
                                                                                                                        IA
                                                                                                                  S A N T G O

                                                                                                                         C A N G U Ç U
                                                       LEG       ENDA



                                                       I M PL ANT ADO



                                                       À     I M PL ANT AR



                                                       EM        ANDAM ENT O




                                                                                                                           147




                          FIR          FIR                                                                                                                                                                                                                     FIR
                        LA PAZ       BRASÍLIA                                                                                                                                                                                                       FIR      LUANDA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ATLÂNTICO             20º




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             JOANESBURGO
           FIR
       ANTOFAGASTA                   FIR
                          FIR
                                   CURITIBA                                                                                                                                                                                                                            30º




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  FIR
                        CORDOBA

          FIR
       SANTIAGO                                                                                                                                                                                                                           FIR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       MONTEVIDÉO                      40

           FIR
      PUERTO MONTT                                                                                                                                                                                                               FIR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                EZEIZA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       50º
           FIR                    FIR
      PUNTA ARENAS                COMODORO RIVADÁVIA

90º      80º      70º      60º      50º                                                                                                                                                                                          40º       30º      20º   10ºw             0º
NATIONAL FLOWS




              AIRWAYS
           UPPER 76.052 NM
           LOWER 26.948 NM
                INTERNATIONAL FLOWS




COMMITMENT WITH ALL INTL
FLOWS.

INTL ROUTES CROSS OVER
BRAZILIAN AIR SPACE.

“SAM / EUR” CORRIDOR THROUGH
NORTHEAST GATEWAY.
                          AIRSPACE STRUCTURE

                                                                 FIR ROCHAMBEAU                                     OCEANO




                                                  SURINAME
                VENEZUELA                                                                                          AT L Â N T I C O




                                         GUIANA
                                                             G. FR.                 SETOR 1
                                                                                                                    FIR DAKAR

     COLÔMBIA




EQUADOR
                             FIR
                          AMAZÔNICA                                                 FIR
                                                                                   RECIFE
                                                             BRASIL
     PERU

                                                                                                    FIR ATLÂNTICO               FIR
                                                                                                                                LUANDA
                                                                          FIR
                               BOLÍVIA                                  BRASÍLIA                         SETOR 2



                                              PARAGUAI
                       CHILE




                                                                        FIR
                                                                      CURITIBA
   OCEANO
                                  ARGENTINA
   PACÍFICO
                                                             URUGUAI
                                                                                        FIR MONTEVIDÉU
BRAZILIAN AIRSPACE CONTROL SYSTEM
         SUMMARY

1 AIRSPACE RESPONSIBILITY
2 BACKGROUND
3 PLANNING REQUIREMENTS AND
  CONSTRAINTS
4 ACC-AO IMPLEMENTATION
          BACKGROUND

• 2 ATS ROUTES BASED IN RECIFE/NORONHA AND
FORTALEZA – MINIMUM SEPARATION 120 NM

• IMPLEMENTATION OF 3rd ATS ROUTE AS FROM
MOSSORÓ - SEPARATION OF 100 NM –
AMENDMENT OF DOC. 7030 (REGIONAL
SUPPLEMENTARY PROCEDURES)
         BACKGROUND

• ACC CHIEFS MEETING - 1996 – BEGINNING OF
AIR TRAFFIC STUDIES AND STATISTIC DATA
COLLECTION
• SAT 6 MEETING - 1996 - FIRST PROPOSALS FOR
RNP AND RVSM IMPLEMENTATION – ADOPTION
OF 10’ LONGITUDINAL SEPARATION WITH MNT
(MAY 1997)
            BACKGROUND
•1999 – Reduction of the longitudinal separation to 10
minutes ( Mach number technique) in the oceanic
airspace.
•Oct. 2001 – Unification of the oceanic airspace >>
FIR-AO/ACC-AO.
   •RNP 10 - Reduction of the lateral
   separation to 50 NM.
   •RVSM - Reduction of the vertical separation to
   1000 feet.
                  ATLANTIC FIR
Configuration approved at CAR/SAM3 Oct-99
1st Phase Implementation - SEP 2001

                OBJECTIVES
• To   optimize   means      of   communication,
navigation and surveillance, fundamentally
                                                    RECIFE
based on satellites, centralized in a single ATC    Atlantic ACC
organ (ACC - Atlantic), due to the peculiar
characteristics   of   the    oceanic   airspace.
(CPDLC/ ADS/ GNSS)

• ATC Capacity Improvement

• To meet air traffic projected demand for the
EUR/SAM corridor

• Utilization     of         aleatory     routes
(longitudinal separation : 80NM-50NM-30NM
         SUMMARY

1 AIRSPACE RESPONSIBILITY
2 BACKGROUND
3 PLANNING REQUIREMENTS AND
  CONSTRAINTS
4 ACC-AO IMPLEMENTATION
     STATISTIC DATA
TOTAL MOVEMENT OF AIR TRAFFIC

             SAT TOTAL TFC. - 1996/1999
                           (4weeks)

   500

   400

   300

   200

   100

     0
         1st quart.   2nd quart.    3rd quart.    4th quart.

                 1996    1997      1998    1999
        STATISTIC DATA
NON-PREFERENTIAL “FL” PERCENTAGE


   12
   10          10,04
    8                     7,92      8,43
    6
    4
    2
    0
        1998
           1           1999
                         2         3
                                 2000
                              STATISTIC DATA
PROJECTION OF AIR TRAFFIC DEMAND - EUR/SAM CORRIDOR (IATA)

                     60.000




                     50.000
     TRÁFEGO ANUAL




                     40.000




                     30.000




                     20.000




                     10.000




                          0
                              1998   1999   2000 ANO 2001   2002   2007   2012
EUR/SAM CORRIDOR


  RVSM/RNP 10
   AIRSPACE
            ASSUMPTIONS

• CHARACTERISTICS OF THE EUR/SAM
  CORRIDOR AIRSPACE;


• PROFILE OF THE EUR/SAM CORRIDOR USER;


•ANTICIPATED IMPLEMENTATION OF CNS/ATM
 SYSTEM RESOURCES MAY BE EASILY
 ACCOMPLISHED
             ASSUMPTIONS


• SAT   REGION,   MAINLY    EUR/SAM     CORRIDOR,
CONSIDERED    “LABORATORY     REGION”    IN   THE
CAR/SAM REGIONS



• IMPORTANT SOURCE OF EXPERIENCE FOR CNS/ATM
SYSTEM IMPLEMENTATION IN BRAZIL
         SUMMARY

1 AIRSPACE RESPONSIBILITY
2 BACKGROUND
3 PLANNING REQUIREMENTS AND
  CONSTRAINTS
4 ACC-AO IMPLEMENTATION
           INFRASTRUCTURE

VSAT NETWORK OF CENTRAL ATLANTIC FIRs
(CAFSAT)


NEW HF SYSTEM THAT MEETS THE ATLANTIC
AND RECIFE FIRs NEEDS
                                                      Casablanca
                            Canarias




  CAFSAT
    Antena V-SAT
  INTELSAT IS 901
Frame Relay 64 Kbps



                      Sal
                                          Dakar


                                       ATS (Voice)       8 Kbps
                                       SERV (Voice)      8 Kbps
                                       AMS (Voice)       8 Kbps
                                       AFTN (Data)       2,4 Kbps
                                       AFTN (Data)       9,6 Kbps
  Recife                               Radar (Data)      9,6 Kbps
                                       Superv. (Data)    9,6 Kbps
        ATLANTIC AND RECIFE FIRs
             NEW HF SYSTEM


• PROJECT STARTED IN JANUARY, 2000

• CONCLUDED IN AUGUST, 2001

• SUPPORTED THE ATLANTIC ACC IMPLEMENTATION
                                     ADS/CPDLC

                                      INMARSAT




                                     ACC
                                     AO

             VSAT
                                               DATACOM
                                              RED ARINC
           VHF   router
                                              F




    CPDLC ADS
                    Tokio-Honolulu

                   UAL826
                   F350       475K
                   123    6     B




                                                          RED ARINC
CNS/ATM WORKSTATION                  X 4000                 SITA
  1st Stage of ACC –AO 2nd
            Phase


ACC AO
         Data-Link
                       ACFT
                     ADS/CPDLC
  1st Stage of ACC –AO 2nd
            Phase


ACC AO
                                   ACFT
                                  WITHOUT
                                 ADS/CPDLC
  Position Report        Voice

                    HF
   OPERATIONAL MODEL
FANS 1/A




           CPDLC                    HF
ADS                                       HF


      CONTROL      CPDLC
                           HF COMMUNICATIONS
       ROOM
                                 ROOM
                   CPDLC
         EUR / SAM CORRIDOR
          TRAFFIC GROWS VERY FAST




                                               South Atlantic Area
                                                 Control Center
                                                   (ACC-AO)




RNP 10 - since October 2001
RVSM - since January 2002
ADS/CPDLC - ongoing implementation
                             current status:
 - Trials started in August 2004
 - ACC-AO - executing facility arrangements
 - Expected ATS to FANS 1/A - end 2006
    FUTURE IMPLEMENTATIONS

• LONGITUDINAL SEPARATION OF 50 NM
•ADS/CPDLC

•LATERAL AND LONGITUDINAL SEPARATION OF 30
NM
 - ADS/CPDLC
  - RNP 4
• ALEATORY ROUTES

• “AIRBORNE SEPARATION ASSURANCE SYSTEM”
(ASAS)
              CONCLUSION


     Brazil is fully committed to provide a high
standard of air navigation services to all users.

     Brazil is also fully committed to the new
CNS/ATM systems implementation and is working
towards to reach the related ICAO common goals.

       Finally, Brazil wishes to take part in joint
efforts with other countries on the research,
development, industrialization, implementation and
operation of the elements of the new systems.
Technology turns into benefit
 just if applied in the correct
              place
       Contact Details
http:// www.decea.gov.br/cnsatm
 carloscirilo@cc.sivam.gov.br
     5521 21016501/6150

				
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