Occupational Health and Safety Lecture

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Occupational Health and Safety Lecture Powered By Docstoc

Follow safety procedures
  for direct care work


This unit has been designed to cater for safety
aspects of work involving delivery of
services in aged care , home and community
care and disability services

   Elements of Learning - Goals and Application
Essential outcomes:

   1.Identify sources of risk to personal safety, assess level of risk and
      follow risk minimisation procedures with minimal supervision

   2. Identify manual handling hazards to minimise risk

   3.Identify sources of infection and minimise risk of infection to
      themselves, clients and others

   4.Identify hazards

   5.Follow policies and procedures in controlling risk

   6.Contribute to OHS in the workplace                            3
                    Element 6:

Contribute to OHS in the Workplace

 Occupational Health and Safety refers to the
 identification and management of risks in the
 workplace to maintain a safe environment that
 protects the health and welfare of workers, their
 clients, and others who enter the workplace

              OHS Framework
• NSW OHS Act 2000
  Principal Law

• OHS Regulation 2001
  accompanies the act and provides specific details
  about the act

• Codes of Practice and Australian Standards
   provides practical guidance about the
  implementation of legislation                 5
                     OHS Law
• Outlines the roles and responsibilities of
  organizations and workers

• Based on the principle of Duty of Care that the
  employers and employees have in protecting the
  health, safety and welfare of themselves and others
  in the workplace

           Employers Responsibilities
• Providing and maintaining a safe work place

• Ensuring safe systems and workplace policies and procedures

• Providing information ,supervision and training

• Promote effective consultation processes

• Hazard identification

• Risk control

• Safe equipment

• Record keeping and documentation
      Employees Responsibilities
• Legal accountability to protect themselves and
  others from risks, accidents or illness

• Co-operate with organizations safe systems

• Work safely

• Take reasonable care
• Report and document hazards
            OHS Regulation

  Sets out specific requirements and
  standards which must be met in relation
  to :
•          hazards
•         systems of work
•          administrative issues

             Codes of Practice

Provide guidance on specific risks such as:
   • Handling hazardous substances

   • Manual Handling

   • Infection Control

   • Evacuation and emergencies

                  Policies and Procedures
         Every organization must have policies related to OHS

The key elements of OHS policy are:

   – A commitment to ensuring a safe workplace

   – Detailed OHS responsibilities of everyone

   – Management’s approach to OHS

   – Consultation, training and participation

   – Risk management and control approach

 Aged Care Accreditation Standards
• Under the Aged Care Act 1997 aged care services have
  an obligation to provide a safe work and living

• To gain accreditation aged care facilities must be able to
  show evidence of having effective OHS systems in

• Standard 4 Physical Environment and Safe Systems
  outlines standards re OHS

                 Standard 4
   Physical Environment and Safe Systems

Residents live in a safe, comfortable
environment that ensures their quality
of life and the health and welfare of
  residents, staff and volunteers

           Aged Care Accreditation
                      Standard 4 Outcomes

• 4.1 Continuous                • 4.5 Occupational health
  improvement                     and safety

• 4.2 Regulatory compliance     • 4.6 Fire, Security and
                                  other emergencies
• 4.3 Education and staff
  development                   • 4.7 Infection Control

• 4.4 Living environment        • 4.8 Catering, Cleaning
                                  and Laundry Services14
Continuous improvement

     Step 5                      Step 1
    Evaluate                 Identify hazards

    Step 4                        Step 2
    Monitor                     Assess risk

                    Step 3
       Eliminate or implement controls

 The Occupational Health and Safety Act 2000
 requires that a consultation mechanism be
This can be:

       1. An elected OHS Committee,

       2. Elected OHS Representative/s, or

       3. Another agreed arrangement.
                     OHS Committee
• 20 or more employees or FTE and majority of staff have requested an
  OHS Committee, you MUST establish one.

•    Committee - both employee and employer representatives, including
    a senior management representative for decision making purposes.

• Committee has a 2-way communication role – providing advice to
  management and feedback to employees.

• All members are required to attend the 4 day Work cover accredited
  OHS Consultation course.

               OHS Representative
• If at least one employee requests an OHS Representative, you must
  organise an election for one.

• The OHS Representative will meet with senior management on
  regular occasions to communicate OHS issues. Reporting to other

• Elected OHS Representatives - required to attend the 4 day
  WorkCover accredited OHS Consultation course.

                                     Element 5:

       Follow Procedures and Strategies for Risk
 Risk management is an essential and continuous process of monitoring ,
assessing, controlling and evaluating OHS risks in the workplace.

Risk management steps include:

   –    Identification of a hazard

   –    Assessing the potential harm of the hazard

   –    Implementation of strategies to minimise the potential harm

   –    Monitoring and evaluating the strategies used to minimise the hazard

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