Political Parties by H9ogoZc

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									             Political Parties
          Discussion Questions:
          Answer the following in your notebooks


1. What is a political party? Why do we have
   them?
2. What 2 main parties do we have in the United
   States? How are they different from each other?
3. How do people decide which political party to
   support?
4. WHY DO WE NEED TO LEARN ABOUT
   POLITICAL PARTIES!?
 Political Party: an organization of people with
  the same broad, common beliefs and interests
  who work together to influence decisions made
  by the government
 How do they influence the decisions
  made by the government?
   Getting candidates who share their beliefs
    elected to office
   Getting those officials to pass laws and create
    policy that supports the beliefs of their party
4 Functions of Political Parties
   Nominating/Campaigning: find people to run for
    office, nominate them, and then campaign to get them
    elected
   Governing: once they are elected, parties carry out the
    day to day operations of the government (making and
    enforcing laws)
   Informer/Activator: Keep people informed about
    public issues and convince them to support the goals of
    THEIR party
   Watchdog: Monitor the members of the other pary to
    make sure they are not abusing their power (If
    Republicans are in power, Democrats act as a check on
    that power and vice versa)
     The first political parties in the US…
1. Federalists: strong national government
2. Anti-Federalists formally organized under the name
     “Democratic-Republicans”: strong state governments




Hamilton, leader of the Federalists   Jefferson, leader of the
                                      Democratic-Republicans
                    National Committee
                    •Raise funds for national campaigns
Organization of
Political Parties   •Plan national convention



                               State Committee
                    •Focus on electing state and local officials
                     to office



                                  County or City
                                   Organization


    Ward: several geographically connected precincts
    Precinct: geographic area that contains a specific number of voters, all
    voters in a precinct cast their ballots at the same poling place
              National Convention
 Democratic National Convention 2008 Video Clips:


 ROLL-CALL:
  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6KTIYgo5k3c

 Nominee’s acceptance speech:
 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tQGsP8mnHsg&featur
  e=channel

								
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