Teaching American History Grant 2006-2007 Lesson Plan 1 by jjzN44


									Teaching American History Grant, 2008
Framingham Public Schools

Subject: American History, Technology, Grade 5
Topic: Leading to the Revolution, Lexington & Concord, April 19, 1775
Lesson length: Two or three - 45 minute sessions
Cooperative Learning Format
Massachusetts Social Studies Frameworks Standard: 3.5
Explain important political, economic, and military developments leading to and
during the American Revolution

Goals: To understand the role of three Lexington establishments during pre-
revolutionary times.

Objective: Students will work in small cooperative groups to evaluate teacher-
assigned web pages and create a three-part Venn Diagram illustrating the
similarities and differences between three distinctive Colonial American locations
in Lexington, MA (April 19, 1775): Buckman Tavern, Munroe Tavern and The
Hancock-Clarke House.

 o Three computer stations (laptops)
 o URLs for each group/station (attached)
 o Supplement with textbooks, encyclopedia, picture books and magazines, as
 o Signs/Labels noting locations of :
           Station A: Buckman Tavern
           Station B: Munroe Tavern
           Station C: Hancock-Clarke House

 o  (for session #2) Large sheet of white paper (11” x 17” or larger) for Venn
 o Modifications may include a pre-made Venn diagram worksheet with or
   without a vocabulary key. Venn diagram may be double or triple, as per
   learning styles.
Procedure Session #1:

  1. Explain to the students that they will be spending one day “visiting” one of
     three different Colonial American locations (stations A, B, or C).

  2. Tell students to be ready to collect information (take notes) about their
     specific location and be prepared to share their notes with others.

  3. Students may self-select cooperative groups (and stations)…keeping each of
     the three group with a similar number of participants. (Same number of
     participants in each group is important for session #2 to be successful).

  4. Circulate through the room to ensure students stay on-task and understand
     the assignment. Be sure all members are working cooperatively. Encourage
     use of printed text at station and rotation of student keyboard controller.
     Check for quality of work/notes.

  5. Remind students that they are working together to visit web sites; however
     they are individually responsible for taking notes.

  6. Mid-lesson teaching point: Inform students that their notes will be used
     during session #2 to create a three-part Venn diagram – in cooperation with
     the other “stations” in class. Review “Venn diagram.” Remind students
     that each individual must have their own notes for session #2.

  7. Students work in cooperative groups until the end of class.

  8. Instruct students to bring notes to class for session #2 (teacher may collect
     notes and keep them for the students until needed).

Procedure Session #2:

  1. Demonstrate / Review illustration of triple Venn diagram on the board in the
     front of the class.

  2. Distribute large sheet of paper, one per student; and ask students to create a
     triple Venn diagram on their paper as modeled on the board. – Be sure to
     instruct students to make the circles as large as their paper permits, allowing
     for their notes to fit inside the Venn circles.
   3. As students are drawing their Venn diagrams, quickly walk through the
      room to confirm their understanding of how to make illustration.

   4. Remind students that they will be using their notes from the previous session
      to share with their new cooperative work group; and each student is assigned
      the task of creating a personal Venn diagram with the information from the
      three “visited” locations. Group members will share their notes with their
      team mates and the students will discuss how to disseminate the information
      from their notes onto their Venn diagrams.

   5. Inform students they may self-select into cooperative workgroups of three
      students per group. Each group will consist of :
         o one student with notes from Buckman tavern
         o one student with notes from Munroe tavern
         o one student with notes from the Hancock-Clarke house
      some groups may have four or more students, if necessary – due to class
      size, modifications, etc.

   6. As students work in small groups, move among the groups to clarify any
      questions and check for quality and cooperation. Prompt with questions to
      ensure quality details are included on the Venn diagrams, if necessary.

   7. Allow students to revisit web sites as needed. Students will use the
      remainder of session #2 to complete their Venn diagrams.

Assessment: Venn Diagram development and completion
Review Venn Diagram assignment and group diagrams. Ask students to write a
short answer to the following question for each of the three locations…
Write on the board:
         o What were the roles and importance of the Buckman Tavern,
             Munroe Tavern and the Hancock-Clarke House in this community,
             April 19, 1775?

                        Answers to posted question:
Buckman Tavern: the gathering place of the Lexington militia on April 19, 1775
Munroe Tavern: temporary British field headquarters during the retreat from
Concord to Boston.
Hancock-Clarke House: Paul Revere's Lexington destination
Lesson Extension Ideas:

Add more stations/establishments such as:
        o Hartwell Tavern (Lincoln)
        o Old North Bridge (Concord)
        o Battle Road (from Concord to Boston)

Assign specific roles to students (key persons to April 19 th, 1775 events)
The following links will assist in creating role cards for student use:

      (Lexington and Concord family inventories, biographies, etc.

      (many British officers are named in this article, but no family specifics)
                          Station A: Buckman Tavern

Lexington Historical Society:


National Park Service:

Tour Lexington:

                           Station B: Munroe Tavern

Lexington Historical Society:


Tour Lexington:

                       Station C: Hancock-Clarke House

Lexington Historical Society:


Tour Lexington:

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