Proposed Outline for 2012 State of the World Population Report by tvHU28l4




Every year UNFPA publishes the states of World Population report which is launched in all countries
Kenya being one of them. A theme of the report is always chosen in relation to the global population
issues at hand. Since year 2008, Kenya has been taking the global theme and by way of domesticating it,
publishes a State of Kenya Report. This gives the readers the Kenyan feel of the global concern.

In 2012, the State of the world population report will be focusing on the economic benefits of family
planning at individual, household, communities and country level and analyze problems or challenges,
such as logistical, financial, social, cultural and legal barriers to access to supplies and information of
Family planning. This report is aimed at filling a critical void in the current debate, offer a fresh
perspective on the topic, and attract media attention.

Back ground

Analyzing the challenges and opportunities presented by a world of 7 billion. UNFPA has long drawn
attention to the unmet need for family planning and to the organization’s efforts to fill that gap.

Family planning not only has an impact on choice—and therefore family size—but also benefits
women’s health and can contribute to gender equality. But a growing body of evidence demonstrates
that family planning also helps reduce poverty, bolsters economic development, and plays a role in
human capital formation.

The Kenya report will domesticate the theme of the State of World Population report 2012 that is being
prepared and any other publications or information materials that will deal with family planning this
year. The report should therefore avoid duplication of others’ products, offer something unique, and
identify a niche that only GOK-UNFPA programme can fill. The economic angle is one that few have
successfully explored and that may be ideal for UNFPA to take up in the report.

The report should document through research and real-life success stories how family planning helped
raise household incomes, built human capital, and contributed to the development of national
economies, as well as improving health outcomes and promoting human rights. Whenever possible, the
report should show the impact of UNFPA’s work. And the report should be sure to keep people at the
center of the discussion as much as possible.

The report should highlight achievements in meeting unmet need and the current efforts the country is
doing to meet the demand. And the role played by all stakeholders.

Because the State of Kenya Population report is an advocacy tool and creates opportunities each year to
attract the media, it should include headline-grabbing numbers. One such number is, of course, that of
unmet need. But we should also include other newsworthy figures that show trends or reveal how
much progress has been made in reducing the share of women who lack access to family planning. If
current trends continue without intervention, how many women will lack access in 2030? What will the
demand for FP be 20 years from now, as the cohort of women entering reproductive age grows? The
projections for the future would help ensure that the report contributes to the debate about the post-
2015 development agenda.

Throughout the report, we would draw on country or regional case-studies to draw comparison on the
status of FP in Kenya vis a vis other countries. Some potential countries are Rwanda, Ethiopia, Indonesia,
Thailand, china, Colombia, Iran and certain states of India (Tamil Nadu and Kerala). We would also draw
on the perspectives of sub- national level programmes and try to integrate bottom-up perspectives of
actual programs that have been supported by UNFPA into the analysis.

Proposed structure of the report

    1. Introduction

            a. Provide a country snapshot of FP today and place it in context: showing how it fits into
               sexual and reproductive health and rights, and how sexual and reproductive health and
               rights fit into broader health care systems, citing examples that illustrate the diversity of
               approaches applied. Acknowledge rights to an essential package of RH/FP services to
               enable women to determine the number and spacing of children, drawing on the ICPD
               Programme of Action and research or reports that reinforce this argument.Position FP
               into MDG-5.
            b. Show that some aspects of RH, especially FP, have been placed in administrative silos by
               governments, which have relied heavily or exclusively in some cases on donor funding,
               making services unsustainable and vulnerable to cuts in times of economic downturn.
               In many cases, these silos were created as a result of the way donors have supported
               FP. Show how funding and support for family planning have stagnated while overall
               health care spending and ODA have skyrocketed since the mid-1990s.
            c. Introduce a conceptual framework for focusing on the social and economic impact of FP
               programs and the notion of FP’s contribution to poverty reduction, gender equality and
               human capital formation.

    2. Kenya patterns in access to FP

        An analysis of the problem or challenges, such as logistical, financial, social, cultural and legal
        barriers to access to supplies and information; inequitable access across age groups,
        communities, and income groups; and quality issues. This section would include facts, figures
        and analysis on themes, such as: unmet need for family-planning, proportion of total demand
        satisfied for family planning, access to contraception and contraceptive prevalence, adolescent
   pregnancy, and age of first delivery, and any statistics showing, for example, links between low
   access to FP and poor health outcomes. For each issue, we would show three types of data:

       a. Overall estimates (scale of the problem at the “global” level – example: number of
          women who lack access to modern contraception, number of women who deliver
          without access to health facilities, etc.).
       b. Cross-country variation (this is about comparing countries and highlighting the cases
          where some breakthroughs have occurred).
       c. Within-country variation (this is about breaking down the numbers for less educated
          households, poorer households, adolescents, etc. and is intended to show that there are
          inequities within countries).

   This chapter would also highlight progress by documenting the trends in meeting unmet need in
   some countries. We can also make projections about what can be expected to the unmet need
   numbers by 2030 if the current trends continue.

3. Micro-perspectives: Impact of FP programs on women and their households
   A summary of the literature on the impact of FP programs on women, their children, and their
   households, drawing on studies of micro-level data from household surveys. This section will
   discuss the:

       a. Impact on women and child health
       b. Impact on investments in human capital
       c. Impact on socioeconomic status and poverty.

   This section would show how access to FP decreases the financial burden of disease, increases
   women’s access to labor force participation or, perhaps how access decreases teenage
   pregnancies, resulting in more years of schooling for girls. In turn, women’s increased
   participation in the labor force leads to increased household income.

4. Macro-perspectives: Benefits of FP programs on communities and the country

   This section will begin with a discussion of FP and its relationship to the demographic/dividend,
   and will relate this to the benefits of FP programs on communities and the economic
   development of the country. It will contain some country case-studies and evidence from the
   analysis of cross-country data on the relationship between RH programs, FP programs and
   economic development. It will have the following components:
       a. Impact on social attitudes and “desired” family sizes
       b. Impact on the status of women
       c. Impact on poverty alleviation
       d. Impact on economic growth
            e. Highlight the synergy between investment in human capital (health and education) and
               RH, including FP, and argue that RH is just one more type of investment that ultimately
               reinforces all others.

    5. Conclusions and policy recommendations

        This will present the summary of the report and some possible major conclusions and policy
        recommendations of the report

Proposed Outline

The following are report outline.

        Abstract/Over view
        Chapter 1: Kenya patterns in access to FP
        Chapter 2: Micro-perspectives: Impact of FP programs on women and their households
        Chapter 3: Macro-perspectives: Benefits of FP programs on communities and the country

        Chapter 4: Conclusions and policy recommendations

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