table Rural Oregon by L5RNy4

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									Rural Oregon, Census 2000
Table 1. Percent and Number of Children Ages 0-17, by Immigrant
Country or Race/Ethnic Origin
Immigrant Country,                                                                  Immigrant Country,
                                               Percent       Number                                                           Percent Number
Race/Ethnic Origin                                                                  Race Ethnic Origin

                                                                                    Children in Immigrant Families
Total                                              100.0              280,753 (cont'd)
Children in Native-Born Families                    88.1              247,478         China                                       0.2                511
  White                                             78.9              221,392         Hong Kong                                   0.1                273
  Black                                               0.6               1,730         Taiwan                                      0.1                145
  Puerto Rican, Mainland origin                       0.1                  400        Philippines                                 0.3                942
  Puerto Rican, Island origin                         0.0                      42     Hmong                                         --               --
  Mexican                                             3.0               8,458         Cambodia                                    0.0                     73
  Other Hispanic/Latino                               0.9               2,392         Laos                                        0.0                134
  Asian                                               0.6               1,602         Thailand                                    0.0                     84
                                                                                               a
  Hawaiian/Pacific Islander                           0.2                  504        Vietnam                                     0.1                302
                                                                                                  a
  Native American                                     3.9              10,958           Indochina                                 0.2                593

Children in Immigrant Families                      11.9               33,275         India                                       0.1                183
 Mexico                                               7.2              20,298         Pakistan/Bangladesh                         0.1                176
 Central America                                      0.2                  531        Afghanistan                                   --               --
 Cuba                                                 0.1                  150        Iran                                        0.0                     64
 Dominican Republic                                    --                 --          Iraq                                        0.0                     29
 Haiti                                                 --                 --          Israel/Palestine                              --               --
 Jamaica                                               --                 --          Other West Asia                             0.1                199
 Caribbean, English Speaking                          0.0                      17     Former USSR                                 0.1                303
 South America                                        0.1                  263        Other Europe, Canadaa                       1.6              4,611
 Japan                                                0.0                  112        Africa, Blacks                              0.0                     58
 Korea                                                0.4               1,020         Africa, Whitesa                             0.1                321
                                                                                      Other                                       0.9              2,476
a
  "Vietnam" includes Indochina not specified; "Indochina, total" includes the following: Hmong, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam; "Other Europe, Canada"
includes Australia and New Zealand; "Africa, Whites" includes Asian Africans.
Calculated from Census 2000 5pct microdata (IPUMS) by Donald J. Hernandez, Nancy A. Denton, and Suzanne E. Macartney, Center for Social and
Demographic Analysis, University at Albany, State University of New York with funding from The Annie E. Casey Foundation.
Rural Oregon, Census 2000
Table 2. Family Composition in the Home
Children Ages 0-17, by Immigrant Country or Race/Ethnic Origin
                                                                                           Percent of children with:
                                                                                                                             Child
                                                                                    Four or      Two or                        0-17
                                                                                     more         more            "Respon- other       Other
                                                     Two-      Mother-      Father- siblings     nuclear   Grand-   sible"     than    adult    Non-
                                                    parent       only         only  ages         families parent   grand-     sibling relative relative
                                                                                                         a                 b
                                                    family      family       family    0-17     in home in home parent       in home in home in home

Total                                                80.2        15.7            4.1    14.1         0.8     6.1      2.0        4.4      13.0         4.8
Children in Native-Born
Families                                             79.1        16.5            4.4    12.6         0.8     6.0      2.0        4.1      11.4         4.8
  White                                              80.5        15.3            4.2    12.5         0.7     5.5      1.8        3.7      11.3         4.4
  Black                                                 --           --            --      --          --      --       --         --         --            --
  Puerto Rican, Mainland origin                         --           --            --      --          --      --       --         --         --            --
  Puerto Rican, Island origin                           --           --            --      --          --      --       --         --         --            --
  Mexican                                            65.8        29.2            5.0    11.5         0.5     8.2      3.5        4.9      10.7         7.1
  Other Hispanic/Latino                                 --          --             --      --          --      --       --         --        --          --
  Asian                                                 --          --             --      --          --      --       --         --        --          --
  Hawaiian/Pacific Islander                             --          --             --      --          --      --       --         --        --          --
  Native American                                    67.3        23.9            8.8    19.7         1.6    11.2      4.8        8.5      14.1         8.2

Children in Immigrant Families                       88.3         9.6            2.1    25.2         1.3     7.2      1.5        6.8      24.8         4.9
  Mexico                                             86.2        11.2            2.7    28.3         1.3     5.6      0.8        7.9      28.6         5.0
  Central America                                       --          --             --      --          --      --       --         --        --          --
  Cuba                                                  --          --             --      --          --      --       --         --        --          --
  Dominican Republic                                    --          --             --      --          --      --       --         --        --          --
  Haiti                                                 --          --             --      --          --      --       --         --        --          --
  Jamaica                                               --          --             --      --          --      --       --         --        --          --
  Caribbean, English Speaking                           --          --             --      --          --      --       --         --        --          --
  South America                                         --          --             --      --          --      --       --         --        --          --
  Japan                                                 --           --            --      --          --      --       --         --         --            --
  Korea                                                 --           --            --      --          --      --       --         --         --            --
  China                                                 --           --            --      --          --      --       --         --         --            --
  Hong Kong                                             --           --            --      --          --      --       --         --         --            --
  Taiwan                                                --           --            --      --          --      --       --         --         --            --
  Philippines                                           --           --            --      --          --      --       --         --         --            --
  Hmong                                                 --           --            --      --          --      --       --         --         --            --
  Cambodia                                              --           --            --      --          --      --       --         --         --            --
   Laos                                                 --           --            --      --          --      --       --         --         --            --
  Thailand                                              --           --            --      --          --      --       --         --         --            --
     Vietnamc                                           --           --            --      --          --      --       --         --         --            --
     Indochina totalc                                   --           --            --      --          --      --       --         --         --            --
     India                                              --           --            --      --          --      --       --         --         --            --
     Pakistan/Bangladesh                                --           --            --      --          --      --       --         --         --            --
     Afghanistan                                        --          --            --       --   --             --       --         --         --            --
     Iran                                               --          --            --       --          --      --       --         --         --            --
     Iraq                                               --           --            --      --          --      --       --         --         --            --
     Israel/Palestine                                   --           --            --      --          --      --       --         --         --            --
     Other West Asia                                    --           --            --      --          --      --       --         --         --            --
     Former USSR                                        --           --            --      --          --      --       --         --         --         --
     Other Europe, Canadac                           91.8          7.1           1.1    21.7         0.2     7.3      2.8        5.5        7.3        7.5
     Africa, Blacks                                     --           --            --      --          --      --       --         --         --            --
     Africa, Whitesc                                    --           --            --      --          --      --       --         --         --            --
     Other                                              --           --            --      --          --      --       --         --         --            --
"--" Indicates sample size is too small to produce statistically reliable estimates.
a
    A nuclear family consists of at least one child and the child's parent(s).
b
 Grandparents who have primary responsibility for the care of their grandchildren.
c
  "Vietnam" includes Indochina not specified; "Indochina, total" includes the following: Hmong, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam; "Other Europe, Canada"
includes Australia and New Zealand; "Africa, Whites" includes Asian Africans.
Calculated from Census 2000 5% microdata (IPUMS) by Donald J. Hernandez, Nancy A. Denton, and Suzanne E. Macartney, Center for Social and
Demographic Analysis, University at Albany, State University of New York with funding from The Annie E. Casey Foundation.


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Rural Oregon, Census 2000
Table 3. Family Mobility and Immigrant Situation
Children Ages 0-17, by Immigrant Country or Race/Ethnic Origin
                                                                                                 Percent of children with:
                                                                         With one
                                                                        native-born                                  At least one
                                                                        parent, one       At least one Parents        parent in   Child moved Mixed-status
                                                      Second           foreign-born       native-born    in home      U.S. less    in past 5    nuclear
                                                                                                                                           a           b
                                                     Generation           parent              parent   foreign-born than 10 years    years       family

Total                                                         9.6                 4.4            92.5              7.5              3.8    54.8             7.5
Children in Native-Born
Families                                                      0.0                 0.0           100.0              0.0              0.1    54.7             0.2
  White                                                       0.0                 0.0           100.0              0.0              0.1    53.8             0.2
  Black                                                         --                  --              --               --               --      --              --
  Puerto Rican, Mainland origin                                 --                  --               --              --               --      --              --
  Puerto Rican, Island origin                                   --                  --               --              --               --      --              --
  Mexican                                                     0.0                 0.0           100.0              0.0              0.2    64.4             0.0
  Other Hispanic/Latino                                         --                  --              --               --               --   61.7               --
  Asian                                                         --                  --              --               --               --      --              --
  Hawaiian/Pacific Islander                                     --                  --              --               --               --      --              --
  Native American                                             0.0                 0.0           100.0              0.0              0.0    60.2             0.3

Children in Immigrant Families                              80.5                36.6             36.6             63.4         31.2        56.2         61.7
  Mexico                                                    78.7                22.9             22.9             77.1         39.4        60.0         69.1
  Central America                                              --                  --               --               --           --          --           --
  Cuba                                                         --                  --               --               --           --          --           --
  Dominican Republic                                           --                  --               --               --           --          --           --
  Haiti                                                        --                  --               --               --           --          --           --
  Jamaica                                                      --                  --               --               --           --          --           --
  Caribbean, English Speaking                                  --                  --               --               --           --          --           --
  South America                                                --                  --               --               --           --          --           --
  Japan                                                        --                  --               --               --           --          --           --
  Korea                                                         --                  --               --              --               --      --              --
  China                                                         --                  --               --              --               --      --              --
  Hong Kong                                                     --                  --               --              --               --      --              --
  Taiwan                                                        --                  --               --              --               --      --              --
  Philippines                                                   --                  --               --              --               --      --              --
  Hmong                                                         --                  --               --              --               --      --              --
  Cambodia                                                      --                  --               --              --               --      --              --
   Laos                                                         --                  --               --              --               --      --              --
  Thailand                                                      --                  --               --              --               --      --              --
      Vietnamc                                                  --                  --               --              --               --      --              --
      Indochina totalc                                          --                  --               --              --               --      --              --
      India                                                     --                  --               --              --               --      --              --
      Pakistan/Bangladesh                                       --                  --               --              --               --      --              --
      Afghanistan                                               --                  --               --              --               --      --              --
      Iran                                                      --                  --               --              --               --      --              --
      Iraq                                                      --                  --               --              --               --      --              --
      Israel/Palestine                                          --                  --               --              --               --      --              --
      Other West Asia                                           --                  --               --              --               --      --              --
      Former USSR                                               --                  --               --              --               --      --              --
      Other Europe, Canadac                                 85.0                74.8             74.8             25.2         17.0        52.0         61.5
      Africa, Blacks                                           --                  --               --               --           --          --           --
      Africa, Whitesc                                          --                  --               --               --           --          --           --
      Other                                                    --                  --               --               --           --       42.6            --
"--" Indicates sample size is too small to produce statistically reliable results or category does not apply to the native group.
a
    For children ages 5-17 years.
b
    At least one sibling or parent is not a U.S. citizen, and at least one sibling or parent is a U.S. citizen.
c
  "Vietnam" includes Indochina not specified; "Indochina, total" includes the following: Hmong, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam; "Other Europe, Canada"
includes Australia and New Zealand; "Africa, Whites" includes Asian Africans.
Calculated from Census 2000 5% microdata (IPUMS) by Donald J. Hernandez, Nancy A. Denton, and Suzanne E. Macartney, Center for Social and Demographic
Analysis, University at Albany, State University of New York with funding from The Annie E. Casey Foundation.

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Rural Oregon, Census 2000
Table 4. Limited English Proficiency
Children Ages 0-17, by Immigrant Country or Race/Ethnic Origin
                                                                                                    Percent of children:
                                               Bilingual                                               Limited English Proficiency
                                                   Child                                                                                                     Parents
                                                 English                                                                                                     in U.S.
                                                 fluent &     Child                                                               Both   Linguis- Parent(s) 10 or
                                                 speaks     Limited           Child     Child                             Father father   tically  in U.S.    more
                                                   other    English          LEP &      LEP &                               or     &    isolated less than years
                                                language Proficient          father     mother     Father      Mother     mother mother house- 10 years        and
                                                          a         a              a         a                                                  b          c       c
                                                 at home     (LEP)            LEP        LEP        LEP         LEP        LEP    LEP      hold   and LEP      LEP

Total                                                6.1           3.5         1.8        1.8        6.7          6.5        7.6     5.3     3.7         2.8         3.2


Children in Native-Born Families                     2.4           1.0         0.0        0.1        0.5          0.6        0.9     0.1     0.1         0.0         0.0
  White                                              1.8           0.9         0.0        0.0        0.2          0.4        0.5     0.0     0.0         0.0         0.0
  Black                                                --            --          --         --         --           --         --      --      --          --             --
  Puerto Rican, Mainland origin                        --            --          --         --         --           --         --      --      --          --             --
  Puerto Rican, Island origin                          --            --          --         --         --           --         --      --      --          --          --
  Mexican                                           16.6           2.3         0.7        0.0        5.6          4.9        6.7     3.0     1.3         0.2         0.0
  Other Hispanic/Latino                             14.1           3.3           --         --         --           --         --      --      --          --          --
  Asian                                                --            --          --         --         --           --         --      --      --          --          --
  Hawaiian/Pacific Islander                            --            --          --         --         --           --         --      --      --          --          --
  Native American                                    3.4           2.2         0.0        0.2        2.2          0.8        2.4     0.0     0.2         0.0         0.0

Children in Immigrant Families                      36.4          23.7        13.9       14.5       49.0        49.6        57.5    40.1    30.7        23.8       26.7
  Mexico                                            50.8          36.5        21.3       21.9       69.6        69.2        79.6    57.6    43.6        35.4       35.9
  Central America                                      --            --          --         --         --          --          --      --      --          --         --
  Cuba                                                 --            --          --         --         --           --         --      --      --          --             --
  Dominican Republic                                   --            --          --         --         --           --         --      --      --          --             --
  Haiti                                                --            --          --         --         --           --         --      --      --          --             --
  Jamaica                                              --            --          --         --         --           --         --      --      --          --             --
  Caribbean, English Speaking                          --            --          --         --         --           --         --      --      --          --             --
  South America                                        --            --          --         --         --           --         --      --      --          --             --
  Japan                                                --            --          --         --         --           --         --      --      --          --             --
  Korea                                                --            --          --         --         --           --         --      --      --          --             --
  China                                                --            --          --         --         --           --         --      --      --          --             --
  Hong Kong                                            --            --          --         --         --           --         --      --      --          --             --
  Taiwan                                               --            --          --         --         --           --         --      --      --          --             --
  Philippines                                          --            --          --         --         --           --         --      --      --          --             --
  Hmong                                                --            --          --         --         --           --         --      --      --          --             --
  Cambodia                                             --            --          --         --         --           --         --      --      --          --             --
   Laos                                                --            --          --         --         --           --         --      --      --          --             --
  Thailand                                             --            --          --         --         --           --         --      --      --          --             --
      Vietnam d                                        --            --          --         --         --           --         --      --      --          --             --
      Indochina totald                                 --            --          --         --         --           --         --      --      --          --             --
      India                                            --            --          --         --         --           --         --      --      --          --             --
      Pakistan/Bangladesh                              --            --          --         --         --           --         --      --      --          --             --
      Afghanistan                                      --            --          --         --         --           --         --      --      --          --             --
      Iran                                             --            --          --         --         --           --         --      --      --          --             --
      Iraq                                             --            --          --         --         --           --         --      --      --          --          --
      Israel/Palestine                                 --            --          --         --         --           --         --      --      --          --          --
      Other West Asia                                  --            --          --         --         --           --         --      --      --          --          --
      Former USSR                                      --            --          --         --         --           --         --      --      --          --          --
      Other Europe, Canadad                          3.9           3.1         0.1        1.7        5.3          5.5        8.7     1.8     1.5         2.8         0.7
      Africa, Blacks                                   --            --          --         --         --           --         --      --      --          --          --
      Africa, Whitesd                                  --            --          --         --         --           --         --      --      --          --          --
      Other                                          4.2           2.8           --         --         --           --         --      --      --          --          --
"--" Indicates sample size is too small to produce statistically reliable results or category does not apply to the native group.
a
    For children ages 5-17 years.
b
    Households in which no one over the age of 13 speaks English exclusively or very well.
c
  These two columns together include all children with at least one LEP parent. The column labeled "Parent(s) LEP and in U.S. less than 10 years" includes all children
d
  "Vietnam" includes Indochina not specified; "Indochina, total" includes the following: Hmong, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam; "Other Europe, Canada" includes
Australia and New Zealand; "Africa, Whites" includes Asian Africans.

Calculated from Census 2000 5% microdata (IPUMS) by Donald J. Hernandez, Nancy A. Denton, and Suzanne E. Macartney, Center for Social and Demographic
Analysis, University at Albany, State University of New York with funding from The Annie E. Casey Foundation.
                                                                                                                                                                               4
4
Rural Oregon, Census 2000
Table 5. Parental Education
Children Ages 0-17, by Immigrant Country or Race/Ethnic Origin
                                                                                         Percent of children with:
                                                                                     Father                                         Mother
                                                Father   Father   Father               H.S.              Mother Mother Mother         H.S.
                                                  0-4       0-8       not            grad or   Father       0-4      0-8     not    grad or    Mother
                                                years of years of   H.S.              some     college   years of years of H.S.      some      college
                                                 school   school    grad             college    grad      school   school  grad     college     grad

Total                                               1.4         5.3        16.9       62.0      21.1       1.1      4.4    15.5      68.0          16.5


Children in Native-Born Families                    0.2         1.5        12.5       65.8      21.7       0.1      1.0    11.2      71.7          17.1
 White                                              0.1         1.5        12.1       65.6      22.3       0.1      0.8    10.5      71.7          17.7
 Black                                                --          --           --        --        --        --       --      --        --            --
 Puerto Rican, Mainland origin                        --          --           --        --        --        --       --      --        --            --
 Puerto Rican, Island origin                          --          --           --        --        --        --       --      --        --            --
 Mexican                                            0.8         3.2        23.9       59.9      16.2       0.7      4.2    24.4      66.3           9.3
 Other Hispanic/Latino                                --          --          --         --        --        --       --      --        --            --
 Asian                                                --          --          --         --        --        --       --      --        --            --
 Hawaiian/Pacific Islander                            --          --          --         --        --        --       --      --        --            --
 Native American                                    0.7         1.5        14.7       76.1       9.3       0.0      2.4    14.7      76.5           8.7

Children in Immigrant Families                     10.2        31.0        47.2       36.2      16.6       8.4     29.0    46.3      41.6          12.2
 Mexico                                            15.8        48.8        71.0       25.2       3.8      13.1     45.4    68.1      29.6           2.3
 Central America                                      --          --           --        --        --        --       --      --        --            --
 Cuba                                                 --          --           --        --        --        --       --      --        --            --
 Dominican Republic                                   --          --           --        --        --        --       --      --        --            --
 Haiti                                                --          --           --        --        --        --       --      --        --            --
 Jamaica                                              --          --           --        --        --        --       --      --        --            --
 Caribbean, English Speaking                          --          --           --        --        --        --       --      --        --            --
 South America                                        --          --           --        --        --        --       --      --        --            --
 Japan                                                --          --           --        --        --        --       --      --        --            --
 Korea                                                --          --           --        --        --        --       --      --        --            --
 China                                                --          --           --        --        --        --       --      --        --            --
 Hong Kong                                            --          --           --        --        --        --       --      --        --            --
 Taiwan                                               --          --           --        --        --        --       --      --        --            --
 Philippines                                          --          --           --        --        --        --       --      --        --            --
 Hmong                                                --          --           --        --        --        --       --      --        --            --
 Cambodia                                             --          --           --        --        --        --       --      --        --            --
  Laos                                                --          --           --        --        --        --       --      --        --            --
 Thailand                                             --          --           --        --        --        --       --      --        --            --
    Vietnama                                          --          --           --        --        --        --       --      --        --            --
    Indochina totala                                  --          --           --        --        --        --       --      --        --            --
    India                                             --          --           --        --        --        --       --      --        --            --
    Pakistan/Bangladesh                               --          --           --        --        --        --       --      --        --            --
    Afghanistan                                       --          --           --        --        --        --       --      --        --            --
    Iran                                              --          --           --        --        --        --       --      --        --            --
    Iraq                                              --          --           --        --        --        --       --      --        --            --
    Israel/Palestine                                  --          --           --        --        --        --       --      --        --            --
    Other West Asia                                   --          --           --        --        --        --       --      --        --            --
    Former USSR                                       --          --           --        --        --        --       --      --        --            --
    Other Europe, Canadaa                           1.5         2.0          5.3      54.6      40.1       0.0      1.1     3.3      66.7          30.1
    Africa, Blacks                                    --          --           --        --        --        --       --      --        --            --
    Africa, Whitesa                                   --          --           --        --        --        --       --      --        --            --
    Other                                             --          --           --        --        --        --       --      --        --            --
"--" Indicates sample size is too small to produce statistically reliable results.
a
 "Vietnam" includes Indochina not specified; "Indochina, total" includes the following: Hmong, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam; "Other Europe,
Canada" includes Australia and New Zealand; "Africa, Whites" includes Asian Africans.
Calculated from Census 2000 5% microdata (IPUMS) by Donald J. Hernandez, Nancy A. Denton, and Suzanne E. Macartney, Center for Social and
Demographic Analysis, University at Albany, State University of New York with funding from The Annie E. Casey Foundation.
                                                                                                                                                           5
Rural Oregon, Census 2000
Table 6. (Part 1 of 4) Parental Employment
Children Ages 0-17, by Immigrant Country or Race/Ethnic Origin
                                                                                     Percent of children with:

                                                 Father      Father                           Mother      Mother                  Other adult
                                                works       works     Father no              works       works        Mother no    worker in
                                                          a         a                                  a          a                       b
                                                 full-time part-time    work                 full-time   part-time      work        home

Total                                                73.4           21.3              5.2       32.2        43.9          23.9         14.1


Children in Native-Born Families                     74.1           20.6              5.4       33.0        44.3          22.7         13.2
 White                                               74.9           20.0              5.0       33.1        44.1          22.8         13.1
 Black                                                  --             --               --         --          --            --           --
 Puerto Rican, Mainland origin                          --             --               --         --          --            --           --
 Puerto Rican, Island origin                            --             --               --         --          --            --           --
 Mexican                                             69.9           22.8              7.3       28.7        43.5          27.8         12.6
 Other Hispanic/Latino                                  --             --               --         --          --            --           --
 Asian                                                  --             --               --         --          --            --           --
 Hawaiian/Pacific Islander                              --             --               --         --          --            --           --
 Native American                                     61.7           27.8             10.6       34.3        44.6          21.1         16.5

Children in Immigrant Families                       68.7           26.8              4.5       26.6        40.8          32.6         20.8
 Mexico                                              63.8           31.2              5.0       22.0        44.8          33.2         22.2
 Central America                                        --             --               --         --          --            --           --
 Cuba                                                   --             --               --         --          --            --           --
 Dominican Republic                                     --             --               --         --          --            --           --
 Haiti                                                  --             --               --         --          --            --           --
 Jamaica                                                --             --               --         --          --            --           --
 Caribbean, English Speaking                            --             --               --         --          --            --           --
 South America                                          --             --               --         --          --            --           --
 Japan                                                  --             --               --         --          --            --           --
 Korea                                                  --             --               --         --          --            --           --
 China                                                  --             --               --         --          --            --           --
 Hong Kong                                              --             --               --         --          --            --           --
 Taiwan                                                 --             --               --         --          --            --           --
 Philippines                                            --             --               --         --          --            --           --
 Hmong                                                  --             --               --         --          --            --           --
 Cambodia                                               --             --               --         --          --            --           --
  Laos                                                  --             --               --         --          --            --           --
 Thailand                                               --             --               --         --          --            --           --
 VietnamC                                               --             --               --         --          --            --           --
 Indochina totalc                                       --             --               --         --          --            --           --
 India                                                  --             --               --         --          --            --           --
 Pakistan/Bangladesh                                    --             --               --         --          --            --           --
 Afghanistan                                            --             --               --         --          --            --           --
 Iran                                                   --             --               --         --          --            --           --
 Iraq                                                   --             --               --         --          --            --           --
 Israel/Palestine                                       --             --               --         --          --            --           --
 Other West Asia                                        --             --               --         --          --            --           --
 Former USSR                                            --             --               --         --          --            --           --
     Other Europe, Canadac                           83.5           13.4              3.1       27.7        46.1          26.3         12.3
     Africa, Blacks                                     --             --               --         --          --            --           --
     Africa, Whitesc                                    --             --               --         --          --            --           --
     Other                                              --             --               --         --          --            --           --
"--" Indicates sample size is too small to produce statistically reliable results.
a
 Full-time indicates the parent works 35 hours per week or more, 48 weeks a year or more; Part-time indicates the parent works less than
full-time.
b
    Adult workers are age 18 or more, earning $2500 per year or more.
c
 "Vietnam" includes Indochina not specified; "Indochina, total" includes the following: Hmong, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam; "Other
Europe, Canada" includes Australia and New Zealand; "Africa, Whites" includes Asian Africans.

                                                                                                                                                6
Calculated from Census 2000 5% microdata (IPUMS) by Donald J. Hernandez, Nancy A. Denton, and Suzanne E. Macartney, Center for
Social and Demographic Analysis, University at Albany, State University of New York with funding from The Annie E. Casey Foundation.




                                                                                                                                       6
Rural Oregon, Census 2000
Table 6. (Part 2 of 4) Parental Employment
Children Ages 0-17, by Immigrant Country or Race/Ethnic Origin
                                                                             Percent of children in two-parent families with:
                                                                               Father
                                                 Father         Father         full-time,   Father        Father      Father        Father not
                                                 full-time,     full-time,      mother      part-time,    part-time, part-time,      working,        Neither
                                                 mother         mother             not       mother        mother    mother not      mother          parent
                                                 full-timea     part-timea     workinga      full-timea   part-timea  workinga       working         working

Total                                                 24.5           31.6            18.2         4.8        10.5           5.5           3.3            1.6


Children in Native-Born Families                      25.2           32.3            17.6         4.9        10.1           4.9           3.3            1.6
 White                                                25.3           32.8            17.8         4.9         9.6           5.0           3.1            1.6
 Black                                                   --             --             --          --           --            --            --            --
 Puerto Rican, Mainland origin                           --             --             --          --           --            --            --            --
 Puerto Rican, Island origin                             --             --             --          --           --            --            --            --
 Mexican                                              19.2           31.0            22.2         3.4        12.4           5.1           3.8            2.9
 Other Hispanic/Latino                                   --             --             --          --           --            --            --            --
 Asian                                                   --             --             --          --           --            --            --            --
 Hawaiian/Pacific Islander                               --             --             --          --           --            --            --            --
 Native American                                      25.3           24.5            13.7         8.0        16.4           3.4           6.9            1.8

Children in Immigrant Families                        20.5           26.5            21.9         3.9        13.4           9.6           2.7            1.5
 Mexico                                               17.4           25.5            20.9         2.5        18.0          11.1           3.0            1.5
 Central America                                         --             --             --          --           --            --            --            --
 Cuba                                                    --             --             --          --           --            --            --            --
 Dominican Republic                                      --             --             --          --           --            --            --            --
 Haiti                                                   --             --             --          --           --            --            --            --
 Jamaica                                                 --             --             --          --           --            --            --            --
 Caribbean, English Speaking                             --             --             --          --           --            --            --            --
 South America                                           --             --             --          --           --            --            --            --
 Japan                                                   --             --             --          --           --            --            --            --
 Korea                                                   --             --             --          --           --            --            --            --
 China                                                   --             --             --          --           --            --            --            --
 Hong Kong                                               --             --             --          --           --            --            --            --
 Taiwan                                                  --             --             --          --           --            --            --            --
 Philippines                                             --             --             --          --           --            --            --            --
 Hmong                                                   --             --             --          --           --            --            --            --
 Cambodia                                                --             --             --          --           --            --            --            --
  Laos                                                   --             --             --          --           --            --            --            --
 Thailand                                                --             --             --          --           --            --            --            --
      Vietnamb                                           --             --             --          --           --            --            --            --
      Indochina totalb                                   --             --             --          --           --            --            --            --
      India                                              --             --             --          --           --            --            --            --
      Pakistan/Bangladesh                                --             --             --          --           --            --            --            --
      Afghanistan                                        --             --             --          --           --            --            --            --
      Iran                                               --             --             --          --           --            --            --            --
      Iraq                                               --             --             --          --           --            --            --            --
      Israel/Palestine                                   --             --             --          --           --            --            --            --
      Other West Asia                                    --             --             --          --           --            --            --            --
      Former USSR                                        --             --             --          --           --            --            --            --
      Other Europe, Canadab                           21.9           38.5            23.7         3.7         5.6           3.5           3.2            0.0
      Africa, Blacks                                     --             --             --          --           --            --            --            --
      Africa, Whitesb                                    --             --             --          --           --            --            --            --
      Other                                              --             --             --          --           --            --            --            --
"--" Indicates sample size is too small to produce statistically reliable results.
a
    Full-time indicates the parent works 35 hours per week or more, 48 weeks a year or more; Part-time indicates the parent works less than full-time.
b
  "Vietnam" includes Indochina not specified; "Indochina, total" includes the following: Hmong, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam; "Other Europe, Canada"
includes Australia and New Zealand; "Africa, Whites" includes Asian Africans.
Calculated from Census 2000 5% microdata (IPUMS) by Donald J. Hernandez, Nancy A. Denton, and Suzanne E. Macartney, Center for Social and
Demographic Analysis, University at Albany, State University of New York with funding from The Annie E. Casey Foundation.                                      7
Rural Oregon, Census 2000
Table 6. (Part 3 of 4) Parental Employment
Children Ages 0-17, by Immigrant Country or Race/Ethnic Origin
                                                    Percent of children in one-parent families with:                     Percent of all children with:



                                                                                                             Father works     Mother                Two parents
                                               Parent works Parent works            Parent                   more than      works more               work more
                                               more than               full-       works         Parent does         full- than                    than
                                                   full-timea time or moreb        part-timeb      not work      timea       full-timea                 full-timea

Total                                                    7.4            42.8            41.1             16.0            20.3              4.2             1.7


Children in Native-Born Families                         7.5            43.1            41.7             15.2            20.5              4.5             1.7
 White                                                   7.6            44.3            42.0             13.7            21.3              4.6             1.8
 Black                                                     --              --              --               --              --               --              --
 Puerto Rican, Mainland origin                             --              --              --               --              --               --              --
 Puerto Rican, Island origin                               --              --              --               --              --               --              --
 Mexican                                                 4.4            36.2            42.3             21.5            17.6              2.0             0.6
 Other Hispanic/Latino                                     --              --              --               --              --               --              --
 Asian                                                     --              --              --               --              --               --              --
 Hawaiian/Pacific Islander                                 --              --              --               --              --               --              --
 Native American                                         8.3            34.4            39.1             26.6             8.9              3.3             0.7

Children in Immigrant Families                           6.8            39.5            33.8             26.7            18.8              2.7             1.2
 Mexico                                                  4.9            34.9            36.8             28.2            12.2              1.5             0.4
 Central America                                           --              --              --               --              --               --              --
 Cuba                                                      --              --              --               --              --               --              --
 Dominican Republic                                        --              --              --               --              --               --              --
 Haiti                                                     --              --              --               --              --               --              --
 Jamaica                                                   --              --              --               --              --               --              --
 Caribbean, English Speaking                               --              --              --               --              --               --              --
 South America                                             --              --              --               --              --               --              --
 Japan                                                     --              --              --               --              --               --              --
 Korea                                                     --              --              --               --              --               --              --
 China                                                     --              --              --               --              --               --              --
 Hong Kong                                                 --              --              --               --              --               --              --
 Taiwan                                                    --              --              --               --              --               --              --
 Philippines                                               --              --              --               --              --               --              --
 Hmong                                                     --              --              --               --              --               --              --
 Cambodia                                                  --              --              --               --              --               --              --
  Laos                                                     --              --              --               --              --               --              --
 Thailand                                                  --              --              --               --              --               --              --
      Vietnamc                                             --              --              --               --              --               --              --
      Indochina totalc                                     --              --              --               --              --               --              --
      India                                                --              --              --               --              --               --              --
      Pakistan/Bangladesh                                  --              --              --               --              --               --              --
      Afghanistan                                          --              --              --               --              --               --              --
      Iran                                                 --              --              --               --              --               --              --
      Iraq                                                 --              --              --               --              --               --              --
      Israel/Palestine                                     --              --              --               --              --               --              --
      Other West Asia                                      --              --              --               --              --               --              --
      Former USSR                                          --              --              --               --              --               --              --
      Other Europe, Canadac                              8.4            33.9            53.9             12.1            32.3              2.0             1.8
      Africa, Blacks                                       --              --              --               --              --               --              --
      Africa, Whitesc                                      --              --              --               --              --               --              --
      Other                                                --              --              --               --              --               --              --
"--" Indicates sample size is too small to produce statistically reliable results.
a
 More than full-time indicates the parent works 50 hours per week or more, 48 weeks per year or more.
b
    Full-time indicates the parent works 35 hours per week or more, 48 weeks per year or more; Part-time indicates the parent works less than full-time.
c
  "Vietnam" includes Indochina not specified; "Indochina, total" includes the following: Hmong, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam; "Other Europe, Canada"
includes Australia and New Zealand; "Africa, Whites" includes Asian Africans.                                                                                        8
Calculated from Census 2000 5% microdata (IPUMS) by Donald J. Hernandez, Nancy A. Denton, and Suzanne E. Macartney, Center for Social and
Demographic Analysis, University at Albany, State University of New York with funding from The Annie E. Casey Foundation.




                                                                                                                                            8
Rural Oregon, Census 2000
Table 6. (Part 4 of 4) Parental Employment
Children Ages 0-17, by Immigrant Country or Race/Ethnic Origin
                                            Percent of children with                                    Percent of children with
                                                    Fathers Employed Full-Timea                                 Mothers Employed Full-Timea

                                                                                        For children                                                For children
                                                           For                           with father       For        For                           with mother
                                                 For     children For children            Limited        children   children  For children            Limited
                                              children with father with father            English          with       with    with mother             English
                                             with father not H.S.   English              Proficient       mother   mother not   English              Proficient
                                             H.S. grad     grad       fluent                (LEP)        H.S. grad H.S. grad     fluent                (LEP)

Total                                            76.7          57.3            74.6            56.1          33.9          23.3            32.8            24.0
Children in Native-Born
Families                                         76.6          56.6            74.2               --         34.1          24.0            33.0               --
  White                                          77.4          56.6            74.9               --         34.0          25.4            33.0               --
  Black                                              --            --             --              --            --            --              --              --
  Puerto Rican, Mainland origin                      --            --             --              --            --            --              --              --
  Puerto Rican, Island origin                       --            --              --              --            --            --              --              --
  Mexican                                        71.6             --           70.5               --         32.7          16.3            29.6               --
  Other Hispanic/Latino                             --            --              --              --            --            --              --              --
  Asian                                             --            --              --              --            --            --              --              --
  Hawaiian/Pacific Islander                         --            --              --              --            --            --              --              --
  Native American                                65.4          40.2            62.3               --         38.1          12.0            34.6               --

Children in Immigrant Families                   77.9          58.5            81.2            55.8          30.7          22.0            30.3            22.9
  Mexico                                         76.4          58.7            84.6            54.8          25.7          20.2            30.2            18.3
  Central America                                   --            --              --              --            --            --              --              --
  Cuba                                              --            --              --              --            --            --              --              --
  Dominican Republic                                --            --              --              --            --            --              --              --
  Haiti                                             --            --              --              --            --            --              --              --
  Jamaica                                           --            --              --              --            --            --              --              --
  Caribbean, English Speaking                       --            --              --              --            --            --              --              --
  South America                                      --            --             --              --            --            --              --              --
  Japan                                              --            --             --              --            --            --              --              --
  Korea                                              --            --             --              --            --            --              --              --
  China                                              --            --             --              --            --            --              --              --
  Hong Kong                                          --            --             --              --            --            --              --              --
  Taiwan                                             --            --             --              --            --            --              --              --
  Philippines                                        --            --             --              --            --            --              --              --
  Hmong                                              --            --             --              --            --            --              --              --
  Cambodia                                           --            --             --              --            --            --              --              --
   Laos                                              --            --             --              --            --            --              --              --
  Thailand                                           --            --             --              --            --            --              --              --
    Vietnamd                                         --            --             --              --            --            --              --              --
    Indochina totald                                 --            --             --              --            --            --              --              --
    India                                            --            --             --              --            --            --              --              --
    Pakistan/Bangladesh                              --            --             --              --            --            --              --              --
    Afghanistan                                      --            --             --              --            --            --              --              --
    Iran                                             --            --             --              --            --            --              --              --
    Iraq                                             --            --             --              --            --            --              --              --
    Israel/Palestine                                 --            --             --              --            --            --              --              --
    Other West Asia                                  --            --             --              --            --            --              --              --
    Former USSR                                     --             --             --              --            --            --              --              --
    Other Europe, Canadad                        84.3              --          84.3               --         28.6             --           27.7               --
    Africa, Blacks                                   --            --             --              --            --            --              --              --
    Africa, Whitesd                                  --            --             --              --            --            --              --              --
    Other                                            --            --             --              --            --            --              --              --
"--" Indicates sample size is too small to produce statistically reliable results.
a
 Full-time indicates the parent works 35 hours per week or more, 48 weeks a year or more.
b
 "Vietnam" includes Indochina not specified; "Indochina, total" includes the following: Hmong, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam; "Other Europe, Canada" includes
Australia and New Zealand; "Africa, Whites" includes Asian Africans.
Calculated from Census 2000 5% microdata (IPUMS) by Donald J. Hernandez, Nancy A. Denton, and Suzanne E. Macartney, Center for Social and Demographic
Analysis, University at Albany, State University of New York with funding from The Annie E. Casey Foundation.
                                                                                                                                                                    9
Rural Oregon, Census 2000
Table 7. Parental and Other Household Member Earnings
Children Ages 0-17, by Immigrant Country or Race/Ethnic Origin
                                                                                        Percent of children with:                                           Percent:

                                                  Fathers        Fathers             Mothers    Mothers                                                        Teens
                                                   below         100% to              below     100% to   One or two           Three                        ages 15-17
                                                  100% of       below 200%           100% of   below 200%   adult              adult        Four or more      earning
                                                  minimum        minimum             minimum    minimum   workers in         workers in     adult workers   $2500+
                                                        a               b                  a           b            c                  c                c             d
                                                   wage            wage               wage        wage    the home           the home        in the home      per year

Total                                                   4.6             19.9           13.9         40.7            86.3           6.8              2.0           9.9


Children in Native-Born Families                        4.4             17.9           14.0         39.8            87.1           6.4              1.7          10.3
  White                                                 4.1             17.4           13.6         39.8            87.3           6.5              1.8          10.1
  Black                                                   --               --             --           --              --            --               --            --
  Puerto Rican, Mainland origin                           --               --             --           --              --            --               --            --
  Puerto Rican, Island origin                             --               --             --           --              --            --               --            --
  Mexican                                               6.8             23.5           18.8         31.5            85.5           4.2              0.9             --
  Other Hispanic/Latino                                   --               --             --           --              --            --               --            --
  Asian                                                   --               --             --           --              --            --               --            --
  Hawaiian/Pacific Islander                               --               --             --           --              --            --               --            --
  Native American                                       7.7             24.2           14.4         47.1            81.4           5.4              2.2          14.6

Children in Immigrant Families                          6.4             33.0           13.0         48.3            80.7          10.4              4.3           4.7
  Mexico                                                7.7             45.1           14.4         55.9            78.6          10.8              5.2           6.1
  Central America                                         --               --             --           --              --            --               --            --
  Cuba                                                    --               --             --           --              --            --               --            --
  Dominican Republic                                      --               --             --           --              --            --               --            --
  Haiti                                                   --               --             --           --              --            --               --            --
  Jamaica                                                 --               --             --           --              --            --               --            --
  Caribbean, English Speaking                             --               --             --           --              --            --               --            --
  South America                                           --               --             --           --              --            --               --            --
  Japan                                                   --               --             --           --              --            --               --            --
  Korea                                                   --               --             --           --              --            --               --            --
  China                                                   --               --             --           --              --            --               --            --
  Hong Kong                                               --               --             --           --              --            --               --            --
  Taiwan                                                  --               --             --           --              --            --               --            --
  Philippines                                             --               --             --           --              --            --               --            --
  Hmong                                                   --               --             --           --              --            --               --            --
  Cambodia                                                --               --             --           --              --            --               --            --
   Laos                                                   --               --             --           --              --            --               --            --
  Thailand                                                --               --             --           --              --            --               --            --
      Vietname                                            --               --             --           --              --            --               --            --
      Indochina totale                                    --               --             --           --              --            --               --            --
      India                                               --               --             --           --              --            --               --            --
      Pakistan/Bangladesh                                 --               --             --           --              --            --               --            --
      Afghanistan                                         --               --             --           --              --            --               --            --
      Iran                                                --               --             --           --              --            --               --            --
      Iraq                                                --               --             --           --              --            --               --            --
      Israel/Palestine                                    --               --             --           --              --            --               --            --
      Other West Asia                                     --               --             --           --              --            --               --            --
      Former USSR                                         --               --             --           --              --            --               --            --
      Other Europe, Canadae                             2.0             18.8              --           --           87.5          10.7              0.4             --
      Africa, Blacks                                      --               --             --           --              --            --               --            --
      Africa, Whitese                                     --               --             --           --              --            --               --            --
      Other                                               --               --             --           --              --            --               --            --
"--" Indicates sample size is too small to produce statistically reliable results.
a
    Below 100% of minimum wage is earning less than $5.15 per hour.
b
    Earning 100% to below 200% of minimum wage is earning $5.15 to less than $10.30 per hour.
c
    Adult workers are age 18 or more, earning $2500 per year or more.
d
    Data presented only for children ages 15-17. Percent in table indicates the proportion of all children ages 15-17 who earned at least $2500.
e
 "Vietnam" includes Indochina not specified; "Indochina, total" includes the following: Hmong, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam; "Other Europe, Canada" includes
Australia and New Zealand; "Africa, Whites" includes Asian Africans.
Calculated from Census 2000 5% microdata (IPUMS) by Donald J. Hernandez, Nancy A. Denton, and Suzanne E. Macartney, Center for Social and Demographic
Analysis, University at Albany, State University of New York with funding from The Annie E. Casey Foundation.
                                                                                                                                                                          10
Rural Oregon, Census 2000
Table 8. (Part 1 of 6) Poverty
Children Ages 0-17, by Immigrant Country or Race/Ethnic Origin
                                                                                             Percent of children in poverty:

                                                                                                                                    Basic budget
                                                                                                       Basic budget Basic budget      poverty
                                                               Deep       Near                 Basic   poverty       poverty         (based on
                                                   Official   official   official   Basic     budget    (based on     (based on    food, housing,
                                                  poverty    poverty    poverty    budget     poverty     food,     food, housing,      other
                                                   (below     (below     (below    poverty    (based    housing &       other       necessities,
                                                  100% of    50% of     200% of (based on on food &       other      necessities & transportation
                                                 threshold) threshold) threshold) all costs)a housing) necessities) transportation & childcare)

Total                                                 14.1            5.3            40.2        39.9        9.0             15.4               20.6               31.9


Children in Native-Born Families                      13.1            5.1            37.8        37.5        8.5             14.0               18.6               29.6
  White                                               12.1            4.7            36.4        36.0        7.8             12.9               17.4               28.1
  Black                                                  --              --             --          --         --               --                 --                    --
  Puerto Rican, Mainland origin                          --              --             --          --         --               --                 --                    --
  Puerto Rican, Island origin                            --              --             --          --         --               --                 --                    --
  Mexican                                             22.8            9.0            53.5        56.8      16.1              24.8               30.8               47.1
  Other Hispanic/Latino                                  --             --              --          --        --                --                 --                 --
  Asian                                                  --             --              --          --        --                --                 --                 --
  Hawaiian/Pacific Islander                              --             --              --          --        --                --                 --                 --
  Native American                                     23.9           10.2            55.5        53.5      17.5              26.4               32.6               45.6

Children in Immigrant Families                        22.2            6.5            57.8        57.8      12.3              25.5               35.2               48.7
  Mexico                                              30.9            8.7            75.7        75.7      16.9              35.1               48.8               65.9
  Central America                                        --             --              --          --        --                --                 --                 --
  Cuba                                                   --             --              --          --        --                --                 --                 --
  Dominican Republic                                     --             --              --          --        --                --                 --                 --
  Haiti                                                  --             --              --          --        --                --                 --                 --
  Jamaica                                                --             --              --          --        --                --                 --                 --
  Caribbean, English Speaking                            --              --             --          --         --               --                 --                    --
  South America                                          --              --             --          --         --               --                 --                    --
  Japan                                                  --              --             --          --         --               --                 --                    --
  Korea                                                  --              --             --          --         --               --                 --                    --
  China                                                  --              --             --          --         --               --                 --                    --
  Hong Kong                                              --              --             --          --         --               --                 --                    --
  Taiwan                                                 --              --             --          --         --               --                 --                    --
  Philippines                                            --              --             --          --         --               --                 --                    --
  Hmong                                                  --              --             --          --         --               --                 --                    --
  Cambodia                                               --              --             --          --         --               --                 --                    --
   Laos                                                  --              --             --          --         --               --                 --                    --
  Thailand                                               --              --             --          --         --               --                 --                    --
    Vietnam b                                            --              --             --          --         --               --                 --                    --
    Indochina totalb                                     --              --             --          --         --               --                 --                    --
    India                                                --              --             --          --         --               --                 --                    --
    Pakistan/Bangladesh                                  --              --             --          --         --               --                 --                    --
    Afghanistan                                          --             --              --          --         --               --                 --                 --
    Iran                                                 --             --              --          --         --               --                 --                 --
    Iraq                                                 --             --              --          --         --               --                 --                 --
    Israel/Palestine                                     --             --              --          --         --               --                 --                 --
    Other West Asia                                      --             --              --          --         --               --                 --                 --
    Former USSR                                          --             --              --          --         --               --                 --                 --
    Other Europe, Canadab                              7.4            1.6            26.5        27.3        4.7             10.1               12.2               20.6
    Africa, Blacks                                       --             --              --          --         --               --                 --                 --
    Africa, Whitesb                                      --             --              --          --         --               --                 --                 --
    Other                                                --             --              --          --         --               --                 --                 --
"--" Indicates sample size is too small to produce statistically reliable results.
a
 Basic Budget Poverty is based on all costs for a decent standard of living, including food, housing, other necessities, transportation for work, childcare and health
insurance.
b
 "Vietnam" includes Indochina not specified; "Indochina, total" includes the following: Hmong, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam; "Other Europe, Canada" includes
Australia and New Zealand; "Africa, Whites" includes Asian Africans.
Calculated from Census 2000 5% microdata (IPUMS) by Donald J. Hernandez, Nancy A. Denton, and Suzanne E. Macartney, Center for Social and Demographic
Analysis, University at Albany, State University of New York with funding from The Annie E. Casey Foundation.
                                                                                                                                                                              11
Rural Oregon, Census 2000
Table 8. (Part 2 of 6) Poverty
Children Ages 0-17, by Immigrant Country or Race/Ethnic Origin
                                                Percent of children in                                         Percent of children in
                                                                Official Poverty:                                          Basic Budget Povertya:

                                                 For children         For children         For children     For children             For children      For children
                                                with father          with father          with father H.S. with father              with father       with father H.S.
                                                      0-8 years                  not       grad or more          0-8 years                      not    grad or more
                                                    of school           H.S. grad            education         of school               H.S. grad         education

Total                                                      27.9                 22.0                   7.2                 74.4              60.3                 29.5
Children in Native-Born
Families                                                       --               17.8                   6.9                    --             51.9                 28.7
  White                                                        --               17.7                   6.5                    --             50.2                 27.9
  Black                                                        --                  --                    --                   --                --                   --
  Puerto Rican, Mainland origin                                --                   --                   --                   --                --                   --
  Puerto Rican, Island origin                                  --                   --                   --                   --                --                   --
  Mexican                                                      --                   --                 6.9                    --                --                41.2
  Other Hispanic/Latino                                        --                  --                    --                   --                --                   --
  Asian                                                        --                  --                    --                   --                --                   --
  Hawaiian/Pacific Islander                                    --                  --                    --                   --                --                   --
  Native American                                              --               27.5                  13.7                    --             68.2                 43.2

Children in Immigrant Families                             28.5                 29.5                  11.1                 77.2              75.5                 37.8
  Mexico                                                   29.4                 31.5                  20.0                 78.8              79.7                 59.5
  Central America                                             --                   --                    --                   --                --                   --
  Cuba                                                        --                   --                    --                   --                --                   --
  Dominican Republic                                          --                   --                    --                   --                --                   --
  Haiti                                                       --                   --                    --                   --                --                   --
  Jamaica                                                     --                   --                    --                   --                --                   --
  Caribbean, English Speaking                                 --                   --                    --                   --                --                   --
  South America                                                --                   --                   --                   --                --                   --
  Japan                                                        --                   --                   --                   --                --                   --
  Korea                                                        --                   --                   --                   --                --                   --
  China                                                        --                   --                   --                   --                --                   --
  Hong Kong                                                    --                   --                   --                   --                --                   --
  Taiwan                                                       --                   --                   --                   --                --                   --
  Philippines                                                  --                   --                   --                   --                --                   --
  Hmong                                                        --                   --                   --                   --                --                   --
  Cambodia                                                     --                   --                   --                   --                --                   --
   Laos                                                        --                   --                   --                   --                --                   --
  Thailand                                                     --                   --                   --                   --                --                   --
    Vietnamb                                                   --                   --                   --                   --                --                   --
    Indochina totalb                                           --                   --                   --                   --                --                   --
    India                                                      --                   --                   --                   --                --                   --
    Pakistan/Bangladesh                                        --                   --                   --                   --                --                   --
    Afghanistan                                                --                   --                   --                   --                --                   --
    Iran                                                       --                   --                   --                   --                --                   --
    Iraq                                                       --                   --                   --                   --                --                   --
    Israel/Palestine                                           --                   --                   --                   --                --                   --
    Other West Asia                                            --                   --                   --                   --                --                   --
    Former USSR                                                --                   --                   --                   --                --                   --
    Other Europe, Canadab                                      --                   --                 4.2                    --                --                22.7
    Africa, Blacks                                             --                   --                   --                   --                --                   --
    Africa, Whitesb                                            --                   --                   --                   --                --                   --
    Other                                                      --                   --                   --                   --                --                   --
"--" Indicates sample size is too small to produce statistically reliable results or category does not apply to the native group.
a
 Basic Budget Poverty is based on all costs for a decent standard of living, including food, housing, other necessities, transportation for work, childcare and health
insurance.
b
  "Vietnam" includes Indochina not specified; "Indochina, total" includes the following: Hmong, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam; "Other Europe, Canada"
includes Australia and New Zealand; "Africa, Whites" includes Asian Africans.
Calculated from Census 2000 5% microdata (IPUMS) by Donald J. Hernandez, Nancy A. Denton, and Suzanne E. Macartney, Center for Social and Demographic
Analysis, University at Albany, State University of New York with funding from The Annie E. Casey Foundation.
                                                                                                                                                                          12
Rural Oregon, Census 2000
Table 8. (Part 3 of 6) Poverty
Children Ages 0-17, by Immigrant Country or Race/Ethnic Origin
                                                Percent of children in                                   Percent of children in
                                                              Official Poverty:           For                        Basic Budget Povertya:
                                                                                 For    children                                             For         For
                                                                For           children with both                             For          children    children
                                                     For      children          with   parents in     For                 children          with      with both
                                                  children   with both       parent(s) U.S.        children              with both       parent(s)   parents in
                                                 with father parents           in U.S.      10    with father              parents         in U.S.   U.S.
                                                 working     working         less than  years or  working                working         less than     10 years
                                                  full-timeb  full-timeb     10 yearsc   mored     full-timeb             full-timeb     10 yearsc    or mored

Total                                                     3.9       1.0          32.4          13.5           27.7            11.5          72.9         38.8


Children in Native-Born Families                          2.7       0.9              --        12.9           24.9             9.8             --        37.5
  White                                                   2.6       0.8              --        11.9           24.2             9.2             --        36.0
  Black                                                    --         --             --            --             --                --         --          --
  Puerto Rican, Mainland origin                            --         --             --            --             --                --         --          --
  Puerto Rican, Island origin                              --         --             --            --             --                --         --          --
  Mexican                                                 4.1         --             --        22.5           39.7                  --         --        56.8
  Other Hispanic/Latino                                    --         --             --            --             --                --         --          --
  Asian                                                    --         --             --            --             --                --         --          --
  Hawaiian/Pacific Islander                                --         --             --            --             --                --         --          --
  Native American                                         3.8         --             --        23.6           32.4                  --         --        53.5

Children in Immigrant Families                        12.8          2.3          32.2          24.7           49.0            25.9          73.2         65.1
  Mexico                                              20.0            --         37.4          29.8           67.5               --         84.2         79.8
  Central America                                          --         --             --            --             --                --         --          --
  Cuba                                                     --         --             --            --             --                --         --          --
  Dominican Republic                                       --         --             --            --             --                --         --          --
  Haiti                                                    --         --             --            --             --                --         --          --
  Jamaica                                                  --         --             --            --             --                --         --          --
  Caribbean, English Speaking                              --         --             --            --             --                --         --          --
  South America                                            --         --             --            --             --                --         --          --
  Japan                                                    --         --             --            --             --                --         --          --
  Korea                                                    --         --             --            --             --                --         --          --
  China                                                    --         --             --            --             --                --         --          --
  Hong Kong                                                --         --             --            --             --                --         --          --
  Taiwan                                                   --         --             --            --             --                --         --          --
  Philippines                                              --         --             --            --             --                --         --          --
  Hmong                                                    --         --             --            --             --                --         --          --
  Cambodia                                                 --         --             --            --             --                --         --          --
   Laos                                                    --         --             --            --             --                --         --          --
  Thailand                                                 --         --             --            --             --                --         --          --
     Vietname                                              --         --             --            --             --                --         --          --
     Indochina totale                                      --         --             --            --             --                --         --          --
     India                                                 --         --             --            --             --                --         --          --
     Pakistan/Bangladesh                                   --         --             --            --             --                --         --          --
     Afghanistan                                           --         --             --            --             --                --         --          --
     Iran                                                  --         --             --            --             --                --         --          --
     Iraq                                                  --         --             --            --             --                --         --          --
     Israel/Palestine                                      --         --             --            --             --                --         --          --
     Other West Asia                                       --         --             --            --             --                --         --          --
     Former USSR                                           --         --             --            --             --                --         --          --
     Other Europe, Canadae                                 --         --             --            --             --                --         --          --
     Africa, Blacks                                        --         --             --            --             --                --         --          --
     Africa, Whitese                                       --         --             --            --             --                --         --          --
     Other                                                 --         --             --            --             --                --         --          --
"--" Indicates sample size is too small to produce statistically reliable results or category does not apply to the native group.
a
 Basic Budget Poverty is based on all costs for a decent standard of living, including food, housing, other necessities, transportation for work, childcare and
health insurance.
b
 Full-time indicates the parent works 35 hours per week or more, 48 weeks a year or more.
c
    At least one parent in the U.S. less than 10 years.
d
    Both parents in a two-parent family or lone parent in a one-parent family in the U.S. 10 years or more.
e
    "Vietnam" includes Indochina not specified; "Indochina, total" includes the following: Hmong, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam; "Other Europe,
Canada" includes Australia and New Zealand; "Africa, Whites" includes Asian Africans.
Calculated from Census 2000 5% microdata (IPUMS) by Donald J. Hernandez, Nancy A. Denton, and Suzanne E. Macartney, Center for Social and
Demographic Analysis, University at Albany, State University of New York with funding from The Annie E. Casey Foundation.
                                                                                                                                                                  13
13
Rural Oregon, Census 2000
Table 8. (Part 4 of 6) Poverty
Children Ages 0-17, by Immigrant Country or Race/Ethnic Origin
                                                Percent of children in                                           Percent of children in
                                                              Official Poverty:                                              Basic Budget Povertya:

                                                  For        For children                                           For        For children
                                                children     with fathers     For children For children           children     with fathers   For children For children
                                                  with         Limited              in            not in            with         Limited            in            not in
                                                fathers        English        linguistically linguistically       fathers        English      linguistically linguistically
                                                English       Proficient         isolated       isolated          English       Proficient       isolated       isolated
                                                 fluent         (LEP)         householdsb households               fluent         (LEP)       householdsb households

Total                                                8.3            30.0              41.4             12.9          32.1           71.7            79.9            38.4


Children in Native-Born Families                     8.2               --                --            12.9          31.6              --              --           37.4
  White                                              7.9               --                --            11.9          30.6              --              --           36.0
  Black                                                --              --                --               --             --            --              --                --
  Puerto Rican, Mainland origin                        --              --                --               --             --            --              --                --
  Puerto Rican, Island origin                          --              --                --               --             --            --              --                --
  Mexican                                            8.6               --                --            21.8          45.7              --              --           56.2
  Other Hispanic/Latino                                --              --                --               --             --            --              --                --
  Asian                                                --              --                --               --             --            --              --                --
  Hawaiian/Pacific Islander                            --              --                --               --             --            --              --                --
  Native American                                  15.0                --                --            23.4          46.4              --              --           53.4

Children in Immigrant Families                      9.5             30.5              41.1             13.5          38.8           73.2            79.7            48.1
  Mexico                                           16.0             33.5              44.6             19.9          61.6           79.2            86.5            67.4
  Central America                                      --              --                --               --             --            --              --                --
  Cuba                                                 --              --                --               --             --            --              --                --
  Dominican Republic                                   --              --                --               --             --            --              --                --
  Haiti                                                --              --                --               --             --            --              --                --
  Jamaica                                              --              --                --               --             --            --              --                --
  Caribbean, English Speaking                          --              --                --               --             --            --              --                --
  South America                                        --              --                --               --             --            --              --                --
  Japan                                                --              --                --               --             --            --              --                --
  Korea                                                --              --                --               --             --            --              --                --
  China                                                --              --                --               --             --            --              --                --
  Hong Kong                                            --              --                --               --             --            --              --                --
  Taiwan                                               --              --                --               --             --            --              --                --
  Philippines                                          --              --                --               --             --            --              --                --
  Hmong                                                --              --                --               --             --            --              --                --
  Cambodia                                             --              --                --               --             --            --              --                --
   Laos                                                --              --                --               --             --            --              --                --
  Thailand                                             --              --                --               --             --            --              --                --
      Vietnamc                                         --              --                --               --             --            --              --                --
      Indochina totalc                                 --              --                --               --             --            --              --                --
      India                                            --              --                --               --             --            --              --                --
      Pakistan/Bangladesh                              --              --                --               --             --            --              --                --
      Afghanistan                                      --              --                --               --             --            --              --                --
      Iran                                             --              --                --               --             --            --              --                --
      Iraq                                             --              --                --               --             --            --              --                --
      Israel/Palestine                                 --              --                --               --             --            --              --                --
      Other West Asia                                  --              --                --               --             --            --              --                --
      Former USSR                                      --              --                --               --             --            --              --                --
      Other Europe, Canadac                          5.5               --                --             7.4          25.4              --              --           27.7
      Africa, Blacks                                   --              --                --               --             --            --              --                --
      Africa, Whitesc                                  --              --                --               --             --            --              --                --
      Other                                            --              --                --               --             --            --              --                --
"--" Indicates sample size is too small to produce statistically reliable results or category does not apply to the native group.
a
 Basic Budget Poverty is based on all costs for a decent standard of living, including food, housing, other necessities, transportation for work, childcare and health
insurance.
b
    Households in which no one over the age of 13 speaks English exclusively or very well.
c
 "Vietnam" includes Indochina not specified; "Indochina, total" includes the following: Hmong, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam; "Other Europe, Canada" includes
Australia and New Zealand; "Africa, Whites" includes Asian Africans.
Calculated from Census 2000 5% microdata (IPUMS) by Donald J. Hernandez, Nancy A. Denton, and Suzanne E. Macartney, Center for Social and Demographic
Analysis, University at Albany, State University of New York with funding from The Annie E. Casey Foundation.

                                                                                                                                                                              14
Rural Oregon, Census 2000
Table 8. (Part 5 of 6) Poverty
Children Ages 0-17, by Immigrant Country or Race/Ethnic Origin
                                                For Officially Poor children,                                    For children not Officially Poor,
                                                                    percent with:                                                    percent with:
                                                                   Moderate             Severe                                           Moderate    Severe
                                                                   housing             housing                                           housing    housing
                                                 Child               cost                 cost             Child                           cost        cost
                                                moved              burden               burden     Over-   moved                         burden      burden     Over-
                                               in past 5 Working (30-50%                (50%+    crowded in past 5 Working               (30-50%     (50%+    crowded
                                                       a                  b                    b         c       a                              b           b         c
                                                 years   parent(s) income)             income) housing     years   parent(s)             income)    income) housing

Total                                             48.0         78.9          21.6         57.2         32.0        40.3         98.3       17.7        3.6       13.0


Children in Native-Born Families                  49.2         77.3          19.1         60.9         23.7        40.6         98.3       17.4        3.7       10.2
  White                                           48.7         78.4          19.1         60.8         23.2        40.3         98.5       17.4        3.8        9.4
  Black                                              --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
  Puerto Rican, Mainland origin                      --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
  Puerto Rican, Island origin                        --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
  Mexican                                            --            --            --           --           --      46.2         97.0       17.7        3.2       23.7
  Other Hispanic/Latino                              --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
  Asian                                              --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
  Hawaiian/Pacific Islander                          --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
  Native American                                    --            --            --           --           --      42.4         96.5       16.2        1.7       16.9

Children in Immigrant Families                    43.1         85.8          32.7         41.2         68.1        37.7         98.7       20.4        2.6       36.1
  Mexico                                          40.0         87.9          33.0         38.9         72.2        38.7         98.0       19.6        1.2       53.9
  Central America                                    --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
  Cuba                                               --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
  Dominican Republic                                 --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
  Haiti                                              --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
  Jamaica                                            --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
  Caribbean, English Speaking                        --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
  South America                                      --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
  Japan                                              --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
  Korea                                              --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
  China                                              --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
  Hong Kong                                          --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
  Taiwan                                             --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
  Philippines                                        --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
  Hmong                                              --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
  Cambodia                                           --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
   Laos                                              --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
  Thailand                                           --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
     Vietnamd                                        --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
     Indochina totald                                --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
     India                                           --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
     Pakistan/Bangladesh                             --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
     Afghanistan                                     --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
     Iran                                            --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
     Iraq                                            --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
     Israel/Palestine                                --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
     Other West Asia                                 --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
     Former USSR                                     --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
     Other Europe, Canadad                           --            --            --           --           --      38.9        100.0       24.7        6.0       10.5
     Africa, Blacks                                  --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
     Africa, Whitesd                                 --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
     Other                                           --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
"--" Indicates sample size is too small to produce statistically reliable results or category does not apply to the native group.
a
    For children ages 5-17 years.
b
  Moderate housing cost burden indicates the household pays at least 30% but less than 50% of its income for housing; Severe housing cost burden indicates the
household pays 50% of its income or more for housing.
c
  More than one person per room.
d
 "Vietnam" includes Indochina not specified; "Indochina, total" includes the following: Hmong, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam; "Other Europe, Canada" includes
Australia and New Zealand; "Africa, Whites" includes Asian Africans.
Calculated from Census 2000 5% microdata (IPUMS) by Donald J. Hernandez, Nancy A. Denton, and Suzanne E. Macartney, Center for Social and Demographic
Analysis, University at Albany, State University of New York with funding from The Annie E. Casey Foundation.
                                                                                                                                                                          15
15
Rural Oregon, Census 2000
Table 8. (Part 6 of 6) Poverty
Children Ages 0-17, by Immigrant Country or Race/Ethnic Origin
                                                For Basic Budget Poor children,                                  For children not Basic Budget Poor,
                                                                    percent with:                                                      percent with:
                                                                   Moderate             Severe                                           Moderate    Severe
                                                                   housing             housing                                           housing    housing
                                                 Child               cost                 cost             Child                           cost        cost
                                                moved              burden               burden     Over-   moved                         burden      burden     Over-
                                               in past 5 Working (30-50%                (50%+    crowded in past 5 Working               (30-50%     (50%+    crowded
                                                       a                  b                    b         c       a                              b           b         c
                                                 years   parent(s) income)             income) housing     years   parent(s)             income)    income) housing

Total                                             44.5         90.8          27.5         26.0         27.0        39.8         98.7       12.2        1.3        8.4


Children in Native-Born Families                  45.3         90.3          27.1         27.5         20.5        40.0         98.7       12.0        1.3        7.1
  White                                           44.8         91.1          27.6         27.4         19.3        39.7         98.8       11.9        1.2        6.6
  Black                                              --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
  Puerto Rican, Mainland origin                      --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
  Puerto Rican, Island origin                        --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
  Mexican                                         42.5         86.1          22.8         27.0         30.2        49.0         96.9       11.5        2.7       15.1
  Other Hispanic/Latino                              --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
  Asian                                              --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
  Hawaiian/Pacific Islander                          --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
  Native American                                 47.4         82.4          23.4         27.2         28.8        42.3         98.9       10.1        1.8       11.1

Children in Immigrant Families                    40.5         93.3          29.5         18.7         58.3        37.5         98.7       14.0        0.6       22.4
  Mexico                                          40.5         93.4          29.1         16.9         66.1        35.7         99.0        6.5        0.0       39.4
  Central America                                    --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
  Cuba                                               --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
  Dominican Republic                                 --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
  Haiti                                              --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
  Jamaica                                            --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
  Caribbean, English Speaking                        --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
  South America                                      --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
  Japan                                              --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
  Korea                                              --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
  China                                              --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
  Hong Kong                                          --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
  Taiwan                                             --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
  Philippines                                        --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
  Hmong                                              --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
  Cambodia                                           --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
   Laos                                              --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
  Thailand                                           --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
    Vietnamd                                         --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
    Indochina totald                                 --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
    India                                            --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
    Pakistan/Bangladesh                              --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
    Afghanistan                                      --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
    Iran                                             --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
    Iraq                                             --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
    Israel/Palestine                                 --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
    Other West Asia                                  --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
    Former USSR                                      --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
    Other Europe, Canadad                            --            --            --           --           --      37.3             --        --         --        --
    Africa, Blacks                                   --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
    Africa, Whitesd                                  --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
    Other                                            --            --            --           --           --          --           --        --         --        --
"--" Indicates sample size is too small to produce statistically reliable results or category does not apply to the native group.
a
  For children ages 5-17 years.
b
  Moderate housing cost burden indicates the household pays at least 30% but less than 50% of its income for housing; Severe housing cost burden indicates the
household pays 50% of its income or more for housing.
c
  More than one person per room.
d
 "Vietnam" includes Indochina not specified; "Indochina, total" includes the following: Hmong, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam; "Other Europe, Canada" includes
Australia and New Zealand; "Africa, Whites" includes Asian Africans.
Calculated from Census 2000 5% microdata (IPUMS) by Donald J. Hernandez, Nancy A. Denton, and Suzanne E. Macartney, Center for Social and Demographic
Analysis, University at Albany, State University of New York with funding from The Annie E. Casey Foundation.
                                                                                                                                                                          16
16
16
Rural Oregon, Census 2000
Table 9. Housing Situation
Children Ages 0-17, by Immigrant Country or Race/Ethnic Origin
                                                                                     Percent of children:

                                                                            In families with     In families with
                                                  In families with         moderate housing      severe housing
                                                  home owned by            cost burden          cost burden               Living in over-
                                                      parentsa             (30-50% income)b      (50%+ income)b         crowded housingc

Total                                                            64.5                   18.3                  11.1                    15.8
Children in Native-Born
Families                                                         65.2                   17.6                  11.2                    12.1
  White                                                          66.7                   17.6                  10.7                    11.2
  Black                                                             --                     --                    --                      --
  Puerto Rican, Mainland origin                                     --                     --                    --                      --
  Puerto Rican, Island origin                                       --                     --                    --                      --
  Mexican                                                        51.0                   17.9                  16.5                    23.7
  Other Hispanic/Latino                                             --                     --                    --                      --
  Asian                                                             --                     --                    --                      --
  Hawaiian/Pacific Islander                                         --                     --                    --                      --
  Native American                                                51.5                   17.2                  15.4                    20.6

Children in Immigrant Families                                   58.8                   22.9                  11.0                    43.1
 Mexico                                                          49.3                   23.6                  12.8                    59.6
 Central America                                                    --                     --                    --                      --
 Cuba                                                               --                     --                    --                      --
 Dominican Republic                                                 --                     --                    --                      --
 Haiti                                                              --                     --                    --                      --
 Jamaica                                                            --                     --                    --                      --
 Caribbean, English Speaking                                        --                     --                    --                      --
 South America                                                      --                     --                    --                      --
 Japan                                                              --                     --                    --                      --
 Korea                                                              --                     --                    --                      --
 China                                                              --                     --                    --                      --
 Hong Kong                                                          --                     --                    --                      --
 Taiwan                                                             --                     --                    --                      --
 Philippines                                                        --                     --                    --                      --
 Hmong                                                              --                     --                    --                      --
 Cambodia                                                           --                     --                    --                      --
  Laos                                                              --                     --                    --                      --
 Thailand                                                           --                     --                    --                      --
      Vietnamd                                                      --                     --                    --                      --
      Indochina totald                                              --                     --                    --                      --
      India                                                         --                     --                    --                      --
      Pakistan/Bangladesh                                           --                     --                    --                      --
      Afghanistan                                                   --                     --                    --                      --
      Iran                                                          --                     --                    --                      --
      Iraq                                                          --                     --                    --                      --
      Israel/Palestine                                              --                     --                    --                      --
      Other West Asia                                               --                     --                    --                      --
      Former USSR                                                   --                     --                    --                      --
      Other Europe, Canadad                                      80.4                   25.1                   8.8                    12.4
      Africa, Blacks                                                --                     --                    --                      --
                       d                                            --                     --                    --                      --
      Africa, Whites
      Other                                                         --                     --                    --                      --
"--" Indicates sample size is too small to produce statistically reliable results.
a
  Parent or householder.
b
    Moderate housing cost burden indicates the household pays at least 30% but less than 50% of its income for housing; Severe housing cost
c
    More than one person per room.
d
 "Vietnam" includes Indochina not specified; "Indochina, total" includes the following: Hmong, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam; "Other
Europe, Canada" includes Australia and New Zealand; "Africa, Whites" includes Asian Africans.

Calculated from Census 2000 5% microdata (IPUMS) by Donald J. Hernandez, Nancy A. Denton, and Suzanne E. Macartney, Center for
Social and Demographic Analysis, University at Albany, State University of New York with funding from The Annie E. Casey Foundation.
                                                                                                                                              17
17
Rural Oregon, Census 2000
Table 10. Percent of Children Enrolled in Pre-K/Nursery School, Kindergarten, or
Grade School by Immigrant Country or Race-Ethnic Origin
                                                                                                                    Grade
                                                         Pre/Nursery School                    Kindergarten                            Any School
                                                                                                                    School

                                                   Age 3           Age 4             Age 5    Age 4    Age 5         Age 5         Age 4          Age 5

Total                                                  24.0           48.7            31.5      1.7       39.7           3.1          50.4          74.3
Children in Native-Born
Families                                               25.0           50.8            31.4      1.6       40.8           2.7          52.3          74.9
  White                                                24.4           50.7            31.9      1.6       39.6           2.7          52.4          74.2
  Black                                                   --              --             --       --          --           --            --            --
  Puerto Rican, Mainland origin                           --              --             --       --          --           --            --            --
  Puerto Rican, Island origin                             --              --             --       --          --           --            --            --
  Mexican                                                 --              --             --       --          --           --            --            --
  Other Hispanic/Latino                                   --              --             --       --          --           --            --            --
  Asian                                                   --              --             --       --          --           --            --            --
  Hawaiian/Pacific Islander                               --              --             --       --          --           --            --            --
  Native American                                         --              --             --       --          --           --            --            --

Children in Immigrant Families                         18.3           36.6            32.5      2.6       32.5           5.8          39.2          70.8
 Mexico                                                   --             --              --       --         --            --            --            --
 Central America                                          --              --             --       --          --           --            --            --
 Cuba                                                     --              --             --       --          --           --            --            --
 Dominican Republic                                       --              --             --       --          --           --            --            --
 Haiti                                                    --              --             --       --          --           --            --            --
 Jamaica                                                  --              --             --       --          --           --            --            --
 Caribbean, English Speaking                              --              --             --       --          --           --            --            --
 South America                                            --              --             --       --          --           --            --            --
 Japan                                                    --              --             --       --          --           --            --            --
 Korea                                                    --              --             --       --          --           --            --            --
 China                                                    --              --             --       --          --           --            --            --
 Hong Kong                                                --              --             --       --          --           --            --            --
 Taiwan                                                   --              --             --       --          --           --            --            --
 Philippines                                              --              --             --       --          --           --            --            --
 Hmong                                                    --              --             --       --          --           --            --            --
 Cambodia                                                 --              --             --       --          --           --            --            --
  Laos                                                    --              --             --       --          --           --            --            --
 Thailand                                                 --              --             --       --          --           --            --            --
    Vietnama                                              --              --             --       --          --           --            --            --
    Indochinaa                                            --              --             --       --          --           --            --            --
    India                                                 --              --             --       --          --           --            --            --
    Pakistan/Bangladesh                                   --              --             --       --          --           --            --            --
    Afghanistan                                           --              --             --       --          --           --            --            --
    Iran                                                  --              --             --       --          --           --            --            --
    Iraq                                                  --              --             --       --          --           --            --            --
    Israel/Palestine                                      --              --             --       --          --           --            --            --
    Other West Asia                                       --              --             --       --          --           --            --            --
    Former USSR                                           --              --             --       --          --           --            --            --
    Other Europe, Canadaa                                 --              --             --       --          --           --            --            --
    Africa, Blacks                                        --              --             --       --          --           --            --            --
    Africa, Whitesa                                       --              --             --       --          --           --            --            --
    Other                                                 --              --             --       --          --           --            --            --
"--" Indicates sample size is too small to produce statistically reliable results.
a
  "Vietnam" includes Indochina not specified; "Indochina, total" includes the following: Hmong, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam; "Other Europe, Canada"
includes Australia and New Zealand; "Africa, Whites" includes Asian Africans.
Calculated from Census 2000 5% microdata (IPUMS) by Donald J. Hernandez, Nancy A. Denton, and Suzanne E. Macartney, Center for Social and
Demographic Analysis, University at Albany, State University of New York with funding from The Annie E. Casey Foundation.                                   18
18
Rural Oregon, Census 2000
Table 11. Number of Children Enrolled in Pre-K/Nursery School, Kindergarten, or Grade School by
Immigrant Country or Race-Ethnic Origin
                                                                                                                                        Grade
                                                        Pre/Nursery School                               Kindergarten                                           Any School
                                                                                                                                        School

                                               Age 3             Age 4             Age 5             Age 4             Age 5             Age 5             Age 4            Age 5

Total                                               3,178             6,906             4,574               233             5,736               446             7,139           10,756
Children in Native-Born
Families                                            2,803             6,141             3,910               178             5,091               331             6,319            9,332
    White                                           2,423             5,443             3,576               175             4,440               300           5,618              8,316
    Black                                               15                43                60              -                   37              -                43                  97
    Puerto Rican, Mainland origin                     -                 -                 -                 -                    9              -                  -                  9
    Puerto Rican, Island origin                       -                 -                 -                 -                 -                 -                  -               -
    Mexican                                             99              221                 55              -                 309                 28            221                392
    Other Hispanic/Latino                               30                51                12              -                   12              -                51                  24
    Asian                                               27                44              -                 -                   81              -                44                  81
    Hawaiian/Pacific Islander                         -                   77              -                 -                 -                 -                77                -
    Native American                                   209               262               207                 3               203                  3            265                413

Children in Immigrant Families                        375               765               664                    55           645               115              820             1,424
    Mexico                                            156               534               288                -                -                   61            577                869
    Central America                                      7              -                 -                      43           520               -                   -                 6
    Cuba                                              -                 -                   43               -                   6              -                   -                43
    Domincan Republic                                 -                 -                 -                  -                -                 -                   -              -
    Haiti                                             -                 -                 -                  -                -                 -                   -              -
    Jamaica                                           -                 -                 -                  -                -                 -                   -              -
    Caribbean, English Speaking                       -                   17              -                  -                -                 -                17                -
    South America                                     -                 -                    3               -                -                 -                   -                 3
    Japan                                             -                   19              -                  -                -                 -                19                -
    Korea                                             -                   48              -                      6            -                 -                54                -
    China                                             -                 -                   28               -                -                 -                   -                28
    Hong Kong                                         -                   67              -                  -                -                 -                67                -
    Taiwan                                            -                 -                 -                  -                -                 -                   -              -
    Philippines                                       -                   19              -                  -                -                 -                19                -
    Hmong                                             -                 -                 -                  -                -                 -                   -              -
    Cambodia                                            18              -                 -                  -                -                 -                   -              -
    Laos                                              -                 -                 -                  -                -                 -                   -              -
    Thailand                                          -                 -                 -                  -                -                 -                   -              -
    Vietnama                                          -                 -                   18               -                -                 -                 -                  18
    Indochinaa                                          18              -                   18               -                -                 -                 -                  18
    India                                             -                 -                    6               -                  24              -                 -                  30
    Pakistan/Bangladesh                                 46              -                   34               -                -                 -                 -                  34
    Afghanistan                                       -                 -                 -                  -                -                 -                 -                -
    Iran                                              -                 -                 -                  -                -                 -                 -                -
    Iraq                                              -                 -                 -                  -                -                 -                 -                -
    Israel/Palestine                                  -                 -                 -                  -                -                 -                 -                -
    Other West Asia                                   -                 -                 -                  -                -                 -                 -                -
    Former USSR                                       -                 -                 -                  -                  21              -                 -                  21
    Other Europe, Canadaa                               54                46              119                    6              18              -                   52             137
    Africa, Blacks                                    -                 -                   19               -                -                 -                 -                  19
    Africa, Whitesa                                     67              -                 -                  -                -                   33              -                  33
    Other                                                9                15                88               -                  56                21                15             165
a
 "Vietnam" includes Indochina not specified; "Indochina, total" includes the following: Hmong, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam; "Other Europe, Canada" includes Australia and New
Zealand; "Africa, Whites" includes Asian Africans.

Calculated from Census 2000 5% microdata (IPUMS) by Donald J. Hernandez, Nancy A. Denton, and Suzanne E. Macartney, Center for Social and Demographic Analysis, University at
Albany, State University of New York with funding from The Annie E. Casey Foundation.




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