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GUIDED READING Chapter 15 West Virginians and International Conflicts Directions: Use the information under The Hatfields and the McCoys, pages 282-286, to complete the following statements. 1. The Hatfield and McCoy feud took place after the Civil War. 2. The Hatfields lived in Logan County, while the McCoys live in Pike County, Kentucky. 3. A common reason given for the feud was the charge of stealing pigs. 4. The acquittal of Sam McCoy, who was charged with killing Bill Stanton, enraged the Hatfields. 5. The feuding families often attended the same social events. At one such event, Johnse Hatfield and Roseanna McCoy went off together and did not return until dusk. 6. Devil Anse Hatfield would not give his permission for the two young people to marry. 7. Election Day 1882 is generally given as the official start of the feud. On that day, Ellison Hatfield was seriously wounded. 8. The Hatfields held three McCoys prisoner in an abandoned schoolhouse where they waited to see what would happen to Ellison. 9. When Ellison Hatfield died, the three McCoy boys were shot (killed). 10. On New Year’s Day 1888, the Hatfields raided the home of Randolph McCoy. 11. McCoy’s daughter Alifair and son Calvin were killed. 12. Kentucky Governor Simon Bolivar Buckner sent deputies to West Virginia to arrest and transport the Hatfields to Pikeville. 13. After the feud died, Henry Hatfield became a physician, governor, and U.S. senator. Directions: Use the information under Spanish-American War, pages 287-288, to complete the following statements. 14. The Spanish-American War was the result of incidents in Cuba. 15. The war began when the battleship Maine mysteriously blew up in Havana harbor. 16. Some 3,000 West Virginians saw action in the war. 17. Andrew Summers Rowan from Monroe County was chosen by President McKinley to take a message to the leader of the revolt in Cuba. Directions (cont.): Use the information under Spanish-American War, pages 287-288, to complete the following statement. 18. Captain French Ensor Chadwick from Morgantown commanded the battleship New York. Directions: Use the information under World War I, pages 289-290, to complete the following statements. 19. The United States became involved in World War I on April 6, 1917. 20. Some of the ways West Virginia citizens helped during the war were by forming farming and canning clubs, planting larger crops, and practicing thrift, and conservation. 21. The Legislature made idleness a crime. 22. All men between 18 and 45 years of age registered for the draft. 23. It is estimated that 58,053 West Virginia military personnel served in World War I. 24. General John L. Hines from White Sulphur Springs was promoted faster than any other soldier. 25. Two West Virginians who served in President Woodrow Wilson’s cabinet were Newton D. Baker and John D. Payne. 26. During the war, the government built an armor plate factory in South Charleston and a large munitions powder plant in Nitro. Directions: Use the information under World War II, pages 291-292, to complete the following statements. 27. The United States remained neutral in World War II until December 7, 1941, when the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor. 28. Eight battleships were sunk in the attack, including the U.S.S. West Virginia. The ship was rebuilt and returned to active duty in the Philippines. Directions: Use the information under West Virginians in the War, page 292, to complete the following statements. 29. A total of 233,985 West Virginians served in the armed forces during World War II. 30. During World War II, eleven West Virginians received the Medal of Honor. 31. Sergeant J. J. Spurrier was the most decorated army ground force volunteer in the war. Directions (cont.): Use the information under West Virginians in the War, page 292, to complete the following statements. 32. Lt. General Richard K. Sutherland served as chief of staff to General Douglas MacArthur and received the surrender papers of the Japanese at Manila. 33. Admiral Felix Stump commanded the aircraft carrier Lexington and was cited for heroism in the assaults on the Gilbert and Marshall islands. Directions: Use the information under The Home Front, pages 292-294, to complete the following statements. 34. Schoolchildren sold war bonds and stamps to purchase 153 jeeps during the war. 35. Families planted victory gardens. 36. Citizens had to ration or limit their use of, scarce items like butter, sugar, gasoline, and tires. 37. The Greenbrier accommodated certain diplomats, and foreign citizens who were being expelled from Washington, D. C. 38. After the departure of foreign diplomats, The Greenbrier was used as a hospital. 39. West Virginia was used as an army training and testing ground. The terrain in northeastern West Virginia was similar to German-held northern Italy. 40. Land near Elkins was used to train troops bound for Italy. 41. Assault climbing was taught using Seneca Rocks and Blackwater Canyon. 42. The world’s largest plant for the production of synthetic rubber was built at Institute, near Charleston. 43. Ocean-going vessels were produced at Point Pleasant. 44. Gun barrels were made at the U.S. Naval Ordnance Plant in South Charleston. Directions: Use the information under The Cold War, pages 295-296, to complete the following statements. 45. The Cold War was a period marked by distrust and anxiety between the United States and the Soviet Union. Directions (cont.): Use the information under The Cold War, pages 295-296, to complete the following statements. 46. This “war” was fought mostly with words and diplomacy. 47. During the Cold War, a bunker was built at The Greenbrier to house the members of Congress and their staffs in case of a nuclear attack. 48. The public found out about the bunker from a Washington Post article that was written in 1993. 49. The rooms in the bunker included meeting rooms, cafeteria, records rooms, communication center, dormitories, and health clinic. Directions: Use the information under The Korean Conflict, page 297, to complete the following statements. 50. Korea had been a divided nation since 1945. 51. In June 1950, North Korean forces invaded South Korea. 52. The war became stalemated or deadlocked, when the Chinese communists became involved. 53. The fighting lasted until a cease-fire was signed on July 27, 1953. 54. Nearly 112,000 West Virginians served in the three years of the fighting. 55. The Korean Conflict was the first time blacks and whites served in the same military units. Directions: Use the information under The Vietnam Conflict, pages 298-299, to complete the following statements. 56. Vietnam was a divided nation, with North Vietnam controlled by the communists. 57. Presidents Eisenhower and Kennedy sent military “advisers” toVietnam. 58. By 1968, there were 600,000 Americans serving in Vietnam. 59. Vietnam was not a popular war, and some young men moved to Canada to avoid being drafted. 60. Television provided graphic images of the fighting and antiwar protests for the first time. Direction: Use the information under Desert Storm, pages 299-300, to complete the following statements. 61. Operation Desert Storm was the United States’s first full-scale military operation after Vietnam. 62. The conflict began when Iraq invaded Kuwait on August 2, 1990. 63. The United States led a coalition (an alliance) of United Nations forces in a military action called Operation Desert Shield. 64. When Iraq did not meet a deadline to withdraw from Kuwait, the military engagement became Operation Desert Storm. 65. Technology played a new and different role in the Persian Gulf. 66. Admiral T. Joseph Lopez from Powellton played a prominent role in the Gulf War. Directions: Use the information under Operation Enduring Freedom, pages 300-303, to complete the following statements. 67. On September 11, 2001 two hijacked airplanes flew into the twin towers of the World Trade Center in New York City. 68. A third plane crashed into the Pentagon near Washington, D. C. 69. A fourth plane crashed into a field in Pennsylvania. 70. The attacks were the work of terrorists. 71. The United States determined that al-Qaida (an extremist group of Islamist terrorists) was responsible for the attacks. 72. The terrorists were believed to be in the country of Afghanistan. 73. The government was also faced with the task of making the homeland more secure. 74. Security hoaxes like bomb and anthrax scares occurred. 75. Senator Robert Byrd was instrumental in getting government money to increase protection in the United States against further acts of terrorism on American soil. 76. Camp Dawson in Preston County became a center for disaster training. 77. West Virginia University developed a program to train students in biometrics technology. 78. The Memorial Tunnel, which was built in 1953, was used as an antiterrorist training center. Directions: Use the information under Operation Iraqi Freedom, page 303, to complete the following statements. 79. Iraq was identified as a country that might have weapons of mass destruction. 80. Weapons inspectors from the United Nations were sent on a fact-finding mission. 81. After months of negotiations, President Bush, gave Saddam Hussein an ultimatum to give up power or face war.
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