A - Germany

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					How to tackle the
    Germany
examination paper
        SHS
      MAY 2010
   There are
      FOUR
   sections of
knowledge to the
 Cold War paper
     SECTION 1
THE WEIMAR REPUBLIC?
         SECTION 2
HITLER AND THE GROWTH OF THE
          NAZI PARTY
         1918 - 1933
        SECTION 3
THE NAZI DICTATORSHIP 1933 -
             1939
         SECTION 4
NAZI DOMESTIC POLICIES 1933 -
            1939
              EXAM PAPER
• There are THREE questions on the Germany
  examination paper.
• Question 1 – Q1a / Q1b / Q1c / Q1d
• Question 2
• Question 3
                     TIME
 You have 1hr 15 mins to complete the WHOLE exam
  paper.
  That’s:
Q1a = 6 mins
Q1b = 8 mins
Q1c = 12 mins
Q1d = 12 mins
Q2 = 12 mins
Q3 = 25 mins

     STICK TO THIS TIME ALLOCATION – YOU MUST
             ANSWER ALL THE QUESTIONS
Q1a – Will have a n historical source for
you to read. There will then be a
question about this historical source.
Q1a is worth 4 marks – you should
spend no more than 6 mins on it.

Q1a will also be phrased: ‘What can
you learn from Source A about
(something)
What you need to do…

The best answers will always:

•STATE one fact from the source
•Make one INFERENCE from the source
•AND also SUPPORT that inference with
extra information.
FOR QUESTION A
THINK:

STATE (2)
INFERENCE (2)
EXAMPLE:
Hitler was filled with joy. He saw war as a way to unite all Germanic people. He joined
the German Army and saw harsh times. Out of 3,600 men in his regiment, only 611
survived the first week. A Corporal, he was awarded the iron cross first class for
bravery. Wartime boosted his confidence. He called it ‘ the most memorable period of
my life’.

What does Source A tell us about Hitler’s opinion of the First World War? (6)


  STATE = Source A tells us that Hitler approved of
  the First World war (2)
  INFERENCE = This can be inferred because it says
  that Hitler ‘saw war as a way to unite all Germanic
  people. (2)
Question (1b) is worth 6 marks so you should
aim to spend about 7–8 minutes on it.

1b questions will always ask you to briefly
describe something
What you need to do…

The best answers will always:

•STATE THREE key features
(3)
•Give extra information/explain
each of the three key features
(3)
QUESTION B REQUIRES A

THREE PARAGRAPH ANSWER
 Each paragraph dealing with ONE key feature and a sentence or two of detail/explanation


 PARAGRAPH ONE:
 The first key feature of …………… was……………………………... (1)
 Further details of this feature are that……………….(1)


 PARAGRAPH TWO:
 The second key feature of …………… was…………………………….. (1)
 Further details of this feature are that…………………………………..(1)


 PARAGRAPH THREE:
 The third key feature of …………… was…………………………….. (1)
 Further details of this feature are that……………………………………… (1)
 Each of the THREE paragraphs should always begin as follows….

   PARAGRAPH ONE:
   One key feature of…………. was …………..


    PARAGRAPH TWO:
    A Second key feature of…………. was …………..

     PARAGRAPH THREE:
     A third key feature of…………. was …………..

Each paragraph should then continue….


  Further details of this feature are that…………….
Example question:
Describe the punishments inflicted upon Germany in the
Treaty of Versailles (6)
KEY FEATURE                              SUPPORTING DETAIL
The first key feature of the             Further details of this feature are that
punishments inflicted upon Germany       the amount was £6,600. This
was reparations(1)                       damaged German industry and
                                         government finances.(1)
A second key feature of the              Further details of this feature are that
punishments inflicted upon Germany       the army was cut to 100,000 men, no
was the military restrictions( 1)        tanks or planes. 6 battleships and no
                                         submarines


                                                                              (1)
A third key feature of the punishments Further details of this feature are that
inflicted upon Germany was the land    about 13% of German land was given
lost by Germany (1)                    away. Alscase and Lorriane was given
                                       to France and Germany all lost al of
                                       her colonies (1)
Question 1c is worth 8 marks so you
should aim to spend about 12
minutes on it.

Part C questions will always ask you
to explain the effects of something.
What you need to do…

The best answers will always:

•State TWO effects

•Support each effect with a factual detail

•Explain how each effect happened

•Link the two effects together.
QUESTION 1CcREQUIRES A

TWO PARAGRAPH ANSWER
 The TWO paragraphs should all look the same.
 Example question: Explain the effects of the Treaty of Versailles on Germany 1918 - 1923

 PARAGRAPH ONE:
 One EFFECT on Germany of the Treaty of Versailles was…………... (1)
 Further details of this are….. (1)
 The effect happened because……………………….. (1)


 LINKING STATEMENT (How does effect one lead to effect two)


 PARAGRAPH TWO:
 A second EFFECT on Germany of the Treaty of Versailles was…………... (1)
 Further details of this are….. (1)
 The effect happened because……………………….. (1)
Example question:
Explain the effects of the Treaty of Versailles on Germany 1918 -
1923



PARAGRAPH ONE:
One effect on Germany of the Treaty of Versailles was the
economic problems (1)
Further details of this effect are that reparations were set at
£6,600 million and this damaged German industry and
government finances (1)
This effect happened because reparations caused even more
economic problems when the government began to print money
to make the payments. This made prices go up fast. By 1923,
even a loaf of bread cost 100,000 marks. (1)
Example question:
Explain the effects of the Treaty of Versailles on Germany 1918 -
1923



PARAGRAPH TWO:
A second effect on Germany of the Treaty of Versailles was the
political problems (1)
Further details of this effect are that The new Weimar
government had to accept the Treaty. But this caused unrest. (1)
This effect happened because people said the new governemt had
given Germany a stab in the back: they called them the November
criminals. The Treaty caused political problems because it made
many German workers support left wing parties like the KPD,
while many soldiers and landowners supported right-wing parties.
Some people felt so strongly that they supported uprisings like the
Spartacist revolt in 1919 or the Kapp Putsch in 1920. (1)
Example question:
Explain the effects of the Treaty of Versailles on Germany 1918 -
1923



Linking statement between the two paragraphs:
The economic problems caused by the Treaty of Versailles affected
everyone. Basic goods were hard to find and lots of people lost
their jobs. Middle – class people had their savings made
worthless by hyperinflation. All these economic problems are
linked to the political problems because they made the
government more unpopular.(2)
Question 1d is worth 8 marks so you
should aim to spend about 12
minutes on it.

Part 1d questions will always ask you
to explain why something happened.
What you need to do…

The best answers will always:

•State TWO causes

•Support each cause with a factual detail

•Explain how each cause made x happen

•Link the two causes together.

•State which of the two causes was most
important and why
QUESTION 1d REQUIRES A

THREE PARAGRAPH ANSWER
 The first TWO paragraphs should all look the same.
 Example question: Explain why support for the Nazi Party grew 1929 - 1933

 PARAGRAPH ONE:
 One reason why Nazi support grew was…………... (1)
 Further details of this are….. (1)
 This cause made support for the Nazi party to grow because……………………….. (1)

PARAGRAPH TWO:
A second reason why Nazi support grew was…………... (1)
Further details of this are….. (1)
This cause made support for the Nazi Party to grow because……………………….. (1)


PARAGRAPH THREE:
Cause one and cause two are linked because…………….. (1)
The most important cause was…………. Because…………………. (1)
Question 2 is worth 8 marks so you
should aim to spend about 12
minutes on it.
There will be a choice of 2 question
2’s – 2a or 2b, you must only answer
ONE of these questions
Part C questions will always ask you
to explain how something happened.
What you need to do…

The best answers will always:

•State THREE reasons why X happened

•Support each reason with an explanation
of why this answers the question

•Link the three reasons together.
QUESTION 2 REQUIRES A

FOUR PARAGRAPH ANSWER
 The first THREE paragraphs should all look the same.
 Example question: Explain how the Nazis increased the persecution of Jews

 PARAGRAPH ONE:
 One way the Nazis persecuted the Jews was by…………... (1)
 This reason increased the persecution of the Jews because……………………….. (2)


PARAGRAPH TWO:
A second way the Nazis persecuted the Jews was by…………... (1)
This reason increased the persecution of the Jews because……………………….. (2)



PARAGRAPH THREE:
A third way the Nazis persecuted the Jews was by…………... (1)
This reason increased the persecution of the Jews because……………………….. (2)
Paragraph 4 – the paragraph when you link the
factors together


The ways that the Nazis increased
persecution of the Jews is linked…(1)
Link way 1 with 2 (1)
Link way 2 with 3 (1)
Question 3 is worth 16 marks so you
should aim to spend about 25
minutes on it.
There will be a choice of 2 question
3’s – 3a or 3b, you must only answer
ONE of these questions
Part C questions will always ask you
to explain the causes or effects of
something.
Question 3 will give you a list of the causes or
effects.


Example question: Was the Enabling Act the main reason
Hitler was able to keep control of Germany 1933 – 1939?
You may use the following information to help you with your answer.
•The Enabling Act
•The Gestapo
•Repression of the Churches
•Propaganda



 YOU MUST USE ALL OF THESE FACTORS.
 Each one will become a paragraph in your essay.
QUESTION 3 REQUIRES A

SIX PARAGRAPH ANSWER
 The first FOUR paragraphs should all look the same.
 Example question: Was the Enabling Act the main reason Hitler was able to keep control
 of Germany 1933 – 1939?

 PARAGRAPH ONE:
 The Enabling Act was one cause of Hitler’s strong control….. (1)
 because……………………….. (2)
 PARAGRAPH TWO:
 The Gestapo was one cause of Hitler’s strong control….. (1)
 because……………………….. (2)

 PARAGRAPH THREE:
 The persecution of the Churches was one cause of Hitler’s strong control….. (1)
 because……………………….. (2)

 PARAGRAPH FOUR:
 Propaganda was one cause of Hitler’s strong control….. (1)
 because……………………….. (2)
PARAGRAPH FIVE: ANSWER THE QUESTION
The question clearly asks IF the Enabling Act was the
main reason that Hitler kept such tight control.
Paragraph 5 is when you say if you think it was or was
not AND justify your reasoning.

 PARAGRAPH SIX:
 The very best answers will have a paragraph 6 in which you state
 that although the cause discussed in paragraph 5 was important it
 does not explain the full answer on its own.
 Here you need to state that although one cause can be
 considered MOST important, all the other reasons you have
 written about (write them out) are also important.

				
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