147 Scen Overview EN PK by IjlztXD


									Make-to-Order Production with
Variant Configuration
SAP Best Practices Baseline Package

SAP Best Practices
Scenario Overview – 1

    Purpose and Benefits:

          This scenario describes a production environment where a good or service can
           be made after receipt of a customer's order. The final product is usually a
           combination of standard items and items custom-designed to meet the special
           needs of the customer.

          Variants of a product were represented over one configrable material
          Sales & Operations Planning can be done for predefined material variants

     Key process flows covered
          Sales order processing for configurable material
          Delivery
          Billing
          Plant closing
          Company closing
Scenario Overview – 2

     SAP Applications Required:
             EHP3 for SAP ERP 6.0

        Company roles involved in process flows
             Production Planner
             Manufacturing
             Warehouse Clerk
             Plant Controller
             Buyer
Scenario Overview – 3

     Detailed Process Description:

        Make-to-Order with Variant Configuration – Discrete
           The MTO - Sales Order Processing with Variant Configuration scenario demonstrates sales
            order processing with materials with pre-selected characteristic values (material variants) and
            components that are produced according to sales quantities planned for these variants. If the
            sales order configuration is not available as a material variant, then customer service can
            configure the material on the order by choosing the required characteristic values. A sales
            order cost estimate is created on saving the order which is subsequently used to valuate the
            cost of goods sold.
           The process is triggered when an order for a configurable material is received from the
            customer. The customer order is recognized in the MRP run resulting in planned order for
            production of the material. If insufficient warehouse stock is available, purchase requisitions
            are created for the raw materials required.
           When the production order is created, target costs are calculated for the order lot size
            (preliminary costing). During the production process, costs incurred are updated on the order,
            which enables you to keep track of and compare target costs and actual costs at any time.
           Period-end-closing activities are applied to the order. This includes Work In Progress
            calculation and variance calculation. After this, Work in Progress is settled to financial
            accounting and production variances are settled to management and financial accounting.
            Production variances are settled to profitability analysis with the sales order as one of the
Process Flow Diagram
Make-to-Order Processing with Variant Configuration

                      Request for

                                            Order                                                         shipment                                                              Customer
                      MTO Sales          Confirmation                                                      worklist,                     Delivery Note
                        Order                                                                                                                                                   Payment
                                                                                                           enough                                                               received

                                                                    Sales                                               Delivery Due                 AR Document
                                                                 Configurati                                                 List
                      Sales Order                                   on is
   Customer Service

                      Entry (MTO)                                 Available               Yes
                                                                 as Material
                         Credit             Yes                                           for               Credit
                        accept                                                          Material           accept
                                                                                        Variant     Yes    ed(Cus                        Pick List
                           t.                                                              is                 t.
                        100003)                                      No                 Availabl           100003)
                                                                                                                No          Yes
                                                  Credit                                                    Credit
                                                  Approv                                                  Managemen
                        Credit                                                                              t (108)
                      Management                    ed                                    No
                         (108)                                                                               Note)
Strategic Warehouse

                                    No                                                                                                 Transfer Order

                                                                                                            Inventory                    Processing                Post Goods
                                                                                                              COGS                      (creation and                Issue
                                                                                                                                       confirmation in

                                                               Planning (144)


                                               Make-to-Order                    Steps: Production
                                                Production                      Order Processing
                                                                                   (MTS) (145)


Symbol                         Description                                                Usage              Symbol                 Description                           Usage Comments

                               Band: Identifies a user role, such as Accounts             Role band                                 To next / From last Diagram: Leads    Flow chart continues on the next /
                                                                                                                                    to the next / previous page of the    previous page
                               Payable Clerk or Sales Representative. This band           contains tasks                            Diagram

                               can also identify an organization unit or group,           common to that               Diagram
                               rather than a specific role.                               role.                       Connection
                               The other process flow symbols in this table go into
                               these rows. You have as many rows as required to
                               cover all of the roles in the scenario.                                                              Hardcopy / Document: Identifies a     Does not correspond to a task
                                                                                                                                    printed document, report, or form     step in a document; instead, it is
                                                                                                                      Hardcopy /                                          used to reflect a document
                               External Events: Contains events that start or end the                                 Document                                            generated by a task step; this

                               scenario, or influence the course of events in the                                                                                         shape does not have any outgoing
   to SAP

                               scenario.                                                                                                                                  flow lines

                                                                                                                                    Financial Actuals: Indicates a        Does not correspond to a task
                               Flow line (solid): Line indicates the normal sequence      Connects two                              financial posting document            step in a document; instead, it is
                                                                                          tasks in a                   Financial                                          used to reflect a document
                               of steps and direction of flow in the scenario.            scenario                                                                        generated by a task step; this
                               Flow line (dashed): Line indicates flow to infrequently-
                                                                                          process or a                                                                    shape does not have any outgoing
                               used or conditional tasks in a scenario. Line can          non-step event                                                                  flow lines
                               also lead to documents involved in the process flow.

                               Business Activity / Event: Identifies an action that       Does not                                  Budget Planning: Indicates a          Does not correspond to a task
                               either leads into or out of the scenario, or an outside    correspond to a                           budget planning document              step in a document; instead, it is
                Business       Process that happens during the scenario                   task step in the                                                                used to reflect a document
                                                                                                                        Budget                                            generated by a task step; this
                Activity /                                                                document
                                                                                                                       Planning                                           shape does not have any outgoing
                 Event                                                                                                                                                    flow lines

                               Unit Process: Identifies a task that is covered in a       Corresponds to
                               step-by-step manner in the scenario                        a task step in                            Manual Process: Covers a task         Does not generally correspond to
                                                                                          the document                              that is manually done                 a task step in a document;
                Unit Process                                                                                            Manual                                            instead, it is used to reflect a task
                                                                                                                        Proces                                            that is manually performed, such
                                                                                                                           s                                              as unloading a truck in the
                                                                                                                                                                          warehouse, which affects the
                                                                                                                                                                          process flow.
                               Process Reference: If the scenario references another      Corresponds to
                               scenario in total, put the scenario number and name        a task step in
                  Process      here.                                                      the document
                                                                                                                                    Existing Version / Data: This block   Does not generally correspond to
                 Reference                                                                                                          covers data that feeds in from an     a task step in a document;
                                                                                                                        Existing    external process                      instead, this shape reflects data
                                                                                                                        Version /                                         coming from an external source;
                                                                                                                          Data                                            this step does not have any
                               Sub-Process Reference: If the scenario references          Corresponds to                                                                  incoming flow lines
                               another scenario in part, put the scenario number,         a task step in
                   Sub-        name, and the step numbers from that scenario here         the document
                 Reference                                                                                                          System Pass / Fail Decision: This     Does not generally correspond to
                                                                                                                        System      block covers an automatic             a task step in the document;
                                                                                                                        Pass/F      decision made by the software         instead it is used to reflect an
                               Process Decision: Identifies a decision / branching        Does not
                                                                                                                          ail                                             automatic decision by the system
                                                                                                                        Decisio                                           that is made after a step has been
                               point, signifying a choice to be made by the end           usually                                                                         executed.
                               user. Lines represent different choices emerging           correspond to a                 n
                  Proces       from different parts of the diamond.                       task step in the
                     s                                                                    document;
                  Decisio                                                                 Reflects a
                    n                                                                     choice to be
                                                                                          made after step

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