Document and Handwriting Analysis Homework 1. What are some common types of specimens submitted for document analysis? 2. Why would it be more difficult to individualize handwriting made by a fourth-grade student than the handwriting of an adult? 3. What makes an individual’s handwriting unique? 4. Can the subconscious handwriting of two individuals be the same? Explain. 5. Where are variations in handwriting expected? 6. Can one single handwriting characteristic be the basis for a positive identification? Explain. 7. When would the examiner have difficulties identifying handwriting? 8. What would an examiner look for to determine whether a signature has been traced? 9. What is a watermark, and how is it made? 10. What basic characteristics would a document examiner look at to determine a match between two samples? Name five. 11. Explain the principles used in chromatography for ink analysis. 12. What methods can be used to develop indented writing? 13. What type of change occurs when a counterfeit pen’s ink come into contact with counterfeit money, and why does this reaction not occur when the counterfeit pen is used on genuine money printed in the United States? Thinking Critically You work at a bank. One of your customers has misplaced his or her checkbook. Write a letter to the customer explaining the safeguards that will protect him or her. Additional Projects (choose one topic) 1. Prepare a half- to full-page summary of a selected forgery case such as: a. Hitler diaries (1981) b. Ossian manuscript c. Howard Hughes forgery d. Mormon and Freemason forgeries e. Lord Byron forgeries f. Texas Declaration of Independence g. Shakespeare forgeries (1875) h. Vineland map Or research the work of other famous forgers, such as i. Thomas Chatterton j. George Psalmanasar k. John Payne Collier l. Alexander Howland Smith m. Thomas James Wise Or analyze the role of document examination in kidnappings, threats, and other crimes, such as: n. Lindbergh kidnapping o. Weinberger kidnapping p. Anthrax letters q. Washington sniper letters r. JonBenet Ramsey letter s. John Magnuson (1922) 2. An oxidizing agent such as sodium hypochlorite (household bleach) can remove some inks from a document merely by soaking a day or more. Research methods to restore the “invisible” writing. Consider mild heat, UV light, or the use of reducing agents. 3. What are some methods used by criminals to make paper and ink appear old when forging a historic document?
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