THE HOME FRONT DURING WORLD WAR II
DOCUMENT BASED QUESTION
TOPIC World War II at home STANDARD 11.7.5
Living in the United States during World War II can be called “the best of
QUESTION times and the worst of times.” Explain in detail how the home front
conditions and responses by Americans fit this quote.
While millions of Americans fought bravely at sea and on foreign soil,
Americans at home also mobilized and worked long hours to provide
food, weapons, ammunition, planes, ships, and moral support for troops.
BACKGROUND The home front effort showed citizens were willing and able to sacrifice
for the cause and put patriotism above their personal comfort. Most
citizens had a family member involved in the war as a soldier, sailor, or
airman, and thus were dedicated to supporting their loved ones.
Norman Rockwell painted these images of feminine brawn that symbolizes women's place in
the World War II-era workforce for the May 29, 1943, cover of The Saturday Evening Post.
The war poster below depicts an African American
male working side by side with a white male during
World War II. (1943)
A man training a woman in welding as part of
national defense program. Photograph Collection ca.
In May of 1942, the U.S. Office of Price Administration (OPA) froze prices on
practically all everyday goods, starting with sugar and coffee.
Tuskegee Airman William Diez is featured asking
Americans to buy war bonds. ca 1942
Scrap Metal Drive, Buena Park Uptown, CA 1942
EXECUTIVE ORDER 8802
Reaffirming Policy of Full Participation in the Defense Program by All Persons, Regardless of
Race, Creed, Color, or National Origin, and Directing Certain Action in Furtherance of Said
WHEREAS it is the policy of the United States to encourage full participation in the national
defense program by all citizens of the United States, regardless of race, creed, color, or national
origin, in the firm belief that the democratic way of life within the Nation can be defended
successfully only with the help and support of all groups within its borders; and
WHEREAS there is evidence that available and needed workers have been barred from
employment in industries engaged in defense production solely because of considerations of
race, creed, color, or national origin, to the detriment of workers' morale and of national unity:
NOW, THEREFORE, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and the
statutes, and as a prerequisite to the successful conduct of our national defense production effort,
I do hereby reaffirm the policy of the United States that there shall be no discrimination in the
employment of workers in defense industries or government because of race, creed, color, or
national origin, and I do hereby declare that it is the duty of employers and of labor
organizations, in furtherance of said policy and of this order, to provide for the full and equitable
participation of all workers in defense industries, without discrimination because of race, creed,
color, or national origin.
Executive Order 8802 by President Franklin Roosevelt, dated June 25, 1941, banned racial
discrimination in defense-industry hiring.