Calcium Ca healthy bones

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					Minerals - Chapter 8
Mineral - Symbol - Function - Deficiencies - Sources - Req
Calcium - Ca - * healthy bones & teeth, normal nerve & muscle action, blood clotting,
heart function, cell metabolism - Osteoporosis, Osteomalacia, Rickets - Milk, Milk
Products, Green Leafy Vegetables

Phosphorus - P - * Strong bones & teeth, metabolism of CHO, proteins & Fats -
deficiencies rare - milk, milk products, meat , poultry, fish

Potassium - K - Fluid & electrolyte balance, Transmission of nerve impulses, * muscle
contraction (especially heart) - nausea, anorexia, fatigue, muscle weakness, heart
abnormalities - fruit (melons, oranges, bananas, peaches) vegetable ( potato, tomatoes) -
other notes: normal serum level = 3.5 - 5.0 mEq/liter - Potassium is an Electrolyte

Sodium - Na - * Control of fluid balance, maintain acid-base balance, nerve impulses -
upsets fluid balance - Table Salt - Req: 500 mg/day
Other notes: normal serum level: 135-145 mEq/liter - Sodium is an Electrolyte

Chloride - Cl - Fluid & Electrolyte balance, acid-base balance, component of Gastric
Juices - Deficiencies Rare - Table Salt
Other notes: Normal Serum Level: 100-106 mEq/liter - Chloride is an Electrolyte

Magnesium - Mg - Regulate nerve & muscle function, blood clotting - Deficiencies
Rare - Plant foods, Milk
Other notes: normal serum level: 1.5-2.5 mEq/liter

Sulfur - S - necessary for metabolism - Unknown deficiencies - No food sources listed

Iron - Fe - Delivery of O2 to body cells - iron deficiency anemia (also known as
nutritional anemia) - meat, fish, poultry

Iodine - I - Normal Thyroid function - Goiter, hypothyroidism, Cretinism - Iodized
Salt, Shellfish (ask patient if they have an allergy to shellfish if treating for these
diseases)

Zinc - Zn - Growth & development, wound healing, glucose tolerance - decreased
appetite, dwarfism, poor wound healing, anemia, impaired immune response - Protein
foods are the source

Copper - Cu - Formation of Hg (hemoglobin), transport of Iron (Fe) to bone marrow,
formation of RBC - deficiencies Rare - organ meats, Shellfish, legumes, nuts

Selenium - Se - Protects cells against oxidation, spares Vitamin E - Deficiencies
Unclear - sources: Seafood, kidney, liver

Manganese - Mn - Metabolism, bone formation - deficencies: None documented -
whole grains, tea, vegetables, fruit
Minerals - Chapter 8
Mineral - Symbol - Function - Deficiencies - Sources - Req


Fluoride - Fl - increased resistance to dental caries (cavities) - deficiency: increased
tooth decay - sources: Fluoridated Water, Tea, Fish

Chromium - Cr - Glucose to lipid (Fat) metabolism - deficiencies: None listed -
sources: meat, mushrooms, nuts, yeast, organ meats, wheat germ

Molybdenum - Mo - Found in enzyme metabolism - deficiencies: none - sources:
milk, liver, legumes, cereal

				
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